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- 1st Edition - January 1, 1956
- Author: Wm.H. Corcoran
- Language: English
- eBook ISBN:9 7 8 - 0 - 3 2 3 - 1 5 1 9 2 - 4

Momentum Transfer in Fluids provides information pertinent to fluid mechanics. This book discusses several topics related to the movement of fluids, including boundary-layer… Read more

LIMITED OFFER

Immediately download your ebook while waiting for your print delivery. No promo code is needed.

Momentum Transfer in Fluids provides information pertinent to fluid mechanics. This book discusses several topics related to the movement of fluids, including boundary-layer analysis, statistical treatment of turbulence, as well as laminar and turbulent shear-flow. Comprised of seven chapters, this book starts with an overview of the physical nature of momentum and describes the application of this concept to systems of variable weight, which are useful in the prediction of the physical behavior of fluids in motion. This text then explores the fundamental properties and the macroscopic aspects of turbulent flow. Other chapters present the significance and utility of mixing length and other macroscopic turbulence parameters. This book discusses as well the prediction of the velocity and friction as functions of position in the flowing stream. The final chapter deals with the qualitative aspects of boundary flows for compressible and incompressible fluids. This book is a valuable resource for scientists and chemical engineers.

PrefaceChapter I. Introduction to momentum transfer I-1. Fundamental Variables I-2. Frames of Reference I-3. Definition of Element of Volume I-4. Conservation of Momentum I-5. Pressure Gradient I-6. Thermodynamics of Flowing Systems I-7. Stress and Deformation I-8. Types of Fluid Flow I-9. Time Averages I-10. Flow Equation for an Important Special Case I-11. Flow in a Circular Pipe Example I I-12. The Bernoulli Equation I-13. Flow between Parallel Flat Plates I-14. Laminar Flow in a Cylindrical Pipe I-15. Steady, Uniform, Laminar Flow between Parallel Plates I-16. Dimensionless Parameters Example 2 Example 3 I-17. Transition from Laminar to Turbulent Flow I-18. Friction Coefficients I-19. Smooth and Rough Circular Pipes Nomenclature ReferencesChapter II. Some Simple Properties of Turbulent Flow II-1. Concepts of Flow II-2. Temperature Fluctuations II-3. Transfer of Momentum as a Result of Turbulence II-4. Measurement of Velocity II-5. Characteristic Length II-6. Mixing Length II-7. Eddy Viscosity II-8. Dimensionless Relations II-9. Flow near Boundary Nomenclature ReferencesChapter III. Some Macroscopic Characteristics of Turbulent Flow III-1. The Similarity Hypothesis III-2. Idealized Turbulent Flow between Parallel Plates Based on Similarity Hypothesis III-3. Idealized Turbulent Flow in a Circular Channel — Similarity Hypothesis III-4. The Momentum Transfer Hypothesis ΙΙΙ-5. Idealized Turbulent Flow between Parallel Plates — Momentum Transfer Hypothesis III-6. Transport Characteristics III-7. The Vorticity Transport Hypothesis III-8. Simplified Velocity Deficiency Relations Nomenclature ReferencesChapter IV. Velocity Distribution and Friction Factors for Turbulent Flow IV-1. Velocity Distribution at Boundary in Circular Conduits IV-2. Transition Region IV-3. Flow between Parallel Plates IV-4. Behavior near Center of Channel IV-5. Bulk Velocities IV-6. Resistance to Flow IV-7. Resistance Factor λ IV-8. Laminar Film Thickness IV-9. Velocity Distribution in Rough Conduits IV-10. Friction Factor IV-11. Experimental Results for Flow in Circular Conduits Nomenclature ReferencesChapter V. General Equations of Fluid Motion V-1. Equation of Continuity V-2. Boundary Conditions for the Equation of Continuity V-3. Acceleration of the Flowing Fluid V-4. External Forces Acting on a Flowing Fluid V-5. Forces Acting on the Surface of a Portion of a Flowing Fluid V-6. Momentum Equations for a Flowing Fluid V-7. Acceleration of the Flowing Fluid (Continued) V-8. Evaluation of the Surface Stresses in a Flowing Fluid V-9. Navier-Stokes Equations V-10. Navier-Stokes Equations in Cylindrical Coordinates V-11. Navier-Stokes Equations for Spherical Coordinates V-12. Dimensionless Form of the Equations of Motion Example 1 Example 2 V-13. Initial and Boundary Conditions for the Equations of Motion V-14. Comments on the Solution of the Equations of Motion V-15. General Discussion of Turbulent Flow V-16. Reynolds Transformation of the Equations of Motion Example 3 Nomenclature ReferencesChapter VI. Some Properties of Turbulence VI-1. Measurement of the Physical Nature of Turbulence VI-2. Correlations VI-3. Characteristic Properties VI-4. Kinetic Energy VI-5. Spectrum of Turbulence VI-6. Decay of Turbulence VI-7. Temperature Fluctuations VI-8. Eddy Viscosities VI-9. Structure of Turbulent Shear-Flow Nomenclature ReferencesChapter VII. Boundary Layer VII-1. Steady Uniform Flow VII-2. Nonuniform, Steady Boundary-Flow VII-3. Transition VII-4. Boundary Flows for Incompressible Fluids VII-5. Navier-Stokes Equations VII-6. Environmental Conditions VII-7. Separation VII-8. Drag on Immersed Bodies VII-9. Flow along a Flat Plate Example 1 Example 2 VII-10. Drag VII-11. Thickness of Boundary Layer VII-12. Effect of Curvature VII-13. Flow about Circular Cylinders Example 3 VII-14. The Momentum Theorem VII-15. A Polynomial Velocity Distribution Example 4 VII-16. Estimation of Separation VII-17. Analysis VII-18. Turbulent Boundary Layers VII-19. Effect of Anisotropic Turbulence VII-20. Minor Correction Terms VII-21. Effects of Dissipation and Thermal Transfer VII-22. Temperature Recovery Factors VII-23. Laminar Flow VII-24. Slip Flow VII-25. Turbulent Flow Nomenclature ReferencesAppendix I. A derivation of Bernoulli's Equation NomenclatureAppendix II. An Introduction to Tensors and the Statistical Theory of Turbulence AII-1. An Introduction to Tensors ΑΙΙ-2. Newtonian Stress Tensor ΑΙΙ-3. Acceleration in Generalized Coordinates ΑΙΙ-4. Components of Vorticity ΑΙΙ-5. Navier-Stokes Equation AII-6. Reynolds Stresses AII-7. Bernoulli's Equation AII-8. Definition of Isotropic Turbulence AII-9. Derivation of the Correlation Tensor for Isotropic Turbulence AII-10. Correlation Coefficients between the Derivatives of the Velocities AII-11. Expression of Mean Values by Integrals AII-12. Correlation between Pressure and Velocity AII-13. Triple Correlations AII-14. Propagation of the Correlation AII-15. Relation between Correlation and Spectral Theories Nomenclature ReferencesAppendix III. Constants and Conversion Factors, Dimensions Nomenclature ReferencesAppendix IV. Analysis of Potential Flow Across a Cylinder ReferencesIndex

- No. of pages: 406
- Language: English
- Edition: 1
- Published: January 1, 1956
- Imprint: Academic Press
- eBook ISBN: 9780323151924

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