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Books in Life sciences

8641-8650 of 15096 results in All results

The Autoimmune Diseases

  • 4th Edition
  • March 27, 2006
  • M. Eric Gershwin + 1 more
  • English
  • Hardback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 1 2 - 5 9 5 9 6 1 - 2
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 0 8 - 0 4 5 4 7 4 - 0
Since publication of the Third Edition in 1998, the understanding of the immune mechanisms underlying autoimmunity and autoimmune disease has significantly deepened and broadened. This Fourth Edition incorporates new material and combines common themes underlying inductive and effector mechanisms and therapies that relate generally to the autoimmune disorders. It discusses the biological basis of disease at genetic, molecular, cellular, and epidemiologic levels.

The Chorleywood Bread Process

  • 1st Edition
  • March 24, 2006
  • Stanley P. Cauvain + 1 more
  • English
  • Hardback
    9 7 8 - 1 - 8 5 5 7 3 - 9 6 2 - 8
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 1 - 8 4 5 6 9 - 1 4 3 - 1
The introduction of the Chorleywood Bread Process was a watershed in baking. It sparked changes in improver and ingredient technology, process and equipment design which have had a profound impact on baking processes and the structure of the industry. Written by two of the world’s leading experts on the process, this important book explains its underlying principles and ways of maximising its potential in producing a wide range of baked products.After a brief review of the basic principles of bread making, the book outlines the development and fundamental characteristics of the Chorleywood Bread Process. The following group of chapters review the key steps in the process, beginning with ingredient quality and quantities. Other chapters consider dough mixing and processing. Building on this foundation, the authors then review common quality defects and how they can be prevented or resolved. The book then considers how knowledge-based software systems can help to manage the process. The concluding chapters review the range of bakery products that can be produced using the process, how it can best be applied in different kinds of bakery and likely future developments.The Chorleywood Bread Process is a standard work for all bakers around the world wishing to maximise the potential of the process, and for scientists, technologists and students wanting a better understanding of the process and its place in commercial bread making.

International Review of Research in Mental Retardation

  • 1st Edition
  • Volume 31
  • March 21, 2006
  • Harvey N. Switzky + 1 more
  • English
  • Hardback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 1 2 - 3 6 6 2 3 1 - 6
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 0 8 - 0 4 6 3 5 3 - 7
Volume 31 of the International Review of Research in Mental Retardation is a thematic exploration of personality and motivation in persons with mental retardation. Looking at a broad spectrum of intellectual disabilities, Mental Retardation, Personality, and Motivational Systems explores motivation as a moderator for performance and individualized effort. Coverage includes discussions of intrinsic and extrinsic motivation in both mentally retarded and non-retarded children, self-determination, interpersonal decision making in adolescents and adults with mental retardation, interpersonal relationships, and the connection between etiological-specific differences and motivation to form "behavioral phenotypes." A final chapter presents a transactional perspective on human ability, relying on constructs of intelligence, cognitive processes, and motivation, with implications for developmental interventions in the lives of persons with mental retardation.

Food Spoilage Microorganisms

  • 1st Edition
  • March 21, 2006
  • Clive de W Blackburn
  • English
  • Hardback
    9 7 8 - 1 - 8 5 5 7 3 - 9 6 6 - 6
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 1 - 8 4 5 6 9 - 1 4 1 - 7
The control of microbiological spoilage requires an understanding of a number of factors including the knowledge of possible hazards, their likely occurrence in different products, their physiological properties and the availability and effectiveness of different preventative measures. Food spoilage microorganisms focuses on the control of microbial spoilage and provides an understanding necessary to do this.The first part of this essential new book looks at tools, techniques and methods for the detection and analysis of microbial food spoilage with chapters focussing on analytical methods, predictive modelling and stability and shelf life assessment. The second part tackles the management of microbial food spoilage with particular reference to some of the major food groups where the types of spoilage, the causative microorganisms and methods for control are considered by product type. The following three parts are then dedicated to yeasts, moulds and bacteria in turn, and look in more detail at the major organisms of significance for food spoilage. In each chapter the taxonomy, spoilage characteristics, growth, survival and death characteristics, methods for detection and control options are discussed.Food spoilage microorganisms takes an applied approach to the subject and is an indispensable guide both for the microbiologist and the non-specialist, particularly those whose role involves microbial quality in food processing operations.

Human Reproductive Biology

  • 3rd Edition
  • March 17, 2006
  • Richard E. Jones + 1 more
  • English
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 0 8 - 0 5 0 8 3 6 - 8
This acclaimed text has been fully revised and updated, now incorporating issues including aging of the reproductive system, and updates on the chapters on conception and Gamete Transport and Fertilization, and Pregnancy.Human Reproductive Biology, Third Edition emphasizes the biological and biomedical aspects of human reproduction, explains advances in reproductive science and discusses the choices and concerns of today. Generously illustrated in full color, the text provides current information about human reproductive anatomy and physiology.The ideal book for courses on human reproductive biology - includes chapter introductions, sidebars on related topics of interest, chapter summaries and suggestions for further reading.

