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Mid-Latitude Slope Deposits (Cover Beds)
2nd Edition - November 1, 2023
Editors: Arno Kleber, Birgit Terhorst
9 7 8 - 0 - 3 2 3 - 9 6 0 0 3 - 8
Mid-Latitude Slope Deposits (Cover Beds), Second Edition focuses on widespread deposits and discusses their properties, genesis and age in subdued mountains of Central Europe,… Read more
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Mid-Latitude Slope Deposits (Cover Beds), Second Edition focuses on widespread deposits and discusses their properties, genesis and age in subdued mountains of Central Europe, where to date most research on the matter has been conducted. The ecological consequences of such slope deposits on soils, slope water dynamics, and slope failures are addressed. Finally, transfer of the cover-bed concept to other mid-latitude regions is attempted for the reconstruction of landscape evolution. This unique compilation, covering several decades of a facies-oriented approach to slope-deposit research delivers deep insights into the wide field of research on cover beds and encourages researchers all over the world.
This is a valuable resource for students, academics and researchers in geomorphology, quaternary sciences, pedology, hydrology, and sedimentology.
Provides a unique compilation covering several decades of slope-deposit research with a facies-oriented approach
Covers new fields of research developed since the first edition on interbedded/intercalated loess-like slope deposits and the provenance of cover-bed eolian matter
Addresses ecological consequences on soils, slope water dynamics and slope failures
Academics in Geomorphology (pure and applied), Sedimentology, Quaternary Sciences, Pedology, Hydrology, etc, Petroleum geologists, paleontologists, soil scientists
1 Introduction 1.1 Scope of the book 1.2 Structure of the book 1.3 Terminology 1.4 History of ideas 1.5 Cover beds in the context of the “Earth’s critical zone” concept 2.Subdued mountains of Central Europe 2.1 Introduction 2.2 Sedimentary properties of layers 2.2.1 The basal layer 2.2.2 The intermediate layer 2.2.3 The upper layer 2.2.4 Laser granulometry of cover beds2.3 Distribution and thickness of layers 2.3.1 The basal layer 2.3.2 The intermediate layer 2.3.3 The upper layer 2.3.4 Overview of the distribution of periglacial cover-beds 2.4 Classification issues 2.4.1 Discrimination among Pleistocene cover beds 2.4.2 Anthropogenic layers 126.96.36.199 Genesis and classification of anthropogenic layers 188.8.131.52 Properties of anthropogenic layers 184.108.40.206 Discrimination of anthropogenic layers from periglacial cover beds 2.5 Statistical approach to layer properties and distribution 2.5.1 Approach 2.5.2 Basal layer properties 2.5.3 Intermediate layer properties 2.5.4 Upper layer properties 2.5.5 Overall view on statistical results 2.6 Genesis of cover beds 2.6.1 The basal layer 2.6.2 The intermediate layer 2.6.3 The upper layer 2.6.4 Incorporation of substrates 220.127.116.11 Incorporation processes 18.104.22.168 Case study I: Sandreuth, north-eastern Bavaria 22.214.171.124 Case study II: Spessart Mountains, south-eastern Hesse 2.7 Chronology of periglacial cover beds 2.7.1 Relative-age criteria 126.96.36.199 Introduction 188.8.131.52 Age of the basal layer 184.108.40.206 Age of the intermediate layer 220.127.116.11 Age of the upper layer 2.7.2 Numerical dating of periglacial cover beds 18.104.22.168 Introduction 22.214.171.124 Methodical difficulties in dating cover beds 126.96.36.199 Luminescence-dating results from basal layers 188.8.131.52 Luminescence-dating results from intermediate layers 184.108.40.206 Luminescence-dating results from upper layers 220.127.116.11 Conclusions 2.8 Regional differences in cover-bed properties and distribution 2.8.1 Highest altitudes of subdued mountains 2.8.2 Rhenish Massif 2.8.3 Carbonate rocks of the eastern Thuringian Basin 18.104.22.168 Introduction 22.214.171.124 Properties and distribution of cover beds 126.96.36.199 Conclusions 3 Cover beds with interbedded/intercalated loess-like slope deposits 4 Influence of cover beds on soils 4.1 Introduction 4.2 An integrated soil-evolution model for lithologically discontinuous soil 4.3 Pedogenesis in cover beds 4.4 Consequences for soil properties 4.4.1 Theory of soil properties in lithologically discontinuous soil 4.4.2 Physical Soil Properties 188.8.131.52 Texture in lithologically discontinuous soil 184.108.40.206 Soil water in lithologically discontinuous soil 4.4.3 Chemical soil properties 220.127.116.11 Geochemical composition of cover beds 18.104.22.168 Heavy metals 22.214.171.124 Oxalate and dithionite-extractable iron 126.96.36.199 pH-value and acidification 188.8.131.52 Stratigraphic approach to alteration in soils from cover beds 4.5 Conclusions 5 Influence of cover beds on slope hydrology 5.1 Introduction 5.2 Basic hypotheses 5.3 Case studies 5.3.1 Overview 5.3.2 Frankenwald Mountains 184.108.40.206 Introduction 220.127.116.11 Results 18.104.22.168 Conclusions 5.3.3 Sauerland 5.3.4 Erzgebirge 5.4 Conclusions 6 Geotechnical properties of periglacial cover beds 6.1 Introduction 6.2 Internal stability of cover beds derived from the 'infinite mechanical slope model' 6.3 Case studies 6.3.1 Stability of cover beds in the flysch zone of the Vienna Forest (Austria) 22.214.171.124 Study area 126.96.36.199 Distribution and composition of slope deposits in the Hagenbach Valley 188.8.131.52 Soil-mechanical stability of cover beds and bedrock 6.3.2 Stability of cover beds on Early Triassic sandstones of southern Lower Saxony (Germany) 184.108.40.206 Study area 220.127.116.11 Distribution and composition of slope deposits 18.104.22.168 Soil mechanic characteristics and stability of slope deposits 22.214.171.124 Calculation of soil-mechanic stability of slope deposits 6.4 Perspectives 7 Transferring the concept of cover beds 7.1 Introduction 7.2 Basins and lowlands of the mid-latitudes 7.2.1 Northern Russian Plain 126.96.36.199 Successions of cover beds 188.8.131.52 Sequence-stratigraphic approach 184.108.40.206 Comparison to Central European successions 7.2.2 Northern Great Basin, USA 220.127.116.11 Buried cover beds 18.104.22.168 Surficial cover beds 8 Laser granulometry of cover beds and separating process regimes by end-member modelling 22.214.171.124 Genesis and paleoenvironmental implications of Great Basin cover beds 8.2.3 Konya Basin of South-Central Turkey 8.3 High mountains of the mid-latitudes 8.3.1 European Alps 126.96.36.199 Cover beds below modern timberline 188.8.131.52 Cover beds above timberline 8.3.2 Mountains of the western U.S.A. 184.108.40.206 Cover beds below timberline 220.127.116.11 Cover beds in the Colorado Front Range above timberline 8.4 Conclusions 8.4.1 Significance of cover-beds 8.4.2 Cover-beds in humid areas 8.4.3 Cover-beds in semiarid areas 8.4.4 Cover beds and elevation 9 Relative dating with cover beds 9.1 Introduction 9.2 Case study at the Swabian Jurassic escarpment 9.2.1 Study area 9.2.2 Geomorphological setting in landslide areas 9.2.3 Pedological and sedimentological setting in landslide areas 18.104.22.168 Unstable, active slope areas of the Swabian Alb 22.214.171.124 Stable slope areas of the Swabian Alb 9.2.4 Model of the distribution of periglacial layers and soils in landslide areas 9.3 Case studies in the western U.S.A. 9.3.1 Introduction 9.3.2 River terraces of Castle Valley, South-East Utah 9.3.3 A case of misleading tephrochronology? 9.3.4 Ice-wedge casts in South-Central Wyoming 9.3.5 Moraines in the Ruby Mountains, North-East Nevada 9.4 Cover beds of Early Quaternary age 9.5 Conclusions 10 Provenance of cover-bed eolian matter using U-Pb dating of detrital zircons 11 Conclusions 11.1 Takeouts of this book 11.2 Future research demands on cover beds
No. of pages: 360
Published: November 1, 2023
Imprint: Elsevier Science
Hardback ISBN: 9780323960038
Arno Kleber is a Professor and Chair of Physical Geography at the Technical University of Dresden. After completing his doctorate, Arno Kleber focused his research on top layers, making the German cover layer concept internationally known and transferring the concept to other areas of the temperate zone, placing a focus on the possibilities of reconstructing past climate changes and the quantification of environmentally significant processes that are controlled by surface layers. Dr Kleber is a member of various scientific societies such as the German Soil Science Society, DEUQUA and INQUA, Geological Society of America, Soil Science Society of America and American Association for the Advancement of Science. From 2006 to 2012, Arno Kleber was spokesman for the geosciences department at the Faculty of Environmental Sciences at TU Dresden. He was also Dean of Studies for Geography from 2006 to 2016 and was therefore largely responsible for the development of geographic courses.
Affiliations and expertise
Professor and Chair of Physical Geography, Technical University of Dresden, Germany
Dr Birgit Terhorst is Professor of Physical Geography and Soil Science at the Technical University of Dresden, Germany. She has held various lecturing and professorship positions in institutions in soil science and geography. Dr Terhorst conducts research on geography, natural hazards and landslides, geoinformatics (GIS), geoarcheology, soil science, and quaternary research. She has over 150 publications in international journals and is supervising numerous research projects. Her completed research projects include geophysical methods for the analysis of mass movements; gravitational mass movements in Mexico under the influence of climate change and anthropogenic use; slope stability and danger zones in northern Bavaria: a study on causes, process and risk; and monitoring procedures in active landslide areas, among many others.
Affiliations and expertise
Professor of Physical Geography and Soil Science at the Technical University of Dresden, Germany