Fusion Technology R&D Priorities examines the current landscape of fusion technology. With a strong focus on technological advances, this book considers technical challenges and priorities to further the development of fusion research.Beginning with an introduction to fusion technology research and development, the book then presents an overview of basic magnetic fusion concepts and worldwide pathways to fusion energy. Subsequent chapters then take a deep dive into fusion materials R&D, capabilities of potential neutron sources for materials testing, plasma facing components, and plasma diagnostics/heating/control. Breeding blanket and tritium system, vacuum vessels and shielding system are also highlighted, before concluding with safety features, and environmental/social issues.Presenting the most advanced developments in nuclear fusion R&D, this is an essential read for researchers and engineers interested in nuclear energy and fusion technology.
Solar Thermal Systems and Applications: New Design Techniques for Improved Thermal Performance brings together the latest advances for the improved performance, efficiency, and integration of solar thermal energy (STE) technology.This book begins by introducing solar energy and solar thermal energy as a viable option in terms of green energy for industrial, commercial, and residential applications, as well as its role and potential within hybrid energy systems. This is followed by detailed chapters that focus on key innovations in solar thermal energy systems, covering novel approaches and techniques in areas such as flat plate solar collectors, modified evacuated tube solar collectors, solar parabolic trough collectors, linear Fresnel reflectors, photovoltaic thermal systems (PVT), phase change materials (PCMs), nanotechnology, combined PVT-PCM systems, solar thermal systems and Trombe wall design, solar still units, and solar dish systems. Throughout this book, the coverage is supported by experimental and numerical modeling methods, and techniques are discussed and assessed with a view to improved electrical and thermal efficiency and performance.Solar Thermal Systems and Applications is a valuable resource for researchers and advanced students in solar energy, thermal engineering, hybrid energy systems, renewable energy, mechanical engineering, nanotechnology, and materials science. This is also of interest to engineers, R&D professionals, scientists, and policy makers with an interest in solar thermal energy in an industrial, residential, or commercial setting.
Applications of Deep Machine Learning in Future Energy Systems pushes the limits of current Artificial Intelligence techniques to present deep machine learning suitable for the complexity of sustainable energy systems. The first two chapters take the reader through the latest trends in power engineering and system design and operation before laying out current AI approaches and limitations. Later chapters provide in-depth accounts of specific challenges and the use of innovative third-generation machine learning, including neuromorphic computing, to resolve issues from security to power supply.An essential tool for the management, control, and modelling of future energy systems, this book maps a practical path towards AI capable of supporting sustainable energy.
Artificial Intelligence-Empowered Modern Electric Vehicles in Smart Grid Systems: Fundamentals, Technologies, and Solutions is an essential reference for energy researchers, graduate students and engineers who aim to understand the opportunities offered by artificial intelligence for the integration of electric vehicles into smart grids. This book begins by building foundational knowledge for the reader, covering the essentials of artificial intelligence and its applications for electric vehicles in a clear and holistic manner. Next, it breaks down two essential areas of application in more detail: energy management (from to energy harvesting to demand response and complex forecasting), and market strategies (including peer-to-peer, vehicle-to-vehicle, and vehicle-to-everything trading, plus the cyber-security implications). A final part provides detailed case studies and close consideration of challenges, including code and data sets for replication of techniques. Providing a clear pathway from fundamentals to practical implementation, Artificial Intelligence-Empowered Modern Electric Vehicles in Smart Grid Systems will provide multidisciplinary guidance for implementing this cutting-edge technology in the energy systems of the future.
Fuel Cells Technology and Electrode Materials for Sustainable Future presents an up-to-date review of the latest advancements in fuel cell technology and materials, including a comprehensive examination of the synthesis, characterization, and application of electrode materials for fuel cells. With a focus on the fundamentals of electrochemical behavior and their relevance to fuel cells, the book delves into novel techniques and advanced technologies currently being employed in the field. Presenting a well-defined theoretical approach to the design of new electrocatalysts, the book provides extensive information on the designs and modeling of electrocatalysts and catalyst layers for the PEMCs, the fundamentals of PEMFCs working, catalyst deterioration and diagnosis, and techniques for reducing failure modes. Sustainability and cost considerations are included throughout. In addition, it discusses promising and significant future directions for fuel cells development. Within each chapter, detailed figures, images, and reference data have been included to make the book accessible for new entrants to the topic. Providing fresh insights and direction for scientists, researchers, and students seeking to deepen their understanding of the chemistry of electrode materials and technologies for fuel cells, Fuel Cells Technology and Electrode Materials for Sustainable Future is an invaluable reference for students, researchers, and engineers involved in all aspects of fuel cells research and development, and working in the fields of energy, nanotechnology, materials science, electronics, sensors, and devices.
