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Books in Physics

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Biotechnological Production of Bioactive Phytochemicals of Medicinal Value

  • 1st Edition
  • Anabela Romano, P. B. Kavi Kishor + 3 more
  • Anabela Romano, P. B. Kavi Kishor, Penna Suprasanna + 2 more
  • July 1, 2024
  • English
  • Paperback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 4 4 3 - 2 1 8 1 8 - 7
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 4 4 3 - 2 1 8 1 9 - 4
Biotechnological Production of Bioactive Phytochemicals of Medicinal Value: A Comprehensive Treatise covers a broad variety of methods for secondary metabolites production (both pharmaceuticals and cosmeceuticals), compiling state-of-the-art material about the current knowledge of in vitro production for a large number of bioactive phytochemicals. Plants are a source of bioactive compounds and specialty chemicals such as ginsenosides; paclitaxel, artemisinin, veregen and nutraceuticals. Biopharmaceuticals are important in human healthcare, and herbal actives are gaining importance all over the world. With natural resources dwindling, in vitro production of secondary compounds on a commercial scale is being more and more required.Besides providing an alternative technology to bypass difficulties, the plant tissue culture (used in a broad sense to include cell, tissue, and organ culture) offers many advantages. In vitro technology also facilitates novel means of conserving the genetic diversity of the germplasm of medicinal plants through cryopreservation, production of novel compounds through biotransformation, somatic hybridization, and selective gene transfer through recombinant DNA technology for enhancing metabolite production.
Biotechnological Production of Bioactive Phytochemicals of Medicinal Value

Nanofluids

  • 1st Edition
  • Mohammad Hatami
  • Mohammad Hatami
  • June 1, 2024
  • English
  • Paperback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 3 2 3 - 9 5 6 7 8 - 9
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 3 2 3 - 9 5 6 7 9 - 6
Nanofluids: Advanced Applications and Numerical Simulations combines the mathematical and numerical studies of nanofluids and their application to a range of applications. The book begins by introducing the principles of nanofluids, structures, types, properties, methods and stability. This is followed by a detailed chapter that explains a full range of numerical techniques for the modeling of nanofluids. Subsequent chapters offer in-depth coverage of target areas, including cooling and heating applications, micro-electric and magnetic devices, chemistry and oil recovery, biomedicine, renewable energy, and automotive engineering. Throughout the book, methods for numerical modelling are described in detail, with supporting equations, techniques, and applied examples. This is a valuable resource for advanced students, scientists, engineers, and R&D professionals working with nanofluids, simulation, and numerical methods for advanced applications, as well as researchers across nanotechnology, biomedicine, electronics, energy, chemistry, materials science and mechanical engineering.
Nanofluids

MXenes as Surface-Active Advanced Materials

  • 1st Edition
  • Mumtaz A. Quraishi, Chandrabhan Verma + 1 more
  • Mumtaz A. Quraishi, Chandrabhan Verma and Elyor Berdimurodov
  • June 1, 2024
  • English
  • Paperback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 4 4 3 - 1 3 5 8 9 - 7
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 4 4 3 - 1 3 5 9 0 - 3
MXenes as Surface-Active Advanced Materials: From Fundamentals to Industrial and Biomedical Applications covers numerous aspects of the basic science and applications of MXenes, including synthesis, classification, structure, and properties, as well as applications in gas storage and separation, environment and catalysis, tribology, biomedicine, and more. The book focuses on the characterization, synthesis and properties of MXenes, including surface/interface chemistry properties and metal- MXenes interaction. Other sections illustrate the current and potential applications of these nanomaterials within industry and biomedicine. These include a through discussion of surface chemistry and surface interaction of MXenes with different materials, along with current and future applications.This book provides a complete exploration of surface and interface applications of MXenes, highlighting established research and future perspectives, and is a valuable resource to scientists and professionals in the field of material science, nanotechnology, and 2D material chemistry.
MXenes as Surface-Active Advanced Materials

