Skip to main content

Books in Physical sciences and engineering

3151-3160 of 25894 results in All results

Handbook of Greener Synthesis of Nanomaterials and Compounds

  • 1st Edition
  • April 3, 2021
  • Boris Kharisov + 1 more
  • English
  • Paperback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 1 2 - 8 2 1 9 3 8 - 6
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 1 2 - 8 2 1 9 6 7 - 6
Modern techniques to produce nanoparticles, nanomaterials, and nanocomposites are based on approaches that frequently involve high costs, inefficiencies, and negative environmental impacts. As such, there has been a real drive to develop and apply approaches that are more efficient and benign. The Handbook of Greener Synthesis of Nanomaterials and Compounds provides a comprehensive review of developments in this field, combining foundational green and nano-chemistry with the key information researchers need to assess, select and apply the most appropriate green synthesis approaches to their own work.Volume 1: Fundamental Principles and Methods provides a clear introduction to the fundamentals of green synthesis that places synthesis in the context of green chemistry. Beginning with a discussion of key greener physical and chemical methods for synthesis, including ultrasound, microwave and mechanochemistry methods, the book goes on to explore biological methods, including biosynthesis, green nanoformation, and virus-assisted methods.

Polymer-Based Separators for Lithium-Ion Batteries

  • 1st Edition
  • April 2, 2021
  • Mark T. DeMeuse
  • English
  • Paperback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 1 2 - 8 2 0 1 2 0 - 6
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 1 2 - 8 2 0 4 5 2 - 8
Polymer-Based Separators for Lithium-Ion Batteries: Production, Processing, and Properties takes a detailed, systematic approach to the development of polymer separators for lithium-ion batteries, supporting the reader in selecting materials and processes for high-performance polymer separators with enhanced properties. The book begins by introducing the polymeric materials that may be used for separators, as well as characterization techniques, before presenting the available technologies used to produce separators for use in lithium-ion batteries. Each technology is discussed in terms of the advantages and disadvantages of the chosen approach, with the properties of the separators made via each technology also summarized and compared in detail. In addition, areas for further development are addressed, and the limitations of current materials and separators in achieving those goals are highlighted. This is a valuable resource for scientists and engineers in the industry who work on polymer-based battery separators, polymers for electronic/energy applications, and new materials and processes for lithium-ion batteries. In academia, this book will be of interest to researchers and advanced students across the fields of polymer science, materials science, electronics, energy, and chemical engineering.

Control of Power Electronic Converters and Systems

  • 1st Edition
  • April 1, 2021
  • Frede Blaabjerg
  • English
  • Paperback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 1 2 - 8 1 9 4 3 2 - 4
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 1 2 - 8 1 9 4 3 3 - 1
Control of Power Electronic Converters and Systems, Volume 3, explores emerging topics in the control of power electronics and converters, including the theory behind control, and the practical operation, modeling, and control of basic power system models. This book introduces the most important controller design methods, including both analog and digital procedures. This reference explains the dynamic characterization of terminal behavior for converters, as well as preserving the stability and power quality of modern power systems. Useful for engineers in emerging applications of power electronic converters and those combining control design methods into different applications in power electronics technology. Addressing controller interactions - in light of increasing renewable energy integration and related challenges with stability and power quality - is becoming more frequent in power converters and passive components.

Handbook of Nanomaterials for Sensing Applications

  • 1st Edition
  • April 1, 2021
  • Suresh Kumar Kailasa + 1 more
  • English
  • Paperback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 1 2 - 8 2 0 7 8 3 - 3
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 1 2 - 8 2 0 8 8 4 - 7
Handbook of Nanomaterials for Intelligent Sensing Applications provides insights into the production of nanosensors and their applications. The book takes an interdisciplinary approach, showing how nano-enhanced sensing technology is being used in a variety of industry sectors and addressing related challenges surrounding the production, fabrication and application of nanomaterials-based sensors at both experimental and theoretical levels. This book is an important reference source for materials scientists and engineers who want to learn more about how nanomaterials are being used to enhance sensing products and devices for a variety of industry sectors. The pof miniaturized device components and engineering systems of micro- and nanoscale is beyond the capability of conventional machine tools. The production of intelligent sensors at nanometer scale presents great challenges to engineers in design and manufacture. The manufacturing of nano-scaled devices and components involves isolation, transportation and re-assembly of atoms and molecules. This nanomachining technology involves not only physical-chemical processes as in the case of microfabrication, but it also involves application and integration of the principles of molecular biology.

