International Series of Monographs in Pure and Applied Mathematics, Volume 99: Handbook of Mathematics provides the fundamental mathematical knowledge needed for scientific and technological research. The book starts with the history of mathematics and the number systems. The text then progresses to discussions of linear algebra and analytical geometry including polar theories of conic sections and quadratic surfaces. The book then explains differential and integral calculus, covering topics, such as algebra of limits, the concept of continuity, the theorem of continuous functions (with examples), Rolle's theorem, and the logarithmic function. The book also discusses extensively the functions of two variables in partial differentiation and multiple integrals. The book then describes the theory of functions, ordinary differential functions, special functions and the topic of sequences and series. The book explains vector analysis (which includes dyads and tensors), the use of numerical analysis, probability statistics, and the Laplace transform theory. Physicists, engineers, chemists, biologists, and statisticians will find this book useful.