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Books in Physical sciences and engineering

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Encyclopedia of Bioinformatics and Computational Biology

  • 2nd Edition
  • January 16, 2025
  • Shoba Ranganathan + 2 more
  • English
  • Hardback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 3 2 3 - 9 5 5 0 2 - 7
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 3 2 3 - 9 5 5 0 3 - 4
Bioinformatics and Computational Biology (BCB) combine elements of computer science, information technology, mathematics, statistics, and biotechnology, providing the methodology and in silico solutions to mine biological data and processes, for knowledge discovery.In the era of molecular diagnostics, targeted drug design and Big Data for personalized medicine, computational methods for data analysis are essential tools for biochemistry, biology, biotechnology, pharmacology, biomedical and computer science, as well mathematics and statistics. New areas are emerging, and relatively isolated fields are becoming current hot research areas in BCB, such as Quantitative Biology, Computational Vaccinology, Epidemiology and Infection Diffusion, Synthetic Biology and Phenomics. The role of BCB in characterizing SARS-CoV-2 variants and facing the COVID-19 pandemic is just one example of how these tools can find us better prepared for such future events.This Encyclopedia comprises three sections, covering Theory, Topics and Applications. The theoretical methodology underpinning BCB are described in the Theory section; Topics covers traditional areas such as phylogeny, as well as more recent areas such as translational bioinformatics, cheminformatics and environmental informatics; Applications provides guidance for commonly asked "how to" questions.​​​​​​​Navigating the maze of confusing jargon and the plethora of software tools is often confronting for students and researchers alike. This comprehensive and unique resource provides up-to-date theory and application content to address molecular data analysis requirements, with precise definition of terminology, and lucid explanations by field experts.

Post-Quantum Cryptography Algorithms and Approaches for IoT and Blockchain Security

  • 1st Edition
  • Volume 136
  • January 15, 2025
  • Kavita Saini + 2 more
  • English
  • Hardback
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  • eBook
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Post-Quantum Cryptography Algorithms and Approaches for IoT and Blockchain Security, Volume 136, the latest release in the Advances in Computers series published since 1960, presents detailed coverage of innovations in computer hardware, software, theory, design and applications. In addition, it provides contributors with a medium in which they can explore their subjects in greater depth and breadth than journal articles usually allow. This volume has 19 Chapters that discuss the various aspects of Post-Quantum Cryptography Algorithms.

Biological Oceanography

  • 3rd Edition
  • January 1, 2025
  • Susanne Menden-Deuer
  • English
  • Paperback
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  • eBook
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An Introduction to Biological Oceanography is completely revised and updated based on the prior edition by Carol M. Lalli and Timothy Parsons. This revision aims to provide scientific understanding of how biological processes in the ocean work and how they are affected by physical, chemical and geological processes. This understanding is foundational for humans to assess our impact on the oceans, how to best implement conservation and management practices and ultimately, ensure sustainability of the many ways humans depend on the ocean. A rich tapestry of images supports the text, including data figures, info-graphics and artistic renditions.Since the book was last published, major new discoveries, including a new domain of life and global human impacts that change the oceans and biosphere have required a revision and amendment of the prior edition. However, many themes in this book remain timeless, such as the interactions of light with water and the importance and beauty of species diversity. A major theme is to develop intuition and predictive skills to relate environmental conditions with biological processes and structures, such as production and food webs across seasons or latitudes.This volume is designed so that it can be read on its own. The science of oceanography as a whole is multidisciplinary, and early chapters include fundamental principles in physics, chemistry and geology to highlight how underlying mechanisms constrain biological processes in the ocean. For the same reason, there is also some basic biology, particularly ecology covered.

Introduction to Biomedical Engineering

  • 4th Edition
  • January 1, 2025
  • John Enderle + 1 more
  • English
  • Hardback
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  • eBook
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Introduction to Biomedical Engineering, Fourth Edition is a comprehensive survey text for biomedical engineering courses. It is the most widely adopted text across the BME course spectrum, valued by instructors and students alike for its authority, clarity and encyclopedic coverage in a single volume. Biomedical engineers need to understand the wide range of topics that are covered in this text, including basic mathematical modeling, anatomy and physiology, electrical engineering, signal processing and instrumentation, biomechanics, biomaterials science, tissue engineering and medical and engineering ethics. The authors tackle these core topics at a level appropriate for senior undergraduate students and graduate students who are either majoring in BME or studying it as a combined course with a related engineering, biology or life science, or medical/pre-medical course.

Observing the User Experience

  • 3rd Edition
  • January 1, 2025
  • Elizabeth Goodman + 1 more
  • English
  • Paperback
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The gap between who designers and developers imagine their users are, and who those users really are, can be the biggest problem with product development. Observing the User Experience: A Practitioner's Guide to User Research, Third Edition helps readers bridge that gap to understand what users want and need from your product, and whether they’ll be able to use what you’ve created.Filled with real-world experience and a wealth of practical information, Observing the User Experience presents a complete toolbox of techniques to help designers, developers and other stakeholders see through the eyes of their users. The book is organized into three parts. Part I discusses the benefits of end-user research and the ways it fits into the development of useful, desirable, and successful products. Part II presents techniques for understanding people’s needs, desires, and abilities, providing a basis for developing better products, whether they’re Web, software or mobile based. Part III explains the communication and application of research results. It suggests ways to sell companies and explains how user-centered design can make companies more efficient and profitable

