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Books in Physical sciences and engineering

3181-3190 of 26521 results in All results

Advances in Clinical Chemistry

  • 1st Edition
  • Volume 100
  • January 14, 2021
  • Gregory S. Makowski
  • English
  • Hardback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 1 2 - 8 2 3 9 2 2 - 3
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 1 2 - 8 2 3 9 2 3 - 0
Advances in Clinical Chemistry, Volume 100, the latest installment in this internationally acclaimed series, contains chapters authored by world-renowned clinical laboratory scientists, physicians and research scientists. The serial discusses the latest and most up-to-date technologies related to the field of clinical chemistry, with chapters in this new release focusing on Chimeric RNAs in cancer, Pathophysiologic landscape of osteoarthritis, Advances in lung cancer biomarkers: The role of (metal-) metabolites and selenoproteins, Advances in cerebral palsy biomarkers, Cytokines in psoriasis, Biochemical analysis of oral fluids for disease detection, and more.

Life Cycle Assessment for Sustainable Mining

  • 1st Edition
  • January 14, 2021
  • Shahjadi Hisan Farjana + 2 more
  • English
  • Paperback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 3 2 3 - 8 5 4 5 1 - 1
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 3 2 3 - 8 5 4 5 2 - 8
Life Cycle Assessment for Sustainable Mining addresses sustainable mining issues based on life cycle assessment, providing a thorough guide to implementing LCAs using sustainability metrics. The book details current research on LCA methodologies related to mining, their outcomes, and how to relate sustainable mining concepts in a circular economy. It is an in-depth, foundational reference for developing ideas for technological advancement through designing reduced-emission mining equipment or processes. It includes literature reviews and theoretical concepts of life cycle assessments applied in mining industries, sustainability metrics and problems related to mining and mineral processing industries identified by the life cycle assessment results. This book will aid researchers, students and academics in the field of environmental science, mining engineering and sustainability to see LCA technology outcomes which would be useful for the future development of environmentally-friendly mining processes.

Advances in 2nd Generation of Bioethanol Production

  • 1st Edition
  • January 13, 2021
  • Xin Lu
  • English
  • Paperback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 1 2 - 8 1 8 8 6 2 - 0
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 1 2 - 8 1 8 8 6 3 - 7
Advances in 2nd Generation of Bioethanol Production presents a comprehensive overview of technologies and strategies for the conversion of lignocellulosic biomass. This includes issues like sustainable production, environmental and economic benefits, and the main hurdles for upscaling and achieving commercial viability. The book assesses the current biomass conversion technologies, their readiness level for commercial production, and applications of bioethanol in bioenergy and chemical feedstock. The essential conversion process of 2nd generation biofuels, including feedstock composition and pretreatment, is then broken down, with special focus on advantages and pitfalls of each feedstock and process. It also explores the advances and challenges of bioprocessing, hydrolysis technologies and simultaneous fermentation of pentose and hexose. Finally, it presents the current status and bottlenecks for industrial production of bioethanol, as well as its future prospects. Its interdisciplinary approach, drawing upon plant biology, chemistry, biochemistry, microbiology, and genetics, makes Advances in 2nd Generation of Bioethanol Production a must-have reference for researchers in academia and industry R&D. It allows them to compare challenges and opportunities of new technologies and identify the gaps where new technology is needed. Practitioners in the industry also benefit from the information on working principles, design and control of the bioethanol production process, highlighting areas where technology innovation and investment should be placed. Graduate students and researchers newly entered in this field find here a key-resource to thoroughly understand the process as well as the fundamentals of bioethanol and bioproducts production from lignocellulosic biomass.

Shape Memory Alloy Engineering

  • 2nd Edition
  • January 13, 2021
  • Antonio Concilio + 4 more
  • English
  • Paperback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 1 2 - 8 1 9 2 6 4 - 1
  • eBook
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Shape Memory Alloy Engineering: For Aerospace, Structural and Biomedical Applications, Second Edition embraces new advancements in materials, systems and applications introduced since the first edition. Readers will gain an understanding of the intrinsic properties of SMAs and their characteristic state diagrams. Sections address modeling and design process aspects, explore recent applications, and discuss research activities aimed at making new devices for innovative implementations. The book discusses both the potential of these fascinating materials, their limitations in everyday life, and tactics on how to overcome some limitations in order to achieve proper design of useful SMA mechanisms.

Viscoelasticity and Collective Cell Migration

  • 1st Edition
  • January 13, 2021
  • Ivana Pajic-Lijakovic + 1 more
  • English
  • Paperback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 1 2 - 8 2 0 3 1 0 - 1
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 1 2 - 8 2 0 3 1 1 - 8
Viscoelasticity and Collective Cell Migration: An Interdisciplinary Perspective Across Levels of Organization focuses on the main viscoelastic parameters formulated based on multiscale constitutive modeling and how to measure these rheological parameters based on existent micro-devices such as micro-rheology and micro-elastography. The book sheds light on inter-relationships across viscoelasticity scales, an essential step for understanding various biomedical processes such as morphogenesis, wound healing and cancers invasion. Cumulative effects of structural changes at subcellular and cellular levels influence viscoelasticity at a supracellular level are also covered, providing valuable insights for biologists, physicists, engineers, students and researchers in the field of developmental biology. As this is a complex multidisciplinary field, perspectives are included from experts in biology, biochemistry, biomedicine, biophysics and biorheology. Readers will gain a deeper understanding of the complex dynamics that represent challenges and the necessity for further development in the field.

