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Books in Physical sciences and engineering

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Afrotropical Streams and Rivers

  • 1st Edition
  • November 1, 2024
  • Tatenda Dalu + 1 more
  • English
  • Paperback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 4 4 3 - 2 3 8 9 8 - 7
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 4 4 3 - 2 3 8 9 7 - 0
Afrotropical Streams and Rivers: Structure, Ecological Processes and Management is a comprehensive guide that provides assessment of major rivers and tributaries in Sub–Saharan Africa. Unlike other books available, the editors present a thorough study of geomorphological, hydrological, biological, and ecological processes, incorporating a range of plant and animal communities while considering the implications of human communities that depend upon them. This book, edited by a diverse cohort of researchers, is intended as an educational and practical guide for graduate students, researchers, and scientists who focus on the biodiversity, conservation, and policy issues of the African river systems.

Internet-of-Things’ Cybersecurity in Critical Infrastructures

  • 1st Edition
  • November 1, 2024
  • Monika Freunek
  • English
  • Paperback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 4 4 3 - 2 3 9 3 6 - 6
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 4 4 3 - 2 3 9 3 7 - 3
Internet-of-Things’ Cybersecurity in Critical Infrastructures: Case Studies in Energy Systems takes readers from the basic principles of cybersecurity in essential public infrastructure to the specific requirements of energy systems connected to the Internet-of-Things. This book provides a holistic approach to the challenges (legal, technological, and human) of AI and IOT integration for renewable, modern energy infrastructure. It outlines the fundamental challenges and technologies of cybersecurity for essential infrastructure and goes on to apply this specifically to energy grids and systems, in the light of the ML, AI, and IOT technologies required for renewable integration. Case studies are provided to ensure the reader is fully equipped to problem-solve and apply the knowledge in the development and planning of secure energy infrastructure. Packed with a wealth of practical experience and guidance, Internet-of-Things’ Cybersecurity in Critical Infrastructures is a critical resource for energy system engineers looking for a primer on the cybersecurity needs of connected, renewable-integrated energy infrastructure.

Solar Energy Technologies in Cultural Heritage

  • 1st Edition
  • November 1, 2024
  • Elena Lucchi
  • English
  • Paperback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 4 4 3 - 2 3 9 8 9 - 2
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 4 4 3 - 2 3 9 8 8 - 5
Solar Energy Technologies in Cultural Heritage offers a complete overview of the solar renewable energy possibilities, developments, innovations, and challenges for cultural heritage applications, bridging the traditional boundary between research, professional practices, and policies, and between arts, architecture, engineering, and social science.Conservation of heritage buildings, particularly in urban settings, has evolved from purely physical preservation to making them functionally relevant for the modern day through redevelopment and repurposing. This opens the opportunity for the integration of active solar energy systems in buildings, towns, and landscapes. This book presents international contributions on the integration of solar renewable energies within cultural heritage, providing detailed coverage of the cultural, legislative, and social framework, design criteria and simulation tools, and innovative materials and technologies, and addressing key challenges.This is an essential resource for all those with an interest in solar energy technologies for built environment and particularly cultural heritage, including researchers, scientists, and graduate students, engineers, designers, developers, and policy makers.

