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Books in Physical sciences and engineering

1591-1600 of 26619 results in All results

Digital Human Modeling and Medicine

  • 1st Edition
  • December 4, 2022
  • Gunther Paul + 1 more
  • English
  • Paperback
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  • eBook
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Digital Human Modeling and Medicine: The Digital Twin explores the body of knowledge and state-of-the-art in Digital Human Modeling (DHM) and its applications in medicine. DHM is the science of representing humans with their physical properties, characteristics and behaviors in computerized, virtual models. These models can be used standalone or integrated with other computerized object design systems to both design or study designs of medical devices or medical device products and their relationship with humans. They serve as fast and cost-efficient computer-based tools for the assessment of human functional systems and human-system interaction. This book provides an industry first introductory and practitioner focused overview of human simulation tools, with detailed chapters describing body functional elements and organs, organ interactions and fields of application. Thus, DHM tools and a specific scientific/practical problem – functional study of the human body – are linked in a coherent framework. Eventually the book shows how DHM interfaces with common physical devices in medical practice, answering to a gap in literature and a common practitioner question. Case studies provide the applied knowledge for practitioners to make informed decisions.

Case Studies in Disaster Mitigation and Prevention

  • 1st Edition
  • December 3, 2022
  • Himanshu Grover + 2 more
  • English
  • Paperback
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  • eBook
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Case Studies in Disaster Mitigation and Prevention: Disaster and Emergency Management: Case Studies in Adaptation and Innovation series presents cases illustrating efforts to reduce human and material losses associated with disasters. This volume demonstrates that mitigation is an ongoing phase in which communities continually pursue long-term hazard resistance and reduction. Cases illustrate the importance of risk assessment in the development of mitigation strategies through hazard mapping and multi-hazard mitigation planning. Cases also illustrate approaches to reduction risk through structural and non-structural means, giving consideration to benefits or limitations of these strategies in different contexts. The contributions of different mitigation activities to disaster risk reduction efforts are examined using the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction.

Circular Design for Zero Emission Architecture and Building Practice

  • 1st Edition
  • December 3, 2022
  • Marwa Dabaieh
  • English
  • Paperback
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  • eBook
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Circular Design for Zero Emission Architecture and Building Practice: It is the Green Way or the Highway presents the main concepts of circular architecture and building design, focusing on emerging trends in zero-emission buildings, particularly zero- and minus- carbon practice. The book is structured around practical design solutions, including research-based passive solutions for extreme climates. It discusses passive and low carbon cooling and heating and natural ventilation, lifecycle assessment and life-cost analysis. The book presents examples and case studies from innovative low-tech to high-tech approaches, covering a wide spectrum of climate zones to show lessons learned and proof of concept. Vulnerable groups of people such as climate refugees are discussed, alongside how vernacular architecture can help introduce practical methods into low-carbon building practices. This book presents theoretical and practical coverage of circular design for zero emission architecture and building in relation to the global challenges of climate change and extreme weather.

Case Studies in Disaster Recovery

  • 1st Edition
  • December 2, 2022
  • Jane Kushma
  • English
  • Paperback
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  • eBook
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Case Studies in Disaster Recovery, the initial release in the Disaster and Emergency Management: Case Studies in Adaptation and Innovation series, explores recovery from a number of perspectives: household, community and nation. Chapters cover the concept of social vulnerability to explain/predict recovery outcomes, consider broader themes of sustainability, assess community vulnerability and capacity, and explore the challenges associated with long-term recovery and disaster case management. Cases explored illustrate the ways in which communities and governments used the window of opportunity after a disaster to make changes that reduce future risk and vulnerability. Included cases illustrate the diversity of change realized in communities following disasters.

The Designer's Guide to the Cortex-M Processor Family

  • 3rd Edition
  • December 2, 2022
  • Trevor Martin
  • English
  • Paperback
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  • eBook
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The Designer’s Guide to the Cortex-M Microcontrollers, Third Edition provides an easy-to-understand introduction to the concepts required to develop programs in C with a Cortex-M based microcontroller. Sections cover architectural descriptions that are supported with practical examples, enabling readers to easily develop basic C programs to run on the Cortex-M0/M0+/M3 and M4 and M7 and examine advanced features of the Cortex architecture, such as memory protection, operating modes and dual stack operation. Final sections examine techniques for software testing and code reuse specific to Cortex-M microcontrollers. Users will learn the key differences between the Cortex-M0/M0+/M3 and M4 and M7; how to write C programs to run on Cortex-M based processors; how to make the best use of the CoreSight debug system; the Cortex-M operating modes and memory protection; advanced software techniques that can be used on Cortex-M microcontrollers, and much more.

