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Books in Physical sciences and engineering

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Advances in Carbohydrate Chemistry and Biochemistry

  • 1st Edition
  • Volume 86
  • December 1, 2024
  • David C. Baker
  • English
  • Hardback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 4 4 3 - 2 9 7 3 0 - 4
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 4 4 3 - 2 9 7 3 1 - 1
Advances in Carbohydrate Chemistry and Biochemistry, Volume 86 in this series, highlights new advances in the field, with this new volume presenting interesting chapters written by an international board of authors.

Hydrogen Production, Transportation, Storage, and Utilization

  • 1st Edition
  • November 30, 2024
  • Sohrab Zendehboudi + 1 more
  • English
  • Paperback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 4 4 3 - 2 4 0 4 2 - 3
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 4 4 3 - 2 4 0 4 3 - 0
Hydrogen Production, Transportation, Storage, and Utilization: Theoretical and Practical Aspects is a comprehensive introduction to the theoretical and practical aspects of hydrogen as an energy vector. The book walks the reader through the upstream, midstream, and downstream at each stage, explaining concepts, methods, applications, and economics to provide a broad understanding of hydrogen energy. It explains each of the key aspects of hydrogen energy in dedicated chapters, guiding readers through the fundamentals of hydrogen as an energy vector to economic, safety, and environmental considerations.Chapters analyze the methods for hydrogen production and provide a review of the fundamental, technological, and environmental aspects of these methods while also examining physical, chemical, and material methods for hydrogen storage and explaining the corresponding, underlying theory and concepts. Other sections explore the downstream aspects of hydrogen in transportation, power generation, energy supply in industry, and as a feedstock in refineries and the chemical industry.

Advances in Cancer Biomarkers Research

  • 1st Edition
  • November 15, 2024
  • Anand Narayan Singh + 2 more
  • English
  • Paperback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 3 2 3 - 9 5 2 5 8 - 3
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 3 2 3 - 9 5 2 5 9 - 0
Advances in Cancer Biomarkers Research provides a thorough and detailed description of cancer biomarkers for diagnostic, prognostic and therapeutics in several cancer types. The book presents a compendium of topics related to current advanced research, along with fundamental knowledge that will help readers fully comprehend the field of cancer biomarkers. Topics discussed include such the role of genetic mechanisms, epigenetics, DNA and microRNA in different cancers, signaling pathways and exosomes. In addition, the book discusses biomarker research applied to several cancer types, such as head and neck, urological, lung, bone tumors, hematological and neurological malignancies and breast cancers.This will be a valuable resource for cancer researchers, oncologists, graduate students and members of the biomedical field who are interested in the potential of biomarkers in cancer research and treatment.

Therapeutic Applications of Nitric Oxide in Cancer and Inflammatory Disease

  • 1st Edition
  • November 15, 2024
  • Valentina Rapozzi + 2 more
  • English
  • Paperback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 4 4 3 - 2 2 3 5 4 - 9
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 4 4 3 - 2 2 3 5 5 - 6
Therapeutic Applications of Nitric Oxide in Cancer and Inflammatory Diseases: Third International Conference on Therapeutic Application of Nitric Oxide in Cancer and Inflammatory Disorders presents updated information on the chemistry, signaling of newly derived therapeutic nitric oxide donors/inhibitors, and their complexes in liposomes or nanospheres in both pre-clinical and clinical activities.In six parts It discusses many examples of research related to the application of novel therapeutic compounds that focus on a chemical, nitric oxide, and their applications that have been shown to exert significant therapeutic activities against various resistant cancers unresponsive to current treatments, and different inflammatory diseases which continue to require novel treatments.It is a valuable resource for cancer researchers, oncologists, graduate students, and researchers from medical and biomedical fields who want to know more about NO and its therapeutic applications in cancer and inflammatory diseases. It is highly useful for both scientists and clinicians as well as pharmaceutical companies involved in the development of new anticancer/anti-inflammatory agents.

Modeling and Numerical Simulation of Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells

  • 1st Edition
  • November 15, 2024
  • Fangming Jiang + 2 more
  • English
  • Paperback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 4 4 3 - 2 4 1 1 8 - 5
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 4 4 3 - 2 4 1 1 9 - 2
Modeling and Numerical Simulation of Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells: Concept, Methods, and Challenges provides a concise guide to the modelling of PEM fuel cells. The book offers detailed methodologies, codes, and algorithms on every aspect of PEM fuel cells, from cold start to degradation.The opening chapter of the book explains the development, basic principles, and components of PEM fuel cells, followed by the importance and objectives of PEM fuel cell modeling. The second chapter discusses the transport phenomena and mathematical formulation of macro-scale PEM fuel cell models, single cell and stack-level models, and model validation. The third chapter explains multi-phase transport modeling in PEM fuel cells, including different multiphase models including flow in gas flow channels, porous electrodes, and multi-phase model validation. It also addresses multiphase mixture formulation, finite-volume, direct numerical simulation, Lattice Boltzmann, and pore network models. The fourth chapter is dedicated to modeling the cold start process of PEM fuel cells, including the non-isothermal transient cold start model, reduced-dimensional transient model, and the impact of different parameters on the cold start performance. The fifth chapter covers the degradation and lifetime modeling of PEM fuel cells, including stress-induced degradation mechanisms, physics-based and data-driven modeling methods, and coupled performance-degradation models. Finally, the sixth chapter presents recent progress on multi-scale and multi-dimensional modeling of PEM fuel cells, including micro and nano-scale modeling and multi-scale coupled models.Modeling and Numerical Simulation of Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells: Concept, Methods, and Challenges is a valuable reference for researchers, scientists, engineers, and professionals working on fuel cell technologies or interested in fuel cell modelling.

