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Books in Earth and planetary sciences

The Earth and Planetary Science collection topics include Geology, Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geotechnical Engineering, Economic Geology, Applied Geosciences, Natural Hazards and Disasters, Computers in Geosciences, Atmospheric Sciences and Meteorology, Oceanography, Geospatial and Remote Sensing Technologies, Earth Observation, and Space and Planetary Sciences including Astronomy, Astrophysics, Astrochemistry. Astrobiology, Planetary Geology, and Space Missions.

1-10 of 2151 results in All results

Biological Oceanography

  • 3rd Edition
  • January 1, 2025
  • Susanne Menden-Deuer
  • English
  • Paperback
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An Introduction to Biological Oceanography is completely revised and updated based on the prior edition by Carol M. Lalli and Timothy Parsons. This revision aims to provide scientific understanding of how biological processes in the ocean work and how they are affected by physical, chemical and geological processes. This understanding is foundational for humans to assess our impact on the oceans, how to best implement conservation and management practices and ultimately, ensure sustainability of the many ways humans depend on the ocean. A rich tapestry of images supports the text, including data figures, info-graphics and artistic renditions.Since the book was last published, major new discoveries, including a new domain of life and global human impacts that change the oceans and biosphere have required a revision and amendment of the prior edition. However, many themes in this book remain timeless, such as the interactions of light with water and the importance and beauty of species diversity. A major theme is to develop intuition and predictive skills to relate environmental conditions with biological processes and structures, such as production and food webs across seasons or latitudes.This volume is designed so that it can be read on its own. The science of oceanography as a whole is multidisciplinary, and early chapters include fundamental principles in physics, chemistry and geology to highlight how underlying mechanisms constrain biological processes in the ocean. For the same reason, there is also some basic biology, particularly ecology covered.

Evolution of a Continental Margin Transform Plate Boundary

  • 1st Edition
  • January 1, 2025
  • Mark R. Legg
  • English
  • Paperback
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  • eBook
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Evolution of a Continental Margin Transform Plate Boundary: The San Clemente Fault System Offshore Southern California provides a major advance in understanding the geology, tectonic evolution and earthquake potential of significant faults offshore southern California and northern Baja California where major cities and critical facilities are at risk from large offshore earthquakes. The book approaches the subject with historical background, overview of the main features, and more focused chapters on specific aspects/features of the fault system including tectonic style – strike-slip and oblique-slip, tectonic evolution, seismic hazard/earthquake and tsunami potential.Strike-slip fault systems are important for resource exploration and production, earthquake hazard investigations, and understanding the geologic evolution of transform and other tectonic plate boundaries. Many hydrocarbon deposits are located in structures along active and formerly active strike-slip fault systems (LA Basin, for example). There are known hydrocarbon seeps along the San Clemente fault system, and there are likely numerous significant hydrocarbon deposits that may be explored and produced in the future. There are also seafloor mineral deposits that are associated with the fault system (e.g., silver mines on Santa Catalina Island). The San Clemente Fault System Offshore Southern California will help researchers and local governments to understand the geometry and character of a major active strike-slip fault systems across the globe.

Machine Learning in Geohazard Risk Prediction and Assessment

  • 1st Edition
  • January 1, 2025
  • Biswajeet Pradhan + 2 more
  • English
  • Paperback
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  • eBook
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Machine Learning in Geohazard Risk Prediction and Assessment: From Microscale Analysis to Regional Mapping presents an overview of the most recent developments in machine learning techniques that have reshaped our understanding of geo-materials and management protocols of geo-risk. The book covers a broad category of research on machine-learning techniques that can be applied, from microscopic modeling to constitutive modeling, to physics-based numerical modeling, to regional susceptibility mapping. This is a good reference for researchers, academicians, graduate and undergraduate students, professionals, and practitioners in the field of geotechnical engineering and applied geology.

Computational Methods for Time-Series Analysis in Earth Sciences

  • 1st Edition
  • January 1, 2025
  • Silvio José Gumiere + 1 more
  • English
  • Paperback
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  • eBook
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Computational Methods for Time-Series Analyses in Earth Sciences bridges the gap between theoretical knowledge and practical application, offering a deep dive into the utilization of R programming for managing, analyzing, and forecasting time-series data within the realm of Earth sciences. It systematically unfolds the layers of data manipulation, graphical representation, and sampling to prepare the reader for complex analyses and predictive modeling from the basics of signal processing to the nuances of machine learning. It presents cutting-edge techniques such as neural networks, kernel-based methods, and evolutionary algorithms, specifically tailored to tackle challenges and provides practical case studies to aid readers with utilising the techniques covered.Computational Methods for Time-Series Analyses in Earth Sciences is a valuable resource for scientists, researchers, and students delving into the intricacies of Earth's environmental patterns and cycles through the lens of computational analysis, and guides readers through various computational approaches to deciphering spatial and temporal data.

Effects of Climate Change on Forests

  • 1st Edition
  • November 1, 2024
  • Fabrizio D'Aprile
  • English
  • Paperback
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  • eBook
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Effects of Climate Change on Forests: An Evidence-Based Primer for Sustainable Management of Temperate and Mediterranean Forests presents concepts, case studies and the application of theories about forest management under climate change. It provides invaluable insight to how forest planning and management tie into the ecological functioning and resilience of the forest, and does so by utilizing a concept weakly implemented in traditional forest planning: namely, by following the variability in growth, and other processes, over time. This shift in focus better incorporates the services provided by forests, and allows for better adaptation planning to help temperate forests not only survive but thrive in the face of climate change. Real-world case studies demonstrate how to effectively manage temperate forests under climate change, using the results of evidence-based research.

