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Books in Physical sciences and engineering

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Nanomechanics for Coatings and Engineering Surfaces

  • 1st Edition
  • November 1, 2024
  • Ben Beake + 1 more
  • English
  • Paperback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 4 4 3 - 1 3 3 3 4 - 3
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 4 4 3 - 1 3 3 3 5 - 0
Nanomechanics for Coatings and Engineering Surfaces: Test Methods, Development Strategies, Modeling Approaches, and Applications provides readers with an array of best practices for nanoindentation measurements as well as related small-scale test methods and how to translate test results into the development of improved coatings. A core theme of the book is explaining to readers exactly how, when, and why the nanomechanical properties of engineered surfaces relate to their wear resistance.The book starts with chapters that introduce the development and importance of nanomechanical testing and linkages between wear resistance and the mechanical properties of coatings before moving into discussions of various experimental methods and techniques, such as nanoindentation, continuous stiffness measurements, nano-scratch methods, high-temperature testing, nano-impact testing, and more. Other sections discuss modeling approaches such as finite element analysis, atomistic and molecular dynamics, and analytical methods. Design strategies and industrial applications are covered next, with a final section looking at trends and future directions.

Nanostructured Lithium-ion Battery Materials

  • 1st Edition
  • November 1, 2024
  • Sabu Thomas + 3 more
  • English
  • Paperback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 4 4 3 - 1 3 3 3 8 - 1
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 4 4 3 - 1 3 3 3 9 - 8
Nanostructured Lithium-ion Battery Materials: Synthesis and Applications provides a detailed overview of nanostructured materials for application in Li-ion batteries, supporting improvements in materials selection and battery performance. The book begins by presenting the fundamentals of Lithium-ion batteries, including electrochemistry and reaction mechanism, advantages and disadvantages of Li-ion batteries, and characterization methods. Subsequent sections provide in-depth coverage of a range of nanostructured materials as applied to cathodes, electrolytes, separators, and anodes. Finally, other key aspects are discussed, including industrial scale-up, safety, life cycle analysis, recycling, and future research trends.This is a valuable resource for researchers, faculty, and advanced students across nanotechnology, materials science, battery technology, energy storage, chemistry, applied physics, chemical engineering, and electrical engineering. In an industrial setting, this book will be of interest to scientists, engineers, and R&D professionals working with advanced materials for Li-ion batteries and other energy storage applications.

Paper-Based Optical Chemosensors

  • 1st Edition
  • November 1, 2024
  • Liang Feng
  • English
  • Paperback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 4 4 3 - 1 3 3 5 6 - 5
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 4 4 3 - 1 3 3 5 7 - 2
Paper-based Optical Chemosensors comprehensively discusses the origin, development, and current state-of-the-art in paper-based sensors. With a focus on the principles, classifications, methodology, design, and application of paper-based sensors, this book represents a developing research field with recent innovative applications resulting in a comprehensive presentation of the different physico-chemical techniques using paper sensors. It discloses underlying rules and factors in paper-based sensors and discusses intricate sensing systems and working environments by ways of chemistry and physics for a variety of application scenarios such as environmental protection, food safety, public safety, and clinical diagnosis.This is a valuable resource for researchers who major in analytical chemistry, or for those who are interested in the development of methods or devices for rapid analysis/monitoring based on paper/membrane-based sensors who wish to broaden their knowledge in the allied field.

Recent Progress in Medical Miniature Robots

  • 1st Edition
  • November 1, 2024
  • Li Zhang + 2 more
  • English
  • Paperback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 4 4 3 - 1 3 3 8 5 - 5
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 4 4 3 - 1 3 3 8 6 - 2
Recent Progress in Medical Miniature Robots: From Bench to Bedside serves as a specialized and dedicated reference on tethered miniature robots and their related collective behaviors. The book presents the latest achievements in the research of miniature robotics and introduces a variety of miniature robots on the milli-/micro/nano-scale, with tethered/untethered and individual/swarm designs, describing the various types and analyzing the underlying principles per class. Clinicians, academicians, healthcare professionals, researchers, students, engineers, and scientists working in the field of medical miniature robots and related biomedical applications will benefit from the knowledge presented in this book.Robotic technology helps the medical field realize new surgical procedures and medical treatments that were previously unachievable. Innovative technologies like medical robotics will continue to improve the performance of minimally invasive interventions, allowing more accessible surgical treatments. With the advancement of robotic technologies across the scales, novel robotic-assisted surgical procedures and therapeutic interventions are revolutionizing medical diagnosis and treatment solutions, which enable and enhance visualization, accessibility, and accuracy for surgeons to carry out minimally invasive interventions that benefit medical doctors and patients worldwide.

The Sustainable Power Grid

  • 1st Edition
  • November 1, 2024
  • Brian D’ Andrade
  • English
  • Paperback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 4 4 3 - 1 3 4 4 2 - 5
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 4 4 3 - 1 3 4 4 1 - 8
The Sustainable Power Grid: Challenges, Applications and Case Studies provides a detailed breakdown of the different challenges faced with power grid modernization and presents a range of practical approaches to tackle these. With a strong focus on case studies and applications, the book offers extensive case study content to illustrate real-world concepts.Beginning with an overview on the evolution of the traditional power system, chapters then discuss key issues surrounding extreme weather, power quality, and power converters. The book also outlines a quantitative risk-based framework for asset health assessment of overhead lines, alongside engineering and environmental considerations. Concluding with a deep-dive into energy storage, topics consist of energy storage system protection, condition monitoring, and emerging technologies.Completely practical in nature, this is an essential resource for engineers in the electrical power industry, and offers students and researchers applied content in the latest power grid technologies.

