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Polymer Blends Volume 1
1st Edition - October 28, 1978
Author: Donald R Paul
9 7 8 - 0 - 3 2 3 - 1 3 8 8 9 - 5
Polymer Blends, Volume 1 highlights the importance of polymer blends as a major new branch of macromolecular science. Topics range from polymer-polymer compatibility and the… Read more
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Polymer Blends, Volume 1 highlights the importance of polymer blends as a major new branch of macromolecular science. Topics range from polymer-polymer compatibility and the statistical thermodynamics of polymer blends to the phase separation behavior of polymer-polymer mixtures, transport phenomena in polymer blends, and mechanical properties of multiphase polymer blends. The optical behavior, solid state transition behavior, and rheology of polymer blends are also discussed. This book is organized into 10 chapters and begins with an overview of polymer blends, with emphasis on terminology and the effect of molecular weight on the thermodynamics of polymer blends as well as phase equilibria and transitions. The discussion then turns to the miscibility of homopolymers and copolymers, in bulk and in solution, from the experimental and theoretical viewpoints. The chapters that follow explore the statistical thermodynamics of polymer blends, paying particular attention to the Flory and lattice fluid theories, along with the phase relationship in polymer mixtures. The interfacial energy, structure, and adhesion between polymers in relation to the properties of polymer blends are considered. The final chapter examines the phenomena of low molecular weight penetrant transport. Currently accepted models for unsteady-state and steady-state permeation of polymeric materials are presented. A discussion of unsteady-state absorption and desorption behavior observed in a variety of polymer blends complements the treatment of permeation behavior. This book is intended to provide academic and industrial research scientists and technologists with a broad background in current principles and practice concerning mixed polymer systems.
List of ContributorsPrefaceContents of Volume 2Chapter 1 Background and Perspective Terminology Effect of Molecular Weight Miscibility through Specific Interactions Phase Equilibria and Transitions Phase Morphology Applications ReferencesChapter 2 Polymer-Polymer Compatibility I. Introduction II. Theoretical Aspects III. Experimental Data IV. Prediction Schemes for Polymer-Polymer Compatibility ReferencesChapter 3 Statistical Thermodynamics of Polymer Blends I. Introduction II. Flory Theory III. Lattice Fluid IV. Predicting Polymer Blend Compatibility ReferencesChapter 4 Phase Separation Behavior of Polymer-Polymer Mixtures I. Introduction II. Upper and Lower Critical Solution Temperatures III. Phase Separation IV. Experiment V. Results VI. Conclusion ReferencesChapter 5 Solid State Transition Behavior of Blends I. Criteria for Miscibility II. Measurements of the Glass Transition Temperature in Polyblends III. Limitations on the Use of Glass Transition Temperatures as a Criterion for Blend Compatibility IV. Solid State Transition Behavior of Poly(2,6-Dimethylphenylene Oxide)-Polystyrene Blends V. Solid State Transition Behavior of PPO-Polychlorostyrene Blends VI. Unsolved Problems VII. Commercial Blends of PPO-Polystyrene: Noryl ReferencesChapter 6 Interfacial Energy, Structure, and Adhesion between Polymers I. Introduction II. Surface Tension III. Interfacial Tension IV. Adhesion between Polymers V. Summary ReferencesChapter 7 Rheology of Polymer Blends and Dispersions I. Introduction II. Flow Behavior of Viscoelastic Fluids III. Cocurrent Flow of Two Fluids IV. Rheological Behavior of Suspensions of Rigid Axisymmetric Particles in Viscoelastic Fluids V. Rheological Behavior of Suspensions of Deformable Droplets VI. Rheology of Filled Polymers VII. Rheology of Polymer Blends VIII. Conclusion ReferencesChapter 8 Mechanical Properties (Small Deformations) of Multiphase Polymer Blends I. Introduction II. Background III. Modulus-Composition Dependence IV. Temperature Dependence of Composite Modulus V. Time-Temperature Dependence ReferencesChapter 9 Optical Behavior of Polymer Blends I. Introduction II. Interaction of Radiation with Polymers III. The Transparency and Scattering of Blends IV. Other Optical Properties of Blends V. Conclusions ReferencesChapter 10 Transport Phenomena in Polymer Blends I. Introduction II. Permeation through Multiphase (Heterogeneous) Polymeric Systems III. Sorption of Vapors and Liquids in Polymer Blends IV. Membranes Prepared from Polymer Blends V. Summary ReferencesAppendix Conversion Factors to SI UnitsIndex