Planetary Tectonism across the Solar System

  • 1st Edition
  • Volume 2
  • November 1, 2024
  • Christian Klimczak + 2 more
  • English
  • Paperback
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  • eBook
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Planetary Tectonism across the Solar System, Volume Two in the Comparative Planetology series, addresses key questions surrounding planetary tectonism, such our understanding of the global contraction of Mercury, the formation of giant rift zones on Saturn’s icy moons, or the tesserated terrain on Venus. The book makes connections to Earth, such as how deformation on Mercury is both similar and different, and how to apply theoretical considerations behind plate tectonics on Earth to other planets. The book offers up-to-date, accessible and comprehensive discussions on the major tectonic processes and landforms that shape and drive the evolution of planets, moons and smaller bodies. By placing a singular emphasis on comparing tectonic processes and landforms on all relevant Solar System bodies, with the explicit objective of providing a systems-level understanding of this widespread phenomenon, this book is ideal for anyone studying planetary tectonism.

Air Quality

  • 1st Edition
  • November 1, 2024
  • Ranjeet S. Sokhi
  • English
  • Paperback
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  • eBook
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Air Quality: Science, Impacts, and Management provides a thorough treatment of the fundamental science of air quality, its interactions, its impacts on health and the environment and management strategies for reducing air pollution in cities, regionally and globally. It begins with fundamentals of the atmosphere and its relevance for air quality before moving logically to sources and emissions, chemical transformation, dynamics, prediction, observations and analysis methods. The importance of regional air pollution and interactions with climate demonstrate the multiscale nature of air quality. The book concludes by examining the impacts on ecosystems and health, reviewing the strategies to manage air pollution and highlighting real-world challenges and possible solutions to improve air quality in global cities. The chapters, written by Ranjeet Sokhi with the collaboration of international experts in the field, are designed to be read sequentially or independently for focused learning in this complex and interdisciplinary field. Air Quality: Science, Impacts, and Management is an excellent resource for students, researchers and professionals in the field of Air Quality and related sciences.

Earth Observation Applications to Landslide Mapping, Monitoring and Modelling

  • 1st Edition
  • November 1, 2024
  • Ionut Sandric + 2 more
  • English
  • Paperback
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  • eBook
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Earth Observation Applications to Landslide Mapping, Monitoring and Modelling: Cutting-edge Approaches with Artificial Intelligence, Aerial and Satellite Imagery focuses on the applications of drone and satellite imagery for mapping landslides. Topics covered include the use of ultra-high aerial imagery, obtained with drones, for mapping and predicting landslide activity (like runoff, volume displacement, exposure to risk, etc.). Subjects related to EO data assimilations into landslide hazard prediction models are also included. The primary aim of this book is to advance the scientific understanding and application of technologies to address a variety of fields related to landslide mapping and monitoring.Because of the intensification of the catastrophic events in the last 20 years, landslide monitoring gained considerable interest from the geoscience community. This book will be beneficial for the postgraduates, PhD research scholars, professors and scientists, geospatial experts, modelers, oceanography scientists and conservation communities, environmental consultants, big data compilers, and computing experts.

Tropical Cyclones and Associated Impacts

  • 1st Edition
  • November 1, 2024
  • Gabriele Villarini + 2 more
  • English
  • Paperback
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  • eBook
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Tropical Cyclones and Associated Impacts: A Global Perspective provides a one-stop-shop for readers interested in the impacts of tropical cyclones, capturing the convergence of knowledge across disciplines and fields. Chapters in this book provide a coherent structure that reflects the hazards associated with these storms and their impacts on many spheres of our lives. This book is geared towards readers who have an interest in tropical cyclones, with a broad appeal to difference audiences ranging from academia to federal and state agencies dealing with these storms.Tropical cyclones are among the most destructive natural hazards, and every year they claim numerous fatalities and large economic damages due to storm surge, inland flooding and heavy rainfall, and damaging winds. Many sectors are impacted by these events, including energy, insurance/reinsurance, and public health.

The Archean Earth

  • 2nd Edition
  • November 1, 2024
  • Martin Homann + 10 more
  • English
  • Paperback
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  • eBook
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The Archean Earth: Tempos and Events, Second Edition is a process-based reference book that focuses on the most important events in early Earth, bringing together experts across Earth Sciences to give a comprehensive overview of the main events of the Archean Eon, as well as of the rates at which important geological and geobiological processes occurred in the same time interval. Over the last two decades, significant progress has been made in our understanding of the processes and events on the early Earth corresponding to advances in the analytical technologies and the continuing efforts of many colleagues that pursue their passion of unravelling the Archean rock record.The book addresses the origin of the Earth, succeeding impact events, and the evolution of the early Earth, covering topics such as Archean tectonics, volcanism, generation of continental crust, and the ongoing debate about the onset of plate tectonics; the evolution and models for Earth's hydrosphere and atmosphere; the Archean atmosphere and chemical sedimentation; and sedimentation through Archean time; among others. Each topic is well-illustrated and includes a closing commentary at the end of each chapter, leading up to the final chapter which blends the major geological events and rates at which important processes occurred into a synthesis, postulating a number of "event clusters" in the Archean when significant changes occurred in many natural systems and geological environments