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Books in Physical sciences and engineering

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Primer to Neuromorphic Computing

  • 1st Edition
  • November 1, 2024
  • Harish Garg + 3 more
  • English
  • Paperback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 4 4 3 - 2 1 4 8 0 - 6
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 4 4 3 - 2 1 4 8 2 - 0
Primer to Neuromorphic Computing highlights critical and ongoing research into the diverse applications of neuromorphic computing. It includes an overview of primary scientific concepts for the research topic of neuromorphic computing, such as neurons as computational units, artificial intelligence, machine learning, and neuromorphic models. It also discusses the fundamental design method and organization of neuromorphic architecture.Hardware for neuromorphic systems can be developed by exploiting the magnetic properties of different materials. These systems are more energy efficient and enable faster computation . Magnetic tunnel junctions and magnetic textures can be employed to act as neurons and synapses. Neuromorphic systems have general intelligence like humans as they can apply knowledge gained in one domain to other domains.

Water Sustainability and Hydrological Extremes

  • 1st Edition
  • November 1, 2024
  • Durga Prasad Panday + 3 more
  • English
  • Paperback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 4 4 3 - 2 1 4 9 9 - 8
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 4 4 3 - 2 1 4 8 9 - 9
Water Sustainability and Hydrological Extremes: Quantity, Quality, and Security presents a study for the mitigation of hydrological extremes through case studies. The focus is on the effect of extremes on water quality and the fate of geogenic, microbial, anthropogenic pollutants in the water cycle, and the interaction of water quality and quantity variations. The book integrates rapidly growing diverse topics, such as co-occurrence variation in water quantity and quality, water supply, sanitation, and hygiene. Stakeholders’ participation and raising awareness for sustainable management strategies for hydrological extremes and water management systems is also covered.This thorough guide serves as a pillar to postgraduate students and researchers as it’s centered on discovering remediation and natural attenuation of hydrological extremes with a special emphasis on present and future challenges.

Biofuels and Bioproducts from Lignocellulosic Materials

  • 1st Edition
  • November 1, 2024
  • Amritesh Shukla + 4 more
  • English
  • Paperback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 4 4 3 - 2 1 5 2 7 - 8
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 4 4 3 - 2 1 5 2 6 - 1
Biofuels and Bioproducts from Lignocellulosic Materials: Biofuels, Volume Two is part of a comprehensive three-volume set that explores the various possibilities of adding value to lignocellulosic biomass materials by transforming them into bioproducts, biofuels, and biomaterials. With an emphasis on microbial biotechnological solutions, each volume examines how renewable natural resources, agriculture waste management, and valorization of agro-wastes can sustainably produce energy and fuels, nutraceuticals and pharmaceuticals, chemicals, and biomaterials. This volume addresses all aspects of biofuel production from lignocellulosic materials, covering technological challenges, international policies, marketability, techno-economic analysis & LCA studies, and challenges & future perspectives.The book highlights recent advancements and challenges of lignocellulosic biomass conversion into biofuels within a biorefinery concept, and explains technological approaches and the role of microorganisms and their mechanisms. Recent thermo-chemical and biotechnological approaches are explored, along with their mechanisms of action for the development of biofuels such as biodiesel, bioethanol, biomethane, biobutanol, producer gas, syngas, hydrogen, dimethylfurane, bio-LPG, and gasoline. Chemical, enzymatic, and advanced microbial biotechnology approaches used in biomass pretreatment are explained, showing readers how to increase biofuel yields from lignocellulosic raw materials. Genetic and metabolic engineering methods that can improve biofuel production are also discussed.

Artificial Intelligence in Medical Robotics

  • 1st Edition
  • November 1, 2024
  • Mohamed Tounsi
  • English
  • Paperback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 4 4 3 - 2 1 5 3 0 - 8
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 4 4 3 - 2 1 5 3 1 - 5
Artificial Intelligence in Medical Robotics introduces novel ideas in medical robotics, focusing on applications of robots in surgery, nano-robotics, soft robots, and AI-enabled robots in the healthcare industry. The book also explores ethics and bias in the automation of healthcare, detailing the advance of AI for healthcare automation, robotic reinforcement learning, human-centered navigation, robotics, and visualization for ophthalmic surgery, automation in eye surgery, human-machine perception, interaction in surgery, and the most recent advances and challenges in assistive and surgical robots in healthcare.This book will be a great source of information for researchers and academics in artificial intelligence, robotics, automation in healthcare, and autonomy in systems.

Biofuel Cells and Energy Generation

  • 1st Edition
  • November 1, 2024
  • Kishor Kumar Sadasivuni + 1 more
  • English
  • Paperback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 4 4 3 - 2 1 6 0 2 - 2
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 4 4 3 - 2 1 6 0 3 - 9
Biofuel Cells and Energy Generation analyzes the current state-of-the-art and offers solutions to key challenges in developing carbohydrate-based biofuel cell technology. The book provides a critical review of biofuel cell technology, including principles, components, applications, obstacles, and prospects, and assesses the economic, safety, health, and environmental implications. Sections focus on the diversity of biomass resources, the fundamental characteristics of biomass, the major effects of biomass composition variations on biofuel cell technology, and a thorough review of the research literature on approaches for decreasing the detrimental impacts of biomass variability on fuel cells.In addition, a comprehensive examination of biofuel cell technology's current state and applications is presented that is supported by an explanation of the fundamentals, concepts, mechanisms, characteristics, optimal parameters, analytical characterization techniques, diverse types, all-category materials, catalysts, engineering designs, implantable biofuel cells, applications, and critical criteria. A variety of applications are addressed, including power implanted devices in biomedical applications, biosensors for smart communities, and nanomaterials for biofuel cells, among others. For each application, unresolved issues are identified, and solutions proposed.

