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Books in Physical sciences and engineering

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Handbook of Modern Coating Technologies

  • 1st Edition
  • March 6, 2021
  • Mahmood Aliofkhazraei + 4 more
  • English
  • Hardback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 4 4 4 - 6 3 2 4 0 - 1
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 4 4 4 - 6 3 2 4 6 - 3
Handbook of Modern Coating Technologies: Fabrication Methods and Functional Properties reviews different fabrication methods and functional properties of modern coating technologies. The topics in this volume consist of nanocoatings by sol–gel processes for functionalization of polymer surfaces and textiles and mechanical fabrication methods of nanostructured surfaces such surface mechanical attrition treatment, polymer nanofabrications and its plasma processing, chemical vapor deposition of oxide materials at atmospheric pressure, conventional chemical vapor deposition process at atmospheric pressure, feasibility of atmospheric pressure, chemical vapor deposition process, Langmuir–Blodgett technique, flame pyrolysis, confined-plume chemical deposition, electrophoretic deposition, in vitro and in vivo particle coating for oral targeting and drug delivery, novel coatings to improve the performance of multilayer biopolymeric films for food packaging, corrosion protection by nanostructured coatings, tribological behavior of electroless coatings, effect of peening-based processes on tribological and mechanical behavior of bioimplant materials, improved efficiency of ceramic cutting tools in machining hardened steel with nanostructured multilayered coatings, incorporation of elastomeric secondary phase into epoxy matrix influences mechanical properties of epoxy coatings, enhancement of biocompatibility by coatings, porous hydroxyapatite–based coatings, and bionic colloidal crystal coatings.

Biopolymer-Based Metal Nanoparticle Chemistry for Sustainable Applications

  • 1st Edition
  • March 5, 2021
  • Mahmoud Nasrollahzadeh
  • English
  • Paperback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 1 2 - 8 2 2 1 0 8 - 2
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 1 2 - 8 2 2 1 2 3 - 5
Biopolymers are becoming an increasingly important area of research as traditional chemical feedstocks run low and concerns about environmental impacts increase. One area of particular interest is their use for more sustainable development of metal nanoparticles. Biopolymer-based Metal Nanoparticle Chemistry for Sustainability Applications, Volume 1 reviews key polymers found in nature, their characterization and modification, and processes for using them in the development of metal nanoparticles. Beginning with an introduction to both green chemistry and biopolymers in Part 1, the book goes on to outline the classification of biopolymers in Part 2, with specific details on polysaccharides, proteins and polypeptides, lignin, and polylactic acid. Properties of biopolymers, including biodegradability and toxicity, are the focus of Part 3, before Part 4 goes on to discuss synthesis and characterization.

Biopolymer-Based Metal Nanoparticle Chemistry for Sustainable Applications

  • 1st Edition
  • March 5, 2021
  • Mahmoud Nasrollahzadeh
  • English
  • Paperback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 3 2 3 - 8 9 9 7 0 - 3
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 3 2 3 - 8 9 8 9 1 - 1
Biopolymers are becoming an increasingly important area of research as traditional chemical feedstocks run low and concerns about environmental impacts increase. One area of particular interest is their use for more sustainable development of metal nanoparticles. Biopolymer-Based Metal Nanoparticle Chemistry for Sustainability Applications, Volume 2 reviews key uses of biopolymers and biopolymer-based metal nanoparticles for a range of key sustainability-focused applications. After providing contextual examples of applications across the fields of food science, biomedicine and biochemistry, the book goes on to explore further sustainability-focused applications of Biopolymer-Based Metal Nanoparticles in such important areas as catalysis, environmental science, biosensing, and energy.

Machine Learning and Data Science in the Oil and Gas Industry

  • 1st Edition
  • March 4, 2021
  • Patrick Bangert
  • English
  • Paperback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 1 2 - 8 2 0 7 1 4 - 7
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 1 2 - 8 2 0 9 1 4 - 1
Machine Learning and Data Science in the Oil and Gas Industry explains how machine learning can be specifically tailored to oil and gas use cases. Petroleum engineers will learn when to use machine learning, how it is already used in oil and gas operations, and how to manage the data stream moving forward. Practical in its approach, the book explains all aspects of a data science or machine learning project, including the managerial parts of it that are so often the cause for failure. Several real-life case studies round out the book with topics such as predictive maintenance, soft sensing, and forecasting. Viewed as a guide book, this manual will lead a practitioner through the journey of a data science project in the oil and gas industry circumventing the pitfalls and articulating the business value.