Practical Application of Supercritical Fluid Chromatography for Pharmaceutical Research and Development

  • 1st Edition
  • Volume 14
  • December 2, 2022
  • Michael B. Hicks + 1 more
  • English
  • Paperback
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  • eBook
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Practical Application of Supercritical Fluid Chromatography for Pharmaceutical Research and Development provides a valuable “go-to” reference for many difficult-to-solve challenges using pertinent chromatographic theory, first-hand case studies, and examples provided from academic and industry experts. This text also enables professors teaching an analytical instrumental course to introduce and instruct students about one of the most sustainable and powerful separation methods currently available. While the text has broad applicability across industrial sectors, it focuses primarily on application in the pharmaceutical industry. The book is designed to allow readers to align current HPLC/UHPLC capabilities with SFC as an orthogonal tool for project specific methods in the pharmaceutical industry. It highlights where SFC falls on the spectrum of useful chromatographic tools for routine and challenging separative methods. Experienced HPLC users who are interested in developing knowledge in orthogonal separation techniques, as well as newcomers to the field of separation science, will find this text particularly useful. Chapters address where SFC may fit the analytical needs of the pharmaceutical industry and alert the readers as to where the technique will not fit. Readers will gain an understanding of how and where SFC may be applied and adapted more routinely across the pharmaceutical industry as a ‘green’ way of undertaking separation opportunities and challenges. Areas within the pharmaceutical industry include early drug discovery, process chemistry, and late stage development and manufacturing.

Special Volume in Memory of Hidetoshi Yamada Part 2

  • 1st Edition
  • Volume 82
  • December 2, 2022
  • David C. Baker
  • English
  • Hardback
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  • eBook
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Special Volume in Memory of Hidetoshi Yamada, Part Two, Volume 82 in the Advances in Carbohydrate Chemistry and Biochemistry series, highlights new advances in the field with this new volume presenting interesting chapters written by an international board of authors. Updates in this new release include Automated and/or Electrochemical Synthesis, In Vivo Chemistry, Pseudo-Glycoconjugates with C-Glycoside linkage, Boron-Mediated Aglycon Delivery (BMAD) for the Stereoselective Synthesis of 1,2-cis Glycosides, and Conformationally Restricted Donors for Stereoselective Glycosylation.

MR Linac Radiotherapy

  • 1st Edition
  • Volume 8
  • December 1, 2022
  • Sara L. Hackett + 2 more
  • English
  • Paperback
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  • eBook
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MR Linac Radiotherapy: A New Personalized Treatment Approach comprises both clinical and physical aspects of this new technology. The book covers treatment planning, workflow and technical issues about MR-Linac. Specially, the clinical use of MR-Linac according to different cancer types is presented by experienced physicians. This is a unique guide for medical physicists, RTTs, dosimetrists and physicians, as well as radiation oncologists and their teams. The MR Linac combines two technologies - a magnetic resonance imaging scanner and a linear accelerator - to precisely locate tumors, tailor the shape of radiation beams in real-time, and precisely deliver doses of radiation, even to moving tumors. This highly innovative technology is very new, and the number of newly installed MR-Linac machines will gradually increase worldwide. However, as there is no published book as a guideline, this book will help new MR-Linac users and centers planning to have MR-Linac.

Fundamentals of Smart Grid Systems

  • 1st Edition
  • December 1, 2022
  • Muhammad Kamran
  • English
  • Paperback
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  • eBook
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Fundamentals of Smart Grid Systems offers an expansive introduction to the operationalization, integration, and management of smart grids—the distributed, renewable, responsive, and highly efficient power grid on the verge of radically transforming our energy system. The book reviews the design of smart grid systems, their associated technologies, and operations, helping users develop a modern foundational understanding of smart grid systems and many of their advanced implementations, where sophisticated technologies are employed. The work serves as a guidebook and primer for early career researchers, with a rich integration of current science, modern applications, and future implementations.

Design and Manufacture of Structural Composites

  • 1st Edition
  • November 30, 2022
  • Lee Harper + 1 more
  • English
  • Paperback
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  • eBook
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Design and Manufacture of Structural Composites provides an overview of the main manufacturing challenges encountered when processing fibre-reinforced composite materials. Composites are unique in that the material is created at the same time as the structure, forming a very close link between the constituents, the manufacturing process and the resulting mechanical performance. This book takes an in-depth look at material choices and the intermediate steps required to convert different fibre and matrix combinations into finished products. It provides an insight into recent developments for each of the manufacturing processes covered, addressing design, cost, rate and mechanical performance. Topics covered include an introduction to composite materials, material preforming and conversion, moulding, digital design and sustainability, which addresses waste reduction, disassembly and fibre recovery. This book has been developed primarily as a teaching resource with contributions from leading experts in the field. The content has evolved from courses given by the authors to mechanical engineering and materials science students, at both undergraduate and postgraduate levels. It also draws upon experience gained during research projects and from leading industry experts. It therefore provides non-specialists with a valuable introduction to composite manufacturing techniques, helping to determine the most suitable manufacturing routes and to understand the challenges associated with the production of high-performance composite components.