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Books in Physical sciences and engineering

9991-10000 of 41409 results in All results

High Sensitivity Counting Techniques

  • 1st Edition
  • January 1, 1964
  • D. E. Watt + 1 more
  • D. W. Fry + 1 more
  • English
  • Hardback
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International Series of Monographs on Electronics and Instrumentation, Volume 20: High Sensitivity Counting Techniques details the low background counting techniques for radiation detection. The book covers various areas of concerns in utilizing low background counting technique. The text first details the counting parameters, and then proceeds to discussing the attainment of low backgrounds in radiation detectors. Next, the selection deals with low background laboratories. The remaining chapters cover various quantification methods such as carbon-14 beta counting; counting of soft radiations using internal sources; and measurement of gamma radioactivity from the body. The book will be of great interest to scientists, engineers, and technicians involved in atomic energy projects.

Measurements for Stresses in Machine Components

  • 1st Edition
  • January 1, 1964
  • V. F. Yakovlev + 1 more
  • English
  • Hardback
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Measurements for Stresses in Machine Components focuses on the state of stress and strain of components and members, which determines the service life and strength of machines and structures. This book is divided into four chapters. Chapter I describes the physical basis of several methods of measuring strains, which includes strain gauges, photoelasticity, X-ray diffraction, brittle coatings, and dividing grids. The basic concepts of the electric strain gauge method for measuring stresses inside machine components are covered in Chapter II. Chapter III elaborates on the results of experimental work on stresses and strains in linear, plane, and three-dimensional states of stress under static load conditions. The last chapter is devoted to examples for experimental stress analysis of plane and three-dimensional states of stresses under dynamic loads. Conclusions drawn from the theoretical and experimental investigations discussed in this text are provided at the end. This publication is intended for engineers and technicians, but is also a good reference for students researching on the stress or strains of machine components.

Hydraulics and Fluid Mechanics

  • 1st Edition
  • January 1, 1964
  • Richard Silvester
  • English
  • Hardback
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Hydraulics and Fluid Mechanics is a collection of papers from the Proceedings of the First Australian Conference held at the University of Western Australia on December 6-13, 1962 at Nedlands, Australia. This book deals with the science of hydraulics and fluid mechanics in their practical uses in industry and research. In special situations when high-pressure oil is used in mechanical equipment, hydraulic lock is preferred for valve control. This book reviews the pressure drop in the pneumatic transfer of granular solids in a pipe where a formula is derived to determine the pressure drop when using either a straight or bent pipe. This text also discusses the improvements on the cavitation performance of flow pumps by using prerotation at design points. The construction of a dam in Tasmania provides another study on the behavior of rock-fill slopes subjected to seepage. Here, the book analyzes the hydraulic forces acting on the rock particles, and explains theories on the derivation of the dynamic equation for spatially varied flow with increasing discharge on a steep slope. The book also examines the concept of critical depth in spatially varied flow with increasing discharge on a steep slope. This book investigates the use of a computer model designed to determine the methods of draining flooded farmlands either through hydraulically or electrically operated drainage systems. This text also evaluates the cost of constructing a project. This collection is suitable for people in the field of applied mathematics, physics, and engineering.

Analytic Trigonometry

  • 1st Edition
  • January 1, 1963
  • William J. Bruce
  • W. J. Langford + 2 more
  • English
  • Paperback
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Analytic Trigonometry details the fundamental concepts and underlying principle of analytic geometry. The title aims to address the shortcomings in the instruction of trigonometry by considering basic theories of learning and pedagogy. The text first covers the essential elements from elementary algebra, plane geometry, and analytic geometry. Next, the selection tackles the trigonometric functions of angles in general, basic identities, and solutions of equations. The text also deals with the trigonometric functions of real numbers. The fifth chapter details the inverse trigonometric functions, while the sixth chapter covers the procedures for sketching graphs of trigonometric functions. The coverage of the selection also includes logarithm, solutions of triangles, polar coordinates, and complex numbers. The book will be of great use to both instructors and students of trigonometry.

