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Books in Physical sciences and engineering

61-70 of 25894 results in All results

Earth Observation Applications to Landslide Mapping, Monitoring and Modelling

  • 1st Edition
  • November 1, 2024
  • Ionut Sandric + 2 more
  • English
  • Paperback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 1 2 - 8 2 3 8 6 8 - 4
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 1 2 - 8 2 4 1 9 8 - 1
Earth Observation Applications to Landslide Mapping, Monitoring and Modelling: Cutting-edge Approaches with Artificial Intelligence, Aerial and Satellite Imagery focuses on the applications of drone and satellite imagery for mapping landslides. Topics covered include the use of ultra-high aerial imagery, obtained with drones, for mapping and predicting landslide activity (like runoff, volume displacement, exposure to risk, etc.). Subjects related to EO data assimilations into landslide hazard prediction models are also included. The primary aim of this book is to advance the scientific understanding and application of technologies to address a variety of fields related to landslide mapping and monitoring.Because of the intensification of the catastrophic events in the last 20 years, landslide monitoring gained considerable interest from the geoscience community. This book will be beneficial for the postgraduates, PhD research scholars, professors and scientists, geospatial experts, modelers, oceanography scientists and conservation communities, environmental consultants, big data compilers, and computing experts.

Theoretical Foundations of Multiscale Modelling

  • 1st Edition
  • November 1, 2024
  • Michele Cascella + 1 more
  • English
  • Paperback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 3 2 3 - 8 8 4 4 0 - 2
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 3 2 3 - 9 0 6 0 6 - 7
Theoretical Foundations of Multiscale Modelling aims to address thermodynamical and statistical mechanical foundations of methods commonly employed, highlighting the potential and limitations of each approach. Starting with an overview of the basics of statistical mechanics, the book's chapters illustrate the general theory of molecular modelling, the concepts and methods for the study of complex molecular systems, key strategies employed to perform computational calculations and simulations, recent, cutting-edge tools of the trade, and a selection of case studies that highlight multi-scale modeling, multiple-resolution simulation methods, and machine-learning applications.Drawing on the experience of its expert authors, this book is an insightful guide for all those learning, applying or interested in exploring multiscale modelling methods for their own work. Multiscale modelling approaches can provide valuable insights to researchers across a broad range of fields, but the interdisciplinary applicability of these approaches means both new learners and experienced researchers may not have a clear understanding of the theoretical and computational fundamentals underpinning these methods.

Exergy Analysis of Heating and Cooling

  • 1st Edition
  • November 1, 2024
  • Daniel Favrat + 1 more
  • English
  • Paperback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 3 2 3 - 9 0 4 9 6 - 4
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 3 2 3 - 9 0 4 9 7 - 1
Exergy Analysis of Heating and Cooling presents a comprehensive understanding of the fundamental theory and design of various complex heating and cooling systems. The book develops a methodology for the reader to analyze the performance of thermodynamic heating and cooling systems, including known and emerging technologies of the future. The formulation of system and subsystem boundaries are discussed to ensure readers can evaluate the whole chain of processes, from primary exergies to useful exergy services. Numerous examples that illustrate how to identify causes for, and solutions to, exergy efficiency are included to increase clarity and understanding for readers.The book's authors evaluate advanced thermodynamic systems by precisely identifying the design and operating parameters which may cause inefficiencies. Users will find this resource to be a great guide that helps solve common problems and mathematical equations for those working and researching in heating and cooling, thermodynamics, and thermal energy engineering systems.

A Biorefinery Approach to Algal Biomass Conversation for Biofuels and Bioproducts

  • 1st Edition
  • November 1, 2024
  • Kaustubha Mohanty + 1 more
  • English
  • Paperback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 3 2 3 - 9 0 8 4 0 - 5
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 3 2 3 - 9 0 8 4 1 - 2
A Biorefinery Approach to Algal Biomass Conversation for Biofuels and Bioproducts presents a detailed overview of the processes and products of algal biomass within the concept of the circular economy. With a particular emphasis on biofuels, the book addresses the fundamentals and underlying concepts of biomass conversation processes, the equipment, and their advanced application for algal feedstocks. This includes the principles of biomass conversion processes, a complete profile of the generated biofuels, feed, food, and chemicals, the concept of integrated biorefinery based on micro and microalgae, and sustainability evaluations through technoeconomic analysis and life cycle analysis. Readers are supported by step-by-step guidance on methods and protocols, and decision-making diagrams and flowcharts, and examples of commercial successes. Offering a clear and comprehensive overview of algal biomass conversation to biofuels and related products, this book is an ideal reference for researches and faculty members looking to develop a deeper understanding of algal biofuels and related conversation processes or seeking a consistent and structured approach to the topic.

Encyclopedia of Energy, Natural Resource, and Environmental Economics

  • 2nd Edition
  • November 1, 2024
  • Tommy Lundgren + 2 more
  • English
  • Hardback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 3 2 3 - 9 1 0 1 3 - 2
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 3 2 3 - 9 1 4 0 7 - 9
Encyclopedia of Energy, Natural Resource, and Environmental Economics, Second Edition covers energy economics in three subdisciplines which, when taken together compose an economic approach to the development and preservation of natural resources and environmental quality. The book focuses on energy-related subjects such as renewable energy, hydropower, nuclear power, and the political economy of energy. Other sections cover land and water use, such as mining, fisheries, agriculture, and forests. Although the three areas are closely related, they are not often presented as an integrated whole.This revised, three-volume set will bridges the gap by unifying these fields into a high-quality, comprehensive and unique overview. It will serve as an invaluable and unique tool to facilitate the first step in diving into a new subject within energy, resource or environmental economics. The chapters are written in a non-technical manner so that users outside of advanced academics or trained economists are also able to grasp the content easily. In addition, all chapters follow a specific template throughout, thus providing a consistent and logical format for the reader.

