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2nd Edition - January 1, 1973
Author: D Parasnis
9 7 8 - 0 - 4 4 4 - 6 0 1 8 5 - 8
Mining Geophysics, Second Revised and Up-dated Edition serves as an introduction to the methods of ore mining and prospecting in the perspective of geophysics. The book explains… Read more
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Mining Geophysics, Second Revised and Up-dated Edition serves as an introduction to the methods of ore mining and prospecting in the perspective of geophysics. The book explains the role of geophysics in ore prospecting; the collection and presentation of related data; and the location of ores through different methods such as the self-potential method, electromagnetic methods, induced polarized methods, seismic, and radioactive methods. The book also details the concepts and procedures behind said methods. The monograph is recommended for those in the mining industry who would like to know more about the methods of locating ores, as well as for geologists and geophysicists who aim to understand more and make studies about this phenomenon.
ContentsPreface to the First Edition Preface To the Second Edition Chapter 1. The Role of Geophysics in Ore Prospecting Chapter 2. General Aspects of the Collection and Presentation of Geophysical Data Classification of Geophysical Methods Radioactivity Collection of Preliminary Information Trial Surveys Staking An Area Field Measurements Geophysical Maps Isoanomaly Curves Or Contours Profile Drawing Interpretation Chapter 3. Magnetic Methods Introduction Recalling Some Fundamental Concepts Induced and Permanent Magnetism General Magnetic Properties of Rocks Susceptibilities of Rocks Permanent Magnetization (Remanence) of Rocks Measurement of Susceptibility and Remanence The Geomagnetic Field Magnetometers Field Work The Zero Level An Orebody As A Magnet Interpretation of Magnetic Anomalies A Simple Example of A Magnetic Survey (U-Dal, Central Sweden) Magnetic Survey In the E-o Orefield (Central Sweden) Transverse Magnetization A Simple Geometrical Construction For Determining the Position Of An Ore Sheet Magnetic Effects of Broad Zones The Greenstone Area of Loos (Sweden) Vector Measurements Example of Vector Measurements Borehole Measurements Note On Reverse Magnetic Anomalies Chapter 4. the Self-Potential Method Introduction Origin of Self-Potentials Measurement of Self-Potentials Field Procedure Examples of Sp Surveys Chapter 5. Electromagnetic Methods Introduction Geometry of the Electromagnetic Field The Tilt-Angle Method Amplitude and Phase The Phase Angle and the Vector Diagram Real and Imaginary Components Measurement of the Real and Imaginary Components Classification of Electromagnetic Methods Fixed-Source Methods Loop Layouts Moving Source—Receiver Methods Examples of Moving Source—Receiver Surveys Use of Two Frequencies In Electromagnetic Prospecting Depth Penetration of Electromagnetic Methods Afmag H-Modevlf Distortion of Anomalies Due To Magnetic Permeability Chapter 6. Electrical Methods Introduction Resistivity Resistivity of Rocks and Minerals Apparatus Commutation of Current Classification of Electric Methods Equipotential Method Earth-Resistivity Methods Apparent Resistivity Electrode Configurations In Resistivity Methods Electric Sounding Electric Mapping Mapping By Linear Current Electrodes (Theory) Field Examples of Line-Electrode Mapping The Mise-À-La-Masse Method Potential-Drop Ratio and A.C. Potential Methods Resistivity Measurements In Boreholes Chapter 7. Induced Polarization Methods Introduction Origin of Induced Polarization The Condenser Model Effect of Alternating Current Time-Domain and Frequency-Domain IP Methods Measures of the IP Effect Polarizability of Minerals and Rocks Examples of IP Surveys Interpretation of IP Results Concluding Remarks Concerning the IP Method Chapter 8. Gravity Methods Introduction Scope of the Gravity Method In Ore Prospecting Some Difficulties Absolute and Relative Gravity Measurements Gravimeters Field Procedure Corrections To Gravimeter Observations The Bouguer Anomaly Density Determination Interpretation of Gravity Anomalies Key Variables of Gravity Interpretation Gravity Profiles Across Simple Structures Regional and Local Gravity Anomalies Gravity Measurements On the Udden Sulphide Body (Sweden) Effect of Overburden On Gravity Anomalies Mass Estimates A Further Example of A Gravity Survey Underground and Shaft Measurements of Gravity Second Vertical Derivatives of Gravity Anomalies Chapter 9. Seismic Methods Introduction Types of Elastic Waves Scope of Seismic Measurements In Ore Prospecting Generation, Detection and Registration of Seismic Waves The Reflection Method The Refraction Method Illustrations of Seismic Measurements In Ore ProspectingChapter 10. Radioactive Methods Introduction Scope of the Method Radioactive Decay and Radioactive Equilibrium Radioactivity of Rocks Instruments and Field Procedure Airborne Radioactive Prospecting Chapter 11. Airborne Magnetic and Electromagnetic Methods Introduction Limitations of Airborne Surveys Magnetic Airborne Work Examples Interpretation of Aeromagnetic Maps Airborne Electromagnetic Methods Classification of Airborne E.M. Systems Fixed-Separation Systems Phase-Measuring Or Quadrature Systems Input 3 Passive Airborne E.M. Systems Depth-Penetration and Efficiency of Airborne E.M. Systems Interpretation of Airborne Electromagnetic Anomalies Example of An Airborne Survey Chapter 12. Combination of Geophysical Methods Introduction The Location of Geophysical Indications Examples of the Combination of Geophysical Methods Appendix 1. Simple Method of Determining the Magnetic Susceptibility and Remanence of Approximately Spherical Rock and Ore Samples Appendix 2. Magnetic Anomaly of Pole Systems Appendix 3. the Magnetic Field of A Large Rectangular Loop Carrying An Electric Current Appendix 4. Semi-Absolute Calculation of the Electromagnetic Field Components From Turam Reduced Ratios and Phase DifferencesAppendix 5. Electric Potential Due To A Point and A Line Current Electrode Placed On the Surface of A Homogeneous Ground Appendix 6. Method of Images Appendix 7. Gravity Anomalies Appendix 8. Depth Estimates of Some Simple Mass Shapes Appendix 9. Notes On the Master Curves In Fig. 117 For Total Field Magnetic Anomalies Appendix 10. Elliptic Polarization of the Electromagnetic Field Appendix 11. Fortran Source-Programs For Calculating the Vertical Field Magnetic Anomaly Due To An Inclined Prism and the Gravity Anomaly of A Two-Dimensional Feature of Arbitrary, Uniform Cross-Section References Index