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Books in Physical sciences and engineering

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Biofuel Cells and Energy Generation

  • 1st Edition
  • February 1, 2025
  • Kishor Kumar Sadasivuni + 1 more
  • English
  • Paperback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 4 4 3 - 2 1 6 0 2 - 2
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 4 4 3 - 2 1 6 0 3 - 9
Biofuel Cells and Energy Generation analyzes the current state-of-the-art and offers solutions to key challenges in developing carbohydrate-based biofuel cell technology. The book provides a critical review of biofuel cell technology, including principles, components, applications, obstacles, and prospects, and assesses the economic, safety, health, and environmental implications. Sections focus on the diversity of biomass resources, the fundamental characteristics of biomass, the major effects of biomass composition variations on biofuel cell technology, and a thorough review of the research literature on approaches for decreasing the detrimental impacts of biomass variability on fuel cells.In addition, a comprehensive examination of biofuel cell technology's current state and applications is presented that is supported by an explanation of the fundamentals, concepts, mechanisms, characteristics, optimal parameters, analytical characterization techniques, diverse types, all-category materials, catalysts, engineering designs, implantable biofuel cells, applications, and critical criteria. A variety of applications are addressed, including power implanted devices in biomedical applications, biosensors for smart communities, and nanomaterials for biofuel cells, among others. For each application, unresolved issues are identified, and solutions proposed.

Biofuels and Bioproducts from Lignocellulosic Materials

  • 1st Edition
  • February 1, 2025
  • Minaxi Sharma + 4 more
  • English
  • Paperback
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  • eBook
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Biofuels and Bioproducts from Lignocellulosic Materials: Biomaterials, Volume Three is part of a comprehensive three-volume set that explores the various possibilities of adding value to lignocellulosic biomass materials by transforming them into bioproducts, biofuels, and biomaterials. With an emphasis on microbial biotechnological solutions, each volume examines how renewable natural resources, agriculture waste management, and valorization of agro-wastes can sustainably produce energy and fuels, nutraceuticals and pharmaceuticals, chemicals, and biomaterials. This volume all aspects of biomaterials production from lignocellulosic materials. The book examines recent innovative approaches for conversion and assesses the role of engineered microorganisms and their mechanisms of action for biomaterials production.The opening chapter of the book reviews the properties, types, production, and applications of various biomaterials. Following this, readers will find critical reviews of the latest developments and step-by-step guidance on key processes and methods, including novel, eco-friendly methods for biomass conversion that reduce waste. Finally, dedicated chapters review the techno-economic and LCA of lignocellulosic biomass conversion into different biomaterials such as bio-adhesives, biopolymers, bio-packaging materials, bioplastics, and value-added functional biomaterials.

Applied Raman Spectroscopy

  • 1st Edition
  • February 1, 2025
  • Vivek Kumar Singh
  • English
  • Paperback
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  • eBook
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Applied Raman Spectroscopy: Concepts, Instrumentation, Chemometrics, and Life Science Applications synthesises the recent developments in the field to provide readers with an updated overview. The focus of this book is on the modern concepts of Raman spectroscopy technique, recent technological innovations, data analysis using chemometric methods, as well as the latest examples of life science applications relevant for academia and industries.The book will be beneficial to researchers from various branches of science and technology and will be intended to point them to modern techniques coupled with data analysis methods, which might be useful for their specific problems. It will also help instruct new readers about Raman spectroscopy and hyphenated Raman spectroscopic techniques, useful for the characterization of biomolecular systems and environmental samples.The book is primarily written for analytical and physical chemistry students and researchers at a more advanced level who require a broad introductory overview of the applications of Raman Spectroscopy, as well as those working in applied industry and clinical laboratories. Students, researchers, and industry workers in related fields including X-ray and materials science, agriculture, botany, molecular biology and biotechnology, mineralogy, energy, and environmental science will also find it to be of use.

Discovery and Development of Anti-Prostate Cancerous Agents from Natural Products

  • 1st Edition
  • February 1, 2025
  • Goutam Brahmachari
  • English
  • Paperback
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  • eBook
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Discovery and Development of Anti-Prostate Cancer Agents from Natural Products presents cutting-edge research advances in the field of bioactive natural products and natural drug formulations. This volume in the Natural Products Drug Discovery series focuses on molecules of natural origin and their synthetic analogues that show promising potential to act as anti-prostate cancer and chemotherapeutic agents. Combining foundational background information on cancer mechanisms with details of medicinal structures from natural products, this volume compiles the latest developments from across interdisciplinary fields.This book serves as a valuable resource for researchers working to discover promising leads for the development of novel pharmaceuticals for prostate cancer, highlighting several key structures from natural products and exploring possible future developments in the area.

Energy and Climate Change

  • 1st Edition
  • February 1, 2025
  • Trevor Letcher + 1 more
  • English
  • Paperback
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  • eBook
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Energy and Climate Change: Our New Future is a novel handbook that provides a thorough, cross-disciplinary understanding of future energy, energy transition, and climate change.The book begins by presenting the key concepts of climate change, enabling the reader to better understand the root causes and future implications of global warming, before assessing the current role and future outlook for fossil fuel-based energy sources. This is followed by in-depth coverage of the very latest types of cleaner energy options available, giving the reader ways to solve the problems of global warming and climate change. These include both tried and tested renewable energy systems and novel ideas that are still to be fully tested or utilized. The book explores how various renewable energy options will be affected by climate change, such as strong winds impacting on wind turbines, flooding of renewable energy infrastructure, droughts affecting hydroelectric schemes, and rising temperatures affecting solar panels, and discusses the life cycle of each type in order to support decision making. Alongside renewable energy and nuclear energy, areas such as carbon capture and energy storage methods are considered for their important role in furthering energy transition and mitigating climate change.This is an invaluable resource for all those with an interest in energy transition, renewable energy, climate change, and sustainability, including researchers, graduate students, scientists, engineers, practitioners, consultants, industry leaders, urban planners, and government personnel.

