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Books in Physical sciences and engineering

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Data Analytics for Intelligent Transportation Systems

  • 2nd Edition
  • November 1, 2024
  • Mashrur Chowdhury + 2 more
  • English
  • Paperback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 4 4 3 - 1 3 8 7 8 - 2
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 4 4 3 - 1 3 8 7 9 - 9
Data Analytics for Intelligent Transportation Systems, Second Edition provides in-depth coverage of data-enabled methods for analyzing intelligent transportation systems (ITS), including the tools needed to implement these methods using big data analytics and other computing techniques. The book examines the major characteristics of connected transportation systems, along with the fundamental concepts of how to analyze the data they produce. It explores collecting, archiving, processing, and distributing the data, designing data infrastructures, data management and delivery systems, and the required hardware and software technologies. Other sections provide extensive coverage of existing and forthcoming intelligent transportation systems and data analytics technologies.All fundamentals/concepts presented in this book are explained in the context of ITS. Users will learn everything from the basics of different ITS data types and characteristics to how to evaluate alternative data analytics for different ITS applications. In addition, they will discover how to design effective data visualizations, tactics on the planning process, and how to evaluate alternative data analytics for different connected transportation applications, along with key safety and environmental applications for both commercial and passenger vehicles, data privacy and security issues, and the role of social media data in traffic planning.

Solar Water Splitting

  • 1st Edition
  • November 1, 2024
  • Valiollah Mirkhani + 3 more
  • English
  • Paperback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 4 4 3 - 1 3 9 5 7 - 4
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 4 4 3 - 1 3 9 5 8 - 1
Solar Water Splitting: PV-Electrolysis, Photoelectrochemical, Photothermal, Photocatalyst, and Photobiological Methods is a fundamental resource offering detailed information on PV-electrolysis, photoelectrochemical, photothermal, photocatalyst, photobiological, and other innovative methods for the production of hydrogen gas, as well as presenting the theory, design, and materials involved. This is supported by application examples and recent developments in areas such as tandem cells, dye-sensitized photoelectrochemical cells, and perovskite cells for solar water splitting.This book will be of interest to researchers, scientists, and advanced students across solar energy, renewable energy, chemistry, chemical engineering, nanotechnology, and materials science, as well as engineers and industrial personnel with an interest in water splitting, solar cells, and hydrogen production.

Applications of Composite Materials in Engineering

  • 1st Edition
  • November 1, 2024
  • Suchart Siengchin + 4 more
  • English
  • Paperback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 4 4 3 - 1 3 9 8 9 - 5
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 4 4 3 - 1 3 9 9 0 - 1
Applications of Composite Materials in Engineering provides an up-to-date review of recent application advancements in different engineering fields. The book concentrates on the availability and utilization of various fibers and reinforcements in composites and analyzes the suitability of them in different engineering and commercial applications. The latest research as well as possible application avenues for the future are discussed in detail.

Chitosan-Based Nanoparticles for Biomedical Applications

  • 1st Edition
  • November 1, 2024
  • Charles Oluwaseun Adetunji + 5 more
  • English
  • Paperback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 4 4 3 - 1 3 9 9 7 - 0
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 4 4 3 - 1 3 9 9 8 - 7
Chitosan-Based Nanoparticles for Biomedical Applications explores the use of chitosan-based nanoparticles as a sustainable solution for the development of improved therapeutic and diagnostic techniques. A range of biomedical applications is reviewed, including treatment against highly resistant bacteria and parasites; tissue regeneration; drug delivery, and more. Moreover, the application of chitosan-based nanoparticles for the effective delivery of hormones, vaccines, phytochemicals, nutraceuticals, and their application in immobilization of enzymes is also discussed in detail. This book provides a state-of-the-art overview for materials scientists, pharmaceutical scientists, and researchers with an interest in the development of novel materials for therapeutics.

Erosion, Deposition, and Weathering Across the Solar System

  • 1st Edition
  • Volume 4
  • November 1, 2024
  • Jani Radebaugh + 1 more
  • English
  • Paperback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 4 4 3 - 1 4 0 2 0 - 4
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 4 4 3 - 1 4 0 2 1 - 1
Erosion, Deposition, and Weathering Across the Solar System, Volume Four summarizes erosional landforms across the Solar System, with an emphasis on the mechanistic processes responsible for these features, including case studies and methods of data and image analysis. Using comparative studies of planetary bodies and various Earth locations as natural laboratories to test models of erosive processes and landscape evolution, the book provides a current review of understanding of the evolution of planetary surfaces for Earth and those of our Solar System.Planetary surfaces images across the Solar System reveal the ubiquity of erosional processes on planets, moons, and other bodies. From branching valley networks on Mars to hydrocarbon rivers on Titan to nitrogen glaciers on Pluto, landforms across the Solar System are conspicuously similar to features that we are familiar with on Earth. This familiarity suggests similar erosional processes are occurring across the Solar System despite drastically different surface conditions and material properties.

