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Books in Physical sciences and engineering

11-20 of 26619 results in All results

Exergy Analysis of Heating and Cooling

  • 1st Edition
  • November 1, 2024
  • Daniel Favrat + 1 more
  • English
  • Paperback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 3 2 3 - 9 0 4 9 6 - 4
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 3 2 3 - 9 0 4 9 7 - 1
Exergy Analysis of Heating and Cooling presents a comprehensive understanding of the fundamental theory and design of various complex heating and cooling systems. The book develops a methodology for the reader to analyze the performance of thermodynamic heating and cooling systems, including known and emerging technologies of the future. The formulation of system and subsystem boundaries are discussed to ensure readers can evaluate the whole chain of processes, from primary exergies to useful exergy services. Numerous examples that illustrate how to identify causes for, and solutions to, exergy efficiency are included to increase clarity and understanding for readers.The book's authors evaluate advanced thermodynamic systems by precisely identifying the design and operating parameters which may cause inefficiencies. Users will find this resource to be a great guide that helps solve common problems and mathematical equations for those working and researching in heating and cooling, thermodynamics, and thermal energy engineering systems.

A Biorefinery Approach to Algal Biomass Conversation for Biofuels and Bioproducts

  • 1st Edition
  • November 1, 2024
  • Kaustubha Mohanty + 1 more
  • English
  • Paperback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 3 2 3 - 9 0 8 4 0 - 5
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 3 2 3 - 9 0 8 4 1 - 2
A Biorefinery Approach to Algal Biomass Conversation for Biofuels and Bioproducts presents a detailed overview of the processes and products of algal biomass within the concept of the circular economy. With a particular emphasis on biofuels, the book addresses the fundamentals and underlying concepts of biomass conversation processes, the equipment, and their advanced application for algal feedstocks. This includes the principles of biomass conversion processes, a complete profile of the generated biofuels, feed, food, and chemicals, the concept of integrated biorefinery based on micro and microalgae, and sustainability evaluations through technoeconomic analysis and life cycle analysis. Readers are supported by step-by-step guidance on methods and protocols, and decision-making diagrams and flowcharts, and examples of commercial successes. Offering a clear and comprehensive overview of algal biomass conversation to biofuels and related products, this book is an ideal reference for researches and faculty members looking to develop a deeper understanding of algal biofuels and related conversation processes or seeking a consistent and structured approach to the topic.

Encyclopedia of Energy, Natural Resource, and Environmental Economics

  • 2nd Edition
  • November 1, 2024
  • Tommy Lundgren + 2 more
  • English
  • Hardback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 3 2 3 - 9 1 0 1 3 - 2
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 3 2 3 - 9 1 4 0 7 - 9
Every decision about energy involves its price, cost, and quantity. For economists, energy economics is one of three subdisciplines which, taken together, compose an economic approach to the development and preservation of natural resources and environmental quality.Energy economics, which focuses on energy-related subjects such as renewable energy, hydropower, nuclear power, and the political economy of energyResource economics, which covers subjects in land and water use, such as mining, fisheries, agriculture, and forestsEnvironmental economics, which takes a broader view of natural resources through economic concepts such as risk, valuation, regulation/policy, distribution with business applicationAlthough the three are closely related, they are not often presented as an integrated whole. This revised 3-volume set will bridge that gap by unifying these fields into a high-quality, comprehensive and unique overview. It will serve as an invaluable and unique tool to facilitate the first step in diving into a new subject within energy, resource or environmental economics. The chapters are written in a non-technical manner so that users outside of advanced academics or trained economists are also able to grasp the content easily. In addition, all chapters will follow a specific template throughout, thus providing a consistent and logical format for the reader.

Handbook of MRI Pulse Sequences

  • 2nd Edition
  • November 1, 2024
  • Xiaohong Joe Zhou + 4 more
  • English
  • Hardback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 3 2 3 - 9 1 5 9 7 - 7
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 3 2 3 - 9 1 5 9 8 - 4
Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) is among the most important medical imaging techniques available today. Each of these scanners is capable of running many different "pulse sequences". These sequences are governed by physics and engineering principles and implemented by software programs that control the MRI hardware. To utilize an MRI scanner to the fullest extent, a conceptual understanding of its pulse sequences is crucial. The newly updated second edition of Handbook of MRI Pulse Sequences, Second Edition includes an increased 92 self-contained sections, each section focusing on a single subject. A new section on detailing the advanced pulse sequence techniques, covers a variety of basic and advanced image reconstruction methods. The extensive topic coverage and cross-referencing makes this book ideal for beginners learning the building blocks of MRI pulse sequence design, as well as for experienced professionals who are seeking deeper knowledge of a particular technique.

Modelling and Control of Dynamic Spatially Distributed Systems

  • 1st Edition
  • November 1, 2024
  • Yizhi Wang + 1 more
  • English
  • Paperback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 3 2 3 - 9 5 3 9 2 - 4
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 3 2 3 - 9 5 3 9 1 - 7
Modelling and Control of Dynamic Spatially Distributed Systems: Pharmaceutical Processes provides a balanced approach to help readers to get started quickly in the field of biochemical pharmaceuticals.From a theoretical perspective, dynamic spatially distributed systems are introduced to address their industrial applications. After identifying problems, the book provides readers with modeling and control system design techniques via a novel fuzzy set (class of objects with a continuum of grades of membership, to describe the grade of the object belonging to this fuzzy set) and intelligent computation methods.From an application perspective, the book provides a thorough understanding of Good Manufacture Practices (GMP) and the importance of identification, modelling, and intelligent control of such systems, reducing the test-and-error cost, and the R&D design time cycle of original drug development.

