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Books in Physical sciences and engineering

3101-3110 of 25894 results in All results

Landscape Evolution

  • 1st Edition
  • April 30, 2021
  • Jonathan D. Phillips
  • English
  • Paperback
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  • eBook
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Landscape Evolution: Landforms, Ecosystems and Soils asks us to think holistically, to look for the interactions between the Earth’s component surface systems, to consider how universal laws and historical and geographical contingency work together, and to ponder the implications of nonlinear dynamics in landscapes, ecosystems, and soils. Development, evolution, landforms, topography, soils, ecosystems, and hydrological systems are inextricably intertwined. While empirical studies increasingly incorporate these interactions, theories and conceptual frameworks addressing landforms, soils, and ecosystems are pursued largely independently. This is partly due to different academic disciplines, traditions, and lexicons involved, and partly due to the disparate time scales sometimes encountered. Landscape Evolution explicitly synthesizes and integrates these theories and threads of inquiry, arguing that all are guided by a general principle of efficiency selection. A key theme is that evolutionary trends are probabilistic, emergent outcomes of efficiency selection rather than purported goal functions. This interdisciplinary reference will be useful for academic and research scientists across the Earth sciences.

Nanofluids for Heat and Mass Transfer

  • 1st Edition
  • April 29, 2021
  • Bharat Bhanvase + 1 more
  • English
  • Paperback
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  • eBook
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Nanofluids for Heat and Mass Transfer: Fundamentals, Sustainable Manufacturing and Applications presents the latest on the performance of nanofluids in heat transfer systems. Dr. Bharat Bhanvase investigates characterization techniques and the various properties of nanofluids to analyze their efficiency and abilities in a variety of settings. The book moves through a presentation of the fundamentals of synthesis and nanofluid characterization to various properties and applications. Aimed at academics and researchers focused on heat transfer in energy and engineering disciplines, this book considers sustainable manufacturing processes within newer energy harvesting technologies to serve as an authoritative and well-rounded reference.

Computer-Aided Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery

  • 1st Edition
  • April 29, 2021
  • Jan Egger + 1 more
  • English
  • Paperback
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  • eBook
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Computer-Aided Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery: Developments, Applications, and Future Perspectives is an ideal resource for biomedical engineers and computer scientists, clinicians and clinical researchers looking for an understanding on the latest technologies applied to oral and maxillofacial surgery. In facial surgery, computer-aided decisions supplement all kind of treatment stages, from a diagnosis to follow-up examinations. This book gives an in-depth overview of state-of-the-art technologies, such as deep learning, augmented reality, virtual reality and intraoperative navigation, as applied to oral and maxillofacial surgery. It covers applications of facial surgery that are at the interface between medicine and computer science. Examples include the automatic segmentation and registration of anatomical and pathological structures, like tumors in the facial area, intraoperative navigation in facial surgery and its recent developments and challenges for treatments like zygomatic implant placement.

Advances in Agronomy

  • 1st Edition
  • Volume 167
  • April 29, 2021
  • Donald L. Sparks
  • English
  • Hardback
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  • eBook
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Advances in Agronomy, Volume 167, the latest release in this leading reference on agronomy, contains a variety of updates and highlights new advances in the field. Each chapter is written by an international board of authors.

Magnetic Nanomaterials in Analytical Chemistry

  • 1st Edition
  • April 28, 2021
  • Mazaher Ahmadi + 2 more
  • English
  • Paperback
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  • eBook
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Magnetic Nanomaterials in Analytical Chemistry provides the first comprehensive review of magnetic nanomaterials in a variety of analytical chemistry applications, including basic information necessary for students and those new to the topic to utilize them. In addition to analytical chemists, those in various other disciplines where these materials have great potential—e.g., organic chemistry, catalysis, sensors—will also find this a valuable resource. Magnetic nanomaterials that can be controlled using external magnetic fields have opened new doors for the development of new sample preparation methods and novel magnetic sorbents for forensic chemistry, environmental monitoring, magnetic digital microfluidics, bioanalysis, and food analysis. In addition, they are seeing wide application as sensing materials in the development of giant magnetoresistive sensors, biosensors, electrochemical sensors, surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy sensors, resonance light scattering sensors, and colorimetric sensors.