Evolution of a Continental Margin Transform Plate Boundary

  • 1st Edition
  • January 1, 2025
  • Mark R. Legg
  • English
  • Paperback
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Evolution of a Continental Margin Transform Plate Boundary: The San Clemente Fault System Offshore Southern California provides a major advance in understanding the geology, tectonic evolution and earthquake potential of significant faults offshore southern California and northern Baja California where major cities and critical facilities are at risk from large offshore earthquakes. The book approaches the subject with historical background, overview of the main features, and more focused chapters on specific aspects/features of the fault system including tectonic style – strike-slip and oblique-slip, tectonic evolution, seismic hazard/earthquake and tsunami potential.Strike-slip fault systems are important for resource exploration and production, earthquake hazard investigations, and understanding the geologic evolution of transform and other tectonic plate boundaries. Many hydrocarbon deposits are located in structures along active and formerly active strike-slip fault systems (LA Basin, for example). There are known hydrocarbon seeps along the San Clemente fault system, and there are likely numerous significant hydrocarbon deposits that may be explored and produced in the future. There are also seafloor mineral deposits that are associated with the fault system (e.g., silver mines on Santa Catalina Island). The San Clemente Fault System Offshore Southern California will help researchers and local governments to understand the geometry and character of a major active strike-slip fault systems across the globe.

Surfactant Formulation Engineering using HLD and NAC

  • 1st Edition
  • January 1, 2025
  • Edgar Acosta + 2 more
  • English
  • Paperback
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  • eBook
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Surfactants are molecules that contain groups that are water-loving (hydrophilic) and oil-loving (lipophilic). The central question in formulations is often which of the two portions dominate the behavior of the surfactant. For many years that question was answered in terms of the surfactant structure only. However, the modern view is that the hydrophilic-lipophilic nature of the surfactant is the result of surfactant structure and formulation conditions (nature of the oil, temperature, aqueous phase composition) as captured by a semi-empirical equation called the hydrophilic-lipophilic difference (HLD). The HLD is a dimensionless number that indicate the approach to the point where the surfactant inverts its solubility from being water-soluble (negative HLD) to oil-soluble (positive HLD). The HLD alone is a good indicator of how the formulation could behave but it does not produce any formulation property that can be used to predict product performance. The net-average curvature (NAC) are a set of equations that take the value of HLD to predict the properties of the formulation, such as oil (and/or water) solubilization capacity, interfacial tension, phase diagrams, contact angle and others. Surfactant Formulation Engineering using HLD and NAC will not only introduce the reader to HLD-NAC but also to the practical use of these concepts in numerous applications ranging from application in the petroleum industry, to environmental remediation, to food, cosmetic and pharmaceutical applications, and even nanotechnology. The last part of the book will look at the molecular origins of the empirical terms in HLD via the Integrated Free Energy Model (IFEM).

The Trans-Atlantic Research and Development Interchanges on Sustainability

  • 1st Edition
  • January 1, 2025
  • Heriberto Cabezas + 4 more
  • English
  • Paperback
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  • eBook
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The Trans-Atlantic Research and Development Interchanges on Sustainability is a comprehensive foundational look at sustainability science, developed directly from the outcomes and learnings of the Trans-Atlantic Research and Development Interchanges on Sustainability (TARDIS) workshop that has been ongoing since 2004. The book brings together the most thorough recent advances in concepts, theories, methods, models and applications to steer the course towards a sustainable and resilient future. It provides a source of information on sustainability science directly from the experiences of global sustainability scientists and their research data not found elsewhere. This book will be an all-encompassing source of information on all aspects of sustainability science for academics, researchers and students in sustainability science and any applicable science that takes sustainability into account.

Adapting to Polluted Seas

  • 1st Edition
  • January 1, 2025
  • Pedro M. Costa
  • English
  • Paperback
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Adapting to Polluted Seas: The Co-evolutionary History of Toxicants and Marine Life presents an understanding of the effects pollution has on our seas and its ever-increasing threats and challenges. The book explains how pollution changes whole ecosystems, what makes some marine species more resilient, how contamination of global oceans is affecting the evolution of detoxification pathways, DNA repair and sex hormone regulation, how this affects paradigmatic methods for risk assessments, and more. This book is directed for a broad range of environmental scientists with its focus on how pollution is shaping marine ecosystems and forcing organisms to disappear, adapt or evolve. It can be used in teaching and training of young students and researchers, as well as in non-guided formation of non-academic technician and specialists (e.g. toxicologists, analysts and decision-makers). The compilation of critically-analyzed case studies makes this book an especially important asset that can assist decision-making and the design of monitoring programs.

Cyber-Physical Structures of Power Applications

  • 1st Edition
  • January 1, 2025
  • Frede Blaabjerg + 3 more
  • English
  • Paperback
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  • eBook
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Cyber-Physical Structures of Power Applications looks at the necessary cyber-physical structures for the proper operation of power applications and the challenges and future trends of cyber-physical power applications. This reference considers the coordination and control of power applications necessary for successful implementation of communication networks, as well as the effects on power application physical components, cyber-infrastructures, and controllers. The book also previews challenges (e.g., vulnerability to cyber-attacks) and future trends of cyber structures in control strategies in both large and small power systems.