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1st Edition - January 1, 1982
Author: Jane L. Thompson
9 7 8 - 1 - 4 8 3 1 - 0 3 7 1 - 6
Sociology: Made Simple covers issues being discussed in contemporary sociology. The book tackles Sociology with regard to its definition, social sciences, theories, and… Read more
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Sociology: Made Simple covers issues being discussed in contemporary sociology. The book tackles Sociology with regard to its definition, social sciences, theories, and different approaches (i.e., positivism, functionalism, symbolic interactionism, and Marxist sociology). The text also discusses social class in Britain; family life in contemporary Britain; the main aspects of the sociology of education; and studies in youth culture. The effects of mass media, industrialization, work, poverty, welfare, state, politics, and distribution of power in the process of social control are also considered. Each chapter of the book is provided with lists of further reading. Students engaged in sociology course and general readers will find the book invaluable.
Preface1 What Is Sociology? Sociology and the Social Sciences Sociology and Science Early Sociology Emile Durkheim Max Weber Karl Marx Different Approaches Positivism Functionalism Symbolic Interactionism Phenomenology and Ethnomethodology Marxist Sociology Two Sides of the Same Coin? Where's the Evidence? Positivist Research Interpretive Research Ethnography In Conclusion Revision Further Reading 2 Social Class in Britain Test Your Class-Consciousness Subjective and Objective Definitions of Social Class The Middle Class and the Working Class The Upper Class Income and Wealth Economic and Cultural Definitions of Social Class What About Women? Does Class Count? The Embourgeoisement Debate Social Stratification Distributing Resources Marx' Theory of Class Criticisms of Marx' Theory of Class Max Weber's Theories of Stratification In Conclusion Revision Further Reading3 The Family Human Nature or Social Convenience? The Functions of the Family The Family and the Economic System Subsistence Economies Socialist Economies The Family in Socialist Societies Capitalist Economies The Family in Capitalist Societies Family Problems Changing Roles within the Family Revision Further Reading4 Education Informal and Formal Education The Historical Context Beginnings Secondary Education for All Views on Segregation Tripartite Schooling Research and Party Politics Conservative Government The Current Situation The Social Functions of Education Education and the Economic System Education and the Social System Education and the Political System Education as an Agency of Social Control Social Factors Affecting Educational Failure In Conclusion Revision Further Reading5 Studies in Youth Culture Defining Culture Subculture and Culture Culture and Economics The Creation of Culture Adolescence and Culture The Social Class Factors Youth Culture Why Study the Workers? Ruling by Consent The Swinging Sixties? The Re-emergence of Class The Response to Social Changes in the Fifties and Sixties Youth Cultural Response: Mods and Skinheads Youth Cultures in Context Counter-School Culture Girls and Youth Culture In Conclusion Revision Further Reading6 The Mass Media One-Way Communication The Media Business Independent Television and Radio The BBC Broadcasting and the State Areas of Concern The Effects of Broadcasting The Press The Growth and Development of the British Press Centralized Control Indoctrination or IncoφOΓation? What is News? It Can't Be All Bad! Revision Further Reading7 Industry and Industrial Change The Industrialization of Britain The Organization of Labor Industrial Change Industry and Capitalism in the North-East before the Second World War Industrial Decline—A Regional Problem? Industry and Capitalism in the North-East after the Second World War Industrial Decline—An Inner City Problem? The Class Factor Capitalist Concentration Government Intervention The Impact of Science and Technology Automation Microelectronic Processors A New Industrial Revolution? Support for Small Businesses The Pattern of Industrial Change—A Summary Revision Further Reading8 Working Lives The Definition of Work Studies of Work Job Satisfaction The Influence of Work on Leisure Activities The Culture of Work Middle-Class Culture of Work Working-class Culture of Work Shop-Floor Culture Cultural Weaknesses 'Enlightened' Management The Professions The Old' and the 'New' Professions Professions and Other Workers Professional Status and Social Respect Sociological Disagreement Professionalization Social Work Women in the Workforce Equal Pay and Sex Discrimination The Equal Opportunities Commission Unemployment Revision Further Reading9 Poverty and Welfare State Intervention The Discovery of Poverty Industrialization and the Growth of Capitalism The Turn of the Century Poverty and Unemployment Between the Wars The Beveridge Report Women Dependants Other Legislation The Appointed Day Post-War Developments Definitions of Poverty Absolute Poverty Relative Poverty Affluent Britain? Housing Rediscovering Poverty The Government's Poverty Program 'Blaming the Victims' 'Blaming the System' Cutting the Welfare State Jobs Threatened State Care or State Control? Revision Further Reading10 Politics and Power Power The Distribution of Power Ruling Class EHtism Pluralism Power and the Ruling Class Wealth and Income Shareholdings The Controllers of British Industry Business and Government Elitism and Power Pluralism and Power Legitimacy The Pluralist Interpretation of Legitimation The Process of Legitimation—A Marxist Analysis Hegemony Political Acquiescence Politics and Power Revision Further ReadingGlossary Index