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Books in Physical sciences and engineering

2691-2700 of 25894 results in All results

Production of Top 12 Biochemicals Selected by USDOE from Renewable Resources

  • 1st Edition
  • October 13, 2021
  • Anuj K. Chandel + 1 more
  • English
  • Paperback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 1 2 - 8 2 3 5 3 1 - 7
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 1 2 - 8 2 3 6 5 4 - 3
Production of Top 12 Biochemicals Selected by USDOE from Renewable Resources: Status and Innovation covers all important technological aspects of the production of biochemicals from renewable feedstock. All the important technological aspects of biomass conversion for example biomass pretreatment, enzymatic hydrolysis for cellulosic sugars production followed by the fermentation into chemicals and downstream recovery of the products is reviewed. Recent technological advancements in suitable microorganism development, bioprocess engineering for biomass conversion for cellulosic sugars production and various fermentation strategies and downstream recovery of these top 12 products is presented. Each bio-chemical selected by US Department of Energy i.e. ethanol, xylitol/sorbitol, furans (5-HMF, 2,5-FDCA,), glycerol & its derivatives, hydrocarbons) isoprene, iso-butadienes and others), lactic acid, succinic acid, 3-hydroxy propionic acid, levulinic acid and biohydrogen/biogas is included  in a single book chapter. In addition to the technical aspects of these 12 biochemicals, general technological challenges dealing with lignocellulose refining, perspectives and solutions are elaborated in the book. Also, life cycle analysis, techno-economic viability, and sustainability index of biofuels/biochemicals are comprehensively reviewed in the book. 

Fractional Order Systems

  • 1st Edition
  • October 13, 2021
  • Ahmed G. Radwan + 2 more
  • English
  • Paperback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 1 2 - 8 2 4 2 9 3 - 3
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 1 2 - 8 2 4 3 3 4 - 3
Fractional Order Systems: An Overview of Mathematics, Design, and Applications for Engineers introduces applications from a design perspective, helping readers plan and design their own applications. The book includes the different techniques employed to design fractional-order systems/devices comprehensively and straightforwardly. Furthermore, mathematics is available in the literature on how to solve fractional-order calculus for system applications. This book introduces the mathematics that has been employed explicitly for fractional-order systems. It will prove an excellent material for students and scholars who want to quickly understand the field of fractional-order systems and contribute to its different domains and applications. Fractional-order systems are believed to play an essential role in our day-to-day activities. Therefore, several researchers around the globe endeavor to work in the different domains of fractional-order systems. The efforts include developing the mathematics to solve fractional-order calculus/systems and to achieve the feasible designs for various applications of fractional-order systems.

Carbon Capture and Storage in International Energy Policy and Law

  • 1st Edition
  • October 13, 2021
  • Hirdan Katarina de Medeiros Costa + 1 more
  • English
  • Paperback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 3 2 3 - 8 5 2 5 0 - 0
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 3 2 3 - 8 5 3 7 0 - 5
Carbon Capture and Storage in International Energy Policy and Law identifies the main contemporary regulatory requirements, challenges and opportunities involving CCS from a comparative and interdisciplinary perspective. It draws on the scholarship of renowned researchers across the fields of international energy law and policy to address CCS regulation and its impact on climate change, sustainable development, and related consequences for energy transition. In this vein, the book aims to address issues related to energy, energy justice and climate changes (including CCS technology). Contributors discuss the main challenges and advantages concerning international energy and the forms CCS may contribute to energy security, climate change, adaptation and mitigation of GHG emissions and sustainable development. In this light, the book discusses CCS as a bridge that integrates international energy, climate change and sustainable development.

The Beginnings of Electron Microscopy - Part 1

  • 1st Edition
  • Volume 220
  • October 13, 2021
  • Peter W. Hawkes + 1 more
  • English
  • Hardback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 3 2 3 - 9 1 5 0 7 - 6
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 3 2 3 - 9 1 5 0 8 - 3
The Beginnings of Electron Microscopy - Part 1, Volume 220 in the Advances in Imaging and Electron Physics series highlights new advances in the field, with this new volume presenting interesting chapters on Electron-optical Research at the AEG Forschungs-Institut 1928-1940, On the History of Scanning Electron Microscopy, of the Electron Microprobe, and of Early Contributions to Transmission Electron Microscopy, Random Recollections of the Early Days, Early History of Electron Microscopy in Czechoslovakia, Personal Reminiscences of Early Days in Electron, Megavolt Electron Microscopy, Cryo-Electron Microscopy and Ultramicrotomy: Reminiscences and Reflections, and much more.