Emerging Technologies and Biological Systems for Biogas Upgrading

  • 1st Edition
  • March 31, 2021
  • Nabin Aryal + 3 more
  • English
  • Paperback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 1 2 - 8 2 2 8 0 8 - 1
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 3 2 3 - 8 5 3 5 5 - 2
Emerging Technologies and Biological Systems for Biogas Upgrading systematically summarizes the fundamental principles and the state-of-the-art of biogas cleaning and upgrading technologies, with special emphasis on biological processes for carbon dioxide (CO2), hydrogen sulfide (H2S), siloxane, and hydrocarbon removal. After analyzing the global scenario of biogas production, upgrading and utilization, this book discusses the integration of methanation processes to power-to-gas systems for methane (CH4) production and physiochemical upgrading technologies, such as chemical absorption, water scrubbing, pressure swing adsorption and the use of membranes. It then explores more recent and sustainable upgrading technologies, such as photosynthetic processes using algae, hydrogen-mediated microbial techniques, electrochemical, bioelectrochemical, and cryogenic approaches. H2S removal with biofilters is also covered, as well as removal of siloxanes through polymerization, peroxidation, biological degradation and gas-liquid absorption. The authors also thoroughly consider issues of mass transfer limitation in biomethanation from waste gas, biogas upgrading and life cycle assessment of upgrading technologies, techno-economic aspects, challenges for upscaling, and future trends.Providing specific information on biogas upgrading technology, and focusing on the most recent developments, Emerging Technologies and Biological Systems for Biogas Upgrading is a unique resource for researchers, engineers, and graduate students in the field of biogas production and utilization, including waste-to-energy and power-to-gas. It is also useful for entrepreneurs, consultants, and decision-makers in governmental agencies in the fields of sustainable energy, environmental protection, greenhouse gas emissions and climate change, and strategic planning.

Quantitative Atomic-Resolution Electron Microscopy

  • 1st Edition
  • Volume 217
  • March 31, 2021
  • Martin Hÿtch + 1 more
  • English
  • Hardback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 1 2 - 8 2 4 6 0 7 - 8
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 3 2 3 - 8 5 0 9 3 - 3
Quantitative Atomic-Resolution Electron Microscopy, Volume 217, the latest release in the Advances in Imaging and Electron Physics series merges two long-running serials, Advances in Electronics and Electron Physics and Advances in Optical and Electron Microscopy. The series features extended articles on the physics of electron devices (especially semiconductor devices), particle optics at high and low energies, microlithography, image science, digital image processing, electromagnetic wave propagation, electron microscopy, and the computing methods. Chapters in this release include Statistical parameter estimation theory, Efficient fitting algorithm, Statistics-based atom counting , Atom column detection, Optimal experiment design for nanoparticle atom-counting from ADF STEM images, and more.

Analysis and Formation of Disinfection Byproducts in Drinking Water

  • 1st Edition
  • Volume 92
  • March 31, 2021
  • Tarek Manasfi + 1 more
  • English
  • Hardback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 4 4 4 - 6 4 3 4 3 - 8
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 4 4 4 - 6 4 3 4 4 - 5
Drinking water disinfection has markedly reduced diseases causes by waterborne pathogenic microorganisms. However, an unintended consequence of disinfection and/or oxidation processes is the generation of disinfection byproducts (DBPs) which are formed from the reactions of disinfectants/oxidants with water matrix components. This volume of the Comprehensive Analytical Chemistry Handbook presents recent advances about the formation, identification, and quantification of inorganic and organic DBPs during oxidative processes. The book begins with a first chapter reviewing the most recent non-targeted screening approaches and workflows to characterize DBPs using low-, high-, and ultra-high-resolution mass spectrometry. The second chapter discusses the analysis of inorganic chloramines in waters using on-site and/or in-lab analytical methods. The third chapter provides an overview of the current knowledge about the mechanisms of chlorine dioxide reactions and byproducts formation. The fourth chapter presents some fundamental and practical aspects about ozonation processes in water treatment and provides an overview about ozone reaction mechanisms and byproducts formation. The fifth chapter focuses on the reactivity of halide ions, particularly bromide and iodide, with common oxidants and the role they play in determining the speciation of DBPs in treated waters. The chapter also presents strategies to mitigate the formation of DBPs during oxidation processes. Finally, the last chapter tackles the topic of DBPs formation during potable water reuse. It discusses the formation of DBPs of major concern in both memebrane-based and non-membrane-based potable water reuse treatment schemes.Researchers, water treatment specialists, and regulators will find in this book a valuable and compact resource on several key topics regarding the formation, identification, quantification, and mitigation of DBPs.

