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Books in Physical sciences and engineering

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Plasmon-Enhanced Spectroscopy and Imaging

  • 1st Edition
  • December 1, 2099
  • Mengtao Sun + 1 more
  • English
Plasmon-Enhanced Spectroscopy and Imaging: Principles and Applications provides a comprehensive discussion of linear/nonlinear plasmon-enhanced spectroscopy and imaging applications. Sections cover the application of nonlinear optical spectroscopy in materials science and biomedicine, the surface plasmon enhanced nonlinear optical spectrum, and the interaction of nonlinear surface plasmons and nonlinear optics. This is the first book to fully cover plasmon-enhanced non-linear and linear phenomena, including discussions on plasmon-enhanced fluorescence, plasmon-enhanced coherence, Anti Stokes Raman spectroscopy, two-photon excitation spectroscopy, and second harmonic generation.

Unmanned Aircraft Systems

  • 1st Edition
  • December 1, 2099
  • Jinwen Hu + 3 more
  • English
Unmanned Aircraft Systems: Safety and Security Issues presents a holistic view of the safety and security problems associated with unmanned systems. The title considers the various safety and security issues involved and draws up a blueprint for future UAV safety and security systems. Three sections present the technical elements of UAS safety and security, the safety technologies and system design of UAS, such as sense and avoidance, navigation and control, and the security technologies and system design of UAS, including cybersecurity anomaly detection and information intrusion response. This is the first book to deal holistically with UAS safety and operational threats and to consider the system and operational characteristics of UAS in terms of safety and security solutions.

Recycled Carbon Fiber for Composite Materials

  • 1st Edition
  • December 1, 2099
  • Omar Faruk + 3 more
  • English
Recycled Carbon Fiber for Composite Materials provides a critical review and the latest research results and applications of recycled carbon fiber composites materials in various sectors. The book discusses the different recycling processes of carbon fibers and their surface modifications. In recent years, there has been enormous research and commercialization with recycled carbon fiber composites materials, which has been published in several journal review papers and publications on industrial applications, but to date, there have been no books published focusing on recycled carbon fiber for composite materials in a systematic way. This book's chapters focus on the recycling processes, surface modification, composite types with different polymers, and various manufacturing processes and evaluates their properties.

Biomaterials in Immune Engineering

  • 1st Edition
  • December 1, 2099
  • Lance Kam
  • English
Biomaterials in Immune Engineering covers biomaterial design as applied to immune-based applications, from reactive responses associated with cancer therapy to suppressive functions involved in autoimmunity. The role of the innate immune system in modulating host responses to biomaterials has been long recognized. In recent years, it has greatly expanded, leading to a dynamic community of investigators, adoption of engineering principles in immune-related fields, and establishment of formal immunoengineering programs across a range of academic and industrial environments. However, the wide range of disciplines from which immunoengineering emerged, as well as the large body of knowledge contained in each area, sets a daunting landscape for engaging new investigators.This book focuses on the intersection of these disciplines, providing a snapshot of the breadth, possibilities, and unifying principles of contemporary biomaterial design in immune engineering, particularly the adaptive immune response. Chapters collectively span biomaterial design as applied to immune-based applications, from reactive responses associated with cancer therapy to suppressive functions involved in autoimmunity. Material parameters such as chemistry, structure, and mechanics are covered. In addition, chapters that involve applications to specific diseases will include a perspective on how biomaterials approaches could improve the current standard of care. Biomaterials in Immune Engineering offers an comprehensive and interdisciplinary approach to immune engineering materials, for researchers in materials science and biomedical engineering, as well as clinicians and those in health markets with an interest in immunology and cancer therapeutics.

