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Books in Physics

31-40 of 3492 results in All results

Low-Dimensional Materials, Systems, and Applications

  • 1st Edition
  • May 1, 2025
  • Purushottam Chakraborty + 1 more
  • English
This book showcases the complexities and uniqueness of low-dimensional materials and highlights the most recent discoveries in the field. Low-dimensional nanoscale materials are challenging as they exhibit properties distinctly different from their bulk counterparts. There is an exponential increase of reactivity at the molecular level due to high surface-to-volume ratios in these materials, and not only are their electronic, optical, and chemical properties different, so too are their mechanical characteristics. This book highlights the state-of-the-art theoretical and experimental descriptions of the complexities, unique properties, and latest applications of low-dimensional materials. The book is primarily for researchers working on the simulation, fabrication, analysis, and uses of low-dimensional nanoscale materials, including materials scientists, condensed matter physicists, chemists, electrical engineers, and bio-technologists. Applications covered include electronic, optoelectronic, magnetic, photonic, plasmonic, and bioengineering.

Surface Modifications of Nanomaterials for Energy, Environmental and Biomedical Applications

  • 1st Edition
  • May 1, 2025
  • Subash C.B. Gopinath + 4 more
  • English
Surface Modifications of Nanomaterials for Energy, Environmental and Biomedical Applications explores various strategies and techniques for successful surface modification of nanomaterials, focusing on the potential benefits of such modifications in a wide range of applications, including energy and environmental sectors, as well as biomedical applications.This book initially presents an overview of surface modification methods and characterization techniques of various nanomaterials, including two-dimensional materials, carbon nanomaterials, metals, and more. Other sections dive into the applications of surface modified nanomaterials in the fields of energy, biomedicine and environmental science. Future research directions and risk assessment are covered in the final section. This is an essential reference for academic and industrial researchers working to improve the properties of nanomaterials for several applications.

Nanostructured Thin Film Deposition by Sputtering

  • 1st Edition
  • May 1, 2025
  • Kanak Kalita + 3 more
  • English
This book provides an exhaustive overview of the significant influence of sputtering in the production of nanostructured thin films. It begins with a review of the historical evolution and fundamental principles inherent to sputtering before delving into a thorough examination of thin films, covering their distinctive properties, the impact of sputtering, and the role of target materials. Building upon this base, the book unveils advanced sputtering methodologies, augmented with applicable case studies. The book provides an in-depth study of nanostructured thin films, addressing their diverse forms, and the elaborate procedures for nanostructure characterization. Finally, it embarks on an extensive analysis of the broad range of applications of sputtered nanostructured thin films, with a focus on sectors such as electronics, optics, biomedicine, and environmental science, as well as promising domains like automotive, oil and gas, food, and energy sectors. This approach offers a sweeping view of sputtering, bridging basic concepts and sophisticated aspects, thereby crafting an invaluable compendium for both researchers and learners in the field.

Nanophotonics with Diamond and Silicon Carbide for Quantum Technologies

  • 1st Edition
  • April 1, 2025
  • Mario Agio + 1 more
  • English
Nanophotonics with Diamond and Silicon Carbide for Quantum Technologies provides an in-depth overview of key developments in diamond and silicon carbide photonics to enable spin-photon interfaces, quantum computing, quantum imaging, and quantum sensing. Written by world experts, chapters discuss nanophotonics effects (atomic size point center properties in the materials), fabrication of photonic components and integrated photonics circuits, photonics and nanophotonics enabling quantum sensing, and quantum information and networks via spin-photon interface. This book is a valuable resource to researchers and professionals interested on the fundamentals, trends, and diamond and silicon carbide applications in the quantum technology industry.

Polymer Micro and Nanocomposites for High Voltage Insulation

  • 1st Edition
  • April 1, 2025
  • Patricia Abimbola I Popoola + 3 more
  • English
Polymer Micro and Nanocomposites for High Voltage Insulation: Properties and Applications covers the processing, fabrication, characterization, and resultant properties of polymer micro and nanocomposites for high voltage insulation applications, and serves as a valuable reference book for researchers, engineers and R&D professionals interested on polymer materials and nanotechnologies for insulation applications.The initial chapters address the fundamental theoretical aspects of polyimides materials used for high voltage insulation, while the following chapters discuss the effects of micro and nano inorganic insulation fillers on the mechanical, electrical and thermal insulation properties of polyimide microcomposites and polyimide nanocomposites. Dielectric strength, behavior of space charge and high temperature resistance of polyimide reinforced insulation filler are also discussed. Finally, the ending chapters focus on the effects of environment on material’s insulation properties and review the methods used for the evaluation of insulation of polymer micro and nanocomposite materials.