Basic Principles of Drug Discovery and Development

  • 2nd Edition
  • March 30, 2021
  • Benjamin E. Blass
  • English
  • Paperback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 1 2 - 8 1 7 2 1 4 - 8
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 1 2 - 8 1 7 2 1 5 - 5
Basic Principles of Drug Discovery and Development presents the multifaceted process of identifying a new drug in the modern era, which requires a multidisciplinary team approach with input from medicinal chemists, biologists, pharmacologists, drug metabolism experts, toxicologists, clinicians, and a host of experts from numerous additional fields. Enabling technologies such as high throughput screening, structure-based drug design, molecular modeling, pharmaceutical profiling, and translational medicine are critical to the successful development of marketable therapeutics. Given the wide range of disciplines and techniques that are required for cutting edge drug discovery and development, a scientist must master their own fields as well as have a fundamental understanding of their collaborator’s fields. This book bridges the knowledge gaps that invariably lead to communication issues in a new scientist’s early career, providing a fundamental understanding of the various techniques and disciplines required for the multifaceted endeavor of drug research and development. It provides students, new industrial scientists, and academics with a basic understanding of the drug discovery and development process. The fully updated text provides an excellent overview of the process and includes chapters on important drug targets by class, in vitro screening methods, medicinal chemistry strategies in drug design, principles of in vivo pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics, animal models of disease states, clinical trial basics, and selected business aspects of the drug discovery process.

Sustainable Manufacturing

  • 1st Edition
  • March 30, 2021
  • Kapil Gupta + 1 more
  • English
  • Paperback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 1 2 - 8 1 8 1 1 5 - 7
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 1 2 - 8 1 8 1 1 6 - 4
Sustainable Manufacturing examines the overall sustainability of a wide range of manufacturing processes and industrial systems. With chapters addressing machining, casting, additive and gear manufacturing processes; and hot topics such as remanufacturing, life cycle engineering, and recycling, this book is the most complete guide to this topic available. Drawing on experts in both academia and industry, coverage addresses theoretical developments and practical improvements from research and innovations. This unique book will advise readers on how to achieve sustainable manufacturing processes and systems, and further the clean and safe environment. This handbook is a part of the four volume set entitled Handbooks in Advanced Manufacturing. The other three address Advanced Machining and Finishing, Advanced Welding and Deforming, and Additive Manufacturing.

Advances in Modeling and Simulation in Textile Engineering

  • 1st Edition
  • March 28, 2021
  • Nicholus Tayari Akankwasa + 1 more
  • English
  • Paperback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 1 2 - 8 2 2 9 7 7 - 4
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 1 2 - 8 2 2 9 5 5 - 2
Advances in Modeling and Simulation in Textile Engineering: New Concepts, Methods, and Applications explains the advanced principles and techniques that can be used to solve textile engineering problems using numerical modeling and simulation. The book draws on innovative research and industry practice to explain methods for the modeling of all of these processes, helping readers apply computational power to more areas of textile engineering. Experimental results are presented and linked closely to processes and methods of implementation. Diverse concepts such as heat transfer, fluid dynamics, three-dimensional motion, and multi-phase flow are addressed. Finally, tools, theoretical principles, and numerical models are extensively covered. Textile engineering involves complex processes which are not easily expressed numerically or simulated, such as fiber motion simulation, yarn to fiber formation, melt spinning technology, optimization of yarn production, textile machinery design and optimization, and modeling of textile/fabric reinforcements.