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Books in Physical sciences and engineering

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Dynamics and Control of Ocean Wave Energy Converters

  • 1st Edition
  • November 1, 2024
  • Ossama Abdelkhalik + 1 more
  • English
  • Paperback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 3 2 3 - 9 5 4 5 3 - 2
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 3 2 3 - 9 5 4 5 4 - 9
Dynamics and Control of Ocean Wave Energy Converters: Theory and Applications outlines the fundamental theory and applications of wave energy production techniques, with detailed explanations of the dynamics and hydrodynamics of wave energy converters. Methods and models of control are described next, including essential techniques from systems response and PID control to state space realization. Next, advanced reactive control techniques, such as Latching Control, Bang-Bang Control, and advanced optimal control algorithms, will be outlined. The final chapters show how to calculate optimal estimation for wave energy conversion using techniques such as Kalman Filters and Extended Kalman filters.Providing a range of problems and case studies to enhance understanding, this book will take readers from the essentials of wave energy conversion to advanced control techniques for responsive energy production.

Frosting for Air Source Heat Pumps

  • 1st Edition
  • November 1, 2024
  • Mengjie Song + 1 more
  • English
  • Paperback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 3 2 3 - 9 5 4 5 7 - 0
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 3 2 3 - 9 5 4 5 8 - 7
Frosting for Air Source Heat Pumps: Research, Case Studies, and Methods provides a comprehensive accounting of the latest research, analysis, and modeling methods for limiting frosting and maximizing efficiency. The book begins by outlining the fundamentals of frosting mechanisms, including the condensation and freezing of water droplets. It then provides a wide range of case studies that showcase a variety of surfaces, conditions, and energy generation technologies. Finally, the last chapters demonstrate modeling and analysis of frosting operation before laying out critical considerations for designing a frost control strategy in ASHPs.Building on the theory and studies contained in the author’s previous work Defrosting for Air Source Heat Pumps, this book provides essential and advanced information for understanding and controlling frosting for these sustainable energy sources.

Antimicrobial Materials and Coatings

  • 1st Edition
  • November 1, 2024
  • Ashish Kumar Singh + 2 more
  • English
  • Paperback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 3 2 3 - 9 5 4 6 0 - 0
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 3 2 3 - 9 5 4 6 1 - 7
Antimicrobial Materials and Coatings covers the properties, fabrication technologies and applications of antimicrobial coatings and materials, with a focus on innovative antimicrobial nanomaterials. Due to the globally concerning issue of antimicrobial resistance and the evidence that nanomaterials are believed to have no or low potential for resistance development, considerable efforts have been directed to synthesizing and developing antibacterial coatings and nanomaterials for a range of applications.This book guides the reader through the key properties, fabrication technologies and various applications of antimicrobial coatings and materials, including applications in food packaging, biomedicine and public health, water treatment and decontamination.

Case Studies in Mathematical Modelling for Medical Devices

  • 1st Edition
  • November 1, 2024
  • John Crowe
  • English
  • Paperback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 3 2 3 - 9 5 4 7 2 - 3
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 3 2 3 - 9 5 4 7 3 - 0
Case Studies in Mathematical Modelling for Medical Devices: How Pulse Oximeters and Doppler Ultrasound Fetal Heart Rate Monitors Work focuses on three medical devices used to monitor some aspect of physiological status: pulse oximetry, laser Doppler flowmetry and Doppler ultrasound fetal heart rate monitoring. The book's three case studies serve as the basis for readers to be able to generalize modeling to other medical devices. It introduces mathematical topics that appear in many areas of science and engineering by demonstrating the value of being able to model how devices work. This requires a brief description of their operating principles before appropriate mathematics. Containing three parts about each medical device, the book begins with a chapter on probability distributions that will be used in oximetry and laser Doppler flowmetry parts. This book is for MSc and PhD students in biomedical engineering and those interested in the mathematics behind the design of the instrumentation that they use.

The Archean Earth

  • 2nd Edition
  • November 1, 2024
  • Martin Homann + 10 more
  • English
  • Paperback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 3 2 3 - 9 5 5 4 7 - 8
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 3 2 3 - 9 5 5 4 8 - 5
The Archean Earth: Tempos and Events, Second Edition is a process-based reference book that focuses on the most important events in early Earth, bringing together experts across Earth Sciences to give a comprehensive overview of the main events of the Archean Eon, as well as of the rates at which important geological and geobiological processes occurred in the same time interval. Over the last two decades, significant progress has been made in our understanding of the processes and events on the early Earth corresponding to advances in the analytical technologies and the continuing efforts of many colleagues that pursue their passion of unravelling the Archean rock record.The book addresses the origin of the Earth, succeeding impact events, and the evolution of the early Earth, covering topics such as Archean tectonics, volcanism, generation of continental crust, and the ongoing debate about the onset of plate tectonics; the evolution and models for Earth's hydrosphere and atmosphere; the Archean atmosphere and chemical sedimentation; and sedimentation through Archean time; among others. Each topic is well-illustrated and includes a closing commentary at the end of each chapter, leading up to the final chapter which blends the major geological events and rates at which important processes occurred into a synthesis, postulating a number of "event clusters" in the Archean when significant changes occurred in many natural systems and geological environments