Perovskite Photovoltaics

  • 2nd Edition
  • February 1, 2025
  • Aparna Thankappan + 2 more
  • English
  • Paperback
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  • eBook
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Perovskite Photovoltaics: Basic to Advanced Concepts and Implementation, Second Edition, brings together the latest advances in perovskite photovoltaics, associated challenges and opportunities, and how to achieve further development. This Second Edition is fully updated and expanded to include new topics and novel areas, including defect engineering, interface engineering, additive engineering, anti-solvents, single crystal perovskite solar cells, inorganic perovskites, optoelectronic characterization, and mathematical modelling of perovskite solar cells.Consolidating the latest developments in perovskite photovoltaics, including recent progress in solar cells, this text also highlights advances and the research necessary for sustaining energy. Addressing different photovoltaics fields with tailored content for what makes perovskite solar cells suitable, and including commercialization examples of large-scale perovskite solar technology, the book also contains a detailed analysis of the implementation and economic viability of perovskite solar cells, highlighting what photovoltaic devices need to be generated by low cost, non-toxic, earth abundant materials using environmentally scalable processes.This book is a valuable resource for all those with an interest in perovskite solar cells, photovoltaics, and more broadly solar energy and renewable energy, including researchers, scientists, graduate students, engineers, R&D professionals, and other industry personnel.

Sono-Hybrid Advanced Oxidation Processes for Water and Wastewater Treatment

  • 1st Edition
  • February 1, 2025
  • Slimane Merouani + 2 more
  • English
  • Paperback
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  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 4 4 3 - 2 2 0 8 8 - 3
Sono-Hybrid Advanced Oxidation Processes for Water and Wastewater Treatment presents the latest technological advances research in sono-hybrid advanced oxidation processes (AOPs), presenting an array of cutting-edge water treatments with depth analysis of their mechanisms, their viable application, and the advantages and disadvantages of each of their processes. This book expands on and illustrate the principles and consequences of ultrasonic irradiation in liquids, which is an essential component in understanding the degradation mechanisms in sono-hybrid AOPs. This will be a valuable and effective reference for students, researchers, academics and professionals working in water and wastewater treatment interested in the techniques, limitations, breakthroughs, and potential of sono-hybrid AOPs.

Geohazards and Disasters

  • 1st Edition
  • February 1, 2025
  • Salvatore Martino + 2 more
  • English
  • Paperback
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  • eBook
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Geohazards and Disasters: Modelling Scenarios as a Challenge for the Future aims to depict an updated view of the most significant technical-scientific knowledge on the topic of geological risks and related mitigation strategies with a focus on the resilience of anthropic communities, with the aim to sensitize them towards a prevention approach that is fed through awareness and technical competence. This book aims to fill knowledge gaps by relating on scientific and technical progress for the conscious and sustainable management of risk in a multi-hazard perspective, and will be a welcomed resource for researchers, academicians, graduate and undergraduate students, and professionals in the field of geology, specifically focused on geohazards and disaster management.

Functionalized Magnetic Nanohybrids

  • 1st Edition
  • February 1, 2025
  • Komal Rizwan + 1 more
  • English
  • Paperback
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  • eBook
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Functionalized Magnetic Nanohybrids: Synthetic Approaches, Biomedical and Environmental Applications provides a comprehensive overview of the basic principles, fabrication, self-assembling strategies, and potential applications of magnetic nanohybrids in the fields of biomedicine, sensors, and environmental remediation.Organized into four parts, the book starts with an introduction to the synthesis methods, functionalization, and characterization of magnetic nanohybrids. The following sections focus on the potential applications of these nanostructured materials in the biomedical field and for the removal of environmental pollutants. Finally, challenges associated with fabrication techniques and in the application of magnetic nanohybrids are discussed, as well as future perspectives and research directions.

Adsorption by Powders and Porous Solids

  • 3rd Edition
  • February 1, 2025
  • Jean Rouquerol + 7 more
  • English
  • Paperback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 4 4 3 - 2 3 5 8 0 - 1
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 4 4 3 - 2 3 5 7 9 - 5
Adsorption by Powders and Porous Solids: Principles, Methodology, and Applications, Third Edition provides a comprehensive treatment of all aspects of adsorption at both the gas/solid interface and the liquid/solid interface, whilst also covering application aspects of adsorption. It gives an introductory review of the various theoretical and practical aspects of adsorption by powders and porous solids with reference to advanced techniques and applications (including separation of industrial gases and pollution control, catalysis, gas storage) involving materials of technological importance.The primary aim is to meet the needs of students and non-specialists who are new to surface science or who wish to use the advanced techniques now available for the determination of surface area, pore size and surface characterization. In addition, for this fully updated third edition, a critical account is given of the most recent work on the adsorptive properties of activated carbons, oxides, clays, zeolites, and MOF’s.Adsorption by Powders and Porous Solids: Principles, Methodology, and Applications, Third Edition will help the newcomer develop a coherent understanding of adsorption processes and find a basis of good practice whilst providing a wide-ranging reference tool for more accomplished practitioners. It is primarily written for advanced undergraduates, postgraduates, lecturers, researchers, and practitioners in physical chemistry, materials science, surface science, and chemical engineering.