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Books in Physical sciences and engineering

3091-3100 of 25894 results in All results

The Impacts of Climate Change

  • 1st Edition
  • May 9, 2021
  • Trevor Letcher
  • English
  • Paperback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 1 2 - 8 2 2 3 7 3 - 4
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 1 2 - 8 2 2 3 7 4 - 1
The Impacts of Climate Change: A Comprehensive Study of Physical, Biophysical, Social and Political Issues presents the very real issues associated with climate change and global warming and how it affects the planet and everyone on it. From a physical perspective, the book covers such topics as population pressures, food issues, rising sea-levels and coastline degradation, and health. It then goes on to present social impacts, such as humanitarian issues, ethics, adaptation, urban issues, local action, and socio-economic issues. Finally, it addresses the political impacts, such as justice issues and politics of climate change in different locations. By offering this holistic review of the latest impacts of climate change, the book helps researchers to better understand what needs to be done in order to move toward renewable energy, change societal habits, and move toward sustainable development.

Microwaves in Chemistry Applications

  • 1st Edition
  • May 9, 2021
  • Aparna Das + 1 more
  • English
  • Paperback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 1 2 - 8 2 2 8 9 5 - 1
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 1 2 - 8 2 3 0 8 5 - 5
Microwaves in Chemistry Applications: Fundamentals, Methods and Future Trends offers a number of benefits over conventional heating technologies, including acceleration of reaction rates, milder reaction conditions, higher chemical yields, lower energy usage and different reaction selectivity, all of which can improve the sustainability of processes. The book provides valuable insights into the underlying chemistry at play in microwave-assisted processes, introducing fundamental concepts, discussing the modeling of reactions in such processes, and also highlighting a range of key methods and applications of microwaves in chemistry for improved sustainability. Beginning with an introduction to microwave chemistry, Part One discusses foundational principles, equipment and approaches for modeling reactions and assessing the outputs of those models. Methods in microwave chemistry are then the focus of Part Two, with microwave-assisted synthesis, catalysis, reduction and reactions all explored in detail. Part Three reflects on the practical usage of these methods to address specific issues, covering a number of interesting applications.

Boundary Science: Re-imagining Water-Energy-Food Interactions in the Context of a Data Light Approach to Monitoring the Environment- Development Nexus

  • 1st Edition
  • May 9, 2021
  • Mathew Kurian + 1 more
  • English
  • Paperback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 3 2 3 - 8 8 4 7 3 - 0
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 3 2 3 - 8 8 4 7 4 - 7
Boundary Science and the Pursuit of Sustainable Development: Lessons from Global Public Goods Research on the Water-Energy-Food (WEF) Nexus addresses the problem of how global research can reorient itself to better address sustainable goals and objectives through the use of place-based observatories that support multi-dimensional modelling. The book will provide an overview of the impact of case studies and field trials in addressing critical questions of poverty reduction and sustainable development. This discussion will be followed by an examination of a theoretical framework for boundary science that elaborates upon the Nexus approach to environmental management.

Ice-Houses

  • 1st Edition
  • May 6, 2021
  • Alireza Dehghani-Sanij + 1 more
  • English
  • Paperback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 1 2 - 8 2 2 2 7 5 - 1
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 1 2 - 8 2 2 2 7 6 - 8
Ice-Houses: Energy, Architecture and Sustainability presents new and novel technologies and approaches surrounding daily and seasonal ice storage, along with discussions on passive cooling and natural technologies using different methods, including heat pumps. The book covers different aspects of ice-houses and cold energy production, storage and utilization. By addressing various issues connected to the technology and structure of traditional ice-houses and natural and artificial ice making, this refences looks at new technological approaches for the reduction of electrical energy consumption in buildings. Users will find this to be a comprehensive overview of ice house storage that includes worked examples and global case studies. It is an essential resource for researchers and engineers looking to advance their understanding of this method of thermal storage.

Innovation Dynamics and Policy in the Energy Sector

  • 1st Edition
  • May 6, 2021
  • Milton L. Holloway
  • English
  • Paperback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 1 2 - 8 2 3 8 1 3 - 4
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 1 2 - 8 2 4 1 9 2 - 9
Innovation Dynamics and Policy in the Energy Sector discusses the process and future of global innovation in the energy sector based on the innovation leadership example of Texas. The book proposes that the positive dynamics of Texas energy sector innovations arises from a confluence of factors, including supportive institutions, the management of technological change, competitive markets, astute public policy, intraindustrial collaboration, a cultural focus on change and risk-taking, and natural resource abundance. Heavily case-study focused chapters review the fundamental drivers of innovation, from key discoveries at Spindletop; the proliferation of oil production through major field development; through electric sector deregulation; and recent innovation in hydraulic fracking, renewable integration, and carbon capture. The work closes to argue that sustainable global innovation addressing the twin challenges of climate change and the energy transition must be driven by the promotion of competition and risk-taking which continually promotes the development of ideas, a process jointly funded by the public and private sectors and supported by collaborative and competitive institutions.

