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Books in Physical sciences and engineering

3111-3120 of 25894 results in All results

The Effect of Long Term Thermal Exposure on Plastics and Elastomers

  • 2nd Edition
  • April 25, 2021
  • Laurence W. McKeen
  • English
  • Hardback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 3 2 3 - 8 5 4 3 6 - 8
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 3 2 3 - 8 5 4 3 7 - 5
The Effect of Long Term Thermal Exposure on Plastics and Elastomers, Second Edition brings together a wide range of essential data on the effect of long-term thermal exposure on plastics and elastomers, enabling engineers to make optimal material choices and design decisions. This second edition has been thoroughly revised to include the latest data and materials. This highly valuable handbook will support engineers, product designers, R&D professionals, and scientists who are working on plastics products or parts for high temperature environments across a range of industries. This readily available data will make it easy for practitioners to learn about plastic materials and their long- term thermal exposure without having to search the general literature or depend on suppliers. This book will also be of interest to researchers and advanced students in plastics engineering, polymer processing, coatings, and materials science and engineering.

Peridynamic Modeling, Numerical Techniques, and Applications

  • 1st Edition
  • April 24, 2021
  • Erkan Oterkus + 2 more
  • English
  • Paperback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 1 2 - 8 2 0 0 6 9 - 8
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 1 2 - 8 2 0 4 4 1 - 2
This book provides readers with an incisive look at cutting-edge peridynamic modeling methods, numerical techniques, their applications, and potential future directions for the field. It starts with an introductory chapter authored by Stewart Silling, who originally developed peridynamics. It then looks at new concepts in the field, with chapters covering dual-horizon peridynamics, peridynamics for axisymmetric analysis, beam and plate models in peridynamics, coupled peridynamics and XFEM, peridynamics for dynamic fracture modeling, and more. From there, it segues into coverage of cutting-edge applications of peridynamics, exploring its biological applications, modeling at the nanoscale, peridynamics for composites delamination and damage in ceramics, and more, concluding with a chapter on the application of artificial intelligence and machine learning in peridynamics.

Introduction to Spatial Mapping of Biomolecules by Imaging Mass Spectrometry

  • 1st Edition
  • April 23, 2021
  • Bindesh Shrestha
  • English
  • Paperback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 1 2 - 8 1 8 9 9 8 - 6
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 1 2 - 8 1 8 9 9 9 - 3
Imaging mass spectrometry (MS) techniques are often utilized without an understanding of their underlying principles, making it difficult for scientists to determine when and how they can exploit MS to visualize their biomolecules of interest. Introduction to Spatial Mapping of Biomolecules by Imaging Mass Spectrometry is an essential reference to help scientists determine the status and strategies of biomolecule analysis, describing its many applications for diverse classes of biomolecules. The book builds a foundation of imaging MS knowledge by introducing ionization sources, sample preparation, visualization guidelines, molecule identification, quantification, data analysis, etc. The second section contains chapters focused on case studies on analyzing a biomolecule class of molecules. Case studies include an introduction/background, and a summary of successful imaging MS studies with illustrative figures and future directions.

The Era of Artificial Intelligence, Machine Learning, and Data Science in the Pharmaceutical Industry

  • 1st Edition
  • April 23, 2021
  • Stephanie K. Ashenden
  • English
  • Paperback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 1 2 - 8 2 0 0 4 5 - 2
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 1 2 - 8 2 0 4 4 9 - 8
The Era of Artificial Intelligence, Machine Learning and Data Science in the Pharmaceutical Industry examines the drug discovery process, assessing how new technologies have improved effectiveness. Artificial intelligence and machine learning are considered the future for a wide range of disciplines and industries, including the pharmaceutical industry. In an environment where producing a single approved drug costs millions and takes many years of rigorous testing prior to its approval, reducing costs and time is of high interest. This book follows the journey that a drug company takes when producing a therapeutic, from the very beginning to ultimately benefitting a patient’s life. This comprehensive resource will be useful to those working in the pharmaceutical industry, but will also be of interest to anyone doing research in chemical biology, computational chemistry, medicinal chemistry and bioinformatics.

Osmosis Engineering

  • 1st Edition
  • April 23, 2021
  • Nidal Hilal + 3 more
  • English
  • Hardback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 1 2 - 8 2 1 0 1 6 - 1
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 1 2 - 8 2 3 1 8 8 - 3
Osmosis Engineering provides a comprehensive overview of the state-of-the-art surrounding osmosis-based research and industrial applications. The book covers the underpinning theories, technology developments and commercial applications. Sections discuss innovative and advanced membranes and modules for osmosis separation processes (e.g., reverse osmosis, forward osmosis, pressure retarded osmosis, osmotic membrane distillation), different application of these osmosis separation processes for energy and water separation, such as the treatment of radioactive waste, oily wastewater and heavy metal removal, draw solutions, pretreatment technologies, fouling effects, the use of renewable energy driven osmotic processes, computational, environmental and economic studies, and more.

