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Books in Physical sciences and engineering

3171-3180 of 25889 results in All results

Natural Polyphenols from Wood

  • 1st Edition
  • March 24, 2021
  • Kun Cheng + 1 more
  • English
  • Paperback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 1 2 - 8 2 2 2 0 5 - 8
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 1 2 - 8 2 2 2 0 6 - 5
Natural Polyphenols from Wood: Tannin and Lignin – An Industrial Perspective is a detailed guide to the sourcing and processing of tannin and lignin for valuable advanced applications across areas such as fuels, chemicals, drugs, and food. Drawing on the latest academic research and patent literature, this book provides strong practical understanding of the use of these valuable materials in novel industrial applications. This book introduces natural polyphenols from wood and the fundamental aspects of carbon management within the tree. In-depth presentation of extraction and characterization methods is followed by an extensive coverage of practical and industrial applications of wood polyphenols. This is an essential resource for researchers and advanced students working with lignin or tannin, and across biopolymer science, biomass, wood chemistry, paper, wood adhesives, polymer materials, renewable resources, and biotechnology. It also supports industrial R&D and scientists working with wood polyphenols or bio-based polymers.

Nanotechnology for Rural Development

  • 1st Edition
  • March 23, 2021
  • Narendra Kumar + 1 more
  • English
  • Paperback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 1 2 - 8 2 4 3 5 2 - 7
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 3 2 3 - 8 5 9 7 3 - 8
Nanotechnology for Rural Development is designed to present nanotechnology-based solutions to the challenges faced by rural populations, particularly in underdeveloped and developing countries. The book focuses on agriculture, biomass management, food processing and water management, in terms of its purification and decontamination. The treatment of wastewater and the harnessing of renewable energy are also covered. In addition, the book deals with the application of nanotechnology in the areas of consumer goods, such as textiles, ceramics, food processing and packaging, and other related spheres. The book provides information on the green synthesis of nanomaterials, using prevalent natural resources and their applications for textiles, ceramics, portiere, and food packaging. It also addresses low-cost solutions using materials such as biomass waste for water purification and decontamination. For example, lignocellulosic biomass can be converted into nutrient adsorbents, energy, fuel and storage. Above all, it protects agriculture crops from insects and other pests, and produces quality products in high yields. This volume offers insight into the intricacies of the problems faced by large populations living in rural areas, particularly in underdeveloped and developing countries. It also discusses the natural renewable resources available locally and how nanotechnology can best use them to increase the quality and yield of agricultural products, as well as how to engage the population, specifically women, in gainful productive activities.

Transport Phenomena in Micro- and Nanoscale Functional Materials and Devices

  • 1st Edition
  • March 23, 2021
  • Joao B. Sousa + 2 more
  • English
  • Hardback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 3 2 3 - 4 6 0 9 7 - 2
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 3 2 3 - 4 6 1 2 4 - 5
Transport Phenomena in Micro- and Nanoscale Functional Materials and Devices offers a pragmatic view on transport phenomena for micro- and nanoscale materials and devices, both as a research tool and as a means to implant new functions in materials. Chapters emphasize transport properties (TP) as a research tool at the micro/nano level and give an experimental view on underlying techniques. The relevance of TP is highlighted through the interplay between a micro/nanocarrier’s characteristics and media characteristics: long/short-range order and disorder excitations, couplings, and in energy conversions. Later sections contain case studies on the role of transport properties in functional nanomaterials. This includes transport in thin films and nanostructures, from nanogranular films, to graphene and 2D semiconductors and spintronics, and from read heads, MRAMs and sensors, to nano-oscillators and energy conversion, from figures of merit, micro-coolers and micro-heaters, to spincaloritronics.

Sustainable Technologies for Textile Wastewater Treatments

  • 1st Edition
  • March 23, 2021
  • Subramanian Senthilkannan Muthu
  • English
  • Paperback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 3 2 3 - 8 5 8 2 9 - 8
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 3 2 3 - 8 5 8 3 0 - 4
Sustainable Technologies for Textile Wastewater Treatments takes on this complex and environmentally crucial issue by providing comprehensive coverage on new technologies and practices. Sections provide technical detail and instruction on cutting-edge technologies, including innovative industrial uses of nanotechnology and waste biomass. In addition, case studies are provided on different textile wastewater treatment plants, hence showing their full practical context. Specific areas of discussion include zero liquid discharge, nanomaterials, adsorption, and advanced oxidization processes (AOP). Appropriate case studies from textile wastewater treatment plants are included to help illustrate key points. Other sections cover the cost of these methods, before highlighting effective low-cost options. This book will be of use to researchers with an interest in textile sustainability or wastewater treatment, although sustainability managers or lifecycle assessment professionals in the textiles and fashion sector will find the book very impactful to their work.

Fiber Reinforced Composites

  • 1st Edition
  • March 20, 2021
  • Kuruvilla Joseph + 4 more
  • English
  • Paperback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 1 2 - 8 2 1 0 9 0 - 1
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 1 2 - 8 2 1 0 9 1 - 8
Polymer-based fibre-reinforced composites FRC’s have now come out as a major class of structural materials being used or regarded as substituent’s for metals in several critical components in space, automotive and other industries (marine, and sports goods) owing to their low density, strength-weight ratio, and fatigue strength. FRC’s have several commercial as well as industrial applications ranging from aircraft, space, automotive, sporting goods, marine, and infrastructure. The above-mentioned applications of FRC’s clearly reveal that FRC’s have the potential to be used in a broad range of different engineering fields with the added advantages of low density, and resistance to corrosion compared to conventional metallic and ceramic composites. However, for scientists/researchers/R&D’s to fabricate FRC’s with such potential there should be careful and precise design followed by suitable process development based on properties like mechanical, physical, and thermal that are unique to each application. Hence the last few decades have witnessed considerable research on fibre reinforced composites. Fibre Reinforced Composites: Constituents, Compatibility, Perspectives and Applications presents a widespread all-inclusive review on fibre-reinforced composites ranging from the different types of processing techniques to chemical modification of the fibre surface to enhance the interfacial adhesion between the matrix and fibre and the structure-property relationship. It illustrates how high value composites can be produced by efficient and sustainable processing methods by selecting different constituents [fibres and resins]. Researchers in academia working in composites and accompanying areas [materials characterisation] and industrial manufacturers who need information on composite constituents and how they relate to each other for a certain application will find the book extremely useful when they need to make decisions about materials selection for their products.

