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Books in Earth and planetary sciences

41-50 of 2152 results in All results

Clay Science in Drilling and Drilling Fluids

  • 1st Edition
  • Volume 11
  • June 21, 2024
  • Guanzheng Zhuang + 1 more
  • English
  • Paperback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 4 4 3 - 1 5 5 9 8 - 7
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 4 4 3 - 1 5 5 9 9 - 4
Clay Science in Drilling and Drilling Fluids starts from the fundamentals of clay science and drilling and then comprehensively presents the advances of clay science related to drilling, drilling fluids, and clay products. The topics combine to present the whole picture of fundamental research and industrial applications of clays and clay minerals in drilling operations, which is of general interest to researchers and engineers working in related fields. This book covers the different levels of clay science in drilling and drilling fluids, i.e., from fundamentals to the latest research results, applications, and commercial products.Oil and gas are the primary sources of energy in human society and the foundation of the petrochemical industry. However, extracting these resources present a number of drilling challenges, including high temperature and high pressure (HTHP), offshore drilling, high angle drilling, and even horizontal drilling, among others. As a result, it is crucial to develop advanced drilling and drilling fluid technologies that speak to these challenges.

Geographical Information Science

  • 1st Edition
  • June 7, 2024
  • George P. Petropoulos + 1 more
  • English
  • Paperback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 4 4 3 - 1 3 6 0 5 - 4
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 4 4 3 - 1 3 6 0 6 - 1
Geographical Information Science: Case Studies in Earth and Environmental Monitoring provides detailed remote sensing and GIS methods and algorithms and technology comparisons, focusing on a wide range of environmental applications. The geoinformation technologies are demonstrated through templated case studies detailing real world use of the techniques and clarifying methods, tools, and practical solutions to environmental mapping and monitoring. The book utilizes remote sensing and geospatial data from the most recently launched satellites and applies the latest geospatial data approaches and analysis software tools (both commercial and open source).This book is a comprehensive reference for researchers, academics and technicians in the fields of geospatial science & technology, remote sensing, and environmental science; or those processing and analyzing geospatial data for monitoring and modelling.

Seismic Geology and Basin Analysis

  • 1st Edition
  • June 5, 2024
  • Changsong Lin
  • English
  • Paperback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 3 2 3 - 9 5 9 0 9 - 4
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 3 2 3 - 9 5 9 1 0 - 0
Seismic Geology and Basin Analysis: Case Studies on Sedimentary Basins in China introduces the principles, approaches and techniques needed to solve problems using seismic data calibrated with well log, cores and outcrop profiles. The book emphasizes the adoption of seismic techniques into basin analysis and broadens the usage of seismic data in geological research which may be referred to as “seismic geology.” The principle of the book is mainly summarized from a series of case studies in different basins in China. In addition, through this book readers can understand the primary characteristics and basin fill evolution of major petroleum basins around the world. When starting research on a basin, researchers and professionals are confronted with how to reveal the general architecture of basin fills and depict three-dimensional geometry, and the internal architecture of subsurface depositional bodies and their arrangement, hence this book is a great tome on necessary areas of exploration.

Medical Geology of Africa

  • 1st Edition
  • June 1, 2024
  • Theophilus Clavell Davies
  • English
  • Paperback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 1 2 - 8 1 8 7 4 8 - 7
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 1 2 - 8 1 8 7 4 9 - 4
“Medical Geology of Africa: A Research Primer” explores the connection between geological materials and processes and human health in Africa. A synopsis on current state of knowledge is given for a selection of some of the more critical issues in African Medical Geology. Gaps in knowledge are exposed, and directions are given for navigating the most recent bibliography of the more pressing Medical Geology issues by future researchers. Guidelines for researching gaps in knowledge are prescribed and are intended for researchers eager to make urgently needed contributions towards an understanding of how judicious exploitation of the interphase between geology and health can help unravel environmental disease causality, especially of those (diseases) of unknown aetiology (DUA) which are so widespread on the African Continent.

Geology and Landscape Evolution

  • 3rd Edition
  • June 1, 2024
  • Joseph A. DiPietro
  • English
  • Paperback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 4 4 3 - 1 5 8 9 6 - 4
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 4 4 3 - 1 5 8 9 5 - 7
Geology and Landscape Evolution: General Principles Applied to the United States, Third Edition is an accessible text that balances interdisciplinary theory and applications within the physical geography, geology, geomorphology and climatology of the United States. The vast diversity of terrain and landscape across the United States makes this an ideal tool for geoscientists worldwide who research the country’s geological and landscape evolution. The book provides an explanation of how landscape forms and how it evolves. This edition is fully updated with 3 additional sections: Geologic and Tectonic Processes and Provinces; Surface Processes and Provinces; and Compressional Mountain Systems.Rather than limiting the coverage specifically to tectonics or to the origin and evolution of rocks with little regard for the actual landscape beyond general desert, river, and glacial features, this book concentrates specifically on the origin of the landscape itself, with specific and exhaustive references and examples from across the United States. The book goes on to apply those concepts to specific examples throughout the United States, making it a valuable resource for understanding theoretical geological concepts through a practical lens.