Solid Oxide Fuel Cells Science and Engineering

  • 1st Edition
  • November 1, 2024
  • Kongfa Chen + 2 more
  • English
  • Paperback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 4 4 3 - 2 3 9 9 0 - 8
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 4 4 3 - 2 3 9 9 1 - 5
Solid Oxide Fuel Cells Science and Engineering: Fundamentals, Materials, and Technologies is a comprehensive introduction to the fundamentals of solid oxide fuel cells. In addition to systematically reviewing the science and technologies of solid oxide fuel cells, the book provides numerical simulations, engineering applications and other important guidance on the commercialization and engineering of solid oxide fuel cells.The opening chapters of the book systematically explain the fundamentals, key emerging materials and technologies of solid oxide fuel cells, including surface chemistry and segregation, and oxygen reduction and fuel (such as hydrogen) oxidation reactions. It then examines the latest developments of cathode and anode materials as well as the robust nanostructured electrodes fabricated by innovative approaches such as exsolution for efficient and durable solid oxide fuel cells. The development of solid oxide fuel cells stacks and systems are also explained within the context of practical application. Finally, the book critically evaluates the development and fundamental issues of reversible solid oxide cells, as a promising technology for energy storage and regeneration. Throughout the book, there is a focus on increasing the theoretical and practical efficiency of solid oxide fuel cells, such as by activity/stability towards high power densities and increasing device lifetimes for commercialization.With a unique approach unifying the theory and practice, Solid Oxide Fuel Cells Science and Engineering: Fundamentals, Materials, and Technologies is an invaluable introduction for students, researchers, and industry/commercial scientists interested in solid oxide fuel cells, and will be of interest to anyone seeking technologies on energy storage and regenerative renewable energy devices.

State-of-the-Art Geothermal Well Drilling Case Studies

  • 1st Edition
  • November 1, 2024
  • Dan E Scott + 1 more
  • English
  • Paperback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 4 4 3 - 2 3 9 9 3 - 9
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 4 4 3 - 2 3 9 9 2 - 2
State-of-the-Art Geothermal Well Drilling Case Studies provides updated information on technological advances and research in state-of-the-art performance of recent geothermal wells drilled for energy in the global push to reduce greenhouse gases.This text captures advances in a rapidly growing market that has adopted and adapted oilfield technologies to rapid scale development and production, as demonstrated through global examples in a case-study format. Different geologic formations and well trajectories require different drilling tools and drilling parameters to yield optimum results.Showcasing current examples of successful global geothermal well-drilling applications, this text provides readers, researchers, and industry professionals with the keys needed to rapidly scale geothermal drilling operations, a clean and abundant source of energy that supports sustainability and reduction of carbon emissions.

Agent-Based Models with MATLAB

  • 1st Edition
  • November 1, 2024
  • Erik Cuevas + 3 more
  • English
  • Paperback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 4 4 3 - 2 4 0 0 4 - 1
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 4 4 3 - 2 4 0 0 5 - 8
As the world becomes more complicated and linked, many of our research questions can no longer be answered using straightforward models. Agent-Based Models with MATLAB introduces one of the most important methodologies for complex systems modeling, called Agent-Based Modeling (ABM), using computational implementations and accompanying MATLAB software code as a means of inspiring readers to apply agent-based models to solve a diverse range of problems. Observing the implementation of a particular approach through code can be helpful for readers, even those with strong mathematical abilities, as it eliminates ambiguities and uncertainties, making the material easier to grasp and communicate. The book comes with a large amount of software code accompanying the main text, and the modeling systems described in the book are implemented using MATLAB as the programming language. Despite the heavy mathematical components of Agent-Based Models and complex systems, it is possible to utilize these models without in-depth understanding of their mathematical fundamentals. For many readers, a more feasible goal is to grasp the concepts of these models through programming instead of mathematical formulations. Agent-Based Models with MATLAB enables computer scientists, mathematicians, researchers and engineers to apply ABM in a wide range of research and engineering applications. The book gradually advances from basic to more advanced methods, while reinforcing understanding of complex systems through practical, hands-on applications of various computational models.

BioMEMS Devices

  • 1st Edition
  • November 1, 2024
  • Azrul Azlan Hamzah + 2 more
  • English
  • Paperback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 4 4 3 - 2 4 0 1 5 - 7
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 4 4 3 - 2 4 0 1 4 - 0
BioMEMS Devices covers the fundamentals of bioMEMS and discusses how MEMS are implemented into biomedical devices. The book discusses the most up-to-date technologies, including the various types of electrochemical, optical, and mechanical MEMS sensors. Other topics include bio cell and particle separation and filtration using microfluidic platform such as dielectrophoresis (DEP) and microfilters. MEMS devices for drug mixing, pumping and transdermal drug delivery using microneedles and micropumps are also discussed, along with recent advances in point-of-care diagnostics and MEMS in medical implantsThe book concludes with a discussion on integration of bioMEMS system with IoT, medical practitioners’ adaptation of the devices, market penetration, emerging technologies, and future outlooks.