Fundamentals of Natural Fibres and Textiles

  • 1st Edition
  • March 20, 2021
  • Md. Ibrahim H. Mondal
  • English
  • Paperback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 1 2 - 8 2 1 4 8 3 - 1
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 1 2 - 8 2 1 4 8 4 - 8
The textile industry is focused in its search for alternative green fibres with the aim of providing high-quality products which are fully recyclable and biodegradable. Natural textile materials from renewable sources play an increasingly important role in the industry due to their unique properties and functionality over synthetic fibres, as well as their sustainability. Fundamentals of Natural Fibres and Textiles covers all the fundamental and basic information about natural fibres and textiles. Many different fibres are covered from their origin, through processing, properties, and applications. The latest methods for characterisation and testing of natural fibres are all addressed with reference to cutting-edge industry trends. This uniquely comprehensive approach to the topic provides the ideal entry point to natural fibres for textile and clothing scientists, engineers, designers, researchers, students, and manufacturers of such products.

Machine Reading Comprehension

  • 1st Edition
  • March 20, 2021
  • Chenguang Zhu
  • English
  • Paperback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 3 2 3 - 9 0 1 1 8 - 5
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 3 2 3 - 9 0 1 1 9 - 2
Machine reading comprehension (MRC) is a cutting-edge technology in natural language processing (NLP). MRC has recently advanced significantly, surpassing human parity in several public datasets. It has also been widely deployed by industry in search engine and quality assurance systems. Machine Reading Comprehension: Algorithms and Practice performs a deep-dive into MRC, offering a resource on the complex tasks this technology involves. The title presents the fundamentals of NLP and deep learning, before introducing the task, models, and applications of MRC. This volume gives theoretical treatment to solutions and gives detailed analysis of code, and considers applications in real-world industry. The book includes basic concepts, tasks, datasets, NLP tools, deep learning models and architecture, and insight from hands-on experience. In addition, the title presents the latest advances from the past two years of research. Structured into three sections and eight chapters, this book presents the basis of MRC; MRC models; and hands-on issues in application. This book offers a comprehensive solution for researchers in industry and academia who are looking to understand and deploy machine reading comprehension within natural language processing.

Adsorption: Fundamental Processes and Applications

  • 1st Edition
  • Volume 33
  • March 19, 2021
  • Mehrorang Ghaedi
  • English
  • Paperback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 1 2 - 8 1 8 8 0 5 - 7
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 1 2 - 8 1 8 8 0 8 - 8
Adsorption: Fundamental Processes and Applications, Volume 33 in the Interface Science and Technology Series, discusses the great technological importance of adsorption and describes how adsorbents are used on a large scale as desiccants, catalysts, catalyst supports, in the separation of gases, the purification of liquids, pollution control, and in respiratory protection. Finally, it explores how adsorption phenomena play a vital role in many solid-state reactions and biological mechanisms, as well as stressing the importance of the widespread use of adsorption techniques in the characterization of surface properties and the texture of fine powders.

Photocatalysis: Fundamental Processes and Applications

  • 1st Edition
  • Volume 32
  • March 19, 2021
  • Mehrorang Ghaedi
  • English
  • Paperback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 1 2 - 8 1 8 8 0 6 - 4
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 1 2 - 8 1 8 8 0 7 - 1
Photocatalysis: Fundamental Processes and Applications, Volume 32 in the Interface Science and Technology Series, discusses the fundamental aspects of photocatalysis and its process and applications to the decontamination of wastewater, hydrogen production via water splitting, and photo reduction of carbon dioxide to hydrocarbon. The book discusses the fundamental aspects of all applications together with their proper mechanisms, thus providing essential information for deep research in the area of clean environment and green energy production.

Switchmode RF and Microwave Power Amplifiers

  • 3rd Edition
  • March 19, 2021
  • Andrei Grebennikov + 1 more
  • English
  • Paperback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 1 2 - 8 2 1 4 4 8 - 0
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 1 2 - 8 2 2 7 5 4 - 1
Switchmode RF and Microwave Power Amplifiers, Third Edition is an essential reference book on developing RF and microwave switchmode power amplifiers. The book combines theoretical discussions with practical examples, allowing readers to design high-efficiency RF and microwave power amplifiers on different types of bipolar and field-effect transistors, design any type of high-efficiency switchmode power amplifiers operating in Class D or E at lower frequencies and in Class E or F and their subclasses at microwave frequencies with specified output power, also providing techniques on how to design multiband and broadband Doherty amplifiers using different bandwidth extension techniques and implementation technologies. This book provides the necessary information to understand the theory and practical implementation of load-network design techniques based on lumped and transmission-line elements. It brings a unique focus on switchmode RF and microwave power amplifiers that are widely used in cellular/wireless, satellite and radar communication systems which offer major power consumption savings.