Digital Differential Analysers

  • 1st Edition
  • January 1, 1964
  • A. V. Shileiko
  • D. W. Fry + 1 more
  • English
  • Hardback
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Digital Differential Analysers presents the principles, operations, design, and applications of digital differential analyzers, a machine with the ability to present initial quantities and the possibility of dividing them into separate functional units performing a number of basic mathematical operations. The book discusses the theoretical principles underlying the operation of digital differential analyzers, such as the use of the delta-modulation method and function-generator units. Digital integration methods and the classes of digital differential analyzer designs are also reviewed. The text enumerates the applications of digital differential analyzers, especially in the solution of various mathematical problems, and its applications in automatic control systems. Computer scientists, programmers, computer engineers, systems analysts, mathematicians, and students of computer science will find the book an interesting read.

Partial Differential Equations of Mathematical Physics

  • 1st Edition
  • January 1, 1964
  • S. L. Sobolev
  • A.J. Lohwater
  • English
  • Hardback
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Partial Differential Equations of Mathematical Physics emphasizes the study of second-order partial differential equations of mathematical physics, which is deemed as the foundation of investigations into waves, heat conduction, hydrodynamics, and other physical problems. The book discusses in detail a wide spectrum of topics related to partial differential equations, such as the theories of sets and of Lebesgue integration, integral equations, Green's function, and the proof of the Fourier method. Theoretical physicists, experimental physicists, mathematicians engaged in pure and applied mathematics, and researchers will benefit greatly from this book.

The Common Sense of Singing

  • 1st Edition
  • January 1, 1963
  • George Baker
  • K. A. Wright
  • English
  • Paperback
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The Common Sense of Singing is a nine-chapter text that serves as man?s guide to the career of singing. After a brief presentation of the technical aspects of singing, this book goes on discussing the different contributing factors in singing, including breathing, articulation, tone-color, technique, and style. The subsequent chapters deal with oratorio and opera singing. The remaining chapters consider the mechanical reproductions of the human voice through microphone. This book is intended primarily to musicians.

Public Cleansing

  • 1st Edition
  • January 1, 1965
  • F. L. Stirrup
  • J. R. D. Francis
  • English
  • Paperback
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Public Cleansing: Refuse Disposal focuses on the disposal of refuse, as it is the most complex of the problems affecting authorities responsible for public cleansing activities. This text first analyzes domestic refuse and discusses assessing disposal methods. This book then explains tipping operations, transfer loading stations, and pulverization and grinding. The science of composting, the advantages of incineration, and the methods of salvage and utilization are also tackled. This book concludes by explaining the other disposal systems and the disposal of trade wastes. This publication will be invaluable to authorities and industries primarily concerned with refuse disposal.

A Selection of Problems in the Theory of Numbers

  • 1st Edition
  • January 1, 1964
  • Waclaw Sierpinski
  • I. N. Sneddon + 1 more
  • English
  • Hardback
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A Selection of Problems in the Theory of Numbers focuses on mathematical problems within the boundaries of geometry and arithmetic, including an introduction to prime numbers. This book discusses the conjecture of Goldbach; hypothesis of Gilbreath; decomposition of a natural number into prime factors; simple theorem of Fermat; and Lagrange's theorem. The decomposition of a prime number into the sum of two squares; quadratic residues; Mersenne numbers; solution of equations in prime numbers; and magic squares formed from prime numbers are also elaborated in this text. This publication is a good reference for students majoring in mathematics, specifically on arithmetic and geometry.

Numerical Analysis

  • 1st Edition
  • January 1, 1965
  • I. M. Khabaza
  • F. M. Arscott
  • English
  • Paperback
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Numerical Analysis is an elementary introduction to numerical analysis, its applications, limitations, and pitfalls. Methods suitable for digital computers are emphasized, but some desk computations are also described. Topics covered range from the use of digital computers in numerical work to errors in computations using desk machines, finite difference methods, and numerical solution of ordinary differential equations. This book is comprised of eight chapters and begins with an overview of the importance of digital computers in numerical analysis, followed by a discussion on errors in computations using desk machines. Subsequent chapters deal with recurrence relations and algebraic equations; basic properties of matrices; relaxation and finite difference methods; and numerical methods for unequal intervals. The derivation of Lagrange's interpolation polynomial is explained, together with curve fitting and the method of least squares, orthogonal polynomials, and integration methods. This monograph will be of interest to practicing engineers, mathematicians, and scientists as well as students.