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Problems of Cell Permeability
International Series of Monographs in Pure and Applied Biology: Modern Trends in Physiological Sciences, Vol. 26
1st Edition - January 1, 1966
Author: A.S. Troshin
Editors: P. Alexander, Z. M. Bacq
9 7 8 - 1 - 4 8 3 2 - 2 2 6 1 - 5
Modern Trends in Physiological Science, Volume 26: Problem of Cell Permeability covers expounded sorptional theory of cell permerbeality. The problem of cell permeability deals… Read more
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Modern Trends in Physiological Science, Volume 26: Problem of Cell Permeability covers expounded sorptional theory of cell permerbeality. The problem of cell permeability deals with the questions connected with the laws of the entrance of substances from the surrounding medium into cells and the excretion from the latter of the products of intracellular metabolism. This book is composed of 12 chapters and begins with an overview of the chemical composition and structure of cell membrane, as well as the membrane theory of cell permeability. The next chapters treat the issues of cell’s osmometric activity and the physico-chemical properties of protoplasm as a system of coacervates. Considerable chapters are devoted to cell permeability for various substrates, such as non-electrolytes, organic acids, vital dyes, and mineral substances. The concluding chapters discuss the relationship between metabolism and cell permeability; the bioelectric properties of cell; and the protective action of non-electrolytes against live matter damage caused by dilute saline media. This book will be of value to cell biologists, biochemists, and research workers in cell permeability.
Foreword by the Scientific EditorAuthor’s Preface to the English EditionPreface to the Russian EditionIntroductionChapter I. The Membrane Theory of Cell Permeability 1. The Fundamental Propositions of the Classical Membrane Theory 2. The Chemical Composition and Structure of the Cell Membrane 3. Hypotheses of the Formation of Semi-permeable Membranes on the Surface of the Protoplasm 4. Membrane Theories of the Mechanism of the Penetration of Substances into Cells 5. The Role of the Cell Envelope in Permeability Phenomena 6. ConclusionsChapter II. Do Live Cells have Osmometric Properties? 1. Plant Cells 2. Animal Cells 3. The Permeability of Cells to Water 4. ConclusionsChapter III. The Protoplasm as a Colloidal System 1. Introductory Remarks 2. Coacervates and their Formation 3. Some Biologically Important Properties of Coacervates Immiscibility with the Surrounding Medium Vacuolisation The Mechanism of the Formation of Structures in Coacervates and in Protoplasm The Behaviour of Coacervate Drops in an Electric Field Sensitivity to Neutral Salts, Change in pH, Temperature and Other Factors Viscosity Surface Tension Colloidal Films at the Boundary Between Phases The Distribution of the Components of a Coacervate in the System: Coacervate-Equilibrating Solution 4. ConclusionsChapter IV. The Distribution of Substances between a Coacervate and its Surrounding (Equilibrated) FluidChapter V. The Permeability of Cells for Non-electrolytes A. Animal Cells 1. The Permeability of Cells for Sugars 2. The Permeability of Cells for Urea and its Derivatives 3. The Permeability of Cells for Creatinine 4. The Permeability of Cells for Monohydric Alcohols and Certain Other Non-electrolytes 5. The Permeability of Cells for Surface-active Substances (Monohydric Alcohols, Aldehydes, Ketones, Derivatives of Monohydric Alcohols, etc.) B. Plant Cells and Micro-organisms 6. The Permeability of Plant Cells and Micro-organisms for Nonelectrolytes 7. ConclusionsChapter VI. The Permeability of Cells for Certain Organic Acids (Amino Acids, Ascorbic Acid, etc.) 1. The Permeability of Cells for Amino Acids Formed Elements of the Blood Muscle and Nerve Fibres, Cells of Other Tissues and Organs, Micro-organisms 2. The Permeability of Cells for Ascorbic Acid Formed Elements of the Blood Cells of Other Tissues and Organs 3. The Permeability of Cells for Pyruvic Acid 4. The Permeability of Cells for Uric Acid 5. The Permeability of Cells for Fatty Acids 6. ConclusionsChapter VII. The Permeability of Cells for Vital Dyes 1. The Distribution of Vital Dyes between Unexcited and Undamaged Cells and the Medium 2. The Distribution of Vital Dyes on Stimulation or Damage of Cells The Effect of Various Irritants on the Distribution of Vital Dyes The Distribution of Vital Dyes between Excited Cells and the Medium 3. The Mechanism of the Distribution of Vital Dyes between Cells and their Surrounding Medium 4. ConclusionsChapter VIII. The Permeability of Cells for Mineral Substances 1. Introductory Remarks The Mineral Composition of Cells and of their Environment Extracellular Spaces 2. The Permeability of Animal Cells for Salts The Permeability of Erythrocytes for Anions The Permeability of Erythrocytes for Cations The Permeability of Leucocytes for Ions The Permeability of Muscle Fibres for Cations The Permeability of Muscle Fibres for Anions The Permeability of Smooth Muscle Fibres for Ions The Permeability of Nerve Fibres for Ions The Permeability of Epithelial, Nerve and Other Cells of Animal Organisms for Ions 3. The Permeability of Plant Cells for Ions 4. ConclusionsChapter IX. The Mechanism of the Distribution of Mineral Substances between the Cell and Medium 1. The Membrane Theory of the Distribution of Mineral Substances between the Cell and Medium The Donnan Principle of the Distribution of Mineral Ions The Hypothesis of the Active Transport of Ions and the Sodium Pump Critique of the Hypothesis of Membrane Pumps 2. The State of Mineral Substances in the Protoplasm according to the Sorptional Theory of Cell Permeability Anion Deficit Bound and Dissolved Mineral Substances in the Protoplasm The Redistribution of Ions between Cell and Medium upon Excitation 3. The Role of the Sorptional Factors in the Mechanism of the Distribution of Inorganic Substances between Cells and Medium 4. On the Nature of the Selective Accumulation of Potassium in Cells 5. ConclusionsChapter X. Metabolism and Cell Permeability 1. The Relation between Metabolism and Cell Permeability 2. The Temperature Dependence of the Absorption of Substances by Cells 3. The Effect of Respiration, Metabolic Inhibitors and Other Factors on the Permeability of Cells 4. ConclusionsChapter XI. The Bioelectric Properties of Cells 1. On the Nature of Bioelectric Potentials A. The Membrane Theory B. The Phase Theory C. Bioelectric Potentials and Cellular Metabolism 2. The Electrical Conductivity of Cells; Impedance 3. ConclusionsChapter XII. The Protective Action of Non-electrolytes against Damage of Live Matter Caused by Dilute Saline MediaConclusionReferencesAuthor IndexSubject IndexOther Titles in the Division