Electronic Devices, Circuits, and Systems for Biomedical Applications

  • 1st Edition
  • April 28, 2021
  • Suman Lata Tripathi + 4 more
  • English
  • Paperback
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  • eBook
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Electronic Devices, Circuits, and Systems for Biomedical Applications: Challenges and Intelligent Approaches explains the latest information on the design of new technological solutions for low-power, high-speed efficient biomedical devices, circuits and systems. The book outlines new methods to enhance system performance, provides key parameters to explore the electronic devices and circuit biomedical applications, and discusses innovative materials that improve device performance, even for those with smaller dimensions and lower costs. This book is ideal for graduate students in biomedical engineering and medical informatics, biomedical engineers, medical device designers, and researchers in signal processing.

Natural Resource Governance in Asia

  • 1st Edition
  • April 28, 2021
  • Raza Ullah + 4 more
  • English
  • Paperback
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  • eBook
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Natural Resource Governance in Asia: From Collective Action to Resilience Thinking identifies key leverage points where interventions can be made surrounding current and future impacts of ongoing environmental and sociopolitical challenges. The book utilizes case studies from Asia, a key demographic for natural resource management, that can be applied globally in understanding solutions and the current state of knowledge in natural resource dynamics. Users will find valuable sections on community forestry and socioecological systems, community irrigation, competing water demand, robustness issues, climate change, and natural resource dynamics and challenges. This interdisciplinary tome on the topic is invaluable to researchers and policymakers alike.

Tribocorrosion

  • 1st Edition
  • April 27, 2021
  • Arpith Siddaiah + 2 more
  • English
  • Paperback
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  • eBook
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Tribocorrosion: Fundamentals, Methods, and Materials provides a balanced coverage of recent advancements in both experimental and computational areas of tribocorrosion, covering the basic concepts of tribology and electrochemistry, as well as testing set-ups, protocols, electrochemical methods, and more. It outlines experimental methods, demonstrating the different effects of material loss due to mechanical and electrochemical actions and looks at their effects in applied automotive, aerospace and biomedical settings. Standard testing protocols, tribocorrosion mechanisms in sliding contacts, and modeling and simulation techniques are all covered at length, as is bio-tribocorrosion and the best ways to prevent it.

Applications of Viscoelasticity

  • 1st Edition
  • April 27, 2021
  • Pouria Hajikarimi + 1 more
  • English
  • Paperback
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  • eBook
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Applications of Viscoelasticity: Bituminous Materials Characterization and Modeling starts with an introduction to the theory of viscoelasticity, emphasizing its importance to various applications in material characterization and modeling. It next looks at constitutive viscoelastic functions, outlines basic equations for different loading conditions, and introduces the Boltzmann superposition principle, relaxation modulus, and creep compliance. Mechanical models, including integer-order and fractional-order are studied next, featuring real experimentation data alongside the benefits and drawbacks of using each model in various real-world scenarios. The book then covers the correspondence principle, followed by time–temperature superposition, featuring a simple procedure to construct a real master curve and challenges that might be encountered. The concluding chapters cover the Hopkins and Hamming, Park and Kim, and General Power law methods for interconversion of constitutive viscoelastic functions, applications of viscoelasticity for experimental tests, and incremental form of viscoelastic relations for numerical modeling. The book also includes supplementary codes that users can duplicate and use in their own work.

Researches and Applications of Artificial Intelligence to Mitigate Pandemics

  • 1st Edition
  • April 27, 2021
  • Kauser Hameed + 2 more
  • English
  • Paperback
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  • eBook
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Researches and Applications of Artificial Intelligence to Mitigate Pandemics: History, Diagnostic Tools, Epidemiology, Healthcare, and Technology offers readers an interdisciplinary view of state-of-art research related to the COVID-19 outbreak, with a focus on tactics employed to model the number of cases of COVID-19 (time series modeling), models employed to diagnostics COVID-19 based on images, and the panoramic of COVID-19 since its discovery and up to this book's publication. This book showcases the algorithms and models available to manage pandemic data, the role of AI, IoT and Mathematical Modeling, how to prevent and fight COVID-19, and the existing medical, social and pharmaceutical support. Chapters cover methods and protocols, the basics and history of diseases, the fast diagnosis of disease with different automated algorithms and artificial intelligence tools and techniques, the methods of handling epidemiology for mitigating the spread of disease, artificial intelligence and mathematical modeling techniques, and how mental and physical health is affected with social media usage.