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Books in Decision sciences

21-30 of 142 results in All results

Transportation, Energy Use and Environmental Impacts

  • 1st Edition
  • Marcio de Almeida D'Agosto
  • Marcio de Almeida D'Agosto
  • June 1, 2019
  • English
  • Paperback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 1 2 - 8 1 3 4 5 4 - 2
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 1 2 - 8 1 3 4 5 5 - 9
Transportation, Energy Use and Environmental Impacts shows researchers, students and professionals the important connection between transportation planning, energy use and emissions. The book examines the major transportation activities, components, systems and subsystems by mode. It closely explores the resulting environmental impacts from transport planning, construction and the decommissioning of transportation systems. It discusses transportation planning procedures from an energy use standpoint, offering guidelines to make transportation more energy consumption efficient. Other sections cover propulsion and energy use systems, focusing on road transportation, railway, waterway, pipeline, air, air pollutants, greenhouse gas emissions, and more.
Transportation, Energy Use and Environmental Impacts

Measuring Transport Equity

  • 1st Edition
  • Karen Lucas, Karel Martens + 2 more
  • Karen Lucas, Karel Martens, Floridea Di Ciommo + 1 more
  • May 30, 2019
  • English
  • Paperback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 1 2 - 8 1 4 8 1 8 - 1
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 1 2 - 8 1 4 8 1 9 - 8
Measuring Transport Equity provides a range of methods with the potential to shape transport decision-making processes, thus allowing for the adoption of more equitable transport solutions. Presenting numerous applied methods and applications of transport equity assessment, this book formalizes the disciplinary practice, definitions, and methodologies for transport equity. In addition, it recognizes the different types of equity and acknowledges that each requires its own assessment methodologies. Bringing together the most up-to-date perspectives and practical approaches for assessing equity in relation to accessibility, environmental impacts, health, and wellbeing, the book sets standards for researchers, policymakers, and practitioners for conducting social impact analyses and is an ideal reference for those involved in transport planning.
Measuring Transport Equity

Digital Asset Valuation and Cyber Risk Measurement

  • 1st Edition
  • Keyun Ruan
  • Keyun Ruan
  • May 29, 2019
  • English
  • Paperback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 1 2 - 8 1 2 1 5 8 - 0
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 1 2 - 8 1 2 3 2 8 - 7
Digital Asset Valuation and Cyber Risk Measurement: Principles of Cybernomics is a book about the future of risk and the future of value. It examines the indispensable role of economic modeling in the future of digitization, thus providing industry professionals with the tools they need to optimize the management of financial risks associated with this megatrend. The book addresses three problem areas: the valuation of digital assets, measurement of risk exposures of digital valuables, and economic modeling for the management of such risks. Employing a pair of novel cyber risk measurement units, bitmort and hekla, the book covers areas of value, risk, control, and return, each of which are viewed from the perspective of entity (e.g., individual, organization, business), portfolio (e.g., industry sector, nation-state), and global ramifications. Establishing adequate, holistic, and statistically robust data points on the entity, portfolio, and global levels for the development of a cybernomics databank is essential for the resilience of our shared digital future. This book also argues existing economic value theories no longer apply to the digital era due to the unique characteristics of digital assets. It introduces six laws of digital theory of value, with the aim to adapt economic value theories to the digital and machine era.
Digital Asset Valuation and Cyber Risk Measurement

