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Books in Physical sciences and engineering

1551-1560 of 25894 results in All results

Gold and Silver Nanoparticles

  • 1st Edition
  • January 20, 2023
  • Suban K. Sahoo + 1 more
  • English
  • Paperback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 3 2 3 - 9 9 4 5 4 - 5
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 3 2 3 - 9 9 4 5 5 - 2
Gold and Silver Nanoparticles: Synthesis and Applications provides detailed information on the preparation and utilization of Au- and Ag-based nanoparticles in a range of novel areas. Gold and silver nanoparticles offer a range of interesting properties, including unique size-dependent optoelectronic properties, chemical stability and biocompatibility, ease of synthesis and surface modification, excellent resistance to corrosion, and catalytic properties, hence paving the way to a wide range of cutting-edge applications with continual advances and innovations. Sections introduce gold and silver nanoparticles, fundamental theory, synthesis, and characterization techniques before focusing on requirements and preparation methods. Specific applications areas, such as surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS), sensing and biosensing, imaging, drug and gene delivery, disease diagnosis, catalysis, and optoelectronic device fabrication are covered. Finally, synthesis and applications of platinum- and palladium-based nanoparticles are discussed. This is a valuable resource for researchers and advanced students across nanoscience and nanotechnology, chemistry, and materials science, as well as scientists, engineers, and R&D professionals with an interest in noble metal nanomaterials for a range of industrial applications.

Energy Poverty in China

  • 1st Edition
  • January 19, 2023
  • Kangyin Dong + 2 more
  • English
  • Paperback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 4 4 3 - 1 5 8 0 3 - 2
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 4 4 3 - 1 5 8 0 4 - 9
Energy Poverty in China: Evaluation and Alleviation offers a thorough, methodological approach to energy poverty, which is a major obstacle in terms of the green or low-carbon transition of energy systems in China. The authors follow the framework of measurement, potential impact, and alleviation paths, supporting the design of effective energy and environmental policies for a globalized nation, especially considering the low-carbon transition of energy structures and energy poverty alleviation in the context of carbon neutrality. The book begins by providing an overview of energy poverty, explaining the concept, summarizing the current situation globally and in China, and introducing the approach of the authors. The second chapter looks to build a comprehensive index system for the calculation of energy poverty in China. This is followed by three chapters that apply a range of methods to empirically assess the economic, environmental, and social effects of energy poverty. Individual chapters then explore specific alleviation paths, including digital economy, technological innovation, low-carbon energy transition, inclusive finance, and coal-to-gas/electricity policy. This book is of interest to all those with an interest in energy poverty, energy and environmental policy, energy economics, carbon emission reduction, green growth, energy transition and renewable energy, including researchers, scientists, advanced students, engineers, R&D professionals, and policy makers or other experts at governmental or non-governmental organizations.

Thermal Barrier Coatings

  • 2nd Edition
  • January 18, 2023
  • Hongbo Guo
  • English
  • Paperback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 1 2 - 8 1 9 0 2 7 - 2
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 1 2 - 8 1 9 0 2 8 - 9
Thermal Barrier Coatings, Second Edition plays a critical role in counteracting the effects of corrosion and degradation of exposed materials in high-temperature environments such as gas turbine and aero-engines. This updated edition reviews recent advances in the processing and performance of thermal barrier coatings, as well as their failure mechanisms. Novel technologies for the manufacturing of thermal barrier coatings (TBCs) such as plasma spray-physical vapor deposition and suspension plasma spray, are covered, as well as severe degradation of TBCs caused by CMAS attack. In addition to discussions of new materials and technologies, an outlook about next generation TBCs, including T/EBCs is discussed.This edition will provide the fundamental science and engineering of thermal barrier coatings for researchers in the field of TBCs, as well as students looking for a tutorial.