The Science and Engineering of Cutting

  • 2nd Edition
  • November 1, 2024
  • Kai Cheng + 1 more
  • English
  • Paperback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 3 2 3 - 9 9 4 2 2 - 4
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 3 2 3 - 9 5 8 2 9 - 5
The Science and Engineering of Cutting: The Mechanics and Processes of Separating, Scratching and Puncturing Biomaterials, Metals and Non-metals, Second Edition has been updated to include new developments in the mechanics of cutting, introducing topics such as friction modeling, oblique cutting of polymers, nano-sectioning, ultraprecision cutting, new methods for determining the fracture toughness of welds and glued joints, finite element simulations of cutting, and much more. The book also looks at new applications, such as improvements in the design of wood cutting machinery, body armor, and the employment of greater ‘slice-push’ methods in food-cutting machinery.

Handbook of Astrochemistry

  • 1st Edition
  • November 1, 2024
  • Wendy A. Brown + 2 more
  • English
  • Paperback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 3 2 3 - 9 9 9 8 3 - 0
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 3 2 3 - 9 8 4 8 0 - 5
Handbook of Astrochemistry provides a comprehensive overview of astrochemistry as a series of tutorial reviews by leading experts on all experimental, theoretical, computational, and astronomical aspects of this field. Starting from an overview of the observational molecular Universe, it then moves on to describe the state-of-the-art knowledge in the fields of gas-phase and solid-phase laboratory and computational astrochemistry; its use in astrochemical modelling; and finally how observations of molecules shape our understanding of how stars and planets form and of the chemical origins of biology.Combining the knowledge and experience of an international team of experts, this book is an authoritative, accessible guide for all those working in related fields.

Nanomechanics for Coatings and Engineering Surfaces

  • 1st Edition
  • November 1, 2024
  • Ben Beake + 1 more
  • English
  • Paperback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 4 4 3 - 1 3 3 3 4 - 3
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 4 4 3 - 1 3 3 3 5 - 0
Nanomechanics for Coatings and Engineering Surfaces: Test Methods, Development Strategies, Modeling Approaches, and Applications provides readers with an array of best practices for nanoindentation measurements as well as related small-scale test methods and how to translate test results into the development of improved coatings. A core theme of the book is explaining to readers exactly how, when, and why the nanomechanical properties of engineered surfaces relate to their wear resistance.The book starts with chapters that introduce the development and importance of nanomechanical testing and linkages between wear resistance and the mechanical properties of coatings before moving into discussions of various experimental methods and techniques, such as nanoindentation, continuous stiffness measurements, nano-scratch methods, high-temperature testing, nano-impact testing, and more. Other sections discuss modeling approaches such as finite element analysis, atomistic and molecular dynamics, and analytical methods. Design strategies and industrial applications are covered next, with a final section looking at trends and future directions.

Nanostructured Lithium-ion Battery Materials

  • 1st Edition
  • November 1, 2024
  • Sabu Thomas + 3 more
  • English
  • Paperback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 4 4 3 - 1 3 3 3 8 - 1
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 4 4 3 - 1 3 3 3 9 - 8
Nanostructured Lithium-ion Battery Materials: Synthesis and Applications provides a detailed overview of nanostructured materials for application in Li-ion batteries, supporting improvements in materials selection and battery performance. The book begins by presenting the fundamentals of Lithium-ion batteries, including electrochemistry and reaction mechanism, advantages and disadvantages of Li-ion batteries, and characterization methods. Subsequent sections provide in-depth coverage of a range of nanostructured materials as applied to cathodes, electrolytes, separators, and anodes. Finally, other key aspects are discussed, including industrial scale-up, safety, life cycle analysis, recycling, and future research trends.This is a valuable resource for researchers, faculty, and advanced students across nanotechnology, materials science, battery technology, energy storage, chemistry, applied physics, chemical engineering, and electrical engineering. In an industrial setting, this book will be of interest to scientists, engineers, and R&D professionals working with advanced materials for Li-ion batteries and other energy storage applications.

Paper-Based Optical Chemosensors

  • 1st Edition
  • November 1, 2024
  • Liang Feng
  • English
  • Paperback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 4 4 3 - 1 3 3 5 6 - 5
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 4 4 3 - 1 3 3 5 7 - 2
Paper-based Optical Chemosensors comprehensively discusses the origin, development, and current state-of-the-art in paper-based sensors. With a focus on the principles, classifications, methodology, design, and application of paper-based sensors, this book represents a developing research field with recent innovative applications resulting in a comprehensive presentation of the different physico-chemical techniques using paper sensors. It discloses underlying rules and factors in paper-based sensors and discusses intricate sensing systems and working environments by ways of chemistry and physics for a variety of application scenarios such as environmental protection, food safety, public safety, and clinical diagnosis.This is a valuable resource for researchers who major in analytical chemistry, or for those who are interested in the development of methods or devices for rapid analysis/monitoring based on paper/membrane-based sensors who wish to broaden their knowledge in the allied field.