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Books in Earth and planetary sciences

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Geology and Landscape Evolution

  • 3rd Edition
  • Joseph A. DiPietro
  • Joseph A. DiPietro
  • June 1, 2024
  • English
  • Paperback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 4 4 3 - 1 5 8 9 6 - 4
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 4 4 3 - 1 5 8 9 5 - 7
Geology and Landscape Evolution: General Principles Applied to the United States, Third Edition is an accessible text that balances interdisciplinary theory and applications within the physical geography, geology, geomorphology and climatology of the United States. The vast diversity of terrain and landscape across the United States makes this an ideal tool for geoscientists worldwide who research the country’s geological and landscape evolution. The book provides an explanation of how landscape forms and how it evolves. This edition is fully updated with 3 additional sections: Geologic and Tectonic Processes and Provinces; Surface Processes and Provinces; and Compressional Mountain Systems.Rather than limiting the coverage specifically to tectonics or to the origin and evolution of rocks with little regard for the actual landscape beyond general desert, river, and glacial features, this book concentrates specifically on the origin of the landscape itself, with specific and exhaustive references and examples from across the United States. The book goes on to apply those concepts to specific examples throughout the United States, making it a valuable resource for understanding theoretical geological concepts through a practical lens.
Geology and Landscape Evolution

Cemented Paste Backfill

  • 1st Edition
  • Yong Wang + 1 more
  • Yong Wang and Bolin Xiao
  • June 1, 2024
  • English
  • Paperback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 4 4 3 - 1 6 0 5 4 - 7
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 4 4 3 - 1 6 0 5 5 - 4
In view of the demand for the research on the transport resistance characteristics and mechanical properties of CPB under the influence of temperature effect, the book comprehensively describes the studies on rheological and mechanical properties of CPB materials used in underground metal mines. This book covers a wide range of topics, including a new definition of CPB, past participation and flow-induced corrosion of pipeline under the constant temperature condition, multiphysics processes in CPB and the associated consolidation process, the variation of rheological parameters and transport resistance, prediction model for rheological properties, mechanical behavior and properties of CPB and fiber-reinforced CPB, and control technology to reduce the adverse effect of temperature. Therefore, an academic framework for the transport resistance characteristics and mechanical properties under the temperature effect was established in this book.
Cemented Paste Backfill

Advances in Machine Learning and Image Analysis for GeoAI

  • 1st Edition
  • Saurabh Prasad, Jocelyn Chanussot + 1 more
  • Saurabh Prasad, Jocelyn Chanussot and Jun Li
  • June 1, 2024
  • English
  • Paperback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 4 4 3 - 1 9 0 7 7 - 3
  • eBook
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Advances in Machine Learning and Image Analysis for GeoAI provides state-of-the-art machine learning and signal processing techniques for a comprehensive collection of geospatial sensors and sensing platforms. The book covers supervised, semi-supervised and unsupervised geospatial image analysis, sensor fusion across modalities, image super-resolution, transfer learning across sensors and time-points, and spectral unmixing, among other topics. The chapters in these thematic areas cover a variety of algorithmic frameworks such as variants of convolutional neural networks, graph convolutional networks, multi-stream networks, Bayesian networks, generative adversarial networks, transformers, and more.This book provides graduate students, researchers, and practitioners in the area of signal processing and geospatial image analysis with the latest techniques to implement deep learning strategies in their research.
Advances in Machine Learning and Image Analysis for GeoAI

Synthetic Aperture Radar Image Processing Algorithms for Nonlinear Oceanic Turbulence and Front Modelling

  • 1st Edition
  • Maged Marghany
  • Maged Marghany
  • June 1, 2024
  • English
  • Paperback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 4 4 3 - 1 9 1 5 5 - 8
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 4 4 3 - 1 9 1 5 6 - 5
Synthetic Aperture Radar Image Processing Algorithms for Nonlinear Oceanic Turbulence and Front Modelling is both a research- and practice-based reference that bridges the gap between the remote sensing field and the dynamic oceanography exploration field. In this perspective, the book explicates how to apply techniques in synthetic aperture radar and quantum interferometry synthetic aperture radar (QInSAR) for oceanic turbulence and front simulation and modeling. It includes detailed algorithms to enable readers to better understand and implement practices covered in their own work and apply QInSAR to their own research.This multidisciplinary reference is useful for researchers and academics in dynamic oceanography and modeling, remote sensing and aquatic science, as well as geographers, geophysicists, and environmental engineers.
Synthetic Aperture Radar Image Processing Algorithms for Nonlinear Oceanic Turbulence and Front Modelling

Magnetohydrodynamic Processes in Solar Plasmas

  • 1st Edition
  • Abhishek Kumar Srivastava, Marcel Goossens + 1 more
  • Abhishek Kumar Srivastava, Marcel Goossens and Iñigo Arregui
  • May 31, 2024
  • English
  • Paperback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 3 2 3 - 9 5 6 6 4 - 2
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 3 2 3 - 9 5 6 6 5 - 9
Magnetohydrodynamic Processes in Solar Plasmas provides comprehensive and up-to-date theory and practice surrounding the fundamentals of heliospheric research and the Sun’s basic plasma processes, covering the dynamics of the solar interior to its exterior in the framework of magnetohydrodynamics. The book covers novel aspects of solar and heliospheric physics, astrophysics, space science, and fundamentals of the fluids and plasmas. Topics covered include key phenomena in the solar interior such as magnetism, dynamo physics, and helioseismology, dynamics and plasma processes in its exterior, including fluid processes such as waves, shocks, instabilities, reconnection, dynamics in the partially ionized plasma, and much more. The book covers both the fundamentals of the topics included as well as current and future developments in the field, forming an essential, foundational reference for researchers, academics, and advanced students, in the field of solar physics and astrophysics, as well as neighboring disciplines.
Magnetohydrodynamic Processes in Solar Plasmas

