Skip to main content

Books in Earth and planetary sciences

The Computing collection presents a range of foundational and applied content across computer and data science, including fields such as Artificial Intelligence; Computational Modelling; Computer Networks, Computer Organization & Architecture, Computer Vision & Pattern Recognition, Data Management; Embedded Systems & Computer Engineering; HCI/User Interface Design; Information Security; Machine Learning; Network Security; Software Engineering.

1-10 of 2983 results in All results

Application of Geosynthetics in Waste Containment

  • 1st Edition
  • March 1, 2099
  • Haijian Xie
  • English
Application of Geosynthetics in Waste Containment: Long-term performance of geosynthetics in engineering barrier systems explains the transport mechanism and influencing factors of pollutants in geosynthetics. It offers readers a better understanding of the advantages and disadvantages of geosynthetics and provides a theoretical basis for the development of new geosynthetic materials. The book begins by examining the types, current applications, and development trends of commonly used geosynthetic materials in the fields of waste containment and environmental protection. The fundamental characteristics of geosynthetic materials and their roles in environmental protection are introduced. Subsequently, it focuses on material durability and introduces new materials, which are crucial considerations in environmental applications. Furthermore, the book provides detailed explanations of the application of geosynthetic materials in waste containment, drainage and filtration layers, cover systems, bottom liners, and vertical cut-off walls within engineering barriers. It also offers a systematic presentation of the mechanisms and design methods for pollution prevention and leakage control. Finally, the book analyzes the significant role of geosynthetic materials in environmental protection through practical case studies. Engineers working with geosynthetics in environmental protection and waste containment will appreciate this invaluable resource.

Evolution of a Continental Margin Transform Plate Boundary

  • 1st Edition
  • January 1, 2099
  • Mark R. Legg
  • English
Evolution of a Continental Margin Transform Plate Boundary: The San Clemente Fault System Offshore Southern California provides a major advance in understanding the geology, tectonic evolution and earthquake potential of significant faults offshore southern California and northern Baja California where major cities and critical facilities are at risk from large offshore earthquakes. The book approaches the subject with historical background, overview of the main features, and more focused chapters on specific aspects/features of the fault system including tectonic style – strike-slip and oblique-slip, tectonic evolution, seismic hazard/earthquake and tsunami potential.Strike-slip fault systems are important for resource exploration and production, earthquake hazard investigations, and understanding the geologic evolution of transform and other tectonic plate boundaries. Many hydrocarbon deposits are located in structures along active and formerly active strike-slip fault systems (LA Basin, for example). There are known hydrocarbon seeps along the San Clemente fault system, and there are likely numerous significant hydrocarbon deposits that may be explored and produced in the future. There are also seafloor mineral deposits that are associated with the fault system (e.g., silver mines on Santa Catalina Island). The San Clemente Fault System Offshore Southern California will help researchers and local governments to understand the geometry and character of a major active strike-slip fault systems across the globe.

Innovative Atmospheric Monitoring

  • 1st Edition
  • December 1, 2029
  • Paul A. Kucera + 1 more
  • English
Innovative Atmospheric Monitoring: Creative Techniques with Limited Resources addresses a need for educators, researchers, and operational institutes to find solutions to increase atmospheric monitoring capacities with limited resources. The book addresses the need to provide examples of how to use observations to better understand the atmosphere and how to implement weather monitoring technology for use with diverse learners. The authors present an applied approach, describing the need for innovative systems. Many examples, tools, designs, and other resources are included to enable the readers to start making and using their own sensors and to help instructors design educational experiences that guide students to use these monitoring systems to answer relevant societal questions. Innovative Atmospheric Monitoring addresses the issue of having access to sensors for monitoring and studying the atmospheric system. Many institutions from universities and national meteorological and hydrological services have limited resources to acquire equipment. This book provides low-cost, reliable innovative solutions to build and use sensor equipment. As such, it is most relevant for audiences in atmospheric science.

Urban Microclimate

  • 1st Edition
  • December 1, 2029
  • Tzu-Ping Lin
  • English
Urban Microclimate: Planning and Design Guidelines for Cooling Cities provides readers with the means to measure and model the urban thermal environment with clear guidelines on how to use this data to mitigate against changing climate conditions and severe thermal stress in urban areas, particularly hot and humid regions. All stages of the urban thermal environment are addressed, describing urban microclimates and why they affect the environment and human body, how to acquire the underlying data and quantifiably identify thermal stress hot spots in urban areas, and how to cool cities through planning and design approaches.Sections cover the underlying theoretical and conceptual science behind urban climatology and meteorology, including surface energy balance, the urban heat island effect, thermal comfort, and human stress effects, how to conduct urban microclimate measurements, remote sensing methods, microclimate modeling, and different instrumentation, and Finally, practical guidance on how to mitigate against changing climate conditions and severe thermal stress in urban areas, providing concepts, design and technique with clear-and-concise instructions that are supported by detailed case studies to illustrate the effectiveness of each method.