Natural and Anthropogenic Impacts on Cave Climates

  • 1st Edition
  • October 12, 2021
  • Stanka Sebela
  • English
  • Paperback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 1 2 - 8 2 2 9 5 4 - 5
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 1 2 - 8 2 3 1 0 3 - 6
Natural and Anthropogenic Impacts on Cave Climates: Postojna and Predjama Show Caves (Slovenia) presents an analysis of continuous time-series data for show caves in Slovenia and their significance in understanding global cave microclimates. The book presents detailed guidelines and procedures for conducting temperature and CO2 measurements in caves and uses Slovenian caves as a detailed case study to demonstrate their application. Critical interpretations of these temporal series provide the reader with specific indicators of the conditions for water condensation to occur and CO2 thresholds and how to apply them to different cave systems. Direct comparisons are made between microclimate data from caves with varying levels of tourism, and the linkage between the number of visitors and microclimate changes is discussed in detail. This book is a unique reference on cave meteorology for Climate Scientists, Meteorologists, Geologists, Microbiologists, Environmental and Conservation Scientists, and Cave Managers.

Micro- and Nanotechnology Enabled Applications for Portable Miniaturized Analytical Systems

  • 1st Edition
  • October 12, 2021
  • Sabu Thomas + 4 more
  • English
  • Paperback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 1 2 - 8 2 3 7 2 7 - 4
  • eBook
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Micro- and Nanotechnology Enabled Applications for Portable Miniaturized Analytical Systems outlines the basic principles of miniaturized analytical devices, such as spectrometric, separation, imaging and electrochemical miniaturized instruments. Concepts such as smartphone-enabled miniaturized detection systems and micro/nanomachines are also reviewed. Subsequent chapters explore the emerging application of these mobile devices for miniaturized analysis in various fields, including medicine and biomedicine, environmental chemistry, food chemistry, and forensic chemistry. This is an important reference source for materials scientists and engineers wanting to understand how miniaturization techniques are being used to create a range of efficient, sustainable electronic and optical devices. Miniaturization describes the concept of manufacturing increasingly smaller mechanical, optical, and electronic products and devices. These smaller instruments can be used to produce micro- and nanoscale components required for analytical procedures. A variety of micro/nanoscale materials have been synthesized and used in analytical procedures, such as sensing materials, sorbents, adsorbents, catalysts, and reactors. The miniaturization of analytical instruments can be applied to the different steps of analytical procedures, such as sample preparation, analytical separation, and detection, reducing the total cost of manufacturing the instruments and the needed reagents and organic solvents.

Nanomaterials for Biocatalysis

  • 1st Edition
  • October 12, 2021
  • Guillermo R. Castro + 4 more
  • English
  • Paperback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 1 2 - 8 2 4 4 3 6 - 4
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 1 2 - 8 2 4 4 3 7 - 1
Nanomaterials for Biocatalysis explains the fundamental design concepts and emerging applications of nanoscale biocatalysts, such as bioconversions, bioelectronics, biosensors, biocomputing and therapeutic applications. Nano-biocatalysts refers to the incorporation of enzymes into nanomaterials. These enzyme-enhanced nanocarriers have many advantages, including low mass transfer limitation, high enzyme capacity, better stabilization, and the formation of single-enzyme nanoparticles. Smart nanocontainers have been developed for the smart release of their embedded active substances. These smart releases can be obtained by using smart coatings as their outer nanoshells. In addition, these nanocontainers could protect the enzymes from chemical or metabolic alterations on their delivering pathways towards the target. This is an important reference source for materials scientists and chemical engineers who want to know more about how nanomaterials are being used for biocatalysis applications.