Nanotechnology to Monitor, Remedy, and Prevent Pollution

  • 1st Edition
  • Muhammad Bilal, Hafiz M. N. Iqbal + 3 more
  • Muhammad Bilal, Hafiz M. N. Iqbal, Ram K. Gupta + 2 more
  • June 1, 2024
  • English
  • Paperback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 4 4 3 - 1 5 6 6 0 - 1
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 4 4 3 - 1 5 6 6 1 - 8
For decades an increasingly rapid urbanization pace, modern industrial development, and constantly intensive agricultural practices have caused controlled or uncontrolled release of hazardous contaminants that seriously threaten our environment. All natural spheres (atmosphere, hydrosphere, biosphere, lithosphere, and anthroposphere) seem to have been exposed to harmful practices and emerging research in nanomaterials is now trying to combat their adverse impact on physical ecosystems and organisms, as well as human health. In this context, pollution remediation at the nanoscale has come to the forefront for its potential to unlock sustainable, highly efficient, and cost-effective technologies, capable to restore in situ or ex situ land, water, and air resources. Nanotechnology to Monitor, Remedy, and Prevent Pollution covers design, fabrication, and extensive applications of engineered nanostructured materials in various shapes and morphologies (such as nanoparticles, wires, tubes, fibres) that, because of their size, surface-to-volume ratio, and high reactivity, function as catalysts and adsorbents of organic pollutants (aliphatic and aromatic hydrocarbons), gases, chemicals (arsenic, manganese, iron, nitrate, heavy metals), antibiotics, and biological entities (bacteria, viruses, parasites). Their integration with biotechnological processes for monitoring and prevention of pollution is also explored alongside the invisible dangers caused by noise. This is a valuable book for academics, researchers, undergraduate and postgraduate students working on environmental engineering for sustainability, environmental sciences, biotechnology, and nanotechnology. 
Nanotechnology to Monitor, Remedy, and Prevent Pollution

Laser Propulsion in Space

  • 1st Edition
  • Claude Phipps
  • Claude Phipps
  • June 1, 2024
  • English
  • Paperback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 4 4 3 - 1 5 9 0 3 - 9
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 4 4 3 - 1 5 9 0 2 - 2
Laser Propulsion in Space: Fundamentals, Technology, and Future Missions takes readers on a comprehensive journey from a theoretical overview of the fundamentals of laser ablation to a review of current projects involving high-power CW fiber lasers and their ongoing and potential applications. Written by experts in the field, the mathematically sound excursus also features graphics depicting the equations’ results and case studies with worked-out examples, making this book an invaluable reference source for students, researchers, and professional engineers in a number of complementary fields.
Laser Propulsion in Space

Hexagonal Boron Nitride

  • 1st Edition
  • Kalim Deshmukh, Mayank Pandey + 1 more
  • Kalim Deshmukh, Mayank Pandey and Chaudhery Mustansar Hussain
  • June 1, 2024
  • English
  • Paperback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 4 4 3 - 1 8 8 4 3 - 5
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 4 4 3 - 1 8 8 4 2 - 8
Hexagonal Boron Nitride: Synthesis, Properties, and Applications offers a comprehensive approach to hexagonal boron nitride (h-BN), covering synthesis, exfoliation, properties, characterization, functionalization, heterostructures, nanocomposites, and modelling and simulation, and guiding the reader towards advanced applications in biomedicine, electronics, energy storage, wastewater treatment, and other areas. The book begins by introducing hexagonal boron nitride, discussing classification, structure, synthesis methods, exfoliation, and functionalization techniques. This is followed by in-depth coverage of properties and characterization, as well as heterostructures and other two-dimensional materials and nanocomposites.The fourth section of the book examines specific target applications, covering a range of cutting-edge areas including micro- and nano-electronics, anti-friction and anti-corrosive coatings, bone tissue engineering, wound healing, nanomedicine, drug delivery, catalysis, water treatment, energy storage and conversion, sensing and bio-sensing, and fire-retardant applications. Finally, computational modelling and simulation, and environmental aspects, are addressed in detail.
Hexagonal Boron Nitride