Phytochemistry, the Military and Health

  • 1st Edition
  • March 2, 2021
  • Andrew G. Mtewa + 1 more
  • English
  • Paperback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 1 2 - 8 2 1 5 5 6 - 2
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 1 2 - 8 2 3 2 3 0 - 9
Phytochemistry, the Military and Health: Phytotoxins and Natural Defenses comes as a response to the gap that there has for so long existed between phytochemistry and survival of both service personnel and civilian communities during and after conflicts. Armed conflicts cause a lot of devastation to communities and should be avoided as much as it can be possible. The devastation is usually evident in service provisions such as Health, Education, Water, and Food among many others. Both service personnel and civilians are affected to various degrees. Facilities usually end up being physically destroyed, with no essential supplies and/or having dysfunctional systems. Going with untreated wounds, communicable and non-communicable diseases for weeks with no medical interventions due to the conflicts, disease burdens heavily weigh down on communities as well as security personnel. To make the situation even more complicated, masses of people are forced to migrate for safety and security reasons, likely going with diseases along wherever they go. In such instances, phytochemicals become handy in providing solutions from first aid, basic analgesia, antimicrobials, and the general improvement of health. Phytochemicals are known to play a major role in the day to day management of diseases and health. There has been much research into their effectiveness as community medicines and as alternatives to conventional drugs. However, the role that phytochemicals play in the military, counterterrorism, and security has been overlooked. Phytochemistry, the Military and Health: Phytotoxins and Natural Defenses discusses the roles that phytochemicals play as friends and foes in the military, including insights aimed to help develop antidotes against phytochemicals and other chemical agents used maliciously as weapons. Filling a gap between drug discovery, security, and emergency medicine, this book describes which plants can be categorized for protection and controls, which can be helpful in times of conflicts and soon after conflicts, in military operations, and those that can be used as deterrents and as emergency medicines. Carefully designed to show the contribution that phytochemicals play in safety and security, this book is useful for researchers, regulators and anyone interested in plant chemistry.

Advances in Clinical Chemistry

  • 1st Edition
  • Volume 101
  • March 2, 2021
  • Gregory S. Makowski
  • English
  • Hardback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 1 2 - 8 2 4 4 1 5 - 9
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 1 2 - 8 2 4 4 1 6 - 6
Advances in Clinical Chemistry, Volume 101, the latest installment in this internationally acclaimed series, contains chapters authored by world-renowned clinical laboratory scientists, physicians and research scientists. The serial discusses the latest and most up-to-date technologies related to the field of clinical chemistry, with this new release including chapters on Exosomes in cancer, Parathyroid hormone, Clinical relevance of biochemical and metabolic changes in osteoarthritis, Early diagnosis with ultrasensitive ELISA, Cytokines and the immune response in obesity-related disorders, Metabolic profiling of organic and fatty acids in chronic and autoimmune diseases, and more.

The Alkaloids

  • 1st Edition
  • Volume 85
  • March 2, 2021
  • Hans-Joachim Knolker
  • English
  • Hardback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 1 2 - 8 2 4 5 7 5 - 0
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 1 2 - 8 2 4 5 7 6 - 7
The Alkaloids, Volume 85, is the newest release in a series that has covered the topic for more than 60 years. As the esteemed, leading reference in the field of alkaloid chemistry, this series covers all aspects of alkaloids, including their chemistry, biology and pharmacology. Sections are presented as high-quality, timeless reviews written by renowned experts in the field and include chapters on Biosynthesis, Total Synthesis, and Biological Profiles of Ergot Alkaloids, Daphniphyllum alkaloids, Chemistry of the Chippiine/Dippinine/Tronocarpine Class of Indole Alkaloids, and more.

Multilevel Inverters

  • 1st Edition
  • March 1, 2021
  • Ersan Kabalci
  • English
  • Paperback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 3 2 3 - 9 0 2 1 7 - 5
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 3 2 3 - 9 0 7 2 5 - 5
Multilevel Inverters: Control Methods and Power Electronics Applications provides a suite of powerful control methods for conventional and emerging inverter topologies instrumentalized in power electronics applications. It introduces readers to the conventional pulse width modulation control of multilevel voltage source inverter topologies before moving through more advanced approaches including hysteresis control, proportional resonance control, and model predictive control. Later chapters survey the power electronics connection between device topologies and control methods, particularly focusing on conversion in renewable energy systems, electric vehicles, static VAR compensators and solid-state transformers.

Principles of Dielectric Logging Theory

  • 1st Edition
  • February 28, 2021
  • Alex Kaufman + 1 more
  • English
  • Paperback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 1 2 - 8 2 2 2 8 3 - 6
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 1 2 - 8 2 2 2 8 4 - 3
Principles of Dielectric Logging Theory covers the theory of dielectric logging - from first principles to development of new tools - for those involved in the design, development and interpretation of dielectric logging. Dielectric logging has recently experienced a revival in the oil and gas industry and is now considered a preferred method for estimating the saturation of reservoirs. Topics covered in this book include the use of dielectric tools in different types of fields, interpretation methods, the Maxwell phenomena, and how to develop new dielectric tools for future use. Users will find this book includes enough detail that newcomers, seasoned professionals and researchers find it useful.

The Cost of Electricity

  • 1st Edition
  • February 28, 2021
  • Paul Breeze
  • English
  • Paperback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 1 2 - 8 2 3 8 5 5 - 4
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 1 2 - 8 2 4 1 9 7 - 4
The Cost of Electricity is an essential tool for any researcher or practitioner seeking to establish the economic and environmental cost of power generation, and thereby to analyse the economic feasibility of power systems. Chapters cover capital cost, fuel cost, levelised cost, subsidies and tariffs, lifetime emission analysis, net energy analysis, traditional generation costs and renewable generation costs. The work is based on published analyses of generation costs and generation cost predictions from trusted organisations such as the US Energy Information Administration and the IEA. Chapters proceed in a logical manner through cost factors before concluding with the current and future cost of electricity generation.