Biofuels and Bioproducts from Lignocellulosic Materials

  • 1st Edition
  • November 1, 2024
  • Minaxi Sharma + 4 more
  • English
  • Paperback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 4 4 3 - 2 1 6 0 4 - 6
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 4 4 3 - 2 1 6 0 5 - 3
Biofuels and Bioproducts from Lignocellulosic Materials: Bioproducts, Volume One is part of a comprehensive three-volume set that explores the various possibilities of adding value to lignocellulosic biomass materials by transforming them into bioproducts, biofuels, and biomaterials. With an emphasis on microbial biotechnological solutions, each volume examines how renewable natural resources, agriculture waste management, and valorization of agro-wastes can sustainably produce energy and fuels, nutraceuticals and pharmaceuticals, chemicals, and biomaterials. This volume addresses all aspects of value-added bioproducts production from lignocellulosic materials.The opening chapter of the book reviews the fundamentals of biotechnology and biochemistry and provides an overview of lignocellulose, its properties, potential use, volume of production and by-products, and economical importance. Following this, chapters provide critical reviews of the latest developments in lignocellulosic biomass conversion into value-added products and provide step-by-step guidance on key processes and methods, including genetic engineering approaches, microbial pathways, thermochemical routes, and pre-treatment technologies. Various technological approaches are explained, including novel, eco-friendly methods for biomass conversion that reduce waste, and the role of microorganisms and their mechanisms are explored in depth.

Construction Materials and Their Properties for Fire Resistance and Insulation

  • 1st Edition
  • November 1, 2024
  • Paul O. Awoyera + 1 more
  • English
  • Paperback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 4 4 3 - 2 1 6 2 0 - 6
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 4 4 3 - 2 1 6 2 1 - 3
Construction Materials and Their Properties for Fire Resistance and Insulation covers the properties of novel types of concrete and other more conventional building materials in fire scenarios. The volume also stands out as an invaluable reference resource for its relevance to varied audiences both in academia and industry, spanning materials science, civil and structural engineering, and fire safety engineering. Ensuring buildings are fire safe starts at the very beginning of planning new builds or renovations. Hence, it's essential, in fact, that the right materials are chosen not only according to their load-bearing capabilities but also their susceptibility to decay and fire resistance.

New Technology for Solar Photovoltaic/Thermal Comprehensive Utilization Systems

  • 1st Edition
  • November 1, 2024
  • Yanping Yuan + 4 more
  • English
  • Paperback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 4 4 3 - 2 1 6 9 6 - 1
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 4 4 3 - 2 1 6 9 7 - 8
New Technology For Solar Photovoltaic Thermal Comprehensive Utilization Systems: Applications for Cold Regions provides step-by-step coverage of innovative areas of solar/photovoltaic/thermal (PV/T) hot water and heating systems, covering principles, structure, modeling, experimental testing, operating characteristics and optimization, and economic evaluation. The book begins by discussing the concepts, classification, advantages, and application methods of current solar hot water/heating systems, phase change storage, and connection methods. Several novel systems are investigated and analyzed, with applications in extreme cold and subtropical regions, including tank-type systems, dual-condenser heat pipe systems, heat pipe PV/T-Trombe wall systems, PV/T road heat pump systems, and PV/T-PCM-PEM electrolyzer hydrogen/heating systems.Finally, other new types of PV/T systems and building design considerations for special climate regions, and perspectives and future directions, are considered. This is a valuable resource for researchers, scientists, advanced students, engineers, R&D professionals, and other industrial personnel with an interest in solar photovoltaic/thermal (PV/T) technologies, solar energy, built environment, and renewable energy.

Oil Spill Science and Technology

  • 3rd Edition
  • November 1, 2024
  • Mervin Fingas
  • English
  • Hardback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 4 4 3 - 2 1 7 0 3 - 6
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 4 4 3 - 2 1 7 0 2 - 9
Oil Spill Science and Technology, Third Edition delivers a multi-contributed view on the entire chain of oil-spill related topics from oil properties and behaviors to remote sensing through the management side of contingency planning and communicating oil spill risk perceptions. This new edition compiles information on oil spills from a scientific point of view and with new case studies and examples.This book aims to serve both as an authoritative reference for individuals new to the field who need to understand the depth of science going into the fields of oil spill, recovery, assessment, and analysis, as well as those who have years of experience.Written by over 24 experts in the field, this updated edition combines technology with case studies to identify the current state of knowledge surrounding oil spills that will encourage additional areas of research that are left to uncover in this critical sector of the energy industry.

The Ecology of Sandy Shores

  • 4th Edition
  • November 1, 2024
  • Omar Defeo + 1 more
  • English
  • Paperback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 4 4 3 - 2 1 7 5 4 - 8
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 4 4 3 - 2 1 7 5 5 - 5
The Ecology of Sandy Shores, Fourth Edition provides both a holistic and conceptual introduction for the beginner, yet at the same time gives an in-depth and cutting-edge analysis for the researcher interested in sandy shores. There is no other book covering the ecology of sandy beaches, despite the extent and economic importance of these systems. This guide is designed to both introduce students to the basic principles of sandy shore ecology, to serve as a ready reference for doctoral students and researchers working on these systems, and to provide a handbook for land and coastal managers.This new edition will focus on humans as part of the sandy beach environment, including aspects such as global change in coastal systems and its impacts on sandy littoral zones through ‘coastal squeeze’. Further, prominence will be given to resource use, such as artisanal fisheries and to the critical area of coastal zone management and governance. Considering these two main issues, the concept of sandy beaches as social-ecological systems will be developed together with an illustrative framework related to this approach.