New Trends in Removal of Heavy Metals from Industrial Wastewater

  • 1st Edition
  • April 23, 2021
  • Maulin P. Shah + 2 more
  • English
  • Paperback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 1 2 - 8 2 2 9 6 5 - 1
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 1 2 - 8 2 3 1 0 8 - 1
New Trends in Removal of Heavy Metals from Industrial Wastewater covers the applicable technologies relating to the removal of heavy metals from wastewater and new and emerging trends in the field, both at the laboratory and industrial scale. Sections explore new environmentally friendly technologies, the principles of sustainable development, the main factors contributing to heavy metal removal from wastewater, methods and procedures, materials (especially low-cost materials originated from industrial and agricultural waste), management of wastewater containing heavy metals and wastewater valorization, recycling, environmental impact, and wastewater policies for post heavy metal removal. This book is an advanced and updated vision of existing heavy metal removal technologies with their limitations and challenges and their potential application to remove heavy metals/environmental pollutants through advancements in bioremediation. Finally, sections also cover new trends and advances in environmental bioremediation with recent developments in this field by an application of chemical/biochemical and environmental biotechnology.

Solar Hybrid Systems

  • 1st Edition
  • April 23, 2021
  • Ahmet Aktas + 1 more
  • English
  • Paperback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 3 2 3 - 8 8 4 9 9 - 0
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 3 2 3 - 8 8 5 0 0 - 3
Solar Hybrid Systems: Design and Application discusses the key power generation characteristics of solar systems and explores the growing need for hybrid systems. The authors use real-life examples to explain the disadvantages of solar systems without hybridization and to demonstrate the various applications hybrid solar systems can be used for, paying special attention to its integration with energy storage systems. The book also discusses the impact of hybridization and how this can improve power generation quality along with investigating novel and advanced hybrid solar systems. This is a useful reference for engineers and researchers involved in both the development and application of hybrid solar systems, and features topics such as solutions for the intermittence of renewable energy sources; on-gird and off-grid solar hybrid systems; the simulation, design and application of hybrid solar systems; the role of energy storage systems in solar hybrid applications; and the future of electric vehicles using solar hybrid systems.

Optical Materials

  • 2nd Edition
  • April 22, 2021
  • Kelly S. Potter + 1 more
  • English
  • Paperback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 1 2 - 8 1 8 6 4 2 - 8
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 1 2 - 8 2 2 6 4 9 - 0
Optical Materials, Second Edition, presents, in a unified form, the underlying physical and structural processes that determine the optical behavior of materials. It does this by combining elements from physics, optics, and materials science in a seamless manner, and introducing quantum mechanics when needed. The book groups the characteristics of optical materials into classes with similar behavior. In treating each type of material, the text pays particular attention to atomic composition and chemical makeup, electronic states and band structure, and physical microstructure so that the reader will gain insight into the kinds of materials engineering and processing conditions that are required to produce a material exhibiting a desired optical property. The physical principles are presented on many levels, including a physical explanation, followed by formal mathematical support and examples and methods of measurement. The reader may overlook the equations with no loss of comprehension, or may use the text to find appropriate equations for calculations of optical properties.

Waste to Renewable Biohydrogen

  • 1st Edition
  • April 22, 2021
  • Quanguo Zhang + 3 more
  • English
  • Paperback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 1 2 - 8 2 1 6 5 9 - 0
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 1 2 - 8 2 1 6 5 4 - 5
Waste to Renewable Biohydrogen: Volume 1: Advances in Theory and Experiments provides a comprehensive overview of the advances, processes and technologies for waste treatment to hydrogen production. It introduces and compares the most widely adopted and most promising technologies, such as dark fermentation, thermochemical and photosynthetic processes. In this part, potential estimation, feasibility analysis, feedstock pretreatment, advanced waste-to-biohydrogen processes and each individual systems element are examined. The book delves into the theoretical and experimental studies for the design and optimization of different waste-to-biohydrogen processes and systems. Covering several advanced waste-to-biohydrogen pretreatment and production processes, this book investigates the future trends and the promising pathways for biohydrogen production from waste.

Conducting Polymer-Based Nanocomposites

  • 1st Edition
  • April 22, 2021
  • Ayesha Kausar
  • English
  • Paperback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 1 2 - 8 2 2 4 6 3 - 2
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 1 2 - 8 2 2 4 6 4 - 9
Conducting Polymer-Based Nanocomposites: Fundamentals and Applications delivers an up-to-date overview on cutting-edge advancements in the field of nanocomposites derived from conjugated polymeric matrices. Design of conducting polymers and resultant nanocomposites has instigated significant addition in the field of modern nanoscience and technology. Recently, conducting polymer-based nanocomposites have attracted considerable academic and industrial research interest. The conductivity and physical properties of conjugated polymers have shown dramatic improvement with nanofiller addition. Appropriate fabrication strategies and the choice of a nanoreinforcement, along with a conducting matrix, may lead to enhanced physicochemical features and material performance. Substantial electrical conductivity, optical features, thermal stability, thermal conductivity, mechanical strength, and other physical properties of the conducting polymer-based nanocomposites have led to high-performance materials and high-tech devices and applications. This book begins with a widespread impression of state-of-the-art knowledge in indispensable features and processing of conducting polymer-based nanocomposites. It then discusses essential categories of conducting polymer-based nanocomposites such as polyaniline, polypyrrole, polythiophene, and derived nanomaterials. Subsequent sections of this book are related to the potential impact of conducting polymer-based nanocomposites in various technical fields. Significant application areas have been identified for anti-corrosion, EMI shielding, sensing, and energy device relevance. Finally, the book covers predictable challenges and future opportunities in the field of conjugated nanocomposites.