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Books in Physical sciences and engineering

2241-2250 of 25894 results in All results

Carbon Mineralization in Coastal Wetlands

  • 1st Edition
  • Volume 2
  • April 8, 2022
  • Xiaoguang Ouyang + 3 more
  • English
  • Paperback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 1 2 - 8 1 9 2 2 0 - 7
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 1 2 - 8 1 9 2 5 8 - 0
Carbon Mineralization in Coastal Wetlands: From Litter Decomposition to Greenhouse Gas Dynamics fills the current knowledge gap in carbon mineralization, providing a balanced view of the carbon dynamics of coastal wetlands. This book provides a holistic treatment of carbon mineralization, from the contributions of litter/root decomposition pathways to carbon mineralization and the processes and sources of greenhouse gas production. This book compares carbon mineralization in coastal wetlands and highlights differences in carbon dynamics. As studies on blue carbon have strongly emphasized the storage potential of coastal wetlands, this book serves as an ideal resource on the topics discussed.

Nanocarriers for Organ-Specific and Localized Drug Delivery

  • 1st Edition
  • April 8, 2022
  • Muhammad Raza Shah + 2 more
  • English
  • Paperback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 1 2 - 8 2 1 0 9 3 - 2
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 1 2 - 8 2 1 0 9 4 - 9
Organ-specific drug delivery is aimed at achieving increased concentration of therapeutic molecules at target sites with minimum side effects on other healthy tissues. Similarly, drug-specific delivery to some vital organs, such as the brain, lungs, heart and kidneys remains a challenging task for the formulation scientists. Oral delivery of most of the commercially available life-saving drugs has also been impeded by various physio-chemical and biological barriers. These advancements in nanotechnology have led to the development of various pharmaceutical nanocarriers.Nanocarriers for Organ-Specific and Localized Drug Delivery summarizes targeted drug delivery systems and approaches to the major organs of the body. The book shows how drugs can be specifically targeted to the pathological area within an organ in a viable way. Employing pharmaceutical nanocarriers for drug delivery targeted to specific organs of the body requires a comprehensive knowledge of the disease site’s pathophysiology as well as physical, chemical and pharmaceutical techniques for modification or functionalization of the nanocarriers.Combining theoretical principles and practical applications of various nanocarriers for organ-specific drug delivery, this is an important reference source for all those seeking to increase their understanding of how pharmaceutical nanocarriers are being used to create more efficient drug delivery systems.

Environmental Micropollutants

  • 1st Edition
  • April 8, 2022
  • Muhammad Zaffar Hashmi + 2 more
  • English
  • Paperback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 3 2 3 - 9 0 5 5 5 - 8
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 3 2 3 - 9 0 6 7 5 - 3
Environmental Micropollutants, the latest volume in the Advances in Environmental Pollution Research series, presents the latest research on various environmental micropollutants, as well as their impacts on health and the economy, also addressing the best possible solutions to address the risks presented by these pollutants. The book covers solutions for dusts, infectious particles, heavy metals, organophosphates, atmospheric toxic organic micropollutants, fungal spores, pollutants from E-waste, and antibiotics threats, providing researchers working in environmental science and management with key knowledge to address this increasingly important concern. These types of micropollutants can be present in water, air and soil and can harm health even in low quantities, hence this book covers the challenges these pollutants pose to the environment and human health, presenting practical solutions.

Sustainability and Health in Intelligent Buildings

  • 1st Edition
  • April 8, 2022
  • Riadh Habash
  • English
  • Paperback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 3 2 3 - 9 8 8 2 6 - 1
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 3 2 3 - 9 8 6 4 0 - 3
Sustainability and Health in Intelligent Buildings presents a comprehensive roadmap for designing and constructing high-performance clean energy-efficient buildings, including intelligence capabilities underpinned by smart power, 5G and Internet-of-Things technologies, environmental sensors, intelligent control strategies and cyber-physical security. This book includes a special emphasis on health pandemic resiliency that discusses strong engineering control strategies to respond and recover from infectious diseases like COVID-19. Sections cover the foundational aspects of healthy buildings, with a special emphasis on assessing indoor environmental qualities. In addition, it introduces the necessary principles that assist engineers and researchers in understanding and designing buildings that meet health and sustainability goals.

Affine Arithmetic-Based Methods for Uncertain Power System Analysis

  • 1st Edition
  • April 7, 2022
  • Alfredo Vaccaro + 1 more
  • English
  • Paperback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 3 2 3 - 9 0 5 0 2 - 2
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 3 2 3 - 9 0 5 0 3 - 9
Affine Arithmetic-Based Methods for Uncertain Power System Analysis presents the unique properties and representative applications of Affine Arithmetic in power systems analysis, particularly as they are deployed for reliability optimization. The work provides a comprehensive foundation in Affine Arithmetic necessary to understand the central computing paradigms that can be adopted for uncertain power flow and optimal power flow analyses. These paradigms are adapted and applied to case studies, which integrate benchmark test systems and full step-by-step procedure for implementation so that readers are able to replicate and modify. The work is presented with illustrative numerical examples and MATLAB computations.

