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Books in Physical sciences and engineering

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Computational Tools for Energy Harvesting Applications

  • 1st Edition
  • November 1, 2024
  • Abhishek Sharma + 3 more
  • English
  • Paperback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 4 4 3 - 1 6 0 6 0 - 8
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 4 4 3 - 1 6 0 6 1 - 5
Computational Tools for Energy Harvesting Applications presents the latest applications of energy harvesting methods for renewable energy systems. The book provides readers with the computational tools and algorithms for energy harvesting, explaining the mathematical basis behind their development and application and analyzing the latest developments. Each chapter provides a review of the fundamentals and basic theory behind each energy harvester, the working principles, and the latest practical applications.The mathematical techniques and computational tools are provided for response analysis and optimization of diverse energy harvesters, including from fixed renewable energy systems – wind, solar, etc. – and portable devices such as PEM fuel cells. This is a valuable reference for students and researchers working in the field of renewable energy harvesting and its application, as well as electrical and mechanical engineers.

Biofuels and Bioproducts from Lignocellulosic Materials

  • 1st Edition
  • November 1, 2024
  • Amritesh Shukla + 4 more
  • English
  • Paperback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 4 4 3 - 2 1 5 2 7 - 8
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 4 4 3 - 2 1 5 2 6 - 1
Biofuels and Bioproducts from Lignocellulosic Materials: Biofuels, Volume Two is part of a comprehensive three-volume set that explores the various possibilities of adding value to lignocellulosic biomass materials by transforming them into bioproducts, biofuels, and biomaterials. With an emphasis on microbial biotechnological solutions, each volume examines how renewable natural resources, agriculture waste management, and valorization of agro-wastes can sustainably produce energy and fuels, nutraceuticals and pharmaceuticals, chemicals, and biomaterials. This volume addresses all aspects of biofuel production from lignocellulosic materials, covering technological challenges, international policies, marketability, techno-economic analysis & LCA studies, and challenges & future perspectives.The book highlights recent advancements and challenges of lignocellulosic biomass conversion into biofuels within a biorefinery concept, and explains technological approaches and the role of microorganisms and their mechanisms. Recent thermo-chemical and biotechnological approaches are explored, along with their mechanisms of action for the development of biofuels such as biodiesel, bioethanol, biomethane, biobutanol, producer gas, syngas, hydrogen, dimethylfurane, bio-LPG, and gasoline. Chemical, enzymatic, and advanced microbial biotechnology approaches used in biomass pretreatment are explained, showing readers how to increase biofuel yields from lignocellulosic raw materials. Genetic and metabolic engineering methods that can improve biofuel production are also discussed.

Biofuels and Bioproducts from Lignocellulosic Materials

  • 1st Edition
  • November 1, 2024
  • Minaxi Sharma + 4 more
  • English
  • Paperback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 4 4 3 - 2 1 6 0 4 - 6
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 4 4 3 - 2 1 6 0 5 - 3
Biofuels and Bioproducts from Lignocellulosic Materials: Bioproducts, Volume One is part of a comprehensive three-volume set that explores the various possibilities of adding value to lignocellulosic biomass materials by transforming them into bioproducts, biofuels, and biomaterials. With an emphasis on microbial biotechnological solutions, each volume examines how renewable natural resources, agriculture waste management, and valorization of agro-wastes can sustainably produce energy and fuels, nutraceuticals and pharmaceuticals, chemicals, and biomaterials. This volume addresses all aspects of value-added bioproducts production from lignocellulosic materials.The opening chapter of the book reviews the fundamentals of biotechnology and biochemistry and provides an overview of lignocellulose, its properties, potential use, volume of production and by-products, and economical importance. Following this, chapters provide critical reviews of the latest developments in lignocellulosic biomass conversion into value-added products and provide step-by-step guidance on key processes and methods, including genetic engineering approaches, microbial pathways, thermochemical routes, and pre-treatment technologies. Various technological approaches are explained, including novel, eco-friendly methods for biomass conversion that reduce waste, and the role of microorganisms and their mechanisms are explored in depth.

Construction Materials and Their Properties for Fire Resistance and Insulation

  • 1st Edition
  • November 1, 2024
  • Paul O. Awoyera + 1 more
  • English
  • Paperback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 4 4 3 - 2 1 6 2 0 - 6
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 4 4 3 - 2 1 6 2 1 - 3
Construction Materials and Their Properties for Fire Resistance and Insulation covers the properties of novel types of concrete and other more conventional building materials in fire scenarios. The volume also stands out as an invaluable reference resource for its relevance to varied audiences both in academia and industry, spanning materials science, civil and structural engineering, and fire safety engineering. Ensuring buildings are fire safe starts at the very beginning of planning new builds or renovations. Hence, it's essential, in fact, that the right materials are chosen not only according to their load-bearing capabilities but also their susceptibility to decay and fire resistance.

The Ecology of Sandy Shores

  • 4th Edition
  • November 1, 2024
  • Omar Defeo + 1 more
  • English
  • Paperback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 4 4 3 - 2 1 7 5 4 - 8
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 4 4 3 - 2 1 7 5 5 - 5
The Ecology of Sandy Shores, Fourth Edition provides both a holistic and conceptual introduction for the beginner, yet at the same time gives an in-depth and cutting-edge analysis for the researcher interested in sandy shores. There is no other book covering the ecology of sandy beaches, despite the extent and economic importance of these systems. This guide is designed to both introduce students to the basic principles of sandy shore ecology, to serve as a ready reference for doctoral students and researchers working on these systems, and to provide a handbook for land and coastal managers.This new edition will focus on humans as part of the sandy beach environment, including aspects such as global change in coastal systems and its impacts on sandy littoral zones through ‘coastal squeeze’. Further, prominence will be given to resource use, such as artisanal fisheries and to the critical area of coastal zone management and governance. Considering these two main issues, the concept of sandy beaches as social-ecological systems will be developed together with an illustrative framework related to this approach.