The Accelerating Transport Innovation Revolution

  • 1st Edition
  • George Giannopoulos + 1 more
  • George Giannopoulos and John F. Munro
  • April 17, 2019
  • English
  • Paperback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 1 2 - 8 1 3 8 0 4 - 5
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 1 2 - 8 1 3 8 0 5 - 2
The Accelerating Transport Innovation Revolution: A Global, Case Study-based Assessment of Current Experience, Cross-sectorial Effects and Socioeconomic Transformations, offers a comprehensive view of current state-of-the-art and practices around the world to create innovation on a revolutionary scale and connect research to commercial exploitation of its results. It offers a fascinating new model of the innovation process based on theories of biological ecosystems, general systems theory and basins of attraction (represented through space-time graphs well known in mathematics). Furthermore, it considers – through a number of dedicated chapters - key issues and elements of innovation ecosystems, such as: Causal Factors and system constraints affecting the development and sustainability of innovation ecosystems (Chapter 4); Review of innovation organization and governance in key countries and regions (Chapter 5); the role of technological "Spillovers" (Chapter 6); Collection and use of data for innovation monitoring and benchmarking (Chapter 7); Intellectual Property protection between competing ecosystems (Chapter 8); Economics of innovation (Chapter 9); Public and private sector involvement in Transport innovation creation (Chapter 10); the role of the individual entrepreneur - innovator in energizing change (Chapter 11). Finally, in Chapter 12, there is a thorough summary of key findings. This book uses a paradigmatic approach to augment the innovation ecosystem model of innovation that integrates beliefs and learning into the innovation ecosystems model. It therefore includes ten case studies from the U.S., Europe and Asia, detailing how innovation is created across continents and different ecosystems and what are the critical lessons to be learned. It does this, effectively, at five different levels of analysis i.e. the individual innovator / entrepreneur level, the organization level (government agency or company), the regional ecosystem level, the nation-state level and the global – systemic or international level. Each level of analysis, reveals unique features of the innovation landscape and the ten case studies allow the reader to assess when and where specific "enablers" are facilitating innovation especially on a revolutionary scale. The need for the book came from the realization that despite the billions of dollars spent on various research programs over the past 20 years (especially in the public sector), there have been few clear and tangible efforts directed at exploring how innovation production increasingly occurs and the critical factors necessary to sustain large-scale, revolutionary change as the future unfolds. Thus, a primary theme of the book is that understanding how research results translate into market innovation and implementation, especially understanding the nature of revolutionary innovation, is as important as the creation of innovations themselves. While the focus of the book is on Transportation, the concepts and recommendations presented apply to other fields too.
The Accelerating Transport Innovation Revolution

Foundations of Airport Economics and Finance

  • 1st Edition
  • Hans-Arthur Vogel
  • Hans-Arthur Vogel
  • March 21, 2019
  • English
  • Paperback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 1 2 - 8 1 0 5 2 8 - 3
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 1 2 - 8 1 0 5 2 9 - 0
Foundations of Airport Economics and Finance analyzes the impact key economic indicators play on an airport’s financial performance. As rapidly changing dynamics, including liberalization, commercialization and globalization are changing the nature of airports worldwide, this book presents the significant challenges facing current and future airports. Airports are evolving from quasi-monopolies to commercial companies operating in a global environment, with ever-increasing passenger and cargo volumes and escalating security costs that put a greater strain on airport systems. This book highlights the critical changes that airports are experiencing, providing a basic understanding of both the economic and financial aspects of the air transport industry.
Foundations of Airport Economics and Finance

Mobility Patterns, Big Data and Transport Analytics

  • 1st Edition
  • Constantinos Antoniou, Loukas Dimitriou + 1 more
  • Constantinos Antoniou, Loukas Dimitriou and Francisco Pereira
  • November 27, 2018
  • English
  • Paperback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 1 2 - 8 1 2 9 7 0 - 8
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 1 2 - 8 1 2 9 7 1 - 5
Mobility Patterns, Big Data and Transport Analytics provides a guide to the new analytical framework and its relation to big data, focusing on capturing, predicting, visualizing and controlling mobility patterns - a key aspect of transportation modeling. The book features prominent international experts who provide overviews on new analytical frameworks, applications and concepts in mobility analysis and transportation systems. Users will find a detailed, mobility ‘structural’ analysis and a look at the extensive behavioral characteristics of transport, observability requirements and limitations for realistic transportation applications and transportation systems analysis that are related to complex processes and phenomena. This book bridges the gap between big data, data science, and transportation systems analysis with a study of big data’s impact on mobility and an introduction to the tools necessary to apply new techniques. The book covers in detail, mobility ‘structural’ analysis (and its dynamics), the extensive behavioral characteristics of transport, observability requirements and limitations for realistic transportation applications, and transportation systems analysis related to complex processes and phenomena. The book bridges the gap between big data, data science, and Transportation Systems Analysis with a study of big data’s impact on mobility, and an introduction to the tools necessary to apply new techniques.
Mobility Patterns, Big Data and Transport Analytics