Dynamics and Control of Ocean Wave Energy Converters

  • 1st Edition
  • November 1, 2024
  • Ossama Abdelkhalik + 1 more
  • English
  • Paperback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 3 2 3 - 9 5 4 5 3 - 2
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 3 2 3 - 9 5 4 5 4 - 9
Dynamics and Control of Ocean Wave Energy Converters: Theory and Applications outlines the fundamental theory and applications of wave energy production techniques, with detailed explanations of the dynamics and hydrodynamics of wave energy converters. Methods and models of control are described next, including essential techniques from systems response and PID control to state space realization. Next, advanced reactive control techniques, such as Latching Control, Bang-Bang Control, and advanced optimal control algorithms, will be outlined. The final chapters show how to calculate optimal estimation for wave energy conversion using techniques such as Kalman Filters and Extended Kalman filters.Providing a range of problems and case studies to enhance understanding, this book will take readers from the essentials of wave energy conversion to advanced control techniques for responsive energy production.

Antimicrobial Materials and Coatings

  • 1st Edition
  • November 1, 2024
  • Ashish Kumar Singh + 2 more
  • English
  • Paperback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 3 2 3 - 9 5 4 6 0 - 0
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 3 2 3 - 9 5 4 6 1 - 7
Antimicrobial Materials and Coatings covers the properties, fabrication technologies and applications of antimicrobial coatings and materials, with a focus on innovative antimicrobial nanomaterials. Due to the globally concerning issue of antimicrobial resistance and the evidence that nanomaterials are believed to have no or low potential for resistance development, considerable efforts have been directed to synthesizing and developing antibacterial coatings and nanomaterials for a range of applications.This book guides the reader through the key properties, fabrication technologies and various applications of antimicrobial coatings and materials, including applications in food packaging, biomedicine and public health, water treatment and decontamination.

The Archean Earth

  • 2nd Edition
  • November 1, 2024
  • Martin Homann + 10 more
  • English
  • Paperback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 3 2 3 - 9 5 5 4 7 - 8
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 3 2 3 - 9 5 5 4 8 - 5
The Archean Earth: Tempos and Events, Second Edition is a process-based reference book focusing on the most important events on the early Earth, bringing together experts across Earth Sciences to give a comprehensive overview of the main events of the Archean Eon, as well as of the rates at which important geological and geobiological processes occurred in the same time interval. Over the last two decades, significant progress has been made in our understanding of the processes and events on the early Earth corresponding to advances in the analytical technologies and the continuing efforts of many colleagues that pursue their passion of unravelling the Archean rock record. The book addresses the origin of the Earth, succeeding impact events, and the evolution of the early Earth, covering topics such as Archean tectonics, volcanism, generation of continental crust, and the ongoing debate about the onset of plate tectonics; the evolution and models for Earth's hydrosphere and atmosphere; the Archean atmosphere and chemical sedimentation; and sedimentation through Archean time; among others. Each topic is well-illustrated and includes a closing commentary at the end of each chapter, leading up to the final chapter which blends the major geological events and rates at which important processes occurred into a synthesis, postulating a number of "event clusters" in the Archean when significant changes occurred in many natural systems and geological environments.With updated processes, dating information, case studies, and more, The Archean Earth is a necessary addition to the library of any Earth science academics, students and researchers focused on the early Earth.

The Science and Engineering of Cutting

  • 2nd Edition
  • November 1, 2024
  • Kai Cheng + 1 more
  • English
  • Paperback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 3 2 3 - 9 9 4 2 2 - 4
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 3 2 3 - 9 5 8 2 9 - 5
The Science and Engineering of Cutting: The Mechanics and Processes of Separating, Scratching and Puncturing Biomaterials, Metals and Non-metals, Second Edition has been updated to include new developments in the mechanics of cutting, introducing topics such as friction modeling, oblique cutting of polymers, nano-sectioning, ultraprecision cutting, new methods for determining the fracture toughness of welds and glued joints, finite element simulations of cutting, and much more. The book also looks at new applications, such as improvements in the design of wood cutting machinery, body armor, and the employment of greater ‘slice-push’ methods in food-cutting machinery.

Handbook of Astrochemistry

  • 1st Edition
  • November 1, 2024
  • Wendy A. Brown + 2 more
  • English
  • Paperback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 3 2 3 - 9 9 9 8 3 - 0
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 3 2 3 - 9 8 4 8 0 - 5
Handbook of Astrochemistry provides a comprehensive overview of astrochemistry as a series of tutorial reviews by leading experts on all experimental, theoretical, computational, and astronomical aspects of this field. Starting from an overview of the observational molecular Universe, it then moves on to describe the state-of-the-art knowledge in the fields of gas-phase and solid-phase laboratory and computational astrochemistry; its use in astrochemical modelling; and finally how observations of molecules shape our understanding of how stars and planets form and of the chemical origins of biology.Combining the knowledge and experience of an international team of experts, this book is an authoritative, accessible guide for all those working in related fields.