Handbook of Biomaterials Biodegradability

  • 1st Edition
  • December 1, 2099
  • Masoud Mozafari
  • English
Handbook of Biomaterials Biodegradability comprehensively covers the properties and factors which affect degradation of a range of biomaterials. Long-term biocompatibility issues with existing permanent implants, combined with the emergence of novel biomedical technologies such as tissue engineering, controlled drug delivery and bionanotechnology, has resulted in an increased demand for biodegradable platform materials. Depending on the application, an implanted material may need to remain stable in the body for a long time, or conversely, be degraded and removed after a short period; therefore, control of degradation rate is essential. This book covers the various physical, mechanical and chemical properties which affect biodegradation, for a range of biomaterials, including bioactive glasses, nanoengineered biomaterials and biodegradable metals. The information provided allows readers to consider all factors and possibilities which may affect degradation rate of biomaterials, as well as the overall success of the implanted device or system. Applications covered include drug delivery, controlled release mechanisms, tissue engineering and more. Handbook of Biomaterials Biodegradability provides a single, comprehensive reference on understanding and development of controlled, biodegradable biomaterials for academics, researchers and industry R&D groups in the fields of biomaterials, biomedical engineering, regenerative medicine, pharmacology and related disciplines.

Ceramics for Nuclear Applications

  • 1st Edition
  • December 1, 2099
  • Peng Xu + 3 more
  • English
Ceramics for New Nuclear Applications provides a comprehensive review on the most up-to-date technologies for advanced ceramics and composites for nuclear applications. The book's chapters cover nuclear fuel and structural materials, materials for the next generation of reactors and fusion reactors, and materials for nuclear medicine. Cutting-edge topics such as accident tolerant fuels, space applications and nuclear medicine are covered in detail. Academic and industrial researchers working in the field of materials for nuclear energy systems, nuclear propulsion systems, and nuclear medicine will find the book a valuable reference resource.

Solid-State Shear Pulverization

  • 1st Edition
  • December 1, 2099
  • Katsuyuki Wakabayashi
  • English
Solid-State Shear Pulverization: Chilled Extrusion Technique for Value-Added Plastics Processing and Polymer-Based Materials Development discusses solid-state shear pulverization (SSSP) and solid-state/melt extrusion (SSME), both unconventional polymer processing methods that are based on twin screw extrusion. The technology was originally employed to produce reduced particle size of polymeric materials, but recently has been successfully applied to mechanochemically modify plastics, fabricate polymer blends and nanocomposites on a commercially-scalable level.

Dictionary of Sustainable Fashion and Textiles

  • 1st Edition
  • December 1, 2099
  • Subramanian Senthilkannan Muthu
  • English
Dictionary of Sustainable Fashion and Textiles is an authoritative reference for the full range of topics, terms, materials, standards, and processes related to sustainable fashion and textiles. Sustainability is a core concern for the entire textile and fashion supply chain, and is now considered as part of all important decisions. Over the past decade, many more people in a wider range of industrial roles have needed to relate their work to environmental sustainability, increasing the need for an easy to use reference.In this practical guide, all of the essential elements under the scope of sustainability in the textiles and clothing sector are included concisely and approachably. As well as definitions of important terms, it provides technical information about sustainable materials, and synopses of important industry initiatives like the Sustainable Apparel Coalition, and Zero Discharge of Hazardous Chemicals. For any reader with an interest in the textile industry, this is an invaluable resource that will help you keep across the crucial and multifaceted subject of sustainability.

Innovative Concrete Materials

  • 1st Edition
  • December 1, 2099
  • Mijia Yang + 1 more
  • English
Innovative Concrete Materials: Geopolymer, Pervious, and Self-healing Concrete focuses on the recent developments and future trends of advanced concrete materials. The book covers new concepts of green, pervious, and self-healing concrete materials that have emerged within the past 20 years, along with  their mechanisms, modeling, practical applications and construction issues, including inspection and quality control. This book also discusses the recently completed projects sponsored by the North Dakota Department of Transportation, Transportation Research Board, and Minnesota Department of Transportation in which the authors were either PI or co-PI on the projectsIn recent years, there has been considerable interest in advanced concrete materials. One of the fastest growing applications lies in enhancing durability of concrete materials for maintaining and repairing deficient concrete structures. With wide demands for vast infrastructure systems, rapid and efficient construction using advanced concrete materials in comparison to conventional concretes is appealing in many levels.