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Books in Physical sciences and engineering

2721-2730 of 26619 results in All results

Multidisciplinary Microfluidic and Nanofluidic Lab-on-a-Chip

  • 1st Edition
  • September 19, 2021
  • Xiujun (James) Li + 2 more
  • English
  • Hardback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 4 4 4 - 5 9 4 3 2 - 7
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 4 4 4 - 5 9 4 6 1 - 7
Multidisciplinary Microfluidic and Nanofluidic Lab-on-a-Chip: Principles and Applications provides chemists, biophysicists, engineers, life scientists, biotechnologists, and pharmaceutical scientists with the principles behind the design, manufacture, and testing of life sciences microfluidic systems. This book serves as a reference for technologies and applications in multidisciplinary areas, with an emphasis on quickly developing or new emerging areas, including digital microfluidics, nanofluidics, papers-based microfluidics, and cell biology. The book offers practical guidance on how to design, analyze, fabricate, and test microfluidic devices and systems for a wide variety of applications including separations, disease detection, cellular analysis, DNA analysis, proteomics, and drug delivery. Calculations, solved problems, data tables, and design rules are provided to help researchers understand microfluidic basic theory and principles and apply this knowledge to their own unique designs. Recent advances in microfluidics and microsystems for life sciences are impacting chemistry, biophysics, molecular, cell biology, and medicine for applications that include DNA analysis, drug discovery, disease research, and biofluid and environmental monitoring.

Earth as an Evolving Planetary System

  • 4th Edition
  • September 18, 2021
  • Kent C. Condie
  • English
  • Paperback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 1 2 - 8 1 9 9 1 4 - 5
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 1 2 - 8 1 9 9 1 5 - 2
Earth as an Evolving Planetary System, Fourth Edition discusses key topics dealing with the evolution and interaction through time of Earth’s crust, mantle, core, atmosphere, hydrosphere, and biosphere. It addresses the questions of why Earth is unique among planets of the solar system, and how the various subsystems in the planet have interacted over 4.6 billion years in the habitable planet that we live on. This new edition includes over 100 new pages of material, data, and images and is a key reference for students and researchers in Earth and planetary sciences. Earth as an Evolving Planetary System, Fourth Edition includes new material that has become available since the third edition, including new sections on the Mid-lithosphere discontinuity, geoneutrinos, mantle oxidation, continental emergence, Earth cycles (new chapter) and recycling processes, the evolution of Earth from a stagnant lid to a plate tectonic regime, the controversy over how the continents have grown, when plate tectonics began, and exoplanets.

Introduction to Robust Estimation and Hypothesis Testing

  • 5th Edition
  • September 18, 2021
  • Rand R. Wilcox
  • English
  • Paperback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 1 2 - 8 2 0 0 9 8 - 8
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 1 2 - 8 2 0 0 9 9 - 5
Introduction to Robust Estimating and Hypothesis Testing, Fifth Edition is a useful ‘how-to’ on the application of robust methods utilizing easy-to-use software. This trusted resource provides an overview of modern robust methods, including improved techniques for dealing with outliers, skewed distribution curvature, and heteroscedasticity that can provide substantial gains in power. Coverage includes techniques for comparing groups and measuring effect size, current methods for comparing quantiles, and expanded regression methods for both parametric and nonparametric techniques. The practical importance of these varied methods is illustrated using data from real world studies. Over 1700 R functions are included to support comprehension and practice.

Heterogeneous Catalysis in Sustainable Synthesis

  • 1st Edition
  • September 17, 2021
  • Bela Torok + 2 more
  • English
  • Paperback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 1 2 - 8 1 7 8 2 5 - 6
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 1 2 - 8 1 7 8 2 6 - 3
Heterogeneous Catalysis in Sustainable Synthesis is a practical guide to the use of solid catalysts in synthetic chemistry that focuses on environmentally benign applications. Collating essential information on solid catalysts into a single volume, it reveals how the efficient use of heterogeneous catalysts in synthetic chemistry can support sustainable applications. Beginning with a review of the fundamentals of heterogeneous catalytic synthesis, the book then explores the basic concepts of heterogeneous catalytic reactions from adsorption to catalyst poisons, the use of non-traditional activation methods, recommended solvents, the major types of both metal and non-metal solid catalysts, and applications of these catalysts in sustainable synthesis. Based on the extensive experience of its expert author, this book aims to encourage and support synthetic chemists in using solid catalysts in their own work, while also highlighting the important link between heterogeneous catalysis and sustainability to all those interested.

Biomass, Biofuels, Biochemicals

  • 1st Edition
  • September 17, 2021
  • Ganti S. Murthy + 3 more
  • English
  • Paperback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 1 2 - 8 1 9 2 4 2 - 9
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 1 2 - 8 1 9 2 4 3 - 6
Systems analysis for sustainability is an emerging discipline where technologies, processes or policies are evaluated comprehensively for sustainability. Trifold sustainability metrics such as technical feasibility, economic viability and environmental impacts are commonly used to assess sustainability. In addition to these metrics, it is important to consider resource sustainability, policies and social aspects for evaluating the sustainability of any proposed alternative. Green-Economy: Systems Analysis for Sustainability provides a theoretical background to perform such analyses and detailed case studies. The first part of this book introduces methods and tools to perform technical feasibility analysis, economic viability analysis, environmental impacts assessment, environmental risk assessment, resource sustainability assessment, policy and social aspects of technologies, general logic-based sustainability assessment for green products and introduces resilience thinking. The second part of the book focuses on case studies with an emphasis on solar energy, biofuels and bioproducts from across the globe.