Effects of Climate Change on Forests

  • 1st Edition
  • November 1, 2024
  • Fabrizio D'Aprile
  • English
  • Paperback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 1 2 - 8 1 5 0 2 4 - 5
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 1 2 - 8 1 5 1 3 3 - 4
Effects of Climate Change on Forests: An Evidence-Based Primer for Sustainable Management of Temperate and Mediterranean Forests presents concepts, case studies and the application of theories about forest management under climate change. It provides invaluable insight to how forest planning and management tie into the ecological functioning and resilience of the forest, and does so by utilizing a concept weakly implemented in traditional forest planning: namely, by following the variability in growth, and other processes, over time. This shift in focus better incorporates the services provided by forests, and allows for better adaptation planning to help temperate forests not only survive but thrive in the face of climate change. Real-world case studies demonstrate how to effectively manage temperate forests under climate change, using the results of evidence-based research.

Planetary Tectonism across the Solar System

  • 1st Edition
  • Volume 2
  • November 1, 2024
  • Christian Klimczak + 2 more
  • English
  • Paperback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 1 2 - 8 1 6 0 9 2 - 3
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 1 2 - 8 1 6 5 3 6 - 2
Planetary Tectonism across the Solar System, Volume Two in the Comparative Planetology series, addresses key questions surrounding planetary tectonism, such our understanding of the global contraction of Mercury, the formation of giant rift zones on Saturn’s icy moons, or the tesserated terrain on Venus. The book makes connections to Earth, such as how deformation on Mercury is both similar and different, and how to apply theoretical considerations behind plate tectonics on Earth to other planets. The book offers up-to-date, accessible and comprehensive discussions on the major tectonic processes and landforms that shape and drive the evolution of planets, moons and smaller bodies. By placing a singular emphasis on comparing tectonic processes and landforms on all relevant Solar System bodies, with the explicit objective of providing a systems-level understanding of this widespread phenomenon, this book is ideal for anyone studying planetary tectonism.

Climate Crisis, Energy Violence

  • 1st Edition
  • November 1, 2024
  • Mary Finley-Brook + 1 more
  • English
  • Paperback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 1 2 - 8 1 9 5 0 1 - 7
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 1 2 - 8 1 9 5 0 2 - 4
Climate Crisis Energy Violence: Mapping Fossil Energy's Enduring Grasp on a Vulnerable Future communicates the extremity, breadth and extent of energy violence across energy sources, sectors and geographies. The work accommodates structural, ecological, institutional, physical and economic forms of energy violence, exploring the field through novel research methods and data sources, including the use of comparative homicide and repression databases, the analysis of hotspots and sacrifice zone analysis, and systematic representations of the full continuum of violence. The work is accompanied by comprehensive case studies drawn from global examples, including coal mining, oil production, hydraulic fracturing, biofuels, hydroelectric dams and solar panel construction.By framing the work in the context of violence, and in particular the use of metrics, the book provides a compelling and engaging argument for energy justice.

Small Scale Power Generation Handbook

  • 1st Edition
  • November 1, 2024
  • Umberto Desideri + 1 more
  • English
  • Paperback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 1 2 - 8 2 1 6 7 2 - 9
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 1 2 - 8 2 3 2 4 1 - 5
Small Scale Power Generation Handbook: Towards Distributed Energy Systems is a technological assessment of small-scale power in one reference, covering various technologies that can be applied to construct small power generation, each with their unique characteristics of operation, maintenance, control and integration within the grid. Addressing how conventional generation can be jointly and efficiently operated with renewable energy sources in small scale power sources, the specific peculiarities of small-scale power are considered in terms of performance, availability and reliability, all in relation to the current trend of incorporating small and distributed power plants using different energy sources and fuels.This book provides technological advances along with the critical issues and economic performance of small size power plants of all types in a single source, making it relevant for professionals involved in the design of small-scale power generation systems and those interested in current energy system design.

Air Quality

  • 1st Edition
  • November 1, 2024
  • Ranjeet S. Sokhi
  • English
  • Paperback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 1 2 - 8 2 2 5 9 1 - 2
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 1 2 - 8 2 3 2 8 0 - 4
Air Quality: Science, Impacts, and Management provides a thorough treatment of the fundamental science of air quality, its interactions, its impacts on health and the environment and management strategies for reducing air pollution in cities, regionally and globally. It begins with fundamentals of the atmosphere and its relevance for air quality before moving logically to sources and emissions, chemical transformation, dynamics, prediction, observations and analysis methods. The importance of regional air pollution and interactions with climate demonstrate the multiscale nature of air quality. The book concludes by examining the impacts on ecosystems and health, reviewing the strategies to manage air pollution and highlighting real-world challenges and possible solutions to improve air quality in global cities. The chapters, written by Ranjeet Sokhi with the collaboration of international experts in the field, are designed to be read sequentially or independently for focused learning in this complex and interdisciplinary field. Air Quality: Science, Impacts, and Management is an excellent resource for students, researchers and professionals in the field of Air Quality and related sciences.