A Guide to the Solar Corona is specifically directed to the space scientist or engineer who is not a specialist in solar physics, but whose work requires a fairly detailed knowledge of the corona. It is hoped that the material may prove useful to most graduate students in astrophysics, while solar physicists may find some topics of interest and value to them. The book contains 12 chapters and begins with three descriptive chapters that provide the casual reader with a concept of the corona as it is evident through more or less direct observation. Topics covered include the development of coronal science, observational techniques, and observational aspects of the corona. The next chapter discusses methods of analyzing coronal data. Subsequent chapters present theoretical considerations as they are applicable to the corona. These combine theory with observation to provide a description of the various aspects of the corona. The final chapter is a combination of established ideas and speculation on the place of the corona in the universe.
A Handbook of Operative Surgery and Surgical Anatomy with Chapters on Instruments presents the methods, techniques, and instruments used in operative surgery and surgical anatomy. The book covers broad aspects of surgical procedures and methods that are practiced in operating rooms. The text provides instructions and details on operations on various parts of the body such as the stomach, neck, central and sympathetic nervous systems, bones, and thorax. Methods of amputations, ligation of arteries, selection and use of instruments for operations and the electro-surgical methods of operation are elaborated as well. Surgeons, physicians, and those working in medical operating rooms will find the text invaluable.
The lens is generally the most expensive and least understood part of any camera. In this book, Rudolf Kingslake traces the historical development of the various types of lenses from Daguerre's invention of photography in 1839 through lenses commonly used today.From an early lens still being manufactured for use in low-cost cameras to designs made possible through such innovations as lens coating, rare-earth glasses, and computer aided lens design and testing, the author details each major advance in design and fabrication. The book explains how and why each new lens type was developed, and why most of them have since been abandoned. This authoritative history of lens technology also includes brief biographies of several outstanding lens designers and manufacturers of the past.
A Mathematical Approach to Special Relativity introduces the mathematical formalisms of special and general relativity. Developed from the author’s experience teaching physics to students across all levels, the valuable resource introduces key concepts, building in complexity and using increasingly advanced mathematical tools as it progresses. Without assuming a background in calculus, the text begins with symmetry, before delving more deeply into Galilean relativity. Throughout, the book provides examples and useful "Guides to the Literature." This unique text emphasizes the experimental consequences and verifications of the underpinning theory in order to provide students with a solid foundation in this key area.
This monograph contains a functional analytic introduction to Dirac's formalism. The first part presents some new mathematical notions in the setting of triples of Hilbert spaces, mentioning the concept of Dirac basis. The second part introduces a conceptually new theory of generalized functions, integrating the notions of the first part.The last part of the book is devoted to a mathematical interpretation of the main features of Dirac's formalism. It involves a pairing between distributional bras and kets, continuum expansions and continuum matrices.
A Method for Studying Model Hamiltonians: A Minimax Principle for Problems in Statistical Physics centers on methods for solving certain problems in statistical physics which contain four-fermion interaction. Organized into four chapters, this book begins with a presentation of the proof of the asymptotic relations for the many-time correlation functions. Chapter 2 details the construction of a proof of the generalized asymptotic relations for the many-time correlation averages. Chapter 3 explains the correlation functions for systems with four-fermion negative interaction. The last chapter shows the model systems with positive and negative interaction components.
This workbook is a practical companion to the second edition of the textbook Reservoir Stimulation. The two books are intended to be used together. This new volume should be particularly useful for the training of new engineers and petroleum engineering students, as it contains approximately 100 problems and their solutions, plus a lengthy chapter giving data necessary for designing a stimulation treatment. Chapters are included containing practical problems on reservoir and well considerations, rock mechanics, fracturing fluids and proppants, fracture calibration treatments, design and modeling of propped fractures, evaluation of fracture treatments, design of matrix treatments, diversion and treatment evaluation, design and performance of acid fractures and stimulation of horizontal wells. These chapters are labeled with letters from A to J to distinguish them from their companion chapters in Reservoir Stimulation. Equations, figures and tables from the textbook are referred to in the workbook but are not reproduced.
A Primer to the Theory of Critical Phenomena provides scientists in academia and industry, as well as graduate students in physics, chemistry, and geochemistry with the scientific fundamentals of critical phenomena and phase transitions. The book helps readers broaden their understanding of a field that has developed tremendously over the last forty years. The book also makes a great resource for graduate level instructors at universities.
This book is specifically designed for the user who wishes expanded use of ellipsometry beyond the relatively limited number of turn-key applications. The book provides a concise discussion of theory and instrumentation before describing how to use optical parameters to determine material properties and optical parameters for inaccessible substrates and unknown films, and how to measure extremely thin films. The book also addresses polysilicon, a material commonly used in the microelectronics industry, and the effect of substrate roughness. This book's concepts and applications are reinforced through the 14 case studies that illustrate specific applications of ellipsometry from the semiconductor industry as well as studies involving corrosion and oxide growth.
A Vector Approach to Oscillations focuses on the processes in handling oscillations. Divided into four chapters, the book opens with discussions on the technique of handling oscillations. Included in the discussions are the addition and subtraction of oscillations using vectors; the square root of two vectors; the role of vector algebra in oscillation analysis; and the quotient of two vectors in Cartesian components. Discussions on vector algebra come next. Given importance are the algebraic and polynomial functions of a vector; the connection of vector algebra and scalar algebra; and the factorization of the polynomial functions of a vector. The book also presents graphical representations of vector functions of a vector. Included are numerical analyses and representations. The last part of the book deals with exponential function of a vector. Numerical representations and analyses are also provided to validate the claims of the authors. Given the importance of data provided, this book is a valuable reference for readers who want to study oscillations.