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Books in Physical sciences and engineering

7171-7180 of 41422 results in All results

Chemical Analysis of Additives in Plastics

  • 2nd Edition
  • January 1, 1977
  • T. R. Crompton
  • English
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International Series in Analytical Chemistry, Volume 46: Chemical Analysis of Additives in Plastics, Second Edition brings together numerous investigations on the characterization, identification, and determination of various types of additives in plastics. This book is divided into five chapters. Chapters 1 and 2 describe first the methods for examining additives present in polymers based on either direct spectroscopy of a cast polymer film or on solvent extraction of total additives from the polymer followed by quantitative chemical or physical analysis for various components in the extract. Chapter 3 discusses the application of thin-layer and column chromatography to the separation and determination of known additives. Chapters 4 and 5 examine the application of combined chromatographic and spectroscopic techniques for the separation and determination of unknown plastics additives. This book will prove useful to plastics manufacturers, researchers, institutions, and universities.

Principles of Field Ionization and Field Desorption Mass Spectrometry

  • 1st Edition
  • January 1, 1977
  • H. D. Beckey
  • R. Belcher + 1 more
  • English
  • Hardback
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Principles of Field Ionization and Field Desorption Mass Spectrometry delves deeper into field ionization and field desorption. The book covers the five main subareas of field ionization and field desorption mass spectrometry that has grown in importance. Coverage includes the theory of field ionization and field desorption; field ionization and field desorption techniques and sources; high field surface chemistry; kinetics and mechanisms of decompostion of field ions in the gas phase; and qualitative and mixture analysis with field ionization and field desorption mass spectrometry. The text is recommended for students, experts, and researchers in chemistry, especially those who wish to learn more or have an in-depth study about field ionization and field desorption, its principles, and its applications in chemistry.

Coastal Vegetation

  • 2nd Edition
  • January 1, 1976
  • V. J. Chapman
  • English
  • Paperback
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Coastal Vegetation, Second Edition is an expanded series designed to give a general account of types of ecology or habitat of British vegetation. This book is composed of 10 chapters, and begins with a brief survey of the basic ecological principles. The succeeding chapters deal with the marine algal vegetation of the littoral and sublittoral. These topics are followed descriptions of the phanerogamic and algal vegetation of salt and brackish marshes and the vegetation of sand dunes together with their “slacks”. Other chapters examine the specialized vegetation associated with the drift-line and the vegetation of shingle beaches. The final chapters are concerned with the plants found on coastal cliffs and the mangrove. This book is of value to undergraduate students with subjects related to coastal vegetation.

Anti-Chance

  • 1st Edition
  • January 1, 1976
  • E. Schoffeniels
  • T Swain
  • English
  • Paperback
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Anti-Chance: A Reply to Monod's Chance and Necessity is a critique of Jacques Monod's essay on the natural philosophy of modern biology. It explores the concepts of chance and necessity, central themes of Monod's work, and specifically whether life is the result of coincidence of diverse independent chains of causality or, on the contrary, whether it obeys the more fundamental concept of chance as proposed by the Danish School of physicists. Questions such as the chance or the inevitability of it all, the sites and sizes of the knowledge gaps and as to whether they will be filled with physics and chemistry on the one hand or seasoned with metaphysics on the other, are examined. This book is comprised of 10 chapters and begins with reflections on biology and the argument that biology can only enrich itself by abandoning a teleological or finalist mode of thought. The discussion then turns to probabilities of chance, with emphasis on three different mechanisms of the intervention of chance. Subsequent chapters focus on the link between thermodynamics and biological order; the basis for a theoretical biology and 14 propositions to which the fundamental attributes of cells can be reduced; the molecular basis of instinct; and the relationship between speech and consciousness. The applicability of cybernetics to biological systems and their component metabolic cycles is also considered, along with the structure of chance. This monograph will be of interest to scientists in fields ranging from biology and natural philosophy to physics, chemistry, and physiology.