AI and Cloud Computing

  • 1st Edition
  • Volume 120
  • January 13, 2021
  • Suyel Namasudra + 1 more
  • English
  • Hardback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 1 2 - 8 2 1 1 4 7 - 2
  • eBook
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AI and Cloud Computing, Volume 120 in the Advances in Computers series, highlights new advances in the field, with this updated volume presenting interesting chapters on topics including A Deep-forest based Approach for Detecting Fraudulent Online Transaction, Design of Cyber-Physical-Social Systems with Forensic-awareness Based on Deep Learning, Review on Privacy-preserving Data Comparison Protocols in Cloud Computing, Fingerprint Liveness Detection Using an Improved CNN with the Spatial Pyramid Pooling Structure, Protecting Personal Sensitive Data Security in the Cloud with Blockchain, and more.

Advances in Agronomy

  • 1st Edition
  • Volume 165
  • January 13, 2021
  • Donald L. Sparks
  • English
  • Hardback
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  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 1 2 - 8 2 4 5 7 4 - 3
Advances in Agronomy, Volume 165, the latest release in this leading reference on agronomy, contains a variety of updates and highlights new advances in the field. Each chapter is written by an international board of authors, with this release including chapters on Urban Anthropogenic Soils – A Review, Epichloe spp. And Serendipita indica Endophytic Fungi: Functions in Plant-Soil Relations, Heating Up a Cold Case: Applications of Analytical Pyrolysis GC/MS to Assess Molecular Biomarkers in Peat, The problem with “Apparent Electrical Conductivity” in Soil Electromagnetic Induction Studies, and more.

Design and Performance Optimization of Renewable Energy Systems

  • 1st Edition
  • January 12, 2021
  • Mamdouh Assad + 1 more
  • English
  • Paperback
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  • eBook
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Design and Performance Optimization of Renewable Energy Systems provides an integrated discussion of issues relating to renewable energy performance design and optimization using advanced thermodynamic analysis with modern methods to configure major renewable energy plant configurations (solar, geothermal, wind, hydro, PV). Vectors of performance enhancement reviewed include thermodynamics, heat transfer, exergoeconomics and neural network techniques. Source technologies studied range across geothermal power plants, hydroelectric power, solar power towers, linear concentrating PV, parabolic trough solar collectors, grid-tied hybrid solar PV/Fuel cell for freshwater production, and wind energy systems. Finally, nanofluids in renewable energy systems are reviewed and discussed from the heat transfer enhancement perspective.

Collisional Effects on Molecular Spectra

  • 2nd Edition
  • January 12, 2021
  • Jean-Michel Hartmann + 2 more
  • English
  • Paperback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 1 2 - 8 2 2 3 6 4 - 2
  • eBook
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Gas phase molecular spectroscopy is a powerful tool for obtaining information on the geometry and internal structure of isolated molecules and their interactions with others. It enables the understanding and description, through measurements and modeling, of the influence of pressure on light absorption, emission, and scattering by gas molecules, which must be taken into account for the correct analysis and prediction of the resulting spectra. Collisional Effects on Molecular Spectra: Laboratory Experiments and Models, Consequences for Applications, Second Edition provides an updated review of current experimental techniques, theoretical knowledge, and practical applications. After an introduction to collisional effects on molecular spectra, the book moves on by taking a threefold approach: it highlights key models, reviews available data, and discusses the consequences for applications. These include areas such as heat transfer, remote sensing, optical sounding, metrology, probing of gas media, and climate predictions. This second edition also contains, with respect to the first one, significant amounts of new information, including 23 figures, 8 tables, and around 700 references.Drawing on the extensive experience of its expert authors, Collisional Effects on Molecular Spectra: Laboratory Experiments and Models, Consequences for Applications, Second Edition, is a valuable guide for all those involved with sourcing, researching, interpreting, or applying gas phase molecular spectroscopy techniques across a range of fields.

A Practical Guide to Piping and Valves for the Oil and Gas Industry

  • 1st Edition
  • January 12, 2021
  • Karan Sotoodeh
  • English
  • Paperback
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  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 1 2 - 8 2 4 1 8 7 - 5
A Practical Guide to Piping and Valves for the Oil and Gas Industry covers how to select, test and maintain the right oil and gas valve. Each chapter focuses on a specific type of valve with a built-in structured table on valve selection. Covering both onshore and offshore projects, the book also gives an introduction to the most common types of corrosion in the oil and gas industry, including CO2, H2S, pitting, crevice, and more. A model to evaluate CO2 corrosion rate on carbon steel piping is introduced, along with discussions on bulk piping components, including fittings, gaskets, piping and flanges. Rounding out with chapters devoted to valve preservation to protect against harmful environments and factory acceptance testing, this book gives engineers and managers a much-needed tool to better understand today’s valve technology.