Clinical Methods of Neuro-Ophthalmologic Examination presents the clinical methods of ophthalmologic examination that may be helpful in neurologic differential diagnosis. Neuro-ophthalmologic examination has developed in two directions: the more precise methods and the unrefined yet fairly exact methods, such as diagnostic measurement by means of a simple ruler. This book is based on lectures delivered by the author to neurologists and ophthalmologists. This book is composed of 13 chapters and begins with a presentation of anatomic details that are important for the understanding of the various signs and symptoms. The next chapters examine the development of simple perimetry into quantitative perimetry and angio-scotometry, as well as the pathology of the optic nerve. Considerable chapters are devoted to intensive discussions on group of diseases that affect in a parallel way the central nervous system and the eye, such as chiasmal and retrochiasmal lesions, nystagmus, symmetrical eye movement disturbance, palpebral fissure, hemicrania. The final chapter outlines a routine neuro-ophthalmological examination. This book is directed toward neurologists and ophthalmologists.
Textbook of Neuropathology, Second Edition covers some of the significant advances in understanding the theoretical and experimental aspects of neuropathology. Neuropathology is the study of the nervous tissue in disease and the determination of deviations of its structures from the normal. This edition is composed of 13 chapters, and begins with the description of the chemical changes occurring in the cell through autolysis and fixation. The subsequent chapters are devoted to studies on better understanding of the vitamin deficiencies, the discovery of the sulfonamides and their contribution to the therapy of meningitis, and the different forms of shock treatment applied to selected cases of neurosis and psychosis. The remaining chapters explore the contribution of neuropathological investigation in various medical conditions, including anemic softening, arteriosclerosis, inflammation, infections, intoxications, injuries, degenerative diseases, tumors, and congenital malformations. This book will be of use to neuropathologists and workers and researchers in the allied fields.
The Inner Ear: Including Otoneurology, Otosurgery, and Problems in Modern Warfare covers the anatomical, physiological and the central pathways of the inner ear. This book is composed of 15 chapters that particularly consider the pathologic anatomy of the various forms of labyrinthine diseases. The first three chapters deal with the clinical anatomy and physiological features of the inner ear. The next chapter examines certain conditions that can be observed during induced and abnormal excitability of the labyrinth. These topics are followed by considerable chapters on various forms of labyrinthine diseases, including otosclerosis, inflammatory diseases, intracranial complications, congenital diseases, neoplasms, facial palsy, vascular lesions, and war trauma. A chapter evaluates the potential use of sulfa drugs in chemotherapy for inner ear cases. Another chapter surveys the role of the inner ear in the aeronautics and the functional tests for aviation fitness. The last chapter discusses the effects of atmospheric pressure changes on the ear. This book will be of value to otologists, otoneurologists, and otosurgeons.
Neuro-Ophthalmology provides information pertinent to the neuro-ophthalmological examination of the eye. This book discusses the anatomy and function of the eye as well as its various diseases. Organized into 17 chapters, this book begins with an overview of the various equipment and methods used in the examination of the eye, including the Snellen's test type, a 13 dioptre lens, and electric ophthalmoscope. This text then discusses the principal reactions of the normal pupil, including the direct light reflex, reflex to accommodation, the spino-pupillary reflex, the psychical reflex, the orbicularis reflex, and the oculo-sensory reflex. Other chapters consider the anatomy of the muscles and nerves of the eye as well as it adnexa. This book discusses as well the condition of optic atrophy and its various types. The final chapter deals with the distinction between headache and neuralgia. This book is a valuable resource for ophthalmic surgeons and ophthalmologists.
Latent Syphilis and the Autonomic Nervous System, Second Edition describes the link between the pathogenesis of syphilis and the autonomic nervous system. This book is composed of 15 chapters, and begins with a brief introduction to the pathology of syphilis, followed by chapters on the physiologic changes in the thyroid gland, including thyroid enlargement and goiter formation, in early syphilis. The succeeding chapters are devoted to syphilis-related diseases, such as allergy, asthma, vasomotor disturbances, dysphagia, dyspepsia, cancer, and superficial ulceration of the mouth. A chapter describes some clinical features in latent syphilis. The final chapter examines the clinical manifestations of pes cavus, which is both an acquired and congenital disease. This book is of value to pathologists, endocrinologists, clinicians, and medical researchers.
Brain Preparations by means of Defibrillation or Blunt Dissection: A Guide to the Macroscopic Study of the Brain presents a critical review of anatomical facts and preparation of brain specimens. The book discusses the techniques and the principles of the defibrillation method, as well as the splitting properties of the hardened brain to show its structure. Some of the topics covered in the text are the preparation of a half-brain according to the defibrillation method; the outer form, soft membranes, nerves and vessels of the brain; and the description of the white substance of the cerebrum, association fibres, corpus callosum, and brain ventricles. The structure of the nucleus caudatus and thalamus; the preparation of the outer form of the rhombencephalon and ventricle; and the description of supplementary preparations on a half-brain are discussed. The book further presents the investigation made on the pallium, ventricles, and its structures; and the parts of the brain stem. A chapter is devoted to photographic illustrations of preparations made on the brain using defibrillation method. The book can provide useful information to neurosurgeons, doctors, students, and researchers.
An Introduction to the Study of the Nervous System covers topics about the minute structure and functions of the nervous system. The book discusses the minute and gross anatomy of the various parts of the nervous system; the degenerative and regenerative changes following section of the nerves; and the descending and ascending tracts of the spinal cord. The text then describes the cerebellar connections; the deep connections of the cranial nerves; and the microscopic structure of the cortex of the cerebellum and of the cerebrum. The distribution, source, circulation and absorption, pressure, and normal composition of the cerebrospinal fluid and the parts and functions of the autonomic nervous system are also considered. The book further tackles the normal physiology of the sensory and motor paths; the results of interference with the general sensory path at various levels; and the visual path and interference therewith. The text also discusses the cochlear and olfactory paths and the interference therewith and the levels of integration and mechanism of coordinated muscular movement. Students taking courses related to neurology will find the book useful.