Synthesis of Essential Drugs

  • 1st Edition
  • March 10, 2006
  • Ruben Vardanyan + 1 more
  • English
  • Hardback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 4 4 4 - 5 2 1 6 6 - 8
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 0 8 - 0 4 6 2 1 2 - 7
Synthesis of Essential Drugs describes methods of synthesis, activity and implementation of diversity of all drug types and classes. With over 2300 references, mainly patent, for the methods of synthesis for over 700 drugs, along with the most widespread synonyms for these drugs, this book fills the gap that exists in the literature of drug synthesis. It provides the kind of information that will be of interest to those who work, or plan to begin work, in the areas of biologically active compounds and the synthesis of medicinal drugs. This book presents the synthesis of various groups of drugs in an order similar to that traditionally presented in a pharmacology curriculum. This was done with a very specific goal in mind – to harmonize the chemical aspects with the pharmacology curriculum in a manner useful to chemists. Practically every chapter begins with an accepted brief definition and description of a particular group of drugs, proposes their classification, and briefly explains the present model of their action. This is followed by a detailed discussion of methods for their synthesis. Of the thousands of drugs existing on the pharmaceutical market, the book mainly covers generic drugs that are included in the WHO’s Essential List of Drugs. For practically all of the 700+ drugs described in the book, references (around 2350) to the methods of their synthesis are given along with the most widespread synonyms. Synthesis of Essential Drugs is an excellent handbook for chemists, biochemists, medicinal chemists, pharmacists, pharmacologists, scientists, professionals, students, university libraries, researchers, medical doctors and students, and professionals working in medicinal chemistry.

Improving Traceability in Food Processing and Distribution

  • 1st Edition
  • March 8, 2006
  • I Smith + 1 more
  • English
  • Hardback
    9 7 8 - 1 - 8 5 5 7 3 - 9 5 9 - 8
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 1 - 8 4 5 6 9 - 1 2 3 - 3
In the light of recent legislation and a number of food safety incidents, traceability of food products back from the consumer to the very beginning of the supply chain has never been so important. This important book describes key components of traceability systems and how food manufacturers can manage them effectively.After an introductory chapter on the nature of traceability systems, the first part of the book reviews the role of traceability systems not only in ensuring food safety but in optimising business performance. Part two looks at ways of building traceability systems, with chapters on modelling, identifying and resolving bottlenecks in traceability systems, including process information and tracing analytical measurements. Part three reviews key traceability technologies such as DNA markers, electronic tagging of farm animals, ways of storing and transmitting traceability data and the range of data carrier technologies.Improving traceability in food processing and distribution is an important reference for QA staff in the food industry in meeting regulatory requirements and improving the safety and quality of food products.

Flavour in Food

  • 1st Edition
  • March 8, 2006
  • Andree Voilley + 1 more
  • English
  • Hardback
    9 7 8 - 1 - 8 5 5 7 3 - 9 6 0 - 4
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 1 - 8 4 5 6 9 - 1 4 0 - 0
The first part of the book reviews the way flavour is detected and measured. The first two chapters discuss our understanding of how humans perceive and then process information about taste compounds. Chapter three reviews current practice in the sensory analysis of food flavour. Chapter four discusses choosing from the wide range of instrumental techniques which have been developed to identify aroma compounds. The final chapter in Part One discusses the complex issues in matching instrumental measurements with the results of sensory evaluation of foods.Part two reviews key research in the way flavour compounds are retained within foods and the factors determining the way they are released. There are chapters on flavour compound interactions with lipids, emulsions, protein and carbohydrate components in food. Other chapters review modelling aroma interactions in food matrices and mechanisms of flavour retention in and release from liquid food products. The final part reviews what we now know about how humans experience flavour release, together with some of the key factors influencing this process. There are chapters on the process of flavour release in the mouth, the way texture-aroma and odour-taste interactions influence this process, psychological factors and the development of flavour perception during infancy.Flavour in food seeks to distil key developments in flavour science and summarise their implications for the food industry. It is a valuable reference for R&D staff, those responsible for sensory evaluation of foods and product development, as well as academics and students involved in flavour science.

Catatonia in Autism Spectrum Disorders

  • 1st Edition
  • Volume 72
  • March 7, 2006
  • Dirk Marcel Dhossche
  • English
  • Hardback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 1 2 - 3 6 6 8 7 3 - 8
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 0 8 - 0 4 6 3 3 8 - 4
The study of catatonia in Autism Spectrum Disorders is a novel and controversial topic. Catatonia is a motor disorder characterized by stereotypy, rigidity, mutism, and posturing. These motor signs are also characteristic of autism. The interest in the relation between autism and catatonia stems from clinical observations that autistic and catatonic symptoms overlap, that some people with autism develop full-blown catatonia, and that anti-catatonic treatments bring relief in some of those patients. Catatonia in Autism Spectrum Disorders explores the question of if the two syndromes have a common pathophysiology. It also examines whether the successful treatment of catatonia be applied to patients with both autism and catatonia. The book concludes with blueprints for the assessment, treatment, and future study of catatonia in Autism Spectrum Disorders. These blueprints aim to increase early recognition and treatment of catatonia in patients with autism, show the urgency of controlled treatment trials and increased collaborative and interdisciplinary research into the co-occurrence of these two enigmatic disorders.

Gene Doping in Sports

  • 1st Edition
  • Volume 51
  • March 6, 2006
  • Angela J. Schneider + 1 more
  • English
  • Hardback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 1 2 - 0 1 7 6 5 1 - 9
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 0 8 - 0 4 6 3 4 7 - 6
Advances in genetics have begun to deliver on their promise of new and improved approaches to the prevention and treatment of human disease, including the gene-based therapeutics. The international sports community has begun to recognize the potential harmful use of gene transfer technology by athletes. The task of monitoring and controlling sports doping must be a truly cooperative effort, involving the cooperation of a range of local, national, and international organizations. There are very serious broad social and ethical issues at stake that relate to our definition of sports and its role in our society, as well as the social and ethical principles that are challenged or breached through sport doping, determining which forms of performance enhancement – in sport or any other realm of human activity – are acceptable, and what makes the enhancement of sport performance different from enhancement in other areas of human activity (e.g., cosmetic surgery, mood and learning enhancement through drugs, and drug-based “treatment” of physical and intellectual changes in normal aging process). This book tackles all these issues and more, serving as the first such focused treatment of this increasingly important topic, which has broad-based implications for science, medicine, sports, and society.