Quantum Dots

  • 1st Edition
  • January 18, 2023
  • N. Thejo Kalyani + 5 more
  • English
  • Paperback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 3 2 3 - 8 5 2 7 8 - 4
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 3 2 3 - 8 5 2 7 9 - 1
Quantum dots: Emerging materials for versatile applications is an introduction to the fundamentals and important advances of research of this important category of semiconductor nanostructured materials. After a brief review of relevant nanotechnology concepts and the unique properties of nanomaterials, the book describes the fundamentals of quantum dots with definitions of the primary classifications of quantum dots. There is an emphasis on practical considerations of the commercial translation of quantum dots such as their toxicity, stability, and disposal. Moreover, the book focuses on a review of the advances in research in emerging quantum dot materials along with the latest innovations in materials design and fabrication methods.     Quantum Dots is suitable for materials scientists and engineers in academia or industry R&D who are looking for an introduction to this research topic or a key reference on the latest advances and applications.  

Unmanned Aerial Systems for Monitoring Soil, Vegetation, and Riverine Environments

  • 1st Edition
  • January 18, 2023
  • Salvatore Manfreda + 1 more
  • English
  • Paperback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 3 2 3 - 8 5 2 8 3 - 8
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 3 2 3 - 8 5 2 8 4 - 5
Unmanned Aerial Systems for Monitoring Soil, Vegetation, and Riverine Environments provides an overview of how unmanned aerial systems have revolutionized our capability to monitor river systems, soil characteristics, and related processes at unparalleled spatio-temporal resolutions. This capability has enabled enhancements in our capacity to describe water cycle and hydrological processes. The book includes guidelines, technical advice, and practical experience to support practitioners and scientists in increasing the efficiency of monitoring with the help of UAS. The book contains field survey datasets to use as practical exercises, allowing proposed techniques and methods to be applied to real world case studies.

Metal Nanocluster Chemistry

  • 1st Edition
  • January 18, 2023
  • Manzhou Zhu
  • English
  • Paperback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 3 2 3 - 9 0 4 7 4 - 2
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 3 2 3 - 9 0 4 7 5 - 9
Atomically precise metal nanoclusters occupy the gap between discrete atoms and plasmonic nanomaterials, and they offer intriguing physical-chemical properties that can be rationalized in terms of their quantum size effects and discrete electronic states. The atomically precise nature of their structures lends them well to structure-property relationship elucidation, making them particularly useful for informing the rational design of nanoclusters with enhanced performance. Metal Nanocluster Chemistry: Ligand-Protected Metal Nanoclusters With Atomic Precision provides a concise introduction to the study of these useful nanoclusters. Beginning with an introduction to the fundamental concepts of, and prospects for, metal nanoclusters, the book goes on to highlight synthetic methods for controllable preparation. The subsequent chapters then highlight characterization, mechanism of size growth and structure evolution, and physical-chemical properties. Later chapters examine theoretical approaches for calculating and evaluating structures and properties. They also highlight the assembly of nanocluster building blocks and their practical applications. Drawing on the knowledge of its expert author, Metal Nanocluster Chemistry is a useful introductory guide to these exciting structures. 

Analytical Nebulizers

  • 1st Edition
  • January 18, 2023
  • Antonio Canals + 2 more
  • English
  • Paperback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 3 2 3 - 9 1 1 8 1 - 8
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 3 2 3 - 9 9 8 2 6 - 0
Analytical Nebulizers: Fundamentals and Applications presents the fundamentals of analytical nebulizers, including types, aerosol generation, characterization, and design information of various classes of nebulizers such as nanonebulizers, multinebulizers, electrosprays, and ultrasonic nebulizers. The continuous development of new analytical techniques and materials make these technological approaches very interesting for those working in the industrial sector. In addition, although the book mainly focuses on the application of analytical nebulizers in analytical sciences, specifically in sample preparation, it is also useful to those in other disciplines (e.g. organic chemistry, catalysis, sensors, nanotechnology, biomedicine and nanomedicine, and environmental chemistry) where these nebulizers have great potential.Non-conventional applications of nebulizers such as aerosol-assisted synthesis nanoparticles and ultrasonic nebulization extraction are also presented.