Metal Value Recovery from Industrial Waste Using Advanced Physiochemical Treatment Technologies

  • 1st Edition
  • November 1, 2024
  • Dimitrios A Giannakoudakis + 4 more
  • English
  • Paperback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 4 4 3 - 2 1 8 8 4 - 2
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 4 4 3 - 2 1 8 8 3 - 5
Metal Value Recovery from Industrial Waste Using Advanced Physiochemical Treatment Technologies focuses on the fundamental and advanced topics involved with the technologies for the extraction of metal ions from different industrial discarded volumes which may be sludge or wastewater. Uniqueness of the book lies in the fact that it covers each topic related to industrial wastes and elaborate discussions on metal ion recovery to make the readers confident about the topics and concepts explained in the section.Moreover, this book examines high potential in different downstream processes like membrane filtration, hybrid techniques, chemical leaching, electrochemical techniques, and a variety of advanced recovery techniques. Emphasis will be given to state-of-the-art concept, latest research, practical applications or commercialization through case studies, and comparative evaluation of the processes for metal ion recovery from industrial wastes.

Aliphatic Alkylation

  • 1st Edition
  • November 1, 2024
  • Weizhen Sun + 4 more
  • English
  • Paperback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 4 4 3 - 2 1 9 8 4 - 9
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 4 4 3 - 2 1 9 8 5 - 6
Since the direct distillation of oil fractions does not satisfy the whole demand for fuel feedstocks, processes such as reforming, isomerization, and alkylation are needed to fulfill the market requirements within the gasoline pool. From the processes mentioned above, Aliphatic alkylation is one of the most important refining processes due to the high quality of the alkylate with high research octane number (RON). Although the Aliphatic alkylation with H2SO4 and HF as catalysts have been industrialized for many years, there still exists lots of problems due to the complex heterogeneous reaction, such as the thermodynamics, reaction mechanism, molecular-level interfacial properties, and so on.Aliphatic Alkylation: in Petroleum Refining gives detailed description about the above questions, providing the fundamental understanding the alkylation process from the molecular-level interfacial properties to the macroscopic industry plant.

Innovations in the Global Biogas industry

  • 1st Edition
  • November 1, 2024
  • Tonderayi S Matambo + 1 more
  • English
  • Paperback
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  • eBook
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Innovations in the Global Biogas Industry: Applications of Green Principles critically reviews the whole biogas supply chain from substrates to upgraded biogas. The book evaluates the application of green principles at each stage of biogas production and combines this with case studies and a review of the latest technological advances to produce a comprehensive assessment of the current state of the biogas industry.The first three sections of the book guide the reader through the whole supply chain of biogas production, from feedstock and waste management, to process design, plant design, operation, optimization, and end products. The sustainability of biogas industry operations is then addressed in depth through a life cycle assessment, alongside the techno-economics and safety considerations. Each section considers small-, medium-, and large-scale biogas plant related developments, and how green principles are applied at each scale. Finally, the critical element of biogas industry stakeholders is explored, which discusses financing mechanisms, policies and regulations, global markets, and governance issues relating to the biogas sector.Innovations in the Global Biogas Industry: Applications of Green Principles is a valuable reference for scientists and professionals involved in biogas production and will be particularly useful to professionals involved in the design, management, and operations of biogas production plants.

Multiscale Modelling of Concrete

  • 1st Edition
  • November 1, 2024
  • Shanaka Baduge + 3 more
  • English
  • Paperback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 4 4 3 - 2 2 3 7 8 - 5
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 4 4 3 - 2 2 3 7 9 - 2
Concrete is a heterogenous multi-phase and multi-scale material that is difficult to model and understand due to its heterogeneity. Thus, knowing the properties and modelling concrete in different scales is essential to predict properties and fracture.Most of the research has been focused on meso scale, or the methods available to model and predict micro-scale properties are not linked to experimental methods, so properties for microscale cannot be derived and it is onerous to validate such methods.Considering the above constraints in the multi-scale modelling of concrete, the book covers different modelling techniques of scales of concrete - macro, meso, micro/nano and molecular level, characterising mechanical properties and parameters required for modelling using macro and micro level experiments and linking these levels using analytical and numerical methods to upscale results from micro to the macro level.

Artificial Intelligence for Subsurface Characterization and Monitoring

  • 1st Edition
  • November 1, 2024
  • Aria Abubakar
  • English
  • Paperback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 4 4 3 - 2 3 5 1 7 - 7
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 4 4 3 - 2 2 4 2 2 - 5
Artificial Intelligence for Subsurface Characterization and Monitoring provides an in-depth examination of how deep learning accelerates the process of subsurface characterization and monitoring and provides an end-to-end solution. In recent years, deep learning has been introduced to the geoscience community to overcome some longstanding technical challenges. This book explores some of the most important topics in this discipline to explain the unique capability of deep learning in subsurface characterization for hydrocarbon exploration and production and for energy transition. Readers will discover deep learning methods that can improve the quality and efficiency of many of the key steps in subsurface characterization and monitoring.The text is organized into five parts. The first two parts explore deep learning for data enrichment and well log data, including information extraction from unstructured well reports as well as log data QC and processing. Next is a review of deep learning applied to seismic data and data integration, which also covers intelligent processing for clearer seismic images and rock property inversion and validation. The closing section looks at deep learning in time lapse scenarios, including sparse data reconstruction for reducing the cost of 4D seismic data, time-lapse seismic data repeatability enforcement, and direct property prediction from pre-migration seismic data.