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Books in Earth and planetary sciences

The Earth and Planetary Science collection topics include Geology, Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geotechnical Engineering, Economic Geology, Applied Geosciences, Natural Hazards and Disasters, Computers in Geosciences, Atmospheric Sciences and Meteorology, Oceanography, Geospatial and Remote Sensing Technologies, Earth Observation, and Space and Planetary Sciences including Astronomy, Astrophysics, Astrochemistry. Astrobiology, Planetary Geology, and Space Missions.

51-60 of 2151 results in All results

Magnetohydrodynamic Processes in Solar Plasmas

  • 1st Edition
  • May 10, 2024
  • Abhishek Kumar Srivastava + 2 more
  • English
  • Paperback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 3 2 3 - 9 5 6 6 4 - 2
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 3 2 3 - 9 5 6 6 5 - 9
Magnetohydrodynamic Processes in Solar Plasmas provides a comprehensive theory and practice of basic plasma processes in the Sun and heliosphere. It deals with the basic dynamics of the Sun from its interior up to its outer atmosphere in the framework of Magnetohydrodynamics. Topics covered include essential phenomena in the solar interior such as magnetism, dynamos and helioseismology and in the solar atmosphere such as waves, shocks, instabilities, reconnection and coronal heating. The book provides frontline research aspects of solar plasma processes. In addition, the content is relevant for astrophysical plasmas, laboratory plasmas, fluid dynamics and related basic fields. Magnetohydrodynamic Processes in Solar Plasmas not only focuses on the fundamentals of the processes under consideration but in addition it presents recent research developments. In this manner it forms an essential reference for researchers, academics and advanced students in solar physics, astrophysics and related disciplines.

Geographical Information Science

  • 1st Edition
  • May 3, 2024
  • George P. Petropoulos + 1 more
  • English
  • Paperback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 4 4 3 - 1 3 6 0 5 - 4
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 4 4 3 - 1 3 6 0 6 - 1
Geographical Information Science: Case Studies in Earth and Environmental Monitoring provides detailed remote sensing and GIS methods and algorithms and technology comparisons, focusing on a wide range of environmental applications. The geoinformation technologies are demonstrated through templated case studies detailing real world use of the techniques and clarifying methods, tools, and practical solutions to environmental mapping and monitoring. The book utilizes remote sensing and geospatial data from the most recently launched satellites and applies the latest geospatial data approaches and analysis software tools (both commercial and open source).This book is a comprehensive reference for researchers, academics and technicians in the fields of geospatial science & technology, remote sensing, and environmental science; or those processing and analyzing geospatial data for monitoring and modelling.

The Indian Ocean and its Role in the Global Climate System

  • 1st Edition
  • April 18, 2024
  • Caroline C. Ummenhofer + 1 more
  • English
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 1 2 - 8 2 3 2 8 6 - 6
The Indian Ocean and its Role in the Global Climate System provides an overview of our contemporary understanding of the Indian Ocean (geology, atmosphere, ocean, hydrology, biogeochemistry) and its role in the climate system. It describes the monsoon systems, Indian Ocean circulation and connections with other ocean basins. Climatic phenomena in the Indian Ocean are detailed across a range of timescales (seasonal, interannual to multi-decadal). Biogeochemical and ecosystem variability is also described. The book will provide a summary of different tools (e.g., observations, modeling, paleoclimate records) that are used for understanding Indian Ocean variability and trends. Recent trends and future projections of the Indian Ocean, including warming, extreme events, ocean acidification and deoxygenation will be detailed. The Indian Ocean is unique and different from other tropical ocean basins due to its geography. It is traditionally under-observed and understudied, yet plays a fundamental role for regional and global climate. The vagaries of the Asian monsoon affect over a billion people and a third of the global population live in the vicinity of the Indian Ocean. It is also particularly vulnerable to climate change, with robust warming and trends in heat and freshwater observed in recent decades. Advances have recently been made in our understanding of the Indian Ocean’s circulation, interactions with adjacent ocean basins, and its role in regional and global climate. Nonetheless, significant gaps remain in understanding, observing, modeling, and predicting Indian Ocean variability and change across a range of timescales. As such, this book is the perfect compendium to any researcher, student, teacher/lecturer in the fields of oceanography, atmospheric science, paleoclimate, environmental science, meteorology and geology, as well as policy managers and water resource managers.

Advances in Machine Learning and Image Analysis for GeoAI

  • 1st Edition
  • April 3, 2024
  • Saurabh Prasad + 2 more
  • English
  • Paperback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 4 4 3 - 1 9 0 7 7 - 3
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 4 4 3 - 1 9 0 7 8 - 0
Advances in Machine Learning and Image Analysis for GeoAI presents recent advances in applications and algorithms that are at the intersection of Geospatial imaging and Artificial Intelligence (GeoAI). The book covers algorithmic advances in geospatial image analysis, sensor fusion across modalities, few-shot open-set recognition, explainable AI for Earth Observations, self-supervised learning, image superresolution, Visual Question Answering, and spectral unmixing, among other topics. This book offers a comprehensive resource for graduate students, researchers, and practitioners in the area of geospatial image analysis. It provides detailed descriptions of the latest techniques, best practices, and insights essential for implementing deep learning strategies in GeoAI research and applications.