Reconstructing Olduvai

  • 1st Edition
  • May 31, 2024
  • Manuel Domínguez-Rodrigo + 5 more
  • English
  • Paperback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 4 4 3 - 2 7 3 8 2 - 7
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 4 4 3 - 2 7 3 8 3 - 4
Reconstructing Olduvai: The Behavior of Early Humans at David's Site provides the necessary information for future generations of archaeologists to peer into the lifestyle of early humans. Much of what is known about these hominins originates from the detailed excavations that Mary Leakey carried out at Olduvai Gorge in Tanzania. Since then, work at Olduvai has produced a wealth of new fossils, resulting in the discovery of David's Site, the biggest early Pleistocene site in the world. This will be an indispensable resource for students, academics, and researchers who share an interest in the evolution of early human behavior.Written by leaders of present-day excavations at Olduvai Gorge, this book is systematically divided into three parts to deliver a clear account of the research advancements at David's Site. Part I focuses on the presentation of the site and the description of its geological and palaeoecological reconstruction. Part II examines hominin feeding habits, including how they brought, processed, and consumed animals at the site. Part III explores hominin technologies, including reconstruction of the stone-tool activities carried out at the site.

Design of Deep Braced Excavation in Urban Geotechnical Environments

  • 1st Edition
  • May 21, 2024
  • Wengang Zhang + 5 more
  • English
  • Paperback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 4 4 3 - 1 3 8 8 2 - 9
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 4 4 3 - 1 3 8 8 3 - 6
Design of Deep Braced Excavation in Urban Geotechnical Environments presents the design and calculation of deep braced excavation in urban geotechnical environments, considering the soil characteristics of spatial variability and anisotropy, as well as excavation responses of urban adjacent utilities such as pipelines, tunnels, foundation piles, and buildings. The text begins with coverage of overall stability, earth pressure and strut force, retaining wall responses, and ground movements. Numerical modeling and computer codes are also outlined in detail. Final chapters conclude with an examination of the determination of excavation responses of urban adjacent utilities and failure analysis based on several case histories.This book will be ideal for those that need the latest knowledge in both theory and practical application for deep excavation problems.

Cemented Paste Backfill

  • 1st Edition
  • May 19, 2024
  • Yong Wang + 1 more
  • English
  • Paperback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 4 4 3 - 1 6 0 5 4 - 7
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 4 4 3 - 1 6 0 5 5 - 4
Cemented Paste Backfill: Thickening, Transport and Mechanical Properties covers a wide range of topics, including a new definition of CPB, past participation and flow-induced corrosion of pipeline under the constant temperature condition, multiphysics processes in CPB and the associated consolidation process, the variation of rheological parameters and transport resistance, prediction model for rheological properties, mechanical behavior and properties of CPB and fiber-reinforced CPB, and control technology to reduce the adverse effect of temperature.

Fractals and Multifractals in the Geosciences

  • 1st Edition
  • May 17, 2024
  • Behnam Sadeghi
  • English
  • Paperback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 3 2 3 - 9 0 8 9 7 - 9
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 3 2 3 - 9 0 8 9 8 - 6
Fractals and Multifractals in the Geosciences details the application of a wide range of multifractal methods, including many novel ones developed by the author, along with the assessment of uncertainty in sample classification and stability of spatial patterns. This book also provides criteria for selection of the most effective combination of data pre-processing and multifractal modeling to extract desired features or signals in the data. The book specifically aims to introduce, apply, and test novel multifractal models that account directly for changes in relationships between variables, as well as the effects of distance between samples and the source of anomalous metal contents in geoscience samples. Linked to this will be assessment of the effects of different pre-processing of data prior to application of the models and quantification/model uncertainty in geochemical anomaly maps, associated with sample classification and spatial interpolation. Gaussian simulations such as Sequential Gaussian Simulation and Monte Carlo Simulation will be applied to the new multifractal models developed and a suite of existing models, including (simulated) concentration-area, spectrum-area, singularity and other models.Fractals and Multifractals in the Geosciences will be invaluable for mathematical geoscientists, geostatisticians, exploration, applied, urban and environmental geochemists, computational geoscientists, data scientists, and GIS professionals who need to better understand fractal geometry, along with its theory and applications in geochemical anomaly classification to generate maps that are helpful for decision-making for follow-up sampling and explorations.

Magnetohydrodynamic Processes in Solar Plasmas

  • 1st Edition
  • May 10, 2024
  • Abhishek Kumar Srivastava + 2 more
  • English
  • Paperback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 3 2 3 - 9 5 6 6 4 - 2
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 3 2 3 - 9 5 6 6 5 - 9
Magnetohydrodynamic Processes in Solar Plasmas provides a comprehensive theory and practice of basic plasma processes in the Sun and heliosphere. It deals with the basic dynamics of the Sun from its interior up to its outer atmosphere in the framework of Magnetohydrodynamics. Topics covered include essential phenomena in the solar interior such as magnetism, dynamos and helioseismology and in the solar atmosphere such as waves, shocks, instabilities, reconnection and coronal heating. The book provides frontline research aspects of solar plasma processes. In addition, the content is relevant for astrophysical plasmas, laboratory plasmas, fluid dynamics and related basic fields. Magnetohydrodynamic Processes in Solar Plasmas not only focuses on the fundamentals of the processes under consideration but in addition it presents recent research developments. In this manner it forms an essential reference for researchers, academics and advanced students in solar physics, astrophysics and related disciplines.