Chemometrics Applied to Electrochemical Data

  • 1st Edition
  • November 1, 2024
  • Sherlan Guimarães Lemos + 1 more
  • English
  • Paperback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 4 4 3 - 1 3 4 7 8 - 4
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 4 4 3 - 1 3 4 7 9 - 1
Chemometrics Applied to Electrochemical Data presents a broad and up-to-date view of the use of chemometric techniques in the treatment of electrochemical data.This book discusses the potential of the multivariate thinking and a more flexible approach to data modelling in the development of applications in electrochemistry and electroanalysis.The book provides an assessment of the published literature to contextualize the state-of-the-art of the association between chemometrics and electrochemistry, indicating the most common applications (cases of success) involving design of experiments and optimization, multivariate calibration, and pattern recognition, presenting the basic concepts of the chemometric techniques employed and the particularities of their use in electrochemical data.Through practical examples and theoretical discussions of electrochemistry and chemometrics, this book will be a comprehensive practical reference which aims to help chemometrics find its space within electrochemistry.

Development in Waste Water Treatment Research and Processes

  • 1st Edition
  • November 1, 2024
  • Maulin P. Shah
  • English
  • Paperback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 4 4 3 - 1 3 6 1 5 - 3
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 4 4 3 - 1 3 6 1 6 - 0
Applied Technologies for Clean Up of Environmental Contaminants covers the features of remediation and biocontrol technology, a multidisciplinary field combining environmental and industrial microbiology with biotechnology to improve environmental management. Studying the advanced microbial processes involved in geomicrobiology, aeromicrobiology, microbial loop and nutrient availability, as well as microbial energetics in the contaminated environment with an emphasis on innovative methodologies, the book provides readers with a better understanding of basic microbiology, allowing them to comprehend the mechanism and behavior of various biochemical processes that are used in bioremediation and biocontrol technologies.Including coverage of key subjects such as management of waste, energy generation, restoration processes, water treatment processes, co-metabolism, and nutrient recycling as well as emerging advances in environmental microbial biotechnology, green nanotechnology, metagenomic and proteomic strategies, DNA microarray, and biosensor-based technologies, this book provides potential implications for environmental management.

The 50th Anniversary Issue of Fish Physiology

  • 1st Edition
  • Volume 40B
  • November 1, 2024
  • Colin Brauner + 3 more
  • English
  • Hardback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 4 4 3 - 1 3 7 3 1 - 0
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 4 4 3 - 1 3 7 3 2 - 7
The series "Fish Physiology" recently celebrated its 50th Anniversary. In total, the editors of the series have produced a total of 47 books (several volumes have two books) that contain almost 500 chapters since the inaugural volume published in 1969. The content of the "Fish Physiology" volumes has evolved over time. The initial volumes were devoted to understanding the basic mechanisms and principles of fish physiology, with a focus on a few model species and some application to natural environmental conditions. Then, as the field better understood mechanisms, the approach was broadened to not only delve deeper into system physiology (e.g., chapters in early volumes were expanded to become books), but interspecific differences in physiology were explored, permitting a more evolutionary framework. Finally, as interspecific physiological mechanisms were further resolved, it became possible to discuss physiology in light of a changing world. Thus, physiology can now inform on conservation, sustainability and management, as exemplified with the most recent volumes. This anniversary issue celebrates the series by highlighting some of the very important early work in the field that was published in the Series. In particular, we wished to (re)introduce new researchers to this research that has stood the test of time and that shaped the field. Each re-published chapter is preceded by a short review written by experts in the field to provide an overview/introduction of each selected chapter, discuss what is particularly noteworthy or important in the particular chapter, and discuss why in their opinion this chapter has become a classic in its own right and how it has inspired the field of fish physiology today.

Polymer Nanocomposites

  • 1st Edition
  • November 1, 2024
  • API Popoola + 3 more
  • English
  • Paperback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 4 4 3 - 1 3 7 5 6 - 3
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 4 4 3 - 1 3 7 5 7 - 0
Polymer Nanocomposites: Interface Engineering of Carbon Nanotubes, Advanced Properties and Recent Applications presents detailed information on various approaches for the interface engineering of CNTs and their resultant properties when incorporated in the polymer matrix. The book covers the fundamentals, as well as up-to-date techniques for predicting the properties of surface engineering. Core shell structures are also covered, along with the functionalization and modification of CNTs and their relationships with the polymer matrix in tailoring engineering properties. The book also discusses the influence of surface treatments on various resultant properties and applications.This book will be a valuable reference resource showcasing the current state-of-the-art on interface engineering of CNTs for production of industrial components.

Vertebrate Ichnology

  • 1st Edition
  • November 1, 2024
  • Spencer G Lucas + 2 more
  • English
  • Paperback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 4 4 3 - 1 3 8 3 7 - 9
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 4 4 3 - 1 3 9 7 1 - 0
Vertebrate Ichnology: The Fossil Record of Prehistoric Behavior is a complete review and analysis of vertebrate trace fossils, including how vertebrate trace fossils inform our understanding of major evolutionary events. It covers all aspects of the vertebrate trace fossil record including tetrapod footprints, fish traces and other trails, burrows, nests and more. Each record is reviewed by prominent experts with extensive illustrations and can be used as a tool to solve problems of vertebrate biochronology and biogeography. Megabiases in the record are identified, and trace fossils applied to analysis and the understanding of major events in the evolutionary history of vertebrates.This is a useful daily reference for paleontologists and geologists; and teaching professors or other researchers working in trace fossils and related fields, including university and graduate students.