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Books in Physical sciences and engineering

3321-3330 of 41422 results in All results

Quantitative Atomic-Resolution Electron Microscopy

  • 1st Edition
  • Volume 217
  • March 31, 2021
  • Martin Hÿtch + 1 more
  • English
  • Hardback
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  • eBook
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Quantitative Atomic-Resolution Electron Microscopy, Volume 217, the latest release in the Advances in Imaging and Electron Physics series merges two long-running serials, Advances in Electronics and Electron Physics and Advances in Optical and Electron Microscopy. The series features extended articles on the physics of electron devices (especially semiconductor devices), particle optics at high and low energies, microlithography, image science, digital image processing, electromagnetic wave propagation, electron microscopy, and the computing methods. Chapters in this release include Statistical parameter estimation theory, Efficient fitting algorithm, Statistics-based atom counting , Atom column detection, Optimal experiment design for nanoparticle atom-counting from ADF STEM images, and more.

Analysis and Formation of Disinfection Byproducts in Drinking Water

  • 1st Edition
  • Volume 92
  • March 31, 2021
  • Tarek Manasfi + 1 more
  • English
  • Hardback
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  • eBook
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Drinking water disinfection has markedly reduced diseases causes by waterborne pathogenic microorganisms. However, an unintended consequence of disinfection and/or oxidation processes is the generation of disinfection byproducts (DBPs) which are formed from the reactions of disinfectants/oxidants with water matrix components. This volume of the Comprehensive Analytical Chemistry Handbook presents recent advances about the formation, identification, and quantification of inorganic and organic DBPs during oxidative processes. The book begins with a first chapter reviewing the most recent non-targeted screening approaches and workflows to characterize DBPs using low-, high-, and ultra-high-resolution mass spectrometry. The second chapter discusses the analysis of inorganic chloramines in waters using on-site and/or in-lab analytical methods. The third chapter provides an overview of the current knowledge about the mechanisms of chlorine dioxide reactions and byproducts formation. The fourth chapter presents some fundamental and practical aspects about ozonation processes in water treatment and provides an overview about ozone reaction mechanisms and byproducts formation. The fifth chapter focuses on the reactivity of halide ions, particularly bromide and iodide, with common oxidants and the role they play in determining the speciation of DBPs in treated waters. The chapter also presents strategies to mitigate the formation of DBPs during oxidation processes. Finally, the last chapter tackles the topic of DBPs formation during potable water reuse. It discusses the formation of DBPs of major concern in both memebrane-based and non-membrane-based potable water reuse treatment schemes.Researchers, water treatment specialists, and regulators will find in this book a valuable and compact resource on several key topics regarding the formation, identification, quantification, and mitigation of DBPs.

Basic Principles of Drug Discovery and Development

  • 2nd Edition
  • March 30, 2021
  • Benjamin E. Blass
  • English
  • Paperback
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  • eBook
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Basic Principles of Drug Discovery and Development presents the multifaceted process of identifying a new drug in the modern era, which requires a multidisciplinary team approach with input from medicinal chemists, biologists, pharmacologists, drug metabolism experts, toxicologists, clinicians, and a host of experts from numerous additional fields. Enabling technologies such as high throughput screening, structure-based drug design, molecular modeling, pharmaceutical profiling, and translational medicine are critical to the successful development of marketable therapeutics. Given the wide range of disciplines and techniques that are required for cutting edge drug discovery and development, a scientist must master their own fields as well as have a fundamental understanding of their collaborator’s fields. This book bridges the knowledge gaps that invariably lead to communication issues in a new scientist’s early career, providing a fundamental understanding of the various techniques and disciplines required for the multifaceted endeavor of drug research and development. It provides students, new industrial scientists, and academics with a basic understanding of the drug discovery and development process. The fully updated text provides an excellent overview of the process and includes chapters on important drug targets by class, in vitro screening methods, medicinal chemistry strategies in drug design, principles of in vivo pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics, animal models of disease states, clinical trial basics, and selected business aspects of the drug discovery process.

Sustainable Manufacturing

  • 1st Edition
  • March 30, 2021
  • Kapil Gupta + 1 more
  • English
  • Paperback
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  • eBook
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Sustainable Manufacturing examines the overall sustainability of a wide range of manufacturing processes and industrial systems. With chapters addressing machining, casting, additive and gear manufacturing processes; and hot topics such as remanufacturing, life cycle engineering, and recycling, this book is the most complete guide to this topic available. Drawing on experts in both academia and industry, coverage addresses theoretical developments and practical improvements from research and innovations. This unique book will advise readers on how to achieve sustainable manufacturing processes and systems, and further the clean and safe environment. This handbook is a part of the four volume set entitled Handbooks in Advanced Manufacturing. The other three address Advanced Machining and Finishing, Advanced Welding and Deforming, and Additive Manufacturing.

