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Books in Earth and planetary sciences

The Computing collection presents a range of foundational and applied content across computer and data science, including fields such as Artificial Intelligence; Computational Modelling; Computer Networks, Computer Organization & Architecture, Computer Vision & Pattern Recognition, Data Management; Embedded Systems & Computer Engineering; HCI/User Interface Design; Information Security; Machine Learning; Network Security; Software Engineering.

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Applied Geomatics and GIS in Earth Sciences

  • 1st Edition
  • May 1, 2029
  • Margarit Mircea Nistor
  • English
Applied Geomatics and GIS in Earth Sciences is a comprehensive overview of the use of geomatics and geographic information systems (GIS) in Earth Science and related disciplines, highlighting a multitude of situations where geomatics and GIS could be applied, including land survey, spatial analysis, identification of groundwater resources, and mathematical functions applied to environmental science, among other applications. The book uses a multidisciplinary approach, covering many fields including climate change and land use, with different impacts on natural and artificial systems. The results of a variety of research, case studies, and inclusion of original maps offer a real-world view of mapping situations in Earth Sciences. Applied Geomatics and GIS in Earth Sciences is based on over a decade of research and analysis experience in GIS across the world and should be of interest for any in the scientific community working in Earth Sciences, as a comprehensive reference for students, postgraduates, academics, researchers and professionals; especially geography, geology, and spatial planning, or any applicable field of GIS and geospatial studies. Professionals, postgraduates and academics in environmental science, climate science and hydrogeology will also find this book very valuable in their research.

Quaternary Glaciation in Tibet and the Adjacent Mountains

  • 1st Edition
  • Volume 0
  • March 1, 2029
  • Lewis A. Owen
  • English
The Tibetan Plateau and bordering mountains are the greatest glaciated tracks outside the Polar Regions. These high mountain regions have a profound influence on regional and global atmospheric circulation and they are therefore important for our understanding the dynamics of global environmental change. Changes in glaciation and hydrology in Tibet and the bordering mountains throughout the Quaternary likely altered the regional and global climate by affects such as changing albedos and associated atmospheric affects, and changing discharges of freshwater into the adjacent seas and oceans. Furthermore, glaciation in these regions strongly controls denudation and sediment transfer, which in turn influences tectonics, by processes such as denudational unloading. Yet, despite the importance of glaciation in this region for climate and landscape evolution studies, the timing and extent of Quaternary glaciation are still highly debated. This is partially due to the political and logistical inaccessibility of the region, and the lack of detailed modern geomorphic, sedimentologic and geochronologic studies. In recent years, however, studies of Tibet and the bordering mountains have increased, particularly as regions have become more assessable, and as remote sensing technologies and geomorphic, sedimentologic and geochronologic techniques have improved to enable accurate reconstructions of the former extent and timing of glaciation.

Introduction to Ocean Numerical Modeling

  • 1st Edition
  • February 1, 2029
  • Carolina Ernani da Silva
  • English
Introduction to Ocean Numerical Modeling provides an introduction to ocean numerical modelling with emphasis on the differences between the main ocean models and post-processing techniques. The book starts with a brief description of the global large-scale ocean circulation. The individual chapters treat the model technical information - such as, resolution, parameterizations, discretization, among others - application and limitations, coupling with other Earth System Components (e.g. Atmosphere). One part of the book addresses some post-processing techniques and tools that the students and researchers could use to analyze the output data from the model and compare with observations. One part is fully dedicated to an informative discussion about the future of the ocean models given the increase in the complexity of the ocean models and the need of better higher performance computers. Introduction to Ocean Numerical Modeling serves as a reference for beginners in ocean modelling to understand what models can or cannot simulate well and, also help to choose critically the best model according to their research purpose.

Landslide Susceptibility Modeling

  • 1st Edition
  • February 1, 2029
  • Hiromitsu Yamagishi + 2 more
  • English
Landslide Susceptibility Modeling draws upon expert researchers from the field to detail how remote sensing and GIS are now being used in landslide susceptibility mapping. Each chapter in the book describes a methodology that has been successfully used in the past and can therefore be applied for mapping landslide susceptibility. With the sample data provided and several case study examples of different models of landslide susceptibility maps, researchers across the earth sciences—as well as those working in hazard and disaster preparedness—will have the tools to create susceptibility maps for specific locales.

Ambient Air Pollution

  • 1st Edition
  • January 1, 2029
  • Audrey de Nazelle + 5 more
  • English
Ambient Air Pollution provides a basic understanding of the multiple facets of the air pollution world, with a view to enable the reader to appraise and critique any information related to air pollution that might emerge in different settings. The book aims to go beyond providing current knowledge on an ever-evolving field by also helping readers critique any method, technique, finding, or policy related to air pollution. Technical information will be provided in sufficiently understandable terms to be accessible to a variety of disciplines, but with enough details for the reader to understand the complexity of the field. Each chapter will end with summary statements on critical elements, uncertainties and questions that may need to be addressed when assessing any report, proposal or argument related to the chapter contents Ambient Air Pollution is primarily for readers who are not atmospheric scientists but who want, or need, to learn more about air pollution. In a world where trans-disciplinary skills are increasingly valued, students and consultants in such varied fields as environmental studies, life sciences, environmental policy, as well as others would value an educational material that would enable them to get a broad understanding of the complexity of air pollution science and policy, and of the questions that need to be raised when evaluating any problem, assessment or solution addressing air pollution. This book fills an important gap for readers who want to be able to discuss and tackle air pollution problems intelligently without requiring an advanced and specialized science degree to do so.

Basic and Advanced Map Interpretation for Structural Geologists

  • 1st Edition
  • Volume 6
  • January 1, 2029
  • Soumyajit Mukherjee
  • English
Basic and Advanced Map Interpretation for Structural Geologists, First Edition provides a highly visual manual with many maps and solutions. Covering rotational faults, listric faults, superposed folds, and other advanced geological formations, along with multicomponent formations that are the most difficult to interpret, this book guides those who use maps to see two-dimensional geological features in a three-dimensional space. It includes 21st century mapping capabilities such as LIDAR to provide problems and solutions for interpreting a variety of maps that are available but need specific skills to interpret.This will be a valuable resource for any students, academics, researchers or professionals who work with complex level maps that will help them understand how to interpret a variety of structural formations and especially multicomponent formations.

Ionospheric Effects on Global Navigation Satellite Systems

  • 1st Edition
  • January 1, 2029
  • D Venkata Ratnam + 1 more
  • English
Ionospheric Effects on Global Navigation Satellite Systems: Modelling and Prediction of Ionospheric Delays is a comprehensive reference covering the effects of the ionosphere on Global Navigation Satellite Systems and their signals. The book provides ionospheric radio wave propagation channel impairments for physics and space science, with thorough detail on the application of GNSS data analysis and application to studying ionospheric effects. It covers the role of Artificial Intelligence techniques in the context of monitoring the ionosphere to ensure readers are aware of the most up-to-date technologies. It also covers applications of ionospheric monitoring using satellite data that would be helpful for forecasting space weather events and aviation and marine navigation applications. Each chapter includes methods for implementing suggested technologies, mathematical example estimations, and problems/solutions for implementation of the learned concepts.Ionospheric Effects on Global Navigation Satellite Systems: Modelling and Prediction of Ionospheric Delays is a necessary resource for academics, students and researchers in space science, GPS/GNSS-related fields, and atmospheric science who need to develop ionospheric radio wave propagation solutions for communication, navigation, timing, and surveillance applications.