Inclusive Transport

  • 1st Edition
  • Hans Jeekel
  • Hans Jeekel
  • October 29, 2018
  • English
  • Paperback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 1 2 - 8 1 3 4 5 2 - 8
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 1 2 - 8 1 3 4 5 3 - 5
Inclusive Transport: Fighting Involuntary Transport Disadvantages offers readers profound and multifaceted insights into transportation and social equity, guiding transportation and urban studies researchers, planners, and policy makers in evaluating potential solutions to this complex issue. It considers discrimination and its societal consequences, providing a needed perspective on who is left out of transportation planning, and why. The book is systematically divided into 2 parts, Part A is problem oriented and explores the main problems to the transportation disadvantaged; accessibility and affordability. It looks at the consequences of non-accessibility, the problems non-car owners face, and the interplay between housing and transportation; Part B is policy oriented and analyses how current policies tend to forget transport disadvantages. It looks at pragmatic solutions for transport disadvantaged and ends with a design for inclusive transport, being a more radical approach combining sustainability challenges, people’s behaviours and emotions, creating more just and equitable mobility.
Inclusive Transport

Economic Role of Transport Infrastructure

  • 1st Edition
  • Claudio Ferrari, Anna Bottasso + 2 more
  • Claudio Ferrari, Anna Bottasso, Maurizio Conti + 1 more
  • October 23, 2018
  • English
  • Paperback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 1 2 - 8 1 3 0 9 6 - 4
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 1 2 - 8 1 3 0 9 7 - 1
Economic Role of Transport Infrastructure: Theory and Models helps evaluate the economic effects of transport infrastructure investments within a cost-benefit framework for maximum economic impact. The book analyzes the primary empirical approaches used to gauge the economic effects of transport infrastructures, providing in-depth discussions on data issues, input-output techniques, and econometric methodologies. Users will find empirical evidence organized from a transport mode point-of-view, inspiring researchers to conduct comparative analysis for various infrastructure projects. Topics cover infrastructure’s impact on economic growth using theoretical frameworks, including exogenous growth models, endogenous growth models, and new economic geography models. In addition, readers will also learn tips for conducting infrastructure impact studies and how to improve the effectiveness of infrastructural investments design.
Economic Role of Transport Infrastructure

Finance and Risk Management for International Logistics and the Supply Chain

  • 1st Edition
  • Stephen Gong + 1 more
  • Stephen Gong and Kevin Cullinane
  • August 23, 2018
  • English
  • Paperback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 1 2 - 8 1 3 8 3 0 - 4
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 1 2 - 8 1 3 8 3 1 - 1
Finance and Risk Management for International Logistics and the Supply Chain presents a detailed overview of financial and risk management tools, activity-based costing, and multi-criteria decision-making, providing comprehensive guidance for those researching and working in logistics and supply chain management. The book breaks new ground, combining the expertise of leading authorities to analyze and navigate the funding components for these critical transportation functions. As the international logistics and supply chain transportation fields have recently received heavy investments, this research and the theory behind it provide a timely update on risk management, finance and legal and environmental impacts. Users will find sections that address the wide-ranging issues related to this emerging field that are presented from an international and holistic perspective.
Finance and Risk Management for International Logistics and the Supply Chain

Mechanobiology in Health and Disease

  • 1st Edition
  • Stefaan Verbruggen
  • Stefaan Verbruggen
  • August 9, 2018
  • English
  • Paperback
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  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 1 2 - 8 1 2 9 5 3 - 1
Mechanobiology in Health and Disease brings together contributions from leading biologists, clinicians, physicists and engineers in one convenient volume, providing a unified source of information for researchers in this highly multidisciplinary area. Opening chapters provide essential background information on cell mechanotransduction and essential mechanobiology methods and techniques. Other sections focus on the study of mechanobiology in healthy systems, including bone, tendons, muscles, blood vessels, the heart and the skin, as well as mechanobiology studies of pregnancy. Final chapters address the nascent area of mechanobiology in disease, from the study of bone conditions, skin diseases and heart diseases to cancer. A discussion of future perspectives for research completes each chapter in the volume. This is a timely resource for both early-career and established researchers working on mechanobiology.
Mechanobiology in Health and Disease