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Fundamentals of Chemistry Laboratory Studies
1st Edition - January 1, 1966
Author: Frank Brescia
9 7 8 - 0 - 3 2 3 - 1 5 5 7 4 - 8
Fundamentals of Chemistry: Laboratory Studies focuses on the techniques involved in chemical laboratory operations. Divided into 13 parts, the manual gives information on weights… Read more
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Fundamentals of Chemistry: Laboratory Studies focuses on the techniques involved in chemical laboratory operations. Divided into 13 parts, the manual gives information on weights and measures; the different states of matter; atomic and molecular weights; and electron charge. Giving support to these discussions are experiments that show the changes in weight and electron charge of metals, gases, and other materials when exposed to different conditions. The text also looks at experiments on the gravimetric and volumetric stoichiometry of chlorides, sulfates, acids, antimony, and oxalates. The manual also highlights studies conducted on potassium nitrate and chlorate, oxygen, hydrogen, and polymers. The guidebook ends with discussions on molecular geometry, kinetics, and chemical equilibrium. Experiments and illustrations of chemical reactions are presented. Taking into consideration the value of data presented, the manual is a great find for readers wanting to introduce an organized system in conducting laboratory experiments.
PrefaceTo the StudentCommon Laboratory Equipment (Plates I-VII)Chemical Laboratory MethodsCommon Valences of Some Elements and RadicalsGeneral InformationExperiments Manipulation, Weights, and Measures 1 Glass Working 2 Weight and Density Measurements 3 Calibration of Weights, Balance, and Volumetric Ware States of Matter 4 Pressure-Volume Relation in Gases at Constant Temperature 5 Change of State; Accuracy of Thermometer 6 Properties of the Colloidal State Atomic and Molecular Weights 7 The Determination of the Density of Oxygen 8 Atomic Weight of a Metal from Its Specific Heat 9 Molecular Weight Determination (Dumas Method) 10 Molecular Weight Determination from Freezing Point Data Electronic Charge and Radiochemistry 11 Determination of the Charge of an Electron 12 Radiochemistry Stoichiometry—Gravimetric 13 Gravimetric Determination of a Chloride 14 Gravimetric Determination of a Sulfate 15 Reaction between Magnesium and an Acid 16 The Conversion of a Carbonate to a Chloride 17 Formula of a Hydrate 18 Weight Composition of a Silver Halide Stoichiometry—Volumetric 19 Titration Analysis of Acid Solutions 20 Oxidation-Reduction Titration; Analysis of an Oxalate 21 Iodometry 22 Iodometry; Determination of Antimony 23 Ion Exchange; Determination of the Concentration of an Anion 24 Colorimetry; Determination of Manganese 25 The Equivalent Weights of Phosphoric Acid 26 Oxidation-Reduction Titration; Analysis of Commercial Hydrogen Peroxide and Fe2+ Solutions 27 Oxidation-Reduction Titration; Analysis of a Commercial Bleaching Solution Thermochemistry 28 Thermochemical Equations; Hess's Law Preparations and Syntheses 29 Preparation of Potassium Nitrate 30 Preparation of Potassium Chlorate 31 Preparation and Structure of Coordination Complexes 32 Preparation and Reactions of Oxygen 33 Preparation and Ignition of Hydrogen 34 Demonstration of the Presence of Nitrogen in Air 35 Preparation and Reactions of Sodium Bicarbonate and Sodium Carbonate 36 Preparation of Polymers 37 Synthesis of Aspirin 38 Preparation of Ethyl Alcohol Molecular Geometry 39 Molecular Geometry; Structural Organic Chemistry 40 Molecular Symmetry Kinetics 41 Determination of the Rate Law for a Reaction; Catalysis 42 Effect of Concentration, Surface Area, and Catalyst on Rate of Reaction 43 Effect of Temperature on Rate of Reaction Chemical Equilibrium 44 Chemical Equilibrium; Effects of Changing Composition 45 Chemical Equilibrium; Determination of an Equilibrium Constant 46 Determination of an Equilibrium Constant 47 Chemical Equilibrium 48 Solubility 49 Properties of Electrolytic and Nonelectrolytic Solutions 50 Conductance of Solutions 51 pH, Indicators, and Hydrolysis 52 Efficiency of Electrolytic Processes Qualitative Analysis 53 Preliminary Experiments with Cations 54 Qualitative Cation Analysis; Known and Unknown (6 Cations) 55a Qualitative Analysis—Semimicro Methods; Apparatus and Use 55b Experiments Preliminary to Experiment 56 Qualitative Cation Analysis; Unknown (15 Cations) 57 Design of a Scheme of Analysis 58 Anion Analysis; Known and Unknown (10 Anions) 59 Analysis of a Simple SubstanceVapor Pressure of WaterFive-Place Log TableGraph PaperInternational Atomic WeightsPeriodic Table