Nanostructured Materials for Visible Light Photocatalysis

  • 1st Edition
  • October 10, 2021
  • Arpan Kumar Nayak + 1 more
  • English
  • Paperback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 1 2 - 8 2 3 0 1 8 - 3
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 1 2 - 8 2 3 0 5 0 - 3
Nanostructured Materials for Visible Light Photocatalysis describes the various methods of synthesizing different classes of nanostructured materials that are used as photocatalysts for the degradation of organic hazardous dyes under visible light irradiation. The first three chapters include a general introduction, basic principles, mechanisms, and synthesis methods of nanomaterials for visible light photocatalysis. Recent advances in carbon, bismuth series, transition metal oxide and chalcogenides-based nanostructured materials for visible light photocatalysis are discussed. Later chapters describe the role of phosphides, nitrides, and rare earth-based nanostructured-based materials in visible light photocatalysis, as well as the characteristics, synthesis, and fabrication of photocatalysts. The role of doping, composites, defects, different facets, morphology of nanostructured materials and green technology for efficient dye removal under visible-light irradiation are also explored. Other topics covered include large-scale production of nanostructured materials, the challenges in present photocatalytic research, the future scope of nanostructured materials regarding environmental hazard remediation under visible light, and solar light harvesting. This book is a valuable reference to researchers and enables them to learn more about designing advanced nanostructured materials for wastewater treatment and visible-light irradiation.

Agri-Waste and Microbes for Production of Sustainable Nanomaterials

  • 1st Edition
  • October 10, 2021
  • Kamel A. Abd-Elsalam + 2 more
  • English
  • Paperback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 1 2 - 8 2 3 5 7 5 - 1
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 1 2 - 8 2 3 5 7 6 - 8
Agri-Waste and Microbes for Production of Sustainable Nanomaterials assesses the most recent trends used to produce bionanomaterials from agricultural waste and microorganisms. The book covers the green synthesis of various nanomaterials using microorganisms and agricultural waste, including the synthesis and characterization of green nanomaterials, the production of nanomaterials from agri-waste, including metallic, copper, silica, cellulose, nanopolymers and nano/micro plastics, and biological methods such as agricultural and microbial synthesis of metallic/metal oxide, magnetic, silver, copper, nanomaterials and nanonutrients. This is an important reference source for plant scientists, materials scientists and environmental scientists who want to understand this new generation of sustainable nanomaterials. The synthesis of nanocellulose materials from agri-wastes is an emerging alternative for waste treatment methods, developing new biosensors and antimicrobial agents. Silicon nanoparticles are an additional ingredient for the improvement of crop yields. With recent advances in nanomaterials synthesis performance and the discovery of their biomedical, environmental and agricultural applications, it is hoped that the implementation of these methods will be used at large-scale for industrial applications in different sectors.

Computational and Data-Driven Chemistry Using Artificial Intelligence

  • 1st Edition
  • October 8, 2021
  • Takashiro Akitsu
  • English
  • Paperback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 1 2 - 8 2 2 2 4 9 - 2
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 1 2 - 8 2 3 2 7 2 - 9
Computational and Data-Driven Chemistry Using Artificial Intelligence: Volume 1: Fundamentals, Methods and Applications highlights fundamental knowledge and current developments in the field, giving readers insight into how these tools can be harnessed to enhance their own work. Offering the ability to process large or complex data-sets, compare molecular characteristics and behaviors, and help researchers design or identify new structures, Artificial Intelligence (AI) holds huge potential to revolutionize the future of chemistry. Volume 1 explores the fundamental knowledge and current methods being used to apply AI across a whole host of chemistry applications. Drawing on the knowledge of its expert team of global contributors, the book offers fascinating insight into this rapidly developing field and serves as a great resource for all those interested in exploring the opportunities afforded by the intersection of chemistry and AI in their own work. Part 1 provides foundational information on AI in chemistry, with an introduction to the field and guidance on database usage and statistical analysis to help support newcomers to the field. Part 2 then goes on to discuss approaches currently used to address problems in broad areas such as computational and theoretical chemistry; materials, synthetic and medicinal chemistry; crystallography, analytical chemistry, and spectroscopy. Finally, potential future trends in the field are discussed.