Wave Optics in Infrared Spectroscopy

  • 1st Edition
  • Thomas G. Mayerhöfer
  • Thomas G. Mayerhöfer
  • June 1, 2024
  • English
  • Paperback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 4 4 3 - 2 2 0 3 1 - 9
  • eBook
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Wave Optics in Infrared Spectroscopy starts where conventional books about infrared spectroscopy end. Whereas the latter are based on the Bouguer-Beer-Lambert law, the cornerstones of this book are wave optics and dispersion theory.This gap between both levels of theory is bridged to allow a seamless transition from one to the other. Based on these foundations, the reader is enabled to choose which level of theory is adequate for a particular problem at hand. Advanced topics like 2D correlation analysis, chemometrics and strong coupling are introduced and viewed from a wave optics perspective. Spectral mixing rules are also considered to better understand spectra of heterogeneous samples. Finally, optical anisotropy is examined to allow a better understanding of spectral features due to orientation and orientational averaging. This discussion is based on a 4x4 matrix formalism, which is used not only to simulate and analyze complex materials, but also to understand vibrational circular dichroism from a (semi-) classical point of view.Wave Optics in Infrared Spectroscopy is written as a tool to reunite the fragmented field of infrared spectroscopy. It will appeal to chemists, physicists, and chemical/optical engineers.
Wave Optics in Infrared Spectroscopy

Error Control, Adaptive Discretizations, and Applications, Part 1

  • 1st Edition
  • Volume 58
  • Franz Chouly, Stéphane P.A. Bordas + 2 more
  • Franz Chouly, Stéphane P.A. Bordas, Roland becker + 1 more
  • June 1, 2024
  • English
  • Hardback
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  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 4 4 3 - 2 9 4 4 9 - 5
Error Control, Adaptive Discretizations, and Applications, Part 1 highlights new advances in the field, with this new volume presenting interesting chapters written by an international board of authors.
Error Control, Adaptive Discretizations, and Applications, Part 1

Advances in Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics

  • 1st Edition
  • Volume 73
  • Susanne Yelin, Louis F. Dimauro + 1 more
  • Susanne Yelin, Louis F. Dimauro and Helene Perrin
  • June 1, 2024
  • English
  • Hardback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 4 4 3 - 2 9 6 8 0 - 2
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 4 4 3 - 2 9 6 8 1 - 9
In order to give an overview over the latest evolutions in atomic, molecular, and optical physics, this volume will promote two important aspects of the field of ultrafast optics and strong fields. In particular, it consists of a review over high harmonic generation (HHG) from thin-film samples, featuring experimental and theoretical studies of HHG from thin films in comparison to bulk crystals of the same materials and the specific interest in HHG from van der Waals materials and HHG studies at the 2D limit. The second review concerns quantum computing technologies enabled studies of molecular processes using present-day devices with application to vibrational spectroscopy, electronic structure calculations, population transfer processes induced by a laser field, and interacting spin systems.
Advances in Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics

Green Magnetic Nanoparticles (GMNPs)

  • 1st Edition
  • Ruby Aslam, Chaudhery Mustansar Hussain + 1 more
  • Ruby Aslam, Chaudhery Mustansar Hussain and Jeenat Aslam
  • May 1, 2024
  • English
  • Paperback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 4 4 3 - 2 1 8 9 5 - 8
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 4 4 3 - 2 1 8 9 6 - 5
Green Magnetic Nanoparticles (GMNPs): Recent Developments in Preparation and Application highlights established research and technology on nanomaterials, nanocomposites, and other alternative materials to be used for different applications, including their rapid move into emerging aspects and future research directions. The book provides academia and industry with a high-tech start-up that will revolutionize the modern developments in synthesis and applications of green magnetic nanoparticles. It evaluates green magnetic nanoparticles as prime options for smart and transformational opportunities.Nanomaterials and nanocomposites are the most effective materials to be used in different industrial applications. Green nanotechnology incorporates the principles of green chemistry and green engineering to fabricate innocuous and eco-friendly nanoassemblies to combat problems affecting both human health and the environment.
Green Magnetic Nanoparticles (GMNPs)