Handbook of Nanomaterials for Wastewater Treatment

  • 1st Edition
  • May 5, 2021
  • Bharat A. Bhanvase + 3 more
  • English
  • Paperback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 1 2 - 8 2 1 4 9 6 - 1
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 1 2 - 8 2 1 4 9 9 - 2
Handbook of Nanomaterials for Wastewater Treatment: Fundamentals and Scale up Issues provides coverage of the nanomaterials used for wastewater treatment, covering photocatalytic nanocomposite materials, nanomaterials used as adsorbents, water remediation processes, and their current status and challenges. The book explores the major applications of nanomaterials for effective catalysis and adsorption, also providing in-depth information on the properties and application of new advanced nanomaterials for wastewater treatment processes. This is an important reference source for researchers who need to solve basic and advanced problems relating to the use of nanomaterials for the development of wastewater treatment processes and technologies. As nanotechnology has the potential to substantially improve current water and wastewater treatment processes, the synthesis methods and physiochemical properties of nanomaterials and noble metal nanoparticles make their performance and mechanisms efficient for the treatment of various pollutants.

Biomedical Applications of Electrospinning and Electrospraying

  • 1st Edition
  • May 5, 2021
  • Naresh Kasoju + 1 more
  • English
  • Paperback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 1 2 - 8 2 2 4 7 6 - 2
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 1 2 - 8 2 2 4 9 0 - 8
Biomedical Applications of Electrospinning and Electrospraying describes the principles and laboratory set up for electrospinning and electrospraying, addressing a range of biomedical applications. Sections cover novel combinational approaches, such as electrospinning/spraying and 3D printing. Electrospinning has evolved from being a technique to prepare random networks of textile fibers to a technique to fabricate highly ordered patterns of biomedical materials of defined scale. The technological advancements in recent years with regard to the way the jet is facilitated, how the jet path is controlled, and how the fibers are collected have provided invaluable insights into controlled fabrication of a material of choice. Additionally, the electrospray technique has also evolved from being a technique to prepare food formulations to a technique to prepare cell encapsulated beads for transplantation in clinics. Several innovations in this line, such as those leading to core-shell materials have tremendously changed the way the technique is used. Thus, a combinational approach using electrospinning, electrospraying and 3D printing has emerged.

Fundamentals and Supercapacitor Applications of 2D Materials

  • 1st Edition
  • May 4, 2021
  • Chandra Sekhar Rout + 1 more
  • English
  • Paperback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 1 2 - 8 2 1 9 9 3 - 5
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 1 2 - 8 2 1 9 9 4 - 2
Fundamentals and Applications of Supercapacitor 2D Materials covers different aspects of supercapacitor 2D materials, including their important properties, synthesis, and recent developments in supercapacitor applications of engineered 2D materials. In addition, theoretical investigations and various types of supercapacitors based on 2D materials such as symmetric, asymmetric, flexible, and micro-supercapacitors are covered. This book is a useful resource for research scientists, engineers, and students in the fields of supercapacitors, 2D nanomaterials, and energy storage devices. Due to their sub-nanometer thickness, 2D materials have a high packing density, which is suitable for the fabrication of highly-packed energy supplier/storage devices with enhanced energy and power density. The flexibility of 2D materials, and their good mechanical properties and high packing densities, make them suitable for the development of thin, flexible, and wearable devices.

Handbook of Energy Economics and Policy

  • 1st Edition
  • May 1, 2021
  • Alessandro Rubino + 2 more
  • English
  • Paperback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 1 2 - 8 1 4 7 1 2 - 2
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 1 2 - 8 1 4 7 1 3 - 9
Handbook of Energy Economics and Policy: Fundamentals and Applications for Engineers and Energy Planners presents energy engineers and managers with analytical skills and concepts that enable them to apply simple economic logic to understand the interrelations between energy technologies, economics, regulation and governance of the industry. Sections cover the origins, types and measurement of energy sources, transportation networks, and regulatory and policy issues on electricity and gas at a global level, new economic and policy issues, including innovation processes in the energy industry and economic and policy implications. Final sections cover state-of-the-art methods for modeling and predicting the dynamics of energy systems. Its unique approach and learning path makes this book an ideal resource for energy engineering practitioners and researchers working to design, develop, plan or deploy energy systems. Energy planners and policymakers will also find this to be a solid foundation on which to base decisions.

Energy Storage in Energy Markets

  • 1st Edition
  • April 30, 2021
  • Behnam Mohammadi-Ivatloo + 2 more
  • English
  • Paperback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 1 2 - 8 2 0 0 9 5 - 7
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 1 2 - 8 2 0 3 8 3 - 5
Energy Storage in Energy Markets reviews the modeling, design, analysis, optimization and impact of energy storage systems in energy markets in a way that is ideal for an audience of researchers and practitioners. The book provides deep insights on potential benefits and revenues, economic evaluation, investment challenges, risk analysis, technical requirements, and the impacts of energy storage integration. Heavily referenced and easily accessible to policymakers, developers, engineer, researchers and students alike, this comprehensive resource aims to fill the gap in the role of energy storage in pool/local energy/ancillary service markets and other multi-market commerce. Chapters elaborate on energy market fundamentals, operations, energy storage fundamentals, components, and the role and impact of storage systems on energy systems from different aspects, such as environmental, technical and economics, the role of storage devices in uncertainty handling in energy systems and their contributions in resiliency and reliability improvement.