Regional Geology and Tectonics

  • 2nd Edition
  • December 1, 2029
  • Jürgen Adam + 2 more
  • English
Regional Geology and Tectonics: Phanerozoic Passive Margins, Cratonic Basins and Global Tectonic Maps, 3e, is volume three in a three-volume series covering Phanerozoic regional geology and tectonics. The new edition focuses on both volcanic and non-volcanic passive margins as well as cratonic basins-critical habitats for hydrocarbons. It provides a unique basis for comparison of different passive margins and for an understanding of their structural and stratigraphic evolution, as well as their petroleum systems-especially useful to explorationists working in deep-water basins and researchers examining the tectonic evolution of the continent-ocean transition. Regional Geology and Tectonics: Phanerozoic Passive Margins, Cratonic Basins and Global Tectonic Maps includes a vast amount of data to enable hydrocarbon play assessments and analysis on passive margins is also included in this thorough yet accessible reference. New to this edition are chapters on transform margin and strike-slip basins and a section on inverted rift systems.

Geologic History of Venus

  • 1st Edition
  • November 1, 2029
  • Robert Herrick + 1 more
  • English
Venus: A Geodynamic History provides a clear overview of the surface and interior history of Venus, highlighting where the gaps in knowledge are and what data is needed from future missions to fill those gaps. This approach makes it a valuable guide in aiding future mission design, data acquisition plans, and data analysis plans. The book also presents a cohesive story of our current understanding of the current and past geodynamic history of Venus, and examines the geologic and geophysical constraints that have been applied to this topic.  Combining current observations and an astute investigation of different theories of the planet’s surface and interior history, Venus: A Geodynamic History is an important resource for planetary scientists, geologists, and geophysicists alike as we look toward future Venus missions and a desire to better understand Earth’s closest neighbor.

Microclimate Change and Diversity in Natural and Human Dominated Systems

  • 1st Edition
  • November 1, 2029
  • Andrew E. Laursen
  • English
Microclimate Change and Diversity in Natural and Human Dominated Systems explores microclimatic variability in a variety of natural and human dominated landscapes, also discussing their importance in the conservation of water, support of biological diversity, and mitigation of localized heating, both in the context of urban heat islands, and in the context or regional and global climate change. The book explores public policy frameworks and professional practices (e.g., architecture and agriculture) that affect the distribution and diversity of microclimates. Readers will find a synthesis of current understanding that will support sound decision- making in urban and regional planning and advancement of policy to prevent microclimate change.

Earthquake Hazards

  • 2nd Edition
  • November 1, 2029
  • Rasoul Sorkhabi
  • English
Earthquake Hazards: Risk Assessment and Mitigation, Second Edition presents the latest scientific developments in earthquake and seismic research, including causality, impacts, preparedness and mitigation. The book takes a geoscientific approach to the topic and contains new insights about how earthquakes and seismic activity can trigger landslides and volcanic activity. This new edition provides 11 new chapters, including a brand-new section devoted to case studies from a variety of earthquake-prone parts of the world. Users will find a thorough, technical treatment of the topic that will be of benefit to researchers and academics in universities, research institutes, geological surveys and hazard management organizations.

Artificial Intelligence in the Mining Industry

  • 1st Edition
  • November 1, 2029
  • Chongchong Qi + 3 more
  • English
Offering the ability to process large or complex datasets, artificial intelligence (AI) holds huge potential to reshape the whole mining industry. Artificial Intelligence in the Mining Industry serves as the first published textbook of AI in the mining engineering. This reference highlights fundamental knowledge and recent advances in this topic, offering readers new insight into how these tools can be used to enhance their own work. Artificial Intelligence in the Mining Industry begins with fundamentals in mining industry, covering the full stages of the mining process. The book moves on to foundational knowledge on AI in the mining industry, which provides a brief introduction of AI for mining applications. The reference then goes on to discuss AI approaches currently used to address problems in major mining stages, including prospecting/surveying, exploration, mine-site design/planning, development, production, closure/reclamation. Finally, potential future trends in the field are discussed.