Advances in Modeling and Simulation in Textile Engineering

  • 1st Edition
  • March 28, 2021
  • Nicholus Tayari Akankwasa + 1 more
  • English
  • Paperback
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  • eBook
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Advances in Modeling and Simulation in Textile Engineering: New Concepts, Methods, and Applications explains the advanced principles and techniques that can be used to solve textile engineering problems using numerical modeling and simulation. The book draws on innovative research and industry practice to explain methods for the modeling of all of these processes, helping readers apply computational power to more areas of textile engineering. Experimental results are presented and linked closely to processes and methods of implementation. Diverse concepts such as heat transfer, fluid dynamics, three-dimensional motion, and multi-phase flow are addressed. Finally, tools, theoretical principles, and numerical models are extensively covered. Textile engineering involves complex processes which are not easily expressed numerically or simulated, such as fiber motion simulation, yarn to fiber formation, melt spinning technology, optimization of yarn production, textile machinery design and optimization, and modeling of textile/fabric reinforcements.

Hardware Accelerator Systems for Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning

  • 1st Edition
  • Volume 122
  • March 28, 2021
  • Shiho Kim + 1 more
  • English
  • Hardback
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Hardware Accelerator Systems for Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning, Volume 122 delves into artificial Intelligence and the growth it has seen with the advent of Deep Neural Networks (DNNs) and Machine Learning. Updates in this release include chapters on Hardware accelerator systems for artificial intelligence and machine learning, Introduction to Hardware Accelerator Systems for Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning, Deep Learning with GPUs, Edge Computing Optimization of Deep Learning Models for Specialized Tensor Processing Architectures, Architecture of NPU for DNN, Hardware Architecture for Convolutional Neural Network for Image Processing, FPGA based Neural Network Accelerators, and much more.

The Natural Language for Artificial Intelligence

  • 1st Edition
  • March 28, 2021
  • Dioneia Motta Monte-Serrat + 1 more
  • English
  • Paperback
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  • eBook
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The Natural Language for Artificial Intelligence presents the biological and logical structure typical of human language in its dynamic mediating process between reality and the human mind. The book explains linguistic functioning in the dynamic process of human cognition when forming meaning. After that, an approach to artificial intelligence (AI) is outlined, which works with a more restricted concept of natural language that leads to flaws and ambiguities. Subsequently, the characteristics of natural language and patterns of how it behaves in different branches of science are revealed to indicate ways to improve the development of AI in specific fields of science. A brief description of the universal structure of language is also presented as an algorithmic model to be followed in the development of AI. Since AI aims to imitate the process of the human mind, the book shows how the cross-fertilization between natural language and AI should be done using the logical-axiomatic structure of natural language adjusted to the logical-mathematical processes of the machine.

Thinking Machines

  • 1st Edition
  • March 27, 2021
  • Shigeyuki Takano
  • English
  • Paperback
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Thinking Machines: Machine Learning and Its Hardware Implementation covers the theory and application of machine learning, neuromorphic computing and neural networks. This is the first book that focuses on machine learning accelerators and hardware development for machine learning. It presents not only a summary of the latest trends and examples of machine learning hardware and basic knowledge of machine learning in general, but also the main issues involved in its implementation. Readers will learn what is required for the design of machine learning hardware for neuromorphic computing and/or neural networks.This is a recommended book for those who have basic knowledge of machine learning or those who want to learn more about the current trends of machine learning.

Ultraviolet Astronomy and the Quest for the Origin of Life

  • 1st Edition
  • March 27, 2021
  • Ana I. Gomez de Castro
  • English
  • Paperback
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  • eBook
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Ultraviolet Astronomy and the Quest for the Origin of Life addresses the use of astronomical observations in the ultraviolet range to better understand the generation of complex, life-precursor molecules. The origin of RNA is still under debate but seems to be related to the generation of pools of complex organic molecules submitted to heavy cycles of solution in water and drying. This book investigates whether these cycles require a planetary surface or may occur in space by examining both the theoretical and observational aspects of the role of UV radiation in the origin of life. This book offers the latest advances in these studies for astronomers, astrobiologists and planetary scientists.

Current Status and Future Scope of Microbial Cellulases

  • 1st Edition
  • March 26, 2021
  • Deepak K. Tuli + 1 more
  • English
  • Paperback
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Current Status and Future Scope of Microbial Cellulases not only explores the present and future of cellulase production, it also compares solid state fermentation (SSF) and submerged fermentation (SMF) for cellulase production. Chapters explore bioprocess engineering, metabolic engineering and genetic engineering approaches for enhanced cellulase production, including the application of cellulase for biofuel production. This important resource presents current technical status and the future direction of advances in cellulase production, including application of cellulases in different sectors.