Elementary Linear Algebra

  • 6th Edition
  • April 5, 2022
  • Stephen Andrilli + 1 more
  • English
  • Paperback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 1 2 - 8 2 2 9 7 8 - 1
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 3 2 3 - 9 8 4 2 6 - 3
*Textbook and Academic Authors Association (TAA) Textbook Excellence Award Winner, 2024*Elementary Linear Algebra, Sixth Edition provides a solid introduction to both the computational and theoretical aspects of linear algebra, covering many important real-world applications, including graph theory, circuit theory, Markov chains, elementary coding theory, least-squares polynomials and least-squares solutions for inconsistent systems, differential equations, computer graphics and quadratic forms. In addition, many computational techniques in linear algebra are presented, including iterative methods for solving linear systems, LDU Decomposition, the Power Method for finding eigenvalues, QR Decomposition, and Singular Value Decomposition and its usefulness in digital imaging.

Electrochemical Membrane Technology for Water and Wastewater Treatment

  • 1st Edition
  • April 4, 2022
  • Zhiwei Wang + 3 more
  • English
  • Paperback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 1 2 - 8 2 4 4 7 0 - 8
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 3 2 3 - 8 5 9 8 7 - 5
Electrochemical membrane technology has drawn extensive attention worldwide during the past decade in water and wastewater treatment. Coupling electrochemical process with membrane technology not only enables a higher removal or decomposition of pollutants in waters, but also ensures a more effective control of membrane fouling as well as a more highly selective separation process. The recent development of electrochemical membrane technology has also extended its applications in desalination, energy harvest, and resource recovery from seawater and wastewaters. Electrochemical Membrane Technology for Water and Wastewater Treatment consolidates state-of-the-art research developments in electrochemical membrane technology in water reclamation and sustainability in terms of fundamental theories, membrane and electrode materials, reactor designs, fouling control mechanisms and applications. Electrochemical Membrane Technology for Water and Wastewater Treatment also introduces fundamental theories and applications of electrochemical membrane technology. The knowledge gaps and future research perspectives in electrochemical membrane technology are also addressed. This book is an excellent resource for the understanding of fundamental theories, latest developments and future prospects in electrochemical membrane technology, which can benefit a broad audience of researchers and engineers working in water purification, membrane technology and electrochemical process.

Raney Nickel-Assisted Synthesis of Heterocycles

  • 1st Edition
  • April 4, 2022
  • Navjeet Kaur
  • English
  • Paperback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 3 2 3 - 9 9 4 9 2 - 7
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 3 2 3 - 9 9 4 9 3 - 4
Raney Nickel-Assisted Synthesis of Heterocycles covers the synthesis of heterocycles using Raney nickel. The book focuses on the use of Raney-Ni, a common catalyst in hydrogenation reaction and its uses in the synthesis and preparation of heterocycles. Furthermore, it explains how the development of new approaches and strategic deployments in known approaches for the formation of complex heterocyclic compounds continue to drive the field of synthetic organic chemistry, along with updates on efforts to prepare heterocycles through the development of new and efficient synthetic transformations. Heterocyclic chemistry is an inexhaustible source of novel compounds, providing the most diverse chemical, physical and biological properties through the design of a wide range of combinations of carbon, hydrogen and heteroatoms. Significant focus has been paid to novel approaches to the formation of heterocyclic compounds, which are of practical use acting as modifiers and additives in a wide range of industries such as reprography, plastics, cosmetics, vulcanization accelerators, solvents, antioxidants and information storage.

Synthesis and Operability Strategies for Computer-Aided Modular Process Intensification

  • 1st Edition
  • April 2, 2022
  • Efstratios N Pistikopoulos + 1 more
  • English
  • Paperback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 3 2 3 - 8 5 5 8 7 - 7
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 3 2 3 - 8 9 8 0 5 - 8
Synthesis and Operability Strategies for Computer-Aided Modular Process intensification presents state-of-the-art methodological developments and real-world applications for computer-aided process modeling, optimization and control, with a particular interest on process intensification systems. Each chapter consists of basic principles, model formulation, solution algorithm, and step-by-step implementation guidance on key procedures. Sections cover an overview on the current status of process intensification technologies, including challenges and opportunities, detail process synthesis, design and optimization, the operation of intensified processes under uncertainty, and the integration of design, operability and control. Advanced operability analysis, inherent safety analysis, and model-based control strategies developed in the community of process systems engineering are also introduced to assess process operational performance at the early design stage.

60 Years of the Loeb-Sourirajan Membrane

  • 1st Edition
  • April 2, 2022
  • Hui-Hsin Tseng + 3 more
  • English
  • Paperback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 3 2 3 - 8 9 9 7 7 - 2
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 3 2 3 - 8 8 6 2 4 - 6
60 Years of the Loeb-Sourirajan Membrane: Principles, New Materials, Modelling, Characterization and Applications bring forth theoretical advances, novel characterization techniques, materials development, advanced treatment processes, and emerging applications of membrane-based technologies. The trigger for writing this book is the 2020, 60th anniversary of the first asymmetric polymeric membrane invented by Dr. Sidney Loeb and Dr. Srinivasa Sourirajan (University of California, Los Angeles, USA) on the breakthrough discovery of the semipermeable membrane for seawater desalination. The book places emphasis on the advances of organic and inorganic membranes in different fields, covering not only the primary application of membranes for water and wastewater treatment but also other applications dealing with energy conversion and storage, organic solvent purification, gas separation, and biomedical processes.