Leveraging Metaverse and Analytics of Things (AoT) in Medical Systems

  • 1st Edition
  • November 1, 2024
  • D. Jude Hemanth + 1 more
  • English
  • Paperback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 4 4 3 - 2 4 0 4 9 - 2
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 4 4 3 - 2 4 0 4 8 - 5
Leveraging Metaverse and Analytics of Things (AoT) in Medical Systems explores the potential benefits and applications of emerging technologies such as metaverse and AoT in the field of healthcare. The book provides insights into how these technologies can be leveraged to improve the efficiency, effectiveness, and quality of medical systems. It explores the concept of metaverse and its potential applications in healthcare, including the use of virtual and augmented reality technologies for medical education, training, and simulation, as well as the development of immersive environments for patient care and therapy.The book also delves into the field of AoT, such as the use of wearable devices, smart sensors, and other connected technologies. Applications to monitor patient health, track medical outcomes, and inform clinical decision-making are covered. Integrating both technologies can help improve medical training, diagnosis, treatment, and patient outcomes through the use of virtual reality and real-time data analytics.

Microalgal Biofuels

  • 1st Edition
  • November 1, 2024
  • Krishna Kumar Jaiswal + 2 more
  • English
  • Paperback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 4 4 3 - 2 4 1 1 0 - 9
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 4 4 3 - 2 4 1 1 1 - 6
Microalgal Biofuels: Sustainable Production and Conversion is a comprehensive guide to the latest advancements in microalgal biofuels. The book provides systematic coverage of the processes of biofuel production, from microalgae biomass resources to biomass conversion processes and catalytic materials. It delves into the critical topic of sustainability, addressing LCA approaches to evaluate the environmental impacts of microalgal-based biofuels. It provides practical information and guidance on the latest strategies, opportunities, and challenges in the transition to sustainable bioenergy.Divided into four sections, the first section introduces the principles of microalgal biology and cultivation, including an overview of the different types of microalgae, their growth requirements, and the cultivation systems used for large-scale production. The second section explains the conversion of microalgal biomass into biofuels, including biodiesel, bioethanol, biogas, and hydrogen. Each chapter in this section covers a different biofuel pathway, highlighting the technological advancements, challenges, and opportunities for scaling up production. The third section of the book explores the sustainability aspects of microalgal biofuel production, including the use of waste streams and the integration of biofuel production with other industries. This section also covers the LCA approaches used to evaluate the environmental impacts of microalgal biofuels and the strategies for enhancing their sustainability. The fourth and final section of the book examines the commercialization and prospects of microalgal biofuels. This section covers the market potential of microalgal biofuels, the regulatory landscape, and the challenges and opportunities for the industry.Microalgal Biofuels: Sustainable Production and Conversionis an invaluable reference for students, researchers, and industrial practitioners working on biofuels, biotechnology, bioprocess engineering, and biomass conversion. The final section of the book may also be of interest to researchers and professionals involved in sustainability and environmental assessments of renewable energy and biofuels.

Biotechnologies for Wastewater Treatment and Resource Recovery

  • 1st Edition
  • November 1, 2024
  • Arun Lal Srivastav + 3 more
  • English
  • Paperback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 4 4 3 - 2 7 3 7 6 - 6
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 4 4 3 - 2 7 3 7 7 - 3
Biotechnologies for Wastewater Treatment and Resource Recovery: Current Trends and Future Scope presents the most up-to-date insights into the water crisis stemming from wastewater production. Edited by experts in the field, the chapters are structured around different types of bioremediation approaches (phytoremediation, myco-remediation, bio-stimulation, bio-augmentation, rhizoremediation, etc.) all applied in the context of wastewater treatment. This comprehensive resource equips students, research scholars, and policy makers with a holistic understanding of wastewater treatment and resource recovery through bioremediation techniques. Abundant real-world applications and case studies empower readers to make well-informed decisions, ensuring the efficient utilization of energy and efforts in addressing this critical issue.