Planetary Tectonism across the Solar System

  • 1st Edition
  • Volume 2
  • Christian Klimczak, Geoffrey C. Collins + 1 more
  • Christian Klimczak, Geoffrey C. Collins and Paul K. Byrne
  • May 1, 2024
  • English
  • Paperback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 1 2 - 8 1 6 0 9 2 - 3
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 1 2 - 8 1 6 5 3 6 - 2
Planetary Tectonism across the Solar System, Volume Two in the Comparative Planetology series, addresses key questions surrounding planetary tectonism, such our understanding of the global contraction of Mercury, the formation of giant rift zones on Saturn’s icy moons, or the tesserated terrain on Venus. The book makes connections to Earth, such as how deformation on Mercury is both similar and different, and how to apply theoretical considerations behind plate tectonics on Earth to other planets. The book offers up-to-date, accessible and comprehensive discussions on the major tectonic processes and landforms that shape and drive the evolution of planets, moons and smaller bodies. By placing a singular emphasis on comparing tectonic processes and landforms on all relevant Solar System bodies, with the explicit objective of providing a systems-level understanding of this widespread phenomenon, this book is ideal for anyone studying planetary tectonism.
Planetary Tectonism across the Solar System

Medical Geology of Africa: A Research Primer

  • 1st Edition
  • Theophilus Clavell Davies
  • Theophilus Clavell Davies
  • May 1, 2024
  • English
  • Paperback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 1 2 - 8 1 8 7 4 8 - 7
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 1 2 - 8 1 8 7 4 9 - 4
Medical Geology of Africa explores the connection between geological materials, processes and the health of humans and animals. The book fosters an improved understanding of the ways in which the geological environment impacts the geographical distribution of health problems and how they contribute to better diagnoses and therapy. Africa’s unique geoenvironmental condition gives added relevance to such studies, underlining the need for geoscience and public health students and practitioners to understand new principles and applications. Chapters in the book provide extended enquiry-based investigations and examples that employ real geochemical datasets, epidemiological records, public health statistics and visualizations.
Medical Geology of Africa: A Research Primer

Design of Deep Braced Excavation in Urban Geotechnical Environments

  • 1st Edition
  • Wengang Zhang, Yanmei Zhang + 4 more
  • Wengang Zhang, Yanmei Zhang, Runhong Zhang + 3 more
  • May 1, 2024
  • English
  • Paperback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 4 4 3 - 1 3 8 8 2 - 9
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 4 4 3 - 1 3 8 8 3 - 6
Design of Deep Braced Excavation in Urban Geotechnical Environments presents the design and calculation of deep braced excavation in urban geotechnical environments, considering the soil characteristics of spatial variability and anisotropy, as well as excavation responses of urban adjacent utilities such as pipelines, tunnels, foundation piles, and buildings. The text begins with coverage of overall stability, earth pressure and strut force, retaining wall responses, and ground movements. Numerical modeling and computer codes are also outlined in detail. Final chapters conclude with an examination of the determination of excavation responses of urban adjacent utilities and failure analysis based on several case histories.This book will be ideal for those that need the latest knowledge in both theory and practical application for deep excavation problems.
Design of Deep Braced Excavation in Urban Geotechnical Environments

Reconstructing Olduvai

  • 1st Edition
  • Manuel Domínguez-Rodrigo, Audax Mabulla + 4 more
  • Manuel Domínguez-Rodrigo, Audax Mabulla, Enrique Baquedano + 3 more
  • May 1, 2024
  • English
  • Paperback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 4 4 3 - 2 7 3 8 2 - 7
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 4 4 3 - 2 7 3 8 3 - 4
Reconstructing Olduvai: The Behavior of Early Humans at David's Site provides the necessary information for future generations of archaeologists to peer into the lifestyle of early humans. Much of what is known about these hominins originates from the detailed excavations that Mary Leakey carried out at Olduvai Gorge in Tanzania. Since then, work at Olduvai has produced a wealth of new fossils, resulting in the discovery of David's Site, the biggest early Pleistocene site in the world. This will be an indispensable resource for students, academics, and researchers who share an interest in the evolution of early human behavior.Written by leaders of present-day excavations at Olduvai Gorge, this book is systematically divided into three parts to deliver a clear account of the research advancements at David's Site. Part I focuses on the presentation of the site and the description of its geological and palaeoecological reconstruction. Part II examines hominin feeding habits, including how they brought, processed, and consumed animals at the site. Part III explores hominin technologies, including reconstruction of the stone-tool activities carried out at the site.
Reconstructing Olduvai

Introductory Astrochemistry

  • 1st Edition
  • Akio Makishima
  • Akio Makishima
  • April 1, 2024
  • English
  • Paperback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 4 4 3 - 2 3 9 3 8 - 0
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 4 4 3 - 2 3 9 3 9 - 7
Introductory Astrochemistry: From Inorganic to Life-Related Materials provides a detailed examination of the origins of planets, their satellites, and the conditions that led to life itself. Drawing on theories, experiments, observations, calculations, and analytical data from five distinct astrosciences, including astronomy, astrobiology, astrogeology, astrophysics, and astrochemistry, the book provides a comprehensive understanding of the formation and evolution of our Solar System and applies it to other solar systems. The book begins with fundamental knowledge in the astrosciences, building upon understanding systematically up to the formation of the early Solar System.This book is an interdisciplinary reference for researchers and advanced students in astrogeology, astrophysics, astrochemistry, astrobiology, astronomy, and other space sciences, helping to foster a deeper understanding of the interconnections between these disciplines.
Introductory Astrochemistry