Multiprobe Pressure Testing and Reservoir Characterization

  • 1st Edition
  • April 2, 2024
  • Wilson C Chin
  • English
  • Hardback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 4 4 3 - 3 3 3 5 9 - 0
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 4 4 3 - 2 4 1 1 2 - 3
Multiprobe Pressure Testing and Reservoir Characterization: Pressure Transient, Contamination, Liquid and Gas Pumping Analysis provides much-needed three-dimensional pressure transient simulators for job planning and data interpretation in well logging. Discussions cover fundamental concepts, present fluid sampling, pressure transient and contamination analysis; physical concepts and numerical approaches; and multiprobe model formulations and validations. Other sections cover four-probe algorithms, including conventional, overbalanced, and underbalanced drilling applications. The final section addresses triple-probe algorithms, which includes coupled models for pressure and contamination convergence acceleration.Notably, a further chapter explains how the multiprobe tool’s focus on characterizing permeability will promote better use of the reservoir as well as assist with energy storage in underground rock, demonstrating how multiprobe tools also facilitate the energy transition from fossil fuels to sustainable geothermal energy.

Early Continent Evolution of the North China Craton

  • 1st Edition
  • March 27, 2024
  • Mingguo Zhai + 3 more
  • English
  • Paperback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 4 4 3 - 1 3 8 8 9 - 8
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 4 4 3 - 1 3 8 8 8 - 1
Early Continent Evolution of the North China Craton discusses the tectono-thermal regimes of the early continental crust in the North China Craton (NCC), from the Hadean to the early Paleoproterozoic, reconstructing the evolutional framework and facilitating comprehensive understanding of the early continent evolution of the NCC. The book systematically summarizes the Neoarchean metamorphism of the NCC and discusses the implications for the tectonic models of the NCC through compiling evolutional information of the Hadean to the early Paleoproterozoic sequences in the NCC.Researchers, academics, and students in geology (especially Precambrian Geology), geomorphology, geophysics, and geological engineering will benefit from using this book in applying tectonic models to other cratonic blocks globally, and will understand evolutional information of the largest and oldest cratonic block in China.

Petrophysics

  • 5th Edition
  • March 27, 2024
  • Djebbar Tiab + 1 more
  • English
  • Hardback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 4 4 3 - 2 4 1 2 7 - 7
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 4 4 3 - 2 4 1 2 8 - 4
Petrophysics: Theory and Practice of Measuring Reservoir Rock and Fluid Transport Properties, Fifth Edition is a seminal text on the field that delivers information for reservoir engineers, production engineers, and geoscience students who need to understand rock-fluid interactions in order to maximize reservoir performance and minimize emissions and environmental impacts. This new edition lays a foundation to petroleum geology, including an overview of pre- and post- carbon emission concerns, porosity and permeability, formation resistivity and water saturation, capillary pressure, wettability, applications of Darcy’s Law, naturally fractured reservoirs, stress effects on reservoir rock, reservoir characterization and well logs, and more.Each chapter synthesizes relevant theory, studies and advances, methods, procedures, calculations, definitions, exercises and assignments designed to reinforce learning.

Introductory Astrochemistry

  • 1st Edition
  • March 25, 2024
  • Akio Makishima
  • English
  • Paperback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 4 4 3 - 2 3 9 3 8 - 0
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 4 4 3 - 2 3 9 3 9 - 7
Introductory Astrochemistry: From Inorganic to Life-Related Materials provides a detailed examination of the origins of planets, their satellites, and the conditions that led to life itself. Drawing on theories, experiments, observations, calculations, and analytical data from five distinct astrosciences, including astronomy, astrobiology, astrogeology, astrophysics, and astrochemistry, the book provides a comprehensive understanding of the formation and evolution of our Solar System and applies it to other solar systems. The book begins with fundamental knowledge in the astrosciences, building upon understanding systematically up to the formation of the early Solar System.This book is an interdisciplinary reference for researchers and advanced students in astrogeology, astrophysics, astrochemistry, astrobiology, astronomy, and other space sciences, helping to foster a deeper understanding of the interconnections between these disciplines.

Mitigation and Adaptation of Urban Overheating

  • 1st Edition
  • March 21, 2024
  • Nasrin Aghamohammadi + 1 more
  • English
  • Paperback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 4 4 3 - 1 3 5 0 2 - 6
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 4 4 3 - 1 3 5 0 3 - 3
Provides a fully organized, comprehensive, and holistic analysis of the impact of urban overheating, mitigation, and adaptation on energy, health, environmental quality, survivability, quality of life, and economyMitigation and Adaptation of Urban Overheating aims to analyze and present all existing relative studies to investigate the global magnitude and characteristics of the ambient temperature drop and the reduction of the heat burden resulting from modified climate conditions due to the implementation of urban mitigation and adaptation technologies and policies.This book will discuss urban overheating, urban heat mitigation, governance, anthropogenic heat emissions, adaptation and adaptation technologies, and their impacts on urban environmental quality, urban health, energy supply and demand, low-income and aged populations, and the economy of cities. This book incorporates recent developments on urban climatology, urban overheating, mitigation, and adaptation technologies.

Landscape Evolution of Continental-Scale River Systems

  • 1st Edition
  • Volume 24
  • March 14, 2024
  • James W. Sears
  • English
  • Paperback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 4 4 3 - 1 3 3 0 4 - 6
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 4 4 3 - 1 3 3 0 5 - 3
Landscape Evolution of Continental-Scale River Systems: A Case Study of North America's Pre-Pleistocene Bell River Basin provides a detailed case study and complete analysis of this continental-scale North American paleo-river system. The book uses detrital zircon provenance data to link incision of the Grand Canyon to deposition of its erosional products in a giant drowned delta in the Labrador Sea, in the context of sedimentary source-to-sink processes and Plio-Pleistocene continental drainage changes. The case study describes the tectonic changes in this continental-scale paleo-river system, with global implications, and contrasts this system to other continental-scale river systems around the world.This book is a valuable reference for postgraduate students, academics and researchers in the fields of geology, fluvial geomorphology and other geosciences. Readers will be able to use this detailed case study to better understand the implications for how active tectonics of headwaters regions influence delta deposition in continental-scale river systems around the world.