The Commonwealth

  • 1st Edition
  • January 1, 1978
  • Andrew Walker
  • English
  • Paperback
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Matrix Methods Applied to Engineering Rigid Body Mechanics

  • 1st Edition
  • July 29, 2016
  • T. Crouch
  • English
  • eBook
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Explains the use of matrixes and their application to the solution of rigid body mechanics problems. Text is supported by chapters of worked examples

Planning for Engineers and Surveyors

  • 1st Edition
  • January 1, 1981
  • F. D. Hobbs + 1 more
  • English
  • Hardback
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Planning for Engineers and Surveyors provides an understanding of the land use and transport planning context in which the work of engineers and surveyors was carried out. It attempts to explain what the planners of land use and transport did and why. It describes the problems which planners face, the reasons why they emerged, the techniques used to develop plans, and the political as well as the technical nature of planning. The book begins with a definition of planning and a review of different popular beliefs about planners themselves. This is followed by separate chapters on the development of the planning system, including its history, institutional framework, and laws; the impact of social, economic, and physical environment on planning; and transport and communications planning. Subsequent chapters cover features of the planning process which are general to planning at different levels and of different sectors; the development of planning policies; the design implications and characteristics of a number of land uses; and the political character of planning.

Recent Advances in Analytical Spectroscopy

  • 1st Edition
  • January 1, 1982
  • Keiichiro Fuwa
  • English
  • Paperback
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Recent Advances in Analytical Spectroscopy covers the joint meeting of the Ninth International Conference on Atomic Spectroscopy and the 22nd Colloquium Spectroscopicum Internationale, held at the New Otani Hotel and Sophia University, Tokyo, Japan, on September4-8, 1981. The joint meeting features 446 including 74 invited lectures and 39 poster sessions. This book is divided into 26 chapters, which reflect the analytical spectroscopic topics covered in 20 sessions, including plasma emission spectrometry, DC arc, spark and other emission spectrometry, and hydride generation technique for atomic spectrometry. Other chapters deal with furnace atomic absorption spectrometry, Zeeman atomic absorption spectrometry, atomic spectrometric detection systems for separation analysis, atomic fluorescence and scattering spectroscopy, flame atomic absorption spectrometry, spectroscopy for chemical state analysis, spectroscopy for surface and interface analysis. The remaining chapters discuss the application of computers in analytical spectroscopy, developments in laser spectroscopy, application to life science, environmental and geochemical applications, X-ray analysis, UV-VIS spectroscopy, IR and Raman spectroscopy, magnetic resonance spectroscopy, mass spectrometry, and photoacoustic spectrometry. This book will be of value to analytical chemists and related scientists and researchers.

Strength of Metals and Alloys (ICSMA 7)

  • 1st Edition
  • January 1, 1986
  • H. J. McQueen + 2 more
  • English
  • Paperback
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Strength of Metals and Alloys, Volume 3 (ICSMA 7) presents the proceedings of the 7th International Conference on the Strength of Metals and Alloys held in Montreal, Canada on August 12-16, 1985. The book includes papers on the work hardening of face-centered cubic single crystals; precipitation hardening; and microstructure evolution and flow stress during hot working. The text also covers papers on microstructure evolution and flow stress during hot working; the prediction of deformation textures in cubic metals; creep of copper-base shape memory alloys; and flow behavior of nickel-base superalloys at isothermal forging temperatures and strain rates. Grain refinement by recrystallization hot-rolling to achieve high strength and notch toughness in microalloyed steel plate; as well as the influence of mean stress on fatigue strength of TI-6A1-4V are also encompassed. The book further includes papers on the comparative mechanical properties of human bones; the effect of precipitation hardening on the decomposition of the solid solution in 7075 alloy during quenching; and the mechanical properties of stable and unstable austenitic stainless steels.

Metal Forming and Impact Mechanics

  • 1st Edition
  • January 1, 1985
  • S. R. Reid
  • English
  • Hardback
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Metal Forming and Impact Mechanics reviews significant developments concerning the mechanics of metal forming and impact. Topics covered include the kinematics of steady plane flows in elastoplastic media; contact zone and friction coefficient in hot-rolling; and plastic deformation of porous materials. Developments in the use of superplastic alloys, the use of metal tubes as impact energy absorbers, and fracturing of explosively loaded solids are also discussed. This book has 18 chapters divided equally between the broad headings of metal forming and impact mechanics. The section on metal forming mechanics includes papers that explore an upper bound approach to metal forming processes; rotary forming of rings under kinematic constraints; and microcomputer programs for rolling and extrolling. The section on impact mechanics examines the use of elementary approximation techniques to study plastic deformation in pulse loaded structures; static and dynamic axial crushing of circular and square tubes; and shear-control fragmentation of explosively loaded steel cylinders. This monograph will be of value to structural and mechanical engineers, metallurgists, and materials scientists and technologists, as well as to those active in the field of solid mechanics.