Pressure Transient Analysis: Pressure Derivative provides focuses on applications of pressure and derivative data for interpretation of pressure transient tests, offering alternatives to costly commercial software. Building from basics, this practical text spans: wells near single and multi-boundary systems, hydraulically fractured wells, naturally fractured reservoirs, interpretation of interference and pulse tests, gas well test analysis (including sources of emissions and decarbonizing strategies, geological sequestration, CCS risks and stress on CCS), multiphase flow, injectivity and falloff tests, rate transient and multi-rate tests, partially penetrated / perforated vertical and slanted wells, and horizontal wells in conventional and unconventional reservoirs.Many techniques and equations presented in this book can be found in the black box of commercial well-test analysis software packages – this practical text unlocks, unpacks, and makes critical, analytical tools accessible to core users.
Advances in Bioenergy, Volume Nine highlights new advances in the field with this new volume presenting interesting chapters on a variety of topics, including Rethinking Anaerobic Digestion for Bioenergy and Biopolymers Production: Challenges and Opportunities, Current technologies and applications of CO2 utilization into bio-products, Synthesis of Polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHA) from renewable resources, Thermochemical processing of algal biomass for biofuel production, Sustainable polycarbonate production from CO2, Social and Environmental Impact Assessment and Renewable Energy Production in MSW Landfills, Advances in water gas shift reaction for hydrogen production from biomass, and Production and application of lignin-based carbon fibers.
Yurugi Kanzaki, Hidehito Mimaki and Tomofumi Yamamoto
May 1, 2024
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Pressurized Water Reactors is the sixth volume in the JSME Series on Thermal and Nuclear Power Generation. In this volume, series editor Yasuo Koizumi and his volume editors, Hidehito Mimaki, Yurugi Kanzaki, and Tomofumi Yamamoto, compile all the latest research on PWRs into this comprehensive reference. Beginning with an analysis of the history of PWR development, the reader is guided through optimum design processes for PWRs, considering safety throughout. Thermal-hydraulic aspects within the PWR system, as well as inside the reactor core, are also discussed. This book explores the advancement and improvement of fuel and includes analysis codes for the design and safety of PWRs. The future prospects for the next generation of PWR and small modular reactors are discussed, thus providing the reader with a basis for further research of their own. As with the other volumes in this series, this book will be an invaluable resource for nuclear and thermal engineers and researchers.
Performance Enhancement and Control of Photovoltaic Systems brings together the latest advances in photovoltaic control and integration, with various embedded technologies applied to standalone and grid connected systems in normal and abnormal operating conditions, with new approaches intended to overcome a number of critical limitations in using PV technology. The book begins by introducing modern photovoltaic (PV) systems, system integration, materials, and thermodynamic analysis for improved performance, before examining applications in industrial processes, artificial neural network technology, and economic analysis of PV systems.In-depth chapters then demonstrate the use of advanced control and optimization techniques, covering the use of new embedded technologies, through different applications such as MPPT controllers, solar trackers, cleaning systems, cooling systems, and monitoring systems. Applications of photovoltaic energy systems in distributed generation, microgrid, and smart grid systems will be considered.
Design and Analysis of Liquid Hydrogen Technologies: Liquefaction, Storage and Distribution offers readers a comprehensive guide to the development, analysis, design, and assessment methodologies for liquid hydrogen. From the fundamentals to the latest developments and current applications, the book provides an extensive and systematic discussion of the design, simulation, and techno-economic analysis methodologies that is supported by practical examples, verified codes, and innovative process designs. The book provides a comprehensive overview of the liquid hydrogen economy that is followed by advanced thermoeconomic, exergoeconomic, optimization, and dynamic simulation models that are essential for current and future LH2 technologies.Readers will find this to be a valuable resource for students, researchers, scientists, and engineers working in the hydrogen economy or involved in the processing, design, manufacturing, quality control, reliability, safety, systems, and testing of cryogenic refrigeration and liquid hydrogen production, storage, and transportation.