Philip K. Robins, Robert G. Spiegelman and Samuel Weiner
January 1, 1980
9 7 8 - 1 - 4 8 3 2 - 6 5 9 0 - 2
A Guaranteed Annual Income: Evidence from a Social Experiment brings together the first accounting of evidence on the impact of the Seattle/Denver Income-Maintenance Experiments (SIME/DIME) on participating individuals and families. It is based on a selection of papers delivered to policymakers, program administrators, and researchers at a conference held at Orcas Island, Washington, in May 1978. The conference, sponsored by HEW and the State of Washington, represented the first effort to disseminate to a wide audience the findings emerging from early analyses. The book is divided into four parts. Part I presents a general introduction to the experimental design, results, and data. Part II presents the experimental effects on work behavior for various family members, including results on job satisfaction, the demand for childcare on the part of single mothers, and the incorporation of the labor supply results into a simulation of national welfare reform alternatives. Part III discusses the experimental effects on family behavior, including marital stability, psychological effects, and effects on the demand for children (fertility). Part IV contains five studies of how the benefits were used by the families, including effects on migration, education and training, demand for assets, and the use of subsidized housing programs.
A History of Children's Reading and Literature presents the pattern of educational activity in relation to the methods undertaken in the schools, and the extent to which books are used in the advancement of literacy. This book describes the factors that are contributory or detrimental to the growth of literacy, including educational provision, the availability of school and public libraries, the use of books in schools, and the parallel evolution of recreational literature of all kinds. Organized into 22 chapters, this book starts with an overview of the educational activity during the years of economic depression wherein economic factors resulted in a national state of social unrest that both State and Church came to recognize could be controlled only by the extension of education. This text then describes the successive educational legislation and other factors that contributed to the advancement of public libraries in the last three decades of the 19th century. This book is a valuable resource for teachers, parents, and students.
Two fields of interest are combined in this volume: the history of science and the theory, or philosophy, of science (metascience). The result is a history of psychology with emphasis placed upon a metascientific analysis of the work of fourteen psychologists from various periods.Each analysis is set in historical context; a period or school is discussed in each chapter, together with a metascientific analysis of some major works from the respective period or school. The author employs a metascientific descriptive system or `systematology' developed during more than 30 years of work on comparative, metascientific studies of about 50 psychological theories. The results of those studies have been published in previous works.These analyses are also used here for verifying T.S. Kuhn's much-debated theory about the `revolutionary' development of sciences. The author revises Kuhn's theory and shows that it can be applied to the history of psychology. Thus, in a Kuhnian sense, psychology may be said to have had two `normal periods' and two `periods of crisis' leading to school formation.
A Laboratory Manual for Forensic Anthropology approaches forensic anthropology as a modern and well-developed science, and includes consideration of forensic anthropology within the broader forensic science community, with extensive use of case studies and recent research, technology and challenges that are applied in field and lab contexts. This book covers all practical aspects of forensic anthropology, from field recoveries, to lab analyses, emphasizing hands-on activities. Topics include human osteology and odontology, examination methods, medicolegal significance, scene processing methods, forensic taphonomy, skeletal processing and sampling, sex estimation, ancestry estimation, age estimation, stature estimation, skeletal variation, trauma analysis, and personal identification. Although some aspects are specific to the United States, the vast majority of the material is internationally-relevant and therefore suitable for forensic anthropology courses in other countries.
A Life Full of Meaning: Some Suggestions and Some Material for the Future Training of Youth Leaders is an attempt at comprehensive thinking about the training of youth leaders. There are two key words, "training" and "leaders", and both are capable of several meanings. For many, "training" implies the learning of routines of universal application, short cuts, techniques, and drill. But techniques, though often important, are never enough in human situations; here, personal quality counts supremely and. The author emphasizes the continued personal growth of the leader and encourages thoughtful attitudes and sensitive understanding. Equally, "leadership" is not something unitary and constant. The book interprets in contemporary terms what is meant by training and leadership for youth workers, what is involved in terms of experience, skill, study, and reflection. This book will prove to be a valuable stimulus and guide to all who have at heart the interests of the Youth Service.