Nanotechnology-based Sensing Platforms for Illicit Drugs

  • 1st Edition
  • April 1, 2025
  • Sayan Ganguly + 3 more
  • English
Nanotechnology-based Sensing Platforms for Illicit Drugs reviews and discusses several different types of sensors reported to detect illicit drugs, with special focus on the advantages provided by incorporating nanotechnology in their design. The book starts with the fundamentals, classification, progress, and the current status of research on nanotechnology-based sensors, followed by an overview of the materials commonly used in sensor applications. Subsequent chapters focus on the chemical interactive behaviors of drugs and their detection methods. The book also includes a thorough discussion on the design, fabrication and characterization of sensors for illicit drug detection, ending with an overall outlook of recent technological advances in drug detection devices and guided insights for future research. This book is a valuable resource for researchers, scientists and professionals interested in biosensors, nanotechnology, and their application to illicit drug detection.

Fundamentals of Vacuum Science and System Design for High and Ultrahigh Vacuum, Volume 2

  • 1st Edition
  • April 1, 2025
  • J.R. Gaines + 1 more
  • English
'Fundamentals of Vacuum Science and System Design for High and Ultrahigh Vacuum, Volume 2: Creating and Measuring Vacuum' reviews the many specialized components that must be effectively integrated to create, support, and measure vacuum. This includes pipes, valves, flexible bellows, and several types of vacuum pumps, including rotary vane, dry scroll, turbomolecular, and cryogenic varieties. Pressure sensors are also reviewed with specific attention to their operating principles, pressure range, accuracy, reproducibility, and calibration. The unique features of various vacuum components are highlighted to aid in the selection of devices appropriate for specific pressure ranges and operating conditions. This volume informs the reader about critical vacuum components and how they can be integrated in a complete, dynamically pumped, vacuum system. The specific nuances related to pressure ranges and vacuum component characteristics are featured. Design considerations, such as vacuum gauge placement relative to active gas flows, pressure differentials, and pressure control approaches are also discussed.

Antiferromagnetic Spintronics

  • 1st Edition
  • March 1, 2025
  • Atsufumi Hirohata + 2 more
  • English
Antiferromagnetic materials display significant potential for the development of low-power and ultrafast spintronic devices for logic, memory, and storage applications, potentially enabling low-power devices operating at THz frequencies. This book provides a succinct and comprehensive overview of recent developments in these materials.Antiferromagnetic Spintronics is broken into three sections, the first looking at theory and modelling, the second addressing synthesis and fabrication, and the third covering characterisation and validation. The chapters are written by international experts and discuss key developments and achievements, as well as future directions for further research. The book will be of interest to researchers in the field at both the junior and senior level.

Functionalized Magnetic Nanohybrids

  • 1st Edition
  • February 1, 2025
  • Komal Rizwan + 1 more
  • English
Functionalized Magnetic Nanohybrids: Synthetic Approaches, Biomedical and Environmental Applications provides a comprehensive overview of the basic principles, fabrication, self-assembling strategies, and potential applications of magnetic nanohybrids in the fields of biomedicine, sensors, and environmental remediation.Organized into four parts, the book starts with an introduction to the synthesis methods, functionalization, and characterization of magnetic nanohybrids. The following sections focus on the potential applications of these nanostructured materials in the biomedical field and for the removal of environmental pollutants. Finally, challenges associated with fabrication techniques and in the application of magnetic nanohybrids are discussed, as well as future perspectives and research directions.

Experiments in Modern Physics

  • 3rd Edition
  • January 1, 2025
  • Adrian C. Melissinos + 1 more
  • English
A revision of the leading text on experimental physics. The feature of this book that has made it one of the most loved texts on the subject is that it goes far beyond a mere description of key experiments in physics. The authors successfully provide the reader with an understanding and appreciation of the 'physics' behind the experiments.With the help of new co-author Frank Wolf, the authors have developed digital signal processing (DSP) for the undergraduate laboratory, based on software they will create using commercial hardware from National Instruments. With DSP, . They will introduce DSP in 4 classic experiments: NMR, magnetic moment of the muon, the Faraday effect, and the Mössbauer experiment.They will also add sections on Pulsed NMR, photon counting and scanning probe microscopy. Two new appendices will be added covering LabView software as well as How to use an Oscilloscope.The authors have also added many more examples to the Data and Error Analysis section as students have a tough time with this topic. topic.