Unexpected Reactions to Modern Therapeutics: Antibiotics discusses the side-effects of antibiotics, specifically the allergic reactions of the skin and mucous membranes to penicillin. This book contains 12 chapters that address the specific organ reaction to penicillin and the complications of the gastro-intestinal tract after ingestion of chloramphenicol. Some of the topics covered in the book are the inhibition of the bone marrow function and blood changes after receiving doses of chloramphenicol; lesions of the skin and mucous membranes after applying tetracyclines; changes in the hemopoietic system, liver function, and structure after medication of oxy-tetracycline. Other chapters deal with the analysis of antibiotic resistant bacteria and the physiological adverse effects of neomycin. An analysis of the side-effects of erythromycin is provided. The concluding chapters describe the nephrotoxic effects of bacitracin and the epidermal effects of fumagillin. The book can provide useful information to doctors, pharmacologists, students, and researchers.
Origins of Resistance to Toxic Agents contains the proceedings of the Symposium held in Washington, D.C. on March 25-27, 1954. Contributors theoretically explore the origins of drug resistance and related problems, based on the concept that the development of resistance to various toxic agents is associated with alterations and/or loss in enzyme proteins, and can explain the mutational and other processes. This text is organized into five sections encompassing 25 chapters and begins with an overview of the evolutionary aspects of resistance to antibacterial agents, herbicides, and insecticides. The book then discusses spontaneous and induced mutations to drug resistance in Escherichia coli, along with the mechanism of drug resistance in protozoa and bacteria, the physiological aspects of insect resistance to insecticides, and the enzymatic detoxication of DDT. The next chapters focus on the origins of tolerance and addiction to drugs and the problem of alcoholism; biochemical effects of narcotics and alcohol administration; tolerance and physical dependence to narcotics; and resistance and dependence in cancer cells. The book concludes by analyzing the significance of protein configuration to the specificity of biological interaction. This book is a valuable source of information for physicians, biochemists, pharmacologists, entomologists, plant physiologists, students of cancer, and those who are interested in the theory of the evolution of living matter.
The Alkaloids: Chemistry and Physiology, Volume V: Pharmacology deals with the chemistry and pharmacology of the alkaloids. This book discusses the general pharmacology of morphine, cryptopine-like compounds, toad poisons, and respiratory stimulants. The appraisal of the utility of alkaloids as antimalarials, uterine stimulants, metabolism of cocaine, and optical isomerism-activity relationship are also elaborated. This publication likewise covers the parasympathetic blocking agents as mydriatics, methods of measuring mydriatic activity, alkaloids exhibiting curariform activity, and minor alkaloids of unknown structure. Other topics include the fate of morphine, tropane group, factors affecting cocaine anesthesia, and sympathomimetic mydriatics. This volume is intended for chemists and pharmacologists concerned with alkaloids.
Cystoscopy and Urography, Second Edition presents the significant advances in instrumentation and application of cytoscopy and urography. This book is organized into two parts encompassing 27 chapters. This edition adds six additional chapters from the first edition; three of these concern urography. The three other chapters survey pelvic resorption, excretion urography, and pyeloscopy. Other chapters deal with fistula of the bladder, funnel-neck deformity of the bladder, and congenital abnormalities of the kidney and ureter. This book also covers the topics of renal tuberculosis, purpura, and a description of endoscopic prostatic surgery. This book is of value to surgeons and urologists.