Principles and Clinical Diagnostic Applications of Surface-Enhanced Raman Spectroscopy

  • 1st Edition
  • September 17, 2021
  • Yuling Wang
  • English
  • Paperback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 1 2 - 8 2 1 1 2 1 - 2
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 1 2 - 8 2 3 1 9 8 - 2
Principles and Clinical Diagnostic Applications of Surface-Enhanced Raman Spectroscopy summarizes the principles of surface-enhanced Raman scattering/spectroscopy (SERS) and plasmonic nanomaterials for SERS, with a focus on SERS applications in clinical diagnostics. This book covers the key concepts from the fundamentals, materials, experimental aspects, and applications of SERS in clinical diagnostics with discussions on label-free/direct SERS assay, design and synthesis of SERS nanotags, SERS nanotags for point-of-care diagnostics, microfluidic SERS assay, and in vitro and in vivo sensing and imaging. Written by experts from around the world, this comprehensive volume showcases the recent progress of SERS applications in clinical diagnostics and helps readers understand when and how to use SERS in a clinical setting.

Applications of Nuclear and Radioisotope Technology

  • 1st Edition
  • September 17, 2021
  • Khalid Alnabhani
  • English
  • Paperback
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  • eBook
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Applications of Nuclear and Radioisotope Technology: For Peace and Sustainable Development presents the latest technology and research on nuclear energy with a practical focus on a variety of applications. Author Dr. Khalid Al-Nabhani provides a thorough and well-rounded view of the status of nuclear power generation in order to promote its benefits towards a sustainable, clean and secure future. This book offers innovative theoretical, analytical, methodological and technological approaches, encourages a positive societal and political uptake.This book enhances awareness of peaceful nuclear applications across a broad spectrum of industries, including power generation, agriculture, and medicine. It presents successful examples and lessons learned across many countries that are working towards their sustainability goals in cooperation with the IAEA and AAEA, to benefit researchers, professionals and decision-makers implementing and developing their own nuclear strategies for the future.

Applications of Biotechnology for Sustainable Textile Production

  • 1st Edition
  • September 17, 2021
  • O.L. Shanmugasundaram
  • English
  • Paperback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 3 2 3 - 8 5 6 5 1 - 5
  • eBook
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Applications of Biotechnology for Sustainable Textile Production is a practical guide to the fundamentals, methods, and future prospects for sustainable biotechnological and nanobiotechnological approaches to textile production. The textile industry is highly motivated to reduce its use of natural resources, reduce waste, and cost. Processes such as dyeing, printing and finishing fabrics traditionally require a lot of water and can produce hazardous wastes as a by-product. In order to help improve these processes, this book evaluates different technologies, comparing them as ways of saving water, energy, material waste, and time, in addition to the reduction of wastewater and sludge. Technologies investigated include enzymatic treatments, ultrasonic treatments, advanced cotton fiber pre-treatment to increase dye receptivity, nano-biotechnology, plasma technology, and foam technology in the finishing process. Health risk assessments and complications resulting from usage of chemicals and other traditional processing technologies are also examined.

Ocean Mixing

  • 1st Edition
  • September 16, 2021
  • Michael Meredith + 1 more
  • English
  • Paperback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 1 2 - 8 2 1 5 1 2 - 8
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 1 2 - 8 2 1 5 1 3 - 5
Ocean Mixing: Drivers, Mechanisms and Impacts presents a broad panorama of one of the most rapidly-developing areas of marine science. It highlights the state-of-the-art concerning knowledge of the causes of ocean mixing, and a perspective on the implications for ocean circulation, climate, biogeochemistry and the marine ecosystem. This edited volume places a particular emphasis on elucidating the key future questions relating to ocean mixing, and emerging ideas and activities to address them, including innovative technology developments and advances in methodology. Ocean Mixing is a key reference for those entering the field, and for those seeking a comprehensive overview of how the key current issues are being addressed and what the priorities for future research are. Each chapter is written by established leaders in ocean mixing research; the volume is thus suitable for those seeking specific detailed information on sub-topics, as well as those seeking a broad synopsis of current understanding. It provides useful ammunition for those pursuing funding for specific future research campaigns, by being an authoritative source concerning key scientific goals in the short, medium and long term. Additionally, the chapters contain bespoke and informative graphics that can be used in teaching and science communication to convey the complex concepts and phenomena in easily accessible ways.

Biological Approaches to Controlling Pollutants

  • 1st Edition
  • September 16, 2021
  • Sunil Kumar + 1 more
  • English
  • Paperback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 1 2 - 8 2 4 3 1 6 - 9
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 1 2 - 8 2 4 3 1 7 - 6
Biological Approaches to Controlling Pollutants, the latest release in the Advances in Pollution Research series, is a comprehensive guide on the most up-to-date biological methods for remediation of pollutants across a variety of industries, with consideration for the advantages, disadvantages and applications of each method. Considering the increasing levels of pollution and contaminated sites worldwide from high population growths and industrial expansion, the most recent advances in biological remediation techniques is an important field of study and one in which researchers need the most cutting-edge methodologies. This book is a necessary read for environmental scientists, along with postgraduates, academics and researchers working in the area of environmental pollution. It will also be of interest to environmental engineers and any other practitioners who need to evaluate the latest advances in biotechnological control of pollutants.