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Books in Physical sciences and engineering

2211-2220 of 41422 results in All results

Metal Oxides for Optoelectronics and Optics-Based Medical Applications

  • 1st Edition
  • July 1, 2022
  • Suresh Sagadevan + 2 more
  • English
  • Paperback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 3 2 3 - 8 5 8 2 4 - 3
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 3 2 3 - 8 5 8 2 5 - 0
Metal Oxides for Optoelectronics and Optics-based Medical Applications reviews recent advances in metal oxides and their mechanisms for optoelectronic, photoluminescent and medical applications. In addition, the book examines the integration of key chemistry concepts with nanoelectronics that can improve performance in a diverse range of applications. Sections place a strong emphasis on synthesis processes that can improve the metal oxides’ physical properties and the reflected surface chemical changes that can impact their performance in various devices like light-emitting diodes, luminescence materials, solar cells, etc. Finally, the book discusses the challenges associated with the handling and maintenance of metal oxides crystalline properties. This book will be suitable for academics and those working in R&D in industry looking to learn more about cheaper and more effective methods to produce metal oxides for use in the fields of electronics, photonics, biophotonics and engineering.

Energy Communities

  • 1st Edition
  • July 1, 2022
  • Sabine Loebbe + 2 more
  • English
  • Paperback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 3 2 3 - 9 1 1 3 5 - 1
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 3 2 3 - 9 1 1 3 5 - 1
  • eBook
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Energy Communities explores core potential systemic benefits and costs in engaging consumers into communities, particularly relating to energy transition. The book evaluates the conditions under which energy communities might be regarded as customer-centered, market-driven and welfare-enhancing. The book also reviews the issue of prevalence and sustainability of energy communities and whether these features are likely to change as opportunities for distributed energy grow. Sections cover the identification of welfare considerations for citizens and for society on a local and national level, and from social, economic and ecological perspectives, while also considering different community designs and evolving business models.

Renewable Carbon

  • 1st Edition
  • July 1, 2022
  • Silvio Vaz Jr.
  • English
  • Paperback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 3 2 3 - 9 9 7 3 5 - 5
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 3 2 3 - 9 9 7 3 6 - 2
Renewable Carbon: Science, Technology and Sustainability identifies production pathways and technologies for the production of chemicals and presents relevant information to bridge the gap between reaction engineering and process design. The book uses a multidisciplinary approach, focusing on important aspects of basic science, technological advantages (and hurdles), and key sustainability aspects. It incorporates organic, inorganic and biochemical synthesis and analyzes the myriad of technologies available, including nanotechnology, biotechnology and thermochemistry. Sections cover the synthesis of carbon derivatives through multiple pathways (Science), technologies available for its generation (Technology), and assess sustainability and new supply chains (Sustainability). This book will serve as a valuable reference for academics, research scientists and industry practitioners in green chemistry, chemical engineering, materials science and environmental engineering.

Xenes

  • 1st Edition
  • June 29, 2022
  • Alessandro Molle + 1 more
  • English
  • Paperback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 1 2 - 8 2 3 8 2 4 - 0
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 1 2 - 8 2 3 8 3 8 - 7
Xenes: 2D Synthetic Materials Beyond Graphene includes all the relevant information about Xenes thus far reported, focusing on emerging materials and new trends. The book's primary goal is to include full descriptions of each Xene type by leading experts in the area. Each chapter will provide key principles, theories, methods, experiments and potential applications. The book also reviews the key challenges for synthetic 2D materials such as characterization, modeling, synthesis, and integration strategies. This comprehensive book is suitable for materials scientists and engineers, physicists and chemists working in academia and R&D in industry. The discovery of silicene dates back to 2012. Since then, other Xenes were subsequently created with synthetic methods. The portfolio of Xenes includes different chemical elements of the periodic table and hence the related honeycomb-like lattices show a wealth of electronic and optical properties that can be successfully exploited for applications.

Rare-Earth-Activated Phosphors

  • 1st Edition
  • June 29, 2022
  • Vikas Dubey + 4 more
  • English
  • Paperback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 3 2 3 - 8 9 8 5 6 - 0
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 3 2 3 - 8 8 6 0 5 - 5
Rare-Earth-Activated Phosphors: Chemistry and Applications outlines important fundamentals and properties and explores successful application that address key problems across the sciences. Sections introduce phosphors and luminescence, explore their properties, characteristics, synthesis and degradation and highlight key applications across telecommunications, lighting, electroluminescent devices, (bio-)analytical sensors, bio-imaging set-ups, drug delivery and sustainable energy devices. Drawing on the knowledge of an expert team of contributors, the book provides useful insight into successfully harnessing the properties of rare earth activated phosphors for a range of important applications.Rare-earth nano-phosphors offer an interesting array of characteristics, including sharp emission bands, exceptional optical damage thresholds, low toxicity, high selectivity and stability, and long luminescence lifetimes. Understanding these properties can help researchers effectively manipulate them for a range of important applications.