Multi-Scale Precipitation Variability Over the Tropics

  • 1st Edition
  • November 1, 2024
  • Parthasarathi Mukhopadhyay + 2 more
  • English
  • Paperback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 4 4 3 - 1 4 0 3 0 - 3
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 4 4 3 - 1 4 0 3 1 - 0
Multi-Scale Precipitation Variability Over the Tropics: New Insights from Observations and Modelling explores the latest developments in the observation and modelling of tropical precipitation. Researchers will benefit from this detailed analysis of recent advancements in the field. The text first examines recent satellite and RADAR observations and how those breakthroughs enhance our understanding. This is followed by a review of NASA A-train observations as well as extreme events. The editors also look at predicting precipitation variability with a state-of-the-art ensemble forecast system. The text wraps with a discussion of multiscale cloud and precipitation variability with the backdrop of a changing climate.This text will provide researchers with new insights and a deeper understanding of the latest advances in the observation and modelling of tropical precipitation.

Accelerating the Transition to a Hydrogen Economy

  • 1st Edition
  • November 1, 2024
  • Tonni Agustiono Kurniawan + 1 more
  • English
  • Paperback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 4 4 3 - 1 4 0 3 9 - 6
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 4 4 3 - 1 4 0 3 8 - 9
Accelerating the Transition to a Hydrogen Economy: Achieving Carbon Neutrality provides a guide to the transition to net zero carbon emissions through the hydrogen economy. Within the context of the Industrial Revolution 4.0, the book explores the implications of the hydrogen economy on the nexus of food-waste-energy and provides an overview of the impacts of the hydrogen economy on the energy industry. The book examines the role of the hydrogen economy in achieving net zero carbon emissions in the waste sector, methods for achieving decarbonization in different industries and parts of the economy, and the technologies that can achieve this.Each chapter provides a synopsis of the fundamental knowledge and latest developments to ensure readers of all experience levels and backgrounds can benefit from the book. Future perspectives and actionable next steps are suggested alongside case studies that provide a roadmap to decarbonization.

Earth Observation

  • 1st Edition
  • November 1, 2024
  • Mukunda Behera + 4 more
  • English
  • Paperback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 4 4 3 - 1 4 0 7 2 - 3
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 4 4 3 - 1 4 0 7 3 - 0
Earth Observation: Sustainable Development Perspectives offers expert insights into the latest progress made in terrestrial, oceanic, and atmospheric processes, and their inter-linkage in the face of changing climate using earth observation. Reviewing contemporary research, this volume addresses various challenges faced in agricultural research and education, crop production forecasting, agroforestry, floriculture, horticulture, crop insurance and marine resources utilization for sustainable development in the warming world. The editors examine the advances made in understanding the changing dynamics of various ecosystems such as land use, water resources, ecosystem productivity and biodiversity.In addition, the book addresses ocean-atmosphere interactions, modes of climate variations such as, El Nino and Indian Ocean dipole, extreme events, tropical cyclone, summer monsoon and distribution of organic matter and interlinks among various ocean-atmosphere phenomena. The use of advanced data sets, measurements techniques, modeling and analytics protocols, analyses methods and interpretations are also discussed.

Innovative and Hybrid Advanced Oxidation Processes for Water Treatment

  • 1st Edition
  • November 1, 2024
  • Oualid Hamdaoui
  • English
  • Paperback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 4 4 3 - 1 4 1 0 0 - 3
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 4 4 3 - 1 4 1 0 1 - 0
Innovative and Hybrid Advanced Oxidation Processes for Water Treatment presents a panoply of topics ranging from the fundamental aspects and mechanistic modeling, to the upscaled experiments relating recent innovation and hybridization of AOPs, to efficiency enhancement of used processes for the removal of recalcitrant contaminants and emerging pollutants present in water. The book applies the outcomes of this novel approach into practical applications and technological assessments covering the most recent innovations, trends, and concerns as well as practical challenges encountered, and solutions adopted in the fields of AOPs in water treatment.The book devotes special interest to reactive species production, reaction kinetics, mechanistic modeling, energy production, degradation intensification, and disinfection.

Introduction to Modeling, Simulation and Optimization of CO2 Sequestration in Various Types of Reservoirs

  • 1st Edition
  • November 1, 2024
  • Ramesh Agarwal + 1 more
  • English
  • Paperback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 4 4 3 - 1 5 3 3 1 - 0
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 4 4 3 - 1 5 3 3 0 - 3
Carbon capture and sequestration has become an essential technology for addressing the mitigation of global warming and adverse climate change due to increasing CO2 emissions from fossil fuel combustion worldwide. However, the scientific/engineering community still lacks thorough and practical knowledge about various types of reservoirs capable of effective long-term CO2 sequestration. Introduction to Modeling, Simulation, and Optimization of CO2 Sequestration in Various Types of Reservoirs pulls together the relevant basic scientific knowledge and applications to help reservoir engineering practitioners learn and utilize the potential of CO2 sequestration in saline, oil, gas, shale, basalt, and geothermal reservoirs. After presenting the fundamental properties of various reservoirs, the authors describe each type of reservoir and explain basic parameters, benchmark cases, experimental data, optimization strategies for CO2 sequestration, prospects, and outlook. Rounding out the text with a glossary and consideration of future developments, this book delivers the necessary tools for engineers to better understand carbon sequestration and advance the energy transition.