Principles of Human Organs-on-Chips

  • 1st Edition
  • January 17, 2023
  • Masoud Mozafari
  • English
  • Paperback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 1 2 - 8 2 3 5 3 6 - 2
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 1 2 - 8 2 3 6 1 0 - 9
Principles of Human Organs-on-Chips covers all aspects of microfluidic organ-on-a-chip systems, from fabrication to application and commercialization. Organ-on-a-chip models are created to mimic the structural, microenvironmental and physiological functions of human organs, providing the potential to bypass some cell and animal testing methods. This is a useful platform with widespread applications, frequently in drug screening and pathological studies. This book offers a comprehensive and authoritative reference on microfluidic organs-on-chips, spanning all key aspects from fabrication methods, cell culture systems and cell-based analysis, to dedicated chapters on specific tissue types and their associated organ-on-a-chip models, as well as their use as disease models, drug screening platforms and more. Principles of Human Organs-on-Chips helps materials scientists and biomedical engineers to better understand the specific requirements and challenges in the design and fabrication of organ-on-a-chip devices. This book also bridges the knowledge gap between medical device design and subsequent clinical applications, allowing medical professionals to easily learn about related engineering concepts and techniques.

Hydrogen Economy

  • 2nd Edition
  • January 17, 2023
  • Antonio Scipioni + 2 more
  • English
  • Paperback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 3 2 3 - 9 9 5 1 4 - 6
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 3 2 3 - 9 9 5 4 3 - 6
Hydrogen Economy: Supply Chain, Life Cycle Analysis and Energy Transition for Sustainability, Second Edition explores the challenges for the transition into a sustainable hydrogen economy. In this book, experts from various academic backgrounds discuss the tools and methodologies for the analysis, planning, design, and optimization of hydrogen supply chains. They examine the available technologies for hydrogen production, storage, transport, distribution, and energy conversion, providing a cross cutting perspective on their sustainability.This second edition of Hydrogen Economy is fully updated with new technologies and tools for design, optimization, assessment, and decision-making, and includes twelve new chapters divided into two new sections. Section III examines advanced hydrogen routines and technologies, including fuel cells and hybrid electric vehicles, new storage technologies, and biohydrogen production from waste, allowing for a more complete life cycle assessment of the entire supply chain. Section IV provides new insights into policy and future developments, discussing the role of Grey, Blue, and Green hydrogen in the energy transition, the application of hydrogen in decarbonization of heavy industry, hydrogen safety, and more, substantially broadening the scope of the 2nd Edition.Providing a broad overview of the subject and well-recognized tools to manage hydrogen sustainability, Hydrogen Economy Second Edition is an invaluable resource for engineering researchers and PhD students in energy, environmental and industrial areas, energy economy researchers, practicing hydrogen energy engineers and technicians, energy and environmental consultants, life cycle assessment practitioners and consultants.

Phosphor Handbook

  • 1st Edition
  • January 15, 2023
  • Vijay B. Pawade + 3 more
  • English
  • Paperback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 3 2 3 - 9 0 5 3 9 - 8
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 3 2 3 - 9 0 6 5 0 - 0
Phosphor Handbook: Process, Properties and Applications provides a comprehensive overview of the latest advances in research on the synthesis, characterization and applications of organic and inorganic phosphors. There is detailed information presented on the characterization of the relevant phosphor groups, such as up-conversion and down-conversion phosphors, inorganic LED phosphors, organic LED phosphors and thermoluminescence and dosimetric phosphors using various physical and chemical advances. Finally, the advances in phosphor technologies are discussed, including current barriers to their use in commercial applications and emerging opportunities. This book is suitable for researchers and practitioners in academia and those working in R&D in industry in the disciplines of materials science and engineering, materials chemistry, materials physics, photonics science and technology, nanotechnology and physical chemistry.