Handbook of MRI Pulse Sequences

  • 2nd Edition
  • November 1, 2024
  • Xiaohong Joe Zhou + 4 more
  • English
  • Hardback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 3 2 3 - 9 1 5 9 7 - 7
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 3 2 3 - 9 1 5 9 8 - 4
Handbook of MRI Pulse Sequences, Second Edition includes 92 self-contained sections, with each section focusing on a single subject. A new section on detailing the advanced pulse sequence techniques covers a variety of basic and advanced image reconstruction methods. The extensive topic coverage and cross-referencing makes this book ideal for beginners learning the building blocks of MRI pulse sequence design, as well as for experienced professionals who are seeking deeper knowledge of a particular technique.This book is among the most important medical imaging techniques available today. Each of these scanners is capable of running many different "pulse sequences." These sequences are governed by physics and engineering principles and implemented by software programs that control the MRI hardware.

Powering through the Transition

  • 1st Edition
  • November 1, 2024
  • Michael Deighton
  • English
  • Paperback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 3 2 3 - 9 1 7 5 4 - 4
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 3 2 3 - 9 9 5 7 2 - 6
The energy transition is underway to low carbon, and energy companies need a guide to navigate through the uncertainties while maintaining an agile workforce. Powering through the Transition: Navigating the Energy Sector’s Biggest Change since the Discovery of Oil delivers key principles to achieve performance excellence for energy managers and engineers, utilizing cutting edge tools and techniques around lean, visual management, scrum, agile and margin improvement methods. Practical and user-friendly, the methods introduced are already showing successful tangible results with super major energy companies backed by the author’s 25-year experience. Strong visual graphics through flow charts and graphical abstracts are included as well as smart deployment methods utilizing digital technology and multiskilling of personnel. Rounding out with a glossary of terms and practical examples, Powering through the Transition gives today’s companies a plan to thrive in low carbon energy markets.

Natural Fiber-Reinforced PLA Composites

  • 1st Edition
  • November 1, 2024
  • Chandrasekar Muthukumar + 3 more
  • English
  • Paperback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 3 2 3 - 9 5 2 4 7 - 7
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 3 2 3 - 9 5 2 4 8 - 4
Amongst thermoplastic biodegradable polymers, polylactic acid (PLA) has been widely used in many different applications but it still has limited use in various industrial sectors such as medical, packaging, textile, water, and wastewater treatment. To increase the use of these materials more information is needed on their properties, characterization, processing, safety, and sustainability. Natural Fibre-Reinforced PLA Composites: Processing, Characterization and Applications reviews the thermal, physico-chemical, fire retardant, mechanical, tribological, biodegradable and anti-microbial properties of these materials. Fabrication of PLA biocomposites using advanced fabrication techniques like additive manufacturing and electrospinning are also discussed in detail. The book will be a valuable reference for academic and industrial researchers, materials scientists and engineers working in the development of polymers, bioplastics, polymer composites and biocomposites as well as industrial manufacturers.

Tropical Cyclones and Associated Impacts

  • 1st Edition
  • November 1, 2024
  • Gabriele Villarini + 2 more
  • English
  • Paperback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 3 2 3 - 9 5 3 9 0 - 0
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 3 2 3 - 9 5 7 6 1 - 8
Tropical Cyclones and Associated Impacts: A Global Perspective provides a one-stop-shop for readers interested in the impacts of tropical cyclones, capturing the convergence of knowledge across disciplines and fields. Chapters in this book provide a coherent structure that reflects the hazards associated with these storms and their impacts on many spheres of our lives. This book is geared towards readers who have an interest in tropical cyclones, with a broad appeal to difference audiences ranging from academia to federal and state agencies dealing with these storms.Tropical cyclones are among the most destructive natural hazards, and every year they claim numerous fatalities and large economic damages due to storm surge, inland flooding and heavy rainfall, and damaging winds. Many sectors are impacted by these events, including energy, insurance/reinsurance, and public health.

Modelling and Control of Dynamic Spatially Distributed Systems

  • 1st Edition
  • November 1, 2024
  • Yizhi Wang + 1 more
  • English
  • Paperback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 3 2 3 - 9 5 3 9 2 - 4
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 3 2 3 - 9 5 3 9 1 - 7
Modelling and Control of Dynamic Spatially Distributed Systems: Pharmaceutical Processes provides a balanced approach to help readers to get started quickly in the field of biochemical pharmaceuticals. From a theoretical perspective, dynamic spatially distributed systems are introduced to address their industrial applications. After identifying problems, the book provides readers with modeling and control system design techniques via a novel fuzzy set (class of objects with a continuum of grades of membership, to describe the grade of the object belonging to this fuzzy set) and intelligent computation methods.From an application perspective, the book provides a thorough understanding of Good Manufacture Practices (GMP) and the importance of identification, modelling, and intelligent control of such systems, reducing the test-and-error cost, and the R&D design time cycle of original drug development.