A Manual of Cataloguing Practice is a text on cataloguing and covers topics ranging from the major cataloguing codes to the subject catalogue, the name catalogue, and cataloguing of special materials. Physical forms of catalogue are also considered, along with the filing and arrangement of catalogue entries; centralized and cooperative cataloguing; the organization of cataloguing; and the relation of cataloguing to modern methods of information retrieval. This manual is comprised of 16 chapters and begins with an overview of the nature and purpose of catalogues, as well as the history of cataloguing and catalogues. The discussion then turns to the development and application of the major cataloguing codes, including the British Museum Cataloguing Rules; the Vatican Code; the American Library Association Rules 1949; and the Anglo-American Cataloguing Rules 1967. Some particular problems of author-title cataloguing are considered, together with the solutions suggested by some of the major codes and the practices of some individual libraries. External guides (instructions for the use of the catalogue) and internal guides (""signposts"" within the catalogue) are also discussed. Finally, the future of cataloguing is examined. This book will be a useful resource for practicing cataloguers and librarians as well as students of librarianship.
A Mathematical Model for Handling in a Warehouse presents the formulation of a mathematical model for goods handling in a warehouse. This 11-chapter text specifically serves as a guide in decision-making in terms of the capacity, shape, and layout of a warehouse for a variety of available handling equipment under minimized total cost. The first seven chapters cover the overview, purpose, and applicability of the model; the role of stock distributions in movement within the warehouse; the problem of order picking; and the effect of time dependent storage policies on the model. The following chapters outline a formula for building cost and its link to handling effort, followed by a discussion on the use of the model when considering warehouse automation. These chapters also examine the mathematical aspects of the model. The concluding chapter provides some numerical examples to illustrate the use and applicability of the model in a specific warehouse handling condition. Mathematician and researchers in the related subjects of goods handling in a warehouse will find this work invaluable.
A Modern View of the Law of Torts provides the important aspects of the law of torts, which is an area of law that covers the majority of all civil lawsuits. This book begins with a description of the civil rights of an individual who is wronged by another person, followed by a particular attention to the remedies that are available to people who are wronged by any of the standard torts. Chapters of this book are devoted to specific torts, such as negligence, defamation, and trespass. Specifically, the law of negligence has been fully dealt with, as more and more of the problems of the law of torts are being solved by the courts with reference to the developing principles of the law of negligence. This publication provides an interesting approach to the study of torts, which is equally useful to students and the lay person.
A New Approach to Teaching and Learning Anatomy: Objectives and Learning Activities presents sets of general instructional and specific behavioral objectives to define the framework of a course in human anatomy. The objectives are preceded by explanatory notes which deal with the principles and the techniques involved in their formulation so that their expansion or modification may be facilitated. Methods of using the objectives as guides to study are also suggested. This book is comprised of 13 chapters and begins with an introduction to the goals to be adopted for the course framework and the general objectives that will indicate course content as well as the sequence of learning. The discussion then turns to specific behavioral objectives and student-centered learning activities, followed by an outline of the anatomy course. The course is broken down into regions and systems and covers the anatomy of bones, joints, and muscles, along with peripheral nerves and vessels. The anatomy of the upper limb, head and neck, walls of thorax and abdomen, and the lower limb are considered. The viscera are ""fitted in"" to the musculo-skeletal framework on a systematic basis, and the course outline concludes with a section on neurological anatomy, that is, the cardiovascular system, respiratory system, gastrointestinal system, genito-urinary system, and neuroendocrine system. This monograph should be useful to those who are engaged in teaching-learning programs in anatomy whether as medical educators or as students.
Pergamon General Psychology Series: A New Morality from Science: Beyondism focuses on the role of science in establishing ethical values. The publication first elaborates on three gateways to the understanding of life, origins of uncertainty and confusion, and basic logic of beyondism. Discussions focus on moral laws within groups and the fallacy of universalization; planned bio-cultural diversity of groups in the great experiment; absence of institutional mechanisms specifically to create progress; social construction without positive value construction; and humanity and the ever-open gateway of religion. The manuscript then examines moral directives derivable from the beyondist goal and psychological problems in human adjustment to the new ethics. The book takes a look at the departure of beyondism from traditional and current ethical systems; impact of evolutionary values on current socio-political practices; and integration of the emotional life with progressive institutions. Topics include mutual services of beyondism and the arts, setting of the research institutes for the world federation and free enquirers, community goals in population size, class, and internal diversity, and the reconstruction needed for a scientifically rational politics. The manuscript is a dependable reference for researchers interested in the role of science in establishing ethical values.