Geomechanics of Sand Production and Sand Control

  • 1st Edition
  • June 29, 2022
  • Nobuo Morita
  • English
  • Paperback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 3 2 3 - 9 5 5 0 5 - 8
  • eBook
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Geomechanics of Sand Production and Control delivers a convenient resource for both academia and professionals to gain understanding and results surrounding sand production. Packed with rock mechanic fundamentals and field case studies, this reference offers theoretical knowledge, field and laboratory data, and operational methodologies. Gaining knowledge on better sand control production improves environmental impact, preventing corrosion of pipes, damage to surface production facilities, and disposal of produced sands, among other considerations. Sections are supported by field case studies, lab tests and modeling studies to explain the most environmentally supportive wellbore stability step-by-step methods. Authored by a very experienced professor, this reference helps engineers learn how to solve sand problems in various types of energy wells. Production engineers in oil and gas utilize sand production and sand control equipment in many completion methods, with a growing interest to expand these methods in wells for CO2 sequestration and geothermal areas, but knowledge on these methods is fragmented and lacks a bridge to support energy transition. This book provides the coverage needed to address this advancing field.

Luminescent Metal Nanoclusters

  • 1st Edition
  • June 28, 2022
  • Sabu Thomas + 3 more
  • English
  • Paperback
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  • eBook
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  • eBook
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Luminescent Metal Nanoclusters: Synthesis, Characterization, and Applications provides a comprehensive accounting of various protocols used for the synthesis of metal nanoclusters, their characterization techniques, toxicity evaluation and various applications and future prospects. The book provides detailed experimental routes, along with mechanisms on the formation of benign metallic clusters using biomaterials and a comprehensive review regarding the preparation, properties and prospective applications of these nano clusters in various fields, including therapeutic applications. Various methods to protect nanocluster materials to increase their stability are emphasized, including the incorporation of ligands (protein, small molecule, DNA, thiols). This book addresses a gap in the current literature by bringing together the preparation, characterization and applications of all the possible types of reported metal nanoclusters and their hybrids. It is suitable for materials scientists and engineers in academia and those working in research and development in industry. It may also be of interest to those working in the interdisciplinary nanotechnology community, such as physical chemists.

Rail Infrastructure Resilience

  • 1st Edition
  • June 27, 2022
  • Rui Calcada + 1 more
  • English
  • Paperback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 1 2 - 8 2 1 0 4 2 - 0
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 1 2 - 8 2 1 0 4 3 - 7
Economic growth, security and sustainability across Europe are at risk due to ageing railway infrastructure systems. At present, the majority of such systems are aging and some have even reached their initial design lives. These issues align with a major challenge in civil engineering: how to restore and improve urban infrastructure and built environments. Policy, environmental and physical barriers must be addressed and overcome. The complex and interconnected nature of the problem means that there is a need for academia, industry, communities and governments to work collaboratively. The challenges posed by extreme events from natural and man-made disasters are urgent.Rail Infrastructure Resilience: A Best-Practices Handbook presents developed improvement methods for rail infrastructure systems, toward resilience to extreme conditions. It shows how best to use new information in the engineering design, maintenance, construction and renewal of rail infrastructure resilience, through knowledge exchange and capability development. The book presents the outcome of a major European research project, known as the RISEN project. RISEN aimed to enhance knowledge creation and transfer using both international and intersectoral secondment mechanisms among European Advanced Rail Research Universities and SMEs, and Non-EU, leading rail universities, providing methodological approaches and practical tools for restoring and improving railway infrastructure systems for extreme events. Edited and written by members of this project, this book will be essential reading for researchers and practitioners hoping to find practical solutions to the challenges of rail infrastructure resilience.

Materials and Sustainable Development

  • 2nd Edition
  • June 26, 2022
  • Michael F. Ashby
  • English
  • Paperback
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  • eBook
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Materials and Sustainable Development, Second Edition, written by noted materials selection authority Mike Ashby, provides a structure and framework for analyzing sustainable development and the role of materials in it. The book's aim is to introduce ways of exploring sustainable development to readers in a way that avoids simplistic interpretations and approaches complexity in a systematic way. There is no completely 'right' answer to questions of sustainable development, instead, there is a thoughtful, well-researched response that recognizes concerns of stakeholders, conflicting priorities, and the economic, legal and social aspects of the technology and its environmental legacy. The intent of the book is not to offer solutions to sustainability challenges but rather to improve the quality of discussion and enable informed, balanced debate. This updated edition has been updated to reflect new insights, regulatory trends and other developments that have occurred since publication of the previous edition.

Smart Materials in Additive Manufacturing, volume 1: 4D Printing Principles and Fabrication

  • 1st Edition
  • June 25, 2022
  • Mahdi Bodaghi + 1 more
  • English
  • Paperback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 1 2 - 8 2 4 0 8 2 - 3
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 1 2 - 8 2 4 0 8 3 - 0
Smart Materials in Additive Manufacturing, Volume 1 provides readers with an overview of the current smart materials widely in use and the techniques for additively manufacturing them. It demonstrates the principles developed for 4D printing in a way that is useful for students, early career researchers, and professionals. Topics covered include modeling and fabrication of 4D printed materials such as dielectric elastomer soft robots, low-voltage electroactive polymers, and stimuli-responsive hydrogels. 4D printing of light-responsive structures, gels and soft materials, and natural fiber composites are also discussed, as is origami-inspired 4D printing, 4D microprinting, and reversible 4D printing. 4D bioprinting and related biomedical applications are outlined as well as functionalized 4D printed sensor systems. Key Features:* Discusses 4D printed shape memory polymers, shape memory alloys, natural fibers, and hydrogels* Covers various types of stimuli, fabrication techniques, multi-physics modeling, and control strategies for 4D printing* Explores 4D printing of dielectric elastomers, liquid crystal elastomers, and electroactive polymers