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Books in Social sciences and humanities

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Medical Image and Signal Analysis in Brain Research

  • 1st Edition
  • Volume 290
  • October 1, 2024
  • Chi-Wen Jao + 1 more
  • English
  • Hardback
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  • eBook
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Progress in Brain Research, Volume 290 highlights new advances in the field, with this new volume presenting interesting chapters written by an international board of authors. Chapters in this release include Image Analysis for Spinocerebellar Ataxia Type 3, Brain structural network modular and connectivity alterations in subtype of patients with migraine, Brain Functional Networks and Structures that Categorize Type 2 Bipolar Disorder and Major Depression, Reinforcement Learning Classification in fNIRS Signal of Olfactory Stimulated, The method of brain-computer interface using the forehead instead of the visual area to receive SSVEP signals and signal processing, and more.Additional chapters cover The relationship between flash-induced SSVEP in DELTA frequency band and sleep, Enhancing Facial Feature De-Identification in Multi-Frame Brain Images: A Generative Adversarial Network Approach, Comparative Analysis of MRI Markers in Heat and Mechanical Pain Sensitivity, and Analysis of the Difference Between Alzheimer’s Disease, Mild Cognitive Impairment and Normal People by Using Fractal Dimensions and Small-World Network.

Mechanism Design, Behavioral Science and Artificial Intelligence in International Relations

  • 1st Edition
  • October 1, 2024
  • Tshilidzi Marwala
  • English
  • Paperback
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  • eBook
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Recent advances in AI and Mechanism Design provide a vital tool for solving collective action problems, common in international relations. By using AI to optimize mechanisms for cooperation and coordination, we can better address issues such as climate change, trade, and security. Mechanism Design, Behavioral Science and Artificial Intelligence in International Relations shows readers how the intersection of Mechanism Design and Artificial Intelligence is revolutionizing the way we approach international relations. By using AI to optimize mechanisms, we can design better institutions, policies, and agreements that are more effective and efficient. Dr. Tshilidzi Marwala, United Nations University Rector and UN Under-Secretary General, presents the essential technologies used in Game Theory, Mechanism Design and AI and applies these to significant global issues such as interstate conflict, cybersecurity, and energy. International relations are a complex field, with many different actors and interests in play. By incorporating AI into our analysis and decision-making processes, we can better understand and predict the behavior of multiple actors and design mechanisms that take these behaviors into account, thereby producing more desirable and creative interdisciplinary approaches. The book presents real-world applications of these rapidly evolving technologies in crucial research fields such as Interstate Conflict, International Trade, Climate Change, Water management, Energy, cybersecurity, and global finance.

Data Science in the Medical Field

  • 1st Edition
  • October 1, 2024
  • Seifedine Kadry + 1 more
  • English
  • Paperback
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  • eBook
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Data science has the potential to influence and improve fundamental services like the healthcare sector. This book recognizes this fact by analyzing the potential uses of data science in healthcare.Every human body produces 2 terabytes of data each day. This information covers brain activity, stress level, heart rate, blood sugar level, and many other things. More sophisticated technology, like data science, allows clinicians and researchers to handle such a massive volume of data to track the health of patients.The book focuses on the potential and the tools of data science to identify illness signs at an extremely early stage.

International Review Research in Developmental Disabilities

  • 1st Edition
  • Volume 66
  • October 1, 2024
  • Robert M. Hodapp + 1 more
  • English
  • Hardback
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  • eBook
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International Review of Research in Developmental Disabilities, Volume 64 highlights new advances in the field, with this new volume presenting interesting chapters on topics such as Designing Interventions Targeting Social Isolation and Loneliness in Teens/Adults with IDD: Lessons Learned from Feasibility Studies, Designing syndrome-informed anticipatory interventions with community-based participatory principles, Babble Boot Camp in Down syndrome, Reevaluating Independence and Community for Persons with Intellectual Disabilities, What is Down syndrome? The perspective of adults with Down syndrome, and more.Additional chapters cover Newly discovered causes of severe and profound Intellectual Disability: Developmental and behavioral outcomes associated with Tubulinopathy and The Impact of Cognitive Engagement on Alpha and Beta Wave Patterns in the Motor Cortex: Exploring Associations for Children with Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities.

Psychology of Learning and Motivation

  • 1st Edition
  • Volume 81
  • October 1, 2024
  • Kara D. Federmeier
  • English
  • Hardback
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  • eBook
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The Psychology of Learning and Motivation, Volume 81, the latest release in this ongoing series, features empirical and theoretical contributions in cognitive and experimental psychology, ranging from classical and instrumental conditioning, to complex learning and problem-solving. Chapters in this new release include Learning in the developing brain: interactions of control and representation systems, Cognitive mechanisms underlying individual differences in language comprehension, Speech processing from the perspective of hearing science and psycholinguistics, Social Episodic Memory, Affective influences of Uncertainty on Episodic Memory Formation, and More than a bump on the head: An overview of the long-term effects of concussion.

Dynamic Relationality Theory of Creative Transformation

  • 1st Edition
  • October 1, 2024
  • English
  • Paperback
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  • eBook
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Dynamic Relationality Theory of Creative Transformation: Grounding Machinic Ecosystems in Life-Experiences introduces a visionary approach to understanding the evolving relationship between technology and human experiences. It delves into the transformative potential of Machinic General Intelligence (MGI), where AI and human intelligence converge harmoniously, creating a new paradigm of interactive, machinic life experiences. This book challenges the traditional tech-centric view, advocating for a life and experience-first perspective. It presents the Dynamic Relationality Theory (DRT), a novel conceptual framework that redefines our interaction with technology, emphasizing co-creative, emergent experiences over mere digital platformization.Through an interdisciplinary approach combining philosophical insights and social theories with practical applications, the book navigates the complexities of digitalized life ecosystems, employing tools from category theory and differential topology. For readers grappling with the complexities of AI and its societal implications, this book offers clarity and direction.

International Encyclopedia of Public Health

  • 3rd Edition
  • September 16, 2024
  • Stella R. Quah
  • English
  • Hardback
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The International Encyclopedia of Public Health, Third Edition, Five Volume Set is an authoritative and comprehensive guide to the major issues, challenges, methods, and approaches of global public health. Spanning across 5 volumes, 13 subject areas and 480 chapters, this new edition takes a multidisciplinary approach and presents the history, methodology, and latest advances in biomedical research and related scientific fields, including social sciences, life sciences, and bioengineering to address public health research, disease, health processes, and disciplines. The book offers readers evidence-based analysis and information on solutions to real-world problems in global and local health through a multidisciplinary and comprehensive approach.Covering all dimensions of the field, from the details of specific diseases, to the organization of social insurance agencies, the articles included comprise the fundamental research areas of global public health: historical roots, scientific research methodology and approaches, public health of vulnerable population subgroups (the aged, children and adolescents, at-risk populations), environmental and occupational epidemiology, and much more.

Encyclopedia of Adolescence

  • 2nd Edition
  • September 2, 2024
  • Wendy Troop-Gordon + 1 more
  • English
  • Hardback
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  • eBook
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Encyclopedia of Adolescence, Second Edition presents a comprehensive overview of the theories, methods, and empirical evidence needed to understand this critical developmental period. Split across 3 volumes, and spanning over 130 chapters, the title begins with an overview of the history of the study of adolescence and the emerging theories and tools used to study adolescent development, as well as normative changes of adolescence, encompassing a broad range of adolescent experiences. It then examines the interpersonal and socioecological contexts which are both shaped by the adolescent and play a formative role in the adolescent’s development.In conclusion, the book examines those experiences that can compromise healthy development in adolescence and the specific mental health challenges that are common or emergent during the adolescent years. This updated edition addresses identified gaps in the earlier edition, and in similar works, expanding coverage to topics that have often been overlooked but are key experiences, tasks, or contexts affecting adolescent development.

Forensic Serology

  • 1st Edition
  • September 1, 2024
  • Shanan S. Tobe
  • English
  • Paperback
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Forensic Serology provides a comprehensive and complete synopsis of forensic serology. The book includes background information on different biological substances that can be detected, how the serological tests work, what the testing looks like, how to interpret the results, and what those results tell us. Coverage includes all aspects of serological testing, including basic presumptive testing, confirmatory testing, and new methods of testing, such as mRNA, methylation, proteomics, and much more. The book is written at a level that anyone with basic knowledge of science can fully understand, thus filling a gap in the market.

Resilient Smart Cities

  • 1st Edition
  • September 1, 2024
  • Nisrine Makhoul
  • English
  • Paperback
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Using a consistent structure throughout, the book examines smart cities in a broad sense, looking at people, governance, economic, mobility, environment, and infrastructure dimensions. It identifies the likely weaknesses of those cities and threats faced, proposing a modeling platform to help enhance resilience of smart cities, offering state-of-the-research and deep literature review. The book shows the role smart cities play in achieving sustainability goals through the lens of urban resilience and concludes that smart cities are required to be cities of hope where well-being of the humankind is the center.