Zhanhuan Shang, A Allan Degen, Shikui Dong + 2 more
July 1, 2024
9 7 8 - 0 - 4 4 3 - 2 1 8 8 2 - 8
9 7 8 - 0 - 4 4 3 - 2 1 8 8 1 - 1
Grassland Degradation, Restoration and Sustainable Management of Global Alpine Area involves the stripping and regeneration of the grassland’s mattic epipedon. The stripping of the mattic epipedon is a unique phenomenon on the global alpine area, which has left many unanswered questions. Is stripping degradation an inherent, inevitable feature of the alpine grassland ecosystem? Is it an avoidable occurrence? Why is ecological restoration of stripped degraded grassland extremely difficult? Does restoration rely on reconstructing the grassland’s mattic epipedon? Or can it be done in another way? How can sustainable ecological restoration be achieved?Frontline researchers in global alpine area have used observational evidence from field studies to respond to these questions and to present a comprehensive picture of the problems and drivers of grassland degradation. The climate-environment interaction mechanism of grassland degradation is revealed by the holistic approach in this book. Ecological restoration is discussed through social and economic participation, and past and present restoration actions are analyzed from the perspective of traditional culture and ecological ethics. The future sustainable management of grassland under climate change and social and economic development trend is also covered. This book will alert people to the dangers of degradation and to the difficulties encountered in ecological restoration.
Madhuri Sharma, Lakshmi Sivaramakrishnan, Bharat Dahiya + 2 more
July 1, 2024
9 7 8 - 0 - 4 4 3 - 2 1 9 4 8 - 1
9 7 8 - 0 - 4 4 3 - 2 1 9 4 7 - 4
Urban Health: A Global Perspective outlines the problems, issues, and solutions to health in urban areas on a global scale. It will focus on several issues which impact the health of cities such as the environment, pollution, climate change, ecology, social equity, health inequalities, and health problems.The book will have several empirical studies which will explain economic, political and social issues influencing health in urban areas. Pandemics and sustainable development will also be discussed.
Environmental Materials and Waste: Circular Economy and Pollution Abatement, Second Edition contains the latest information on environmental sustainability as a wide variety of natural resources are increasingly being exploited. The book takes a multidisciplinary approach to fully realize the number of by-products which can be remanufactured, providing the foundation needed across disciplines to tackle this issue. This updated edition includes operational principles of circular economy for sustainable development with reference to environmental waste. Although circular systems are now being implemented, it also emphasizes the importance to properly consider and convert circular economy goals and principles into actions.Circular economy research is discussed in-depth as it has gained considerable momentum in the scientific literature thus far, and both conceptual debates and the creation of useful implementation strategies are still in their infancy. As a whole, this book covers a wide range of issues that must be covered in order to improve environmental sustainability.
Recycling and Deinking of Recovered Paper, Second Edition, covers recent advances in recycling technologies. Recycling technologies have been improved in recent years due to advances in pulping, flotation deinking and cleaning/screening, resulting in the quality of paper made from secondary fibres approaching that of virgin paper.This second edition will examine this new process which is more eco-friendly than the virgin-papermaking process, which uses less energy and natural resources, produce less solid waste and fewer atmospheric emissions, and helps to preserve natural resources and landfill space. The most recent information about the recycling of fibers into various grades of paper and board, the control of stickies and the effects of recycled fiber on paper machines, paper recycling and the business's impact on new developments will be also addressed.
Blue Economy: Oceans as the Economic Frontier in Industry 4.0 examines the emerging concepts related to blue economy and climate change, along with their effects on oceans. The book provides a detailed review of the current literature and includes unique case studies analyzed by experts in the field, thus offering graduate students and researchers a thorough guide with practical applications.
Biogenic Volatile Organic Compounds and Climate Change highlights the relationship between climate change and biogenic VOC and the impact they have on each other. Topics include the synthesis and emission of VOC in plants, how they respond to environmental stresses, how sustainable agricultural practices plants can be used to directly impact climate change beyond carbon sequestration, a review of biogenic VOCs as air pollutants, and the impact of biogenic VOC on clouds. This groundbreaking work is essential for anyone in climate change, global warming and cooling, atmospheric chemistry, clouds, fate and transport of chemicals in the atmosphere, air pollution, sustainability or agriculture.
Selvam Sekar, Senapathi Venkatramanan, Chidambaram Sabarathinam + 1 more
June 1, 2024
9 7 8 - 0 - 3 2 3 - 9 0 9 8 0 - 8
9 7 8 - 0 - 3 2 3 - 9 0 9 8 1 - 5
Meso and Microplastic Risk Assessment in Marine Environment: New Threat and Challenges in Marine Environment presents an interdisciplinary approach, offering key techniques and management of microplastic contamination in the disciplines of environmental science, fisheries, oceanography, geology, chemistry, biology and ocean science. Sections cover an overview of microplastic in the marine environment, deal with the origin, occurrences, distribution and various methodologies (for dealing with microplastics) available for microplastics, address the global case study of microplastic separation using recent techniques, and discuss the impact of microplastics on human health and the surrounding environment.This book is an important step in the field of microplastic pollution mitigation in environmental science as it offers a thorough accounting of the effects of pollutants on the environment, marine organisms, and the public health implications, as such it is relevant for aquatic ecologists, oceanographers, toxicologists, and marine biologists.
Data Analysis Methods in Physical Oceanography: Fourth Edition provides a practical reference to established and modern data analysis techniques in earth and ocean sciences. In five sections, the book addresses data acquisition and recording, data processing and presentation, statistical methods and error handling, analysis of spatial data fields, and time series analysis methods. The updated edition includes new information on autonomous platforms and new analysis tools such as “deep learning” and convolutional neural networks. A section on extreme value statistics has been added, and the section on wavelet analysis has been expanded.This book brings together relevant techniques and references recent papers where these techniques have been trialed. In addition, it presents valuable examples using physical oceanography data. For students, the sections on data acquisition are useful for a compilation of all the measurement methods.
Implementing sustainability solutions in Information Technology (IT) or broader – in Information Communications Technology (ICT) - is a challenge but it is essential. The goal of Making IT Sustainable: Techniques and Applications is to show how it has been done, strategies, various solutions, tool sets, and best practices. Various IT areas are investigated – from data center technologies and operations to cloud computing, to green software, to cryptocurrency, to the transformative AI role in making IT sustainable, to quantum and adiabatic computing. The adoption of sustainable IT practices reduces the environmental footprint of IT by advocating for the utilization of renewable energy sources, electronic waste reduction, the design of energy-efficient IT devices, innovative cooling technologies, and circular economy. Sustainable IT is a complex and challenging field. As a result, there are many questions and uncertainties about how to implement sustainable practices across various scenarios. Making IT Sustainable: Techniques and Applications asks several insightful questions: How can environmentally sustainable data centers be built? How do we compare the carbon footprint of data centers versus public cloud, and cloud-focused IT sustainability standards? How can quantum computing be made environmentally friendly? How to make cryptocurrency mining sustainable? Are the economic costs of sustainable IT prohibitively higher than society is willing to bear? Transformative role of AI in making IT sustainable is reviewed. Readers of Making IT Sustainable: Techniques and Applications will be a very diverse group. First, the readers include IT professionals who are responsible for managing and maintaining IT infrastructure and systems. The book can provide them with knowledge and guidance on how to reduce the environmental impact of their IT operations. Second, business leaders making decisions about the use of IT will find guidance in the book on how to implement sustainable IT practices in their organizations. Academics and researchers interested in the field of sustainable IT will find information and data helping them develop new ideas and innovative approaches to IT sustainability. The goal of IT sustainability is to contribute to making our planet better. Therefore, students who are interested in pursuing careers in IT or sustainability are the most important members of the book audience. The book helps them understand the key role of sustainability in IT and develop skills and knowledge in this field. Overall, everyone who is interested in reducing the environmental impact of IT can benefit from this book on sustainable IT, regardless of their professional background or level of expertise. Making IT Sustainable: Techniques and Applications is written by an IT practitioner actively working in the field of sustainable IT. The author has firsthand knowledge of the challenges and opportunities of implementing sustainable practices in IT operations. Readers will find practical solutions with examples of their implementations.
The second edition of Mixed Severity Fires: Nature’s Phoenix focuses on wildfire as a keystone ecological process that has shaped plant and animal communities for over 400 million years. The book will describe the renewal process that follows wildfires in forests and chaparral ecosystems as "nature’s phoenix" by drawing from examples of wildfire effects in several regions of the world.In addition, the book will describe management and policies that have contributed to wildfire problems, including climate change and land-use practices incompatible with nature’s phoenix and what must happen to get to coexistence with wildfires that are not going away no matter how much we try to suppress or alter fire behavior. This second edition of Mixed Severity Fires: Nature’s Phoenix provides